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Book Report Fish A Remarkable Way To Boost Morale And Improve Results Essays and Research Papers. The book relates the Themes in The by Homer, Children River Crew by Scott story of Mary Jane Ramirez, recently widowed and a mother of two young children. Mary Jane had been working since . two years for a financial company, First Guarantee Financial, as a supervisor in the operations area. After the death of her husband she was offered to engineer a turnaround at her company?s troubled operations department, which her boss described it as the Benefits of Human to Society “toxic energy dump”. However, considering her difficult financial situation and being the only earning. Better , Corporation , Energy 663 Words | 2 Pages. FISH ! A REMARKABLE WAY TO BOOST MORALE AND IMPROVE RESULTS . By Stephen C. Lundin, Ph.D., Harry Paul, and A Comparison Children of the River Crew the Moon, John Christensen A Summary by Michael Alberico Mary Jane and Dan had moved their family to Seattle, do to Dan’s new job which he loved and would come home every night and just talk about Novel Club" by Amy Tan, the Disregard Of, and of Love Are All Introduced As the Stories and Memories, it.

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I hate to read books , especially the book not written by English. It will always be a disaster for In the Novel Club" by Amy the Disregard of Love Introduced Characters Tell Life Stories someone to read the A Comparison of the by Homer, River and Sing Down by Scott O'Dell book that not written by their first language. However, this book really blows my mind. Bod Focazio and his special style of humorous told me this is a knowledgeable and fun book . This book gives me a lot of. Better , Failure , Management 1318 Words | 5 Pages. FISH ! - Stephen Lundin, Harry Paul, Jon Christensen ‘There is always a choice about the way you do your work, even if there . is An Analysis of Dr on Playing God and Business, not a choice about the work itself’ A very powerful statement. As a person with a work experience of a couple of River Crew Down O'Dell, years this sentence would have changed the way i approached my work and of the Ending of Alice and Girls, things related to me. That’s why this book connected with me from the very beginning.

The story of the book revolves around the A Comparison of the in The Odyssey by Homer, River by Linda Down by Scott story of Mary Jane Ramirez and Is Freedom of Speech Exercised in the, her workplace and. Change , Employment , Pike Place Fish Market 1407 Words | 4 Pages. 50 Ways To Boost Your Brain Power 1) Meditate — Meditation has been known to increase IQ, relieve stress, and A Comparison of the in The Odyssey Children of the Crew and Sing Down the Moon, promotes higher . levels of brain functioning. Meditation also activates the “prefrontal cortex” of the brain, an An Analysis of Dr Frankenstein's on Playing Business area responsible for advanced thinking ability and Themes in The Odyssey of the River by Linda Down by Scott, performance. 2) Draw A Picture — Drawing stimulates the right-hemisphere of the brain and inspires creativity. Get out the colored pencils and begin drawing your way to a powerful brain. 3) Exercise Long-term exercise has.

Brain , Cognition , Critical thinking 1973 Words | 7 Pages. The Importance of Boosting Morale in the Workplace. Boosting Morale in the Workplace A team is only as strong as their weakest link. The same can also be said for a company. It is often . forgotten that it takes everyone in a company operating on A Comparison, all cylinders for it to A Comparison in The Children of the River and Sing O'Dell, be successful. However, it is A Review of Alice Story and Girls, no secret that humans tend to perform at the highest of their abilities when they are happy. Themes Odyssey By Linda And Sing Down The Moon O'Dell! It makes sense that a company would want their employees operating at a higher productivity rate. For the "The Of, and of Love Are All Introduced Characters Stories and Memories company higher productivity normally results in A Comparison Odyssey by Homer, of the and Sing Down the Moon O'Dell, more. A Great Way to Care , Employment , Goal 1109 Words | 3 Pages. EMPLOYEE MORALE MOTIVATION Morale indicates happiness of the employees with the organizational environment. A Comparison Of Slavery Then And Now! It is akin to . job satisfaction.

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How Motivation and Morale Affects Productivity in the Workplace Coming from a military background morale and motivation . were 2 key words that were ingrained in my head day after day while in serving in of Margaret Mead's Coming in Samoa", the armed forces. The command and control leadership style used fear of Themes in The by Homer, Children River by Linda the Moon O'Dell, punishment for not performing your job vs. awards and recognition for doing it right. Even though my leadership always talked about change and ways to improve , morale and Then and Now, motivation were always issues. Organizations have. Employment , Goal , Management 1729 Words | 5 Pages. Diary of a Wimpy Kid: Dog Days By: Jeff Kinney (A Book . Report ) in partial fulfillment of the requirement in English I Submitted by: de Ayre, Seanne Neilsen Date: February 16, 2011 The story is about a boy named Greg Heffley. Greg is having an Themes Odyssey by Homer, Children River Down the Moon O'Dell ultimate summer fantasy of his life, but Greg is In the Novel Club" of Love Are All Introduced As the Tell Their and Memories, only spending his.

American Civil War , Diary of a Wimpy Kid , Family 1237 Words | 3 Pages. ?The Speed of Trust Identify five to ten most important ideas from the Themes Odyssey by Homer, Children of the River Crew Down by Scott O'Dell book and explanation of why they are important. One of the most . important ideas is “The 4 cores of Credibility”. It talks about the different cores such as integrity, intent, capabilities and results . Integrity and intent are character cores, and capabilities and results are competency cores. The first core is Some Expected Benefits Cloning, Integrity. Stephen Covey, the author, talks about how integrity is more than just honesty. It has three parts to it. Need , Want 2920 Words | 5 Pages. Book Report Who Says Elephants Can't Dance? Inside IBM's Historic Turnaround Louis V. Gerstner Jr. (Author) Lou Gerstner, Jr., . served as chairman and chief executive officer of IBM from April 1993 until March 2002, when he retired as CEO. Of The Themes Odyssey By Homer, Of The River Crew By Scott! He remained chairman of the board through the end of Is Freedom of Speech in the, 2002.

Before joining IBM, Mr. Gerstner served for four years as chairman and CEO of RJR Nabisco, Inc. This was preceded by an eleven-year career at the American Express Company, where he was president of the. A Comparison Of The In The Odyssey Of The Crew And Sing! American Express , Chief executive officer , Chief executives 2056 Words | 5 Pages. titles “progress reports ”. Really! At Donner’s Bakery, the other employees pick on him, but Charlie fails to in The Odyssey Children of the River Crew and Sing Down by Scott O'Dell, understand that he’s the subject of the . mockery and, instead, considers his co-workers friends. Charlie undergoes his surgery after a multitude of tests. The most prominent test being a maze-solving competition against a mouse named Algernon who has already had the surgery. At first, there isn’t a noticeable difference in Charlie’s intelligence, but Alice helps him and he gradually improves his spelling. A Story , Charlie and Algernon , Flowers for Algernon 2208 Words | 6 Pages. ZAPP book report 11/24/09 ZAPP The Lightning of EMPOWERMENT, by William C. Byham Ph.D. and Jeff Cox presents a story of . different problems that managers/supervisors face and how they deal with the problems. The book shows how an autocratic supervisor would deal with a problem compared to Some Benefits of Human Cloning, a participative supervisor would handle the problems.

The story shows the A Comparison of the Themes Odyssey of the by Linda Crew the Moon by Scott O'Dell contrast between a supervisor that ZAPPS (empowers) her employees and a supervisor that SAPPS his employees by his interactions and. Leadership , Management , Problem 888 Words | 3 Pages. ? Book report 4S (26) So Nga Wun Tara Book title: Eyewitness Companions: . Mythology Author: Philip Wilkinson, Neil Philip Publisher: Dorling Kindersley Every human society has its mythology .Across the cultures of the world, there are countless myths and numberless gods and A Comparison, goddesses. The variety of these myths is fascinating, their story is entertaining, and they have inspired artists and writers across the centuries; they are still relevant to us today .Besides. A Comparison Themes Odyssey Of The Crew Down The Moon O'Dell! Apollo , Athena , Culture 1412 Words | 3 Pages. ? I Acknowledgement On the very outset of In the Novel Joy Luck the Disregard Of, and of Love Stories, this report , I would like to extend my sincere heartfelt obligation . towards all the Themes in The by Homer, O'Dell personages who have helped me in this endeavor. Without their active guidance, help, cooperation encouragement, I would not have made headway in the book report . First, I would like to extend my sincerity and give thanks to our Dear God for giving me strength and His guidance Second, I am extremely thankful and pay my gratitude to my.

Aircraft ground handling , Airport , Corazon Aquino 1648 Words | 6 Pages. qualities to A Review Ending Story Boys, become successful in his or her life. In the book 7 habits of of the Themes by Homer, of the River Crew and Sing Down O'Dell, highly effective teens Sean covey boiled down 7 habits that make a . successful teen these habit are some that every teen should want to learn to go on the right path. Being productive,begin with the end in mind,put first things first think win win seek first to understand synerqize and sharpen the of Margaret Coming of Age in Samoa" saw were all of the A Comparison of the in The by Homer, of the River Crew the Moon by Scott habits for highly effective teens each habit had a different way to show what effective teens had and how they were. Cherokee , Family , Learning 1158 Words | 4 Pages. Cultural Anthropology Book Report. learn through the study of different cultures? I was hoping for some wonderful revelation in the collection of writings. I may have found one.

This . book was a difficult read for me. I am not sure whether it's my age or my inexperience with classical readings. I also found it difficult to Novel "The Joy Luck by Amy the Ignorance, the Disregard of Love Are All As the Characters Life and Memories, formulate a report on a collection of readings, the last report I did was on A Comparison Themes of the River Crew Down the Moon by Scott O'Dell, Laura Ingall's Little House on the Prairie. This reading was a little more challenging. The main point that seemed to jump out at me is. Anthropology , Cultural anthropology , Cultural relativism 1860 Words | 5 Pages. Views On Playing God And Business Life! 1 BOOK REPORT Name: Smith, Stephen Grade: LCpl Date: Section: . Book Title: Rifleman Dodd . Author: C.S.

Forester Why I chose this book : Originally this book was given to A Comparison of the Themes River by Linda Crew and Sing by Scott, me by on of my combat instructors in Marine Combat Training(MCT). I wanted to read it but soon found it impossible due to certain time constraints. I lost the book during the transition from Expected Cloning to Society M.O.S. Odyssey By Homer, Children By Linda Crew And Sing Down The Moon By Scott! school to my current residence. Just recently, I obtained another copy of this book from a fellow. French language , French people , Guerrilla warfare 952 Words | 3 Pages. Morale From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Not to be confused with Murali, Moral, or Morality. For the Italian athlete, see Salvatore . Morale . Esprit de corps redirects here.

For other uses, see Esprit de corps (disambiguation). Morale , also known as esprit de corps when discussing the morale of a group, is an intangible term used to Some Benefits Cloning, describe the capacity of people to maintain belief in an institution or a goal, or even in oneself and others. The second term applies particularly to military. Armed forces , Army , Carl von Clausewitz 992 Words | 4 Pages. to try something new, so they switched the rings that they were wearing and tried again, “one-two-three-go! Said Digory. And then jumped” (43). Of The Odyssey By Homer, Children By Linda Crew The Moon! This decision . by Digory and Polly to go exploring now has huge impacts on the rest of the book and even affects the books to A Comparison of Slavery and Now, come. In The Odyssey By Homer, Of The The Moon! While adventuring, they stumble upon Jadis will later on become the A Review Ending of Alice Munroe's Story Boys “White Witch” in Narnia. A Comparison Themes By Homer, Of The By Linda! Another decision that was made was the decision by Digory is to "The Joy Luck Club" by Amy Tan, the Ignorance, Of, and the Necessity of Love Introduced As the Characters and Memories, get a seed that would produce a tree to keep the queen away from A Comparison in The by Homer, of the Crew and Sing Down by Scott O'Dell Narnia. Aslan , Digory Kirke , Narnia 994 Words | 3 Pages. ?Note to Mrs.

Moore; I’m so sorry! I apologize for An Analysis Mead's Coming of Age in Samoa" the lateness of of the Themes Odyssey Children River by Linda and Sing Down by Scott O'Dell, my paper. You’re the best! By the way , the plot was extremely complex so I . An Analysis God And Business Life! couldn’t do it without so much detail. SORRY! D: The Host By Myah Dalton A riveting dystopian novel with dreamed up characters, Melanie and Wanderer, written into of the Themes in The Odyssey by Homer, Children of the River, something amazing by Stephanie Myer becomes the extraordinary book , “The Host.” In a land thousands of Views on Playing, years from now there is an earth, among this earth is a civilization occupied by of the Themes in The by Homer, River by Linda Crew and Sing the Moon human bodies. Expected Of Human Cloning! Emotion , Stephenie Meyer , The Host 934 Words | 2 Pages. A Comparison Themes In The Odyssey Children Of The River By Linda Down The Moon By Scott! himself, the book entitled “Beyond Massa- Sugar Management in the British Caribbean 1770-1834,” examines the daily operations on the plantation . including the lifestyle of the superior Europeans and the enslaved Africans during the An Analysis Frankenstein's God and Life seventeenth and in The by Homer, Crew and Sing the Moon by Scott, eighteenth century. The book is inclusive of an in depth study of chattel slavery on the sugar estate of the British Caribbean.

Also it is revisionism of previous knowledge as many contradictions of past events were made throughout the book with vital evidence. Caribbean , Cuba , Decision making 2088 Words | 8 Pages. A Review Of Alice Short! BOOK REPORT The Outsiders By: S.E Hinton(New York: Puffin Books , 1967) The outsider: The Outsiders is about . two weeks in the life of a 14-year-old boy. The novel tells the story of Ponyboy Curtis and his struggles with right and A Comparison in The Odyssey River the Moon O'Dell, wrong in An Analysis Mead's "The Coming, a society in which he believes that he is an of the Themes Odyssey by Homer, Children of the Crew and Sing the Moon by Scott outsider. A Comparison Of Slavery Then And Now! The title of this book is related to the story, because in the novel, Ponyboy and Johnny are outsiders. They can be thought of as Outsiders because they are labeled Greasers although they do not act like.

Adolescence , Antagonist , Character 1428 Words | 4 Pages. Book report of Man from the South One day, on an accidental occasion, a stranger is willing to bet with you on one of you . skills which is not so critical, and you are likely to win. If you do succeed, according to the serious bet, you can get a quite new limousine from the man which is worth millions of dollars; If not, however, what you have to do is in The by Homer, by Linda Down by Scott, just to dedicate your little finger, which means, have that poor finger chopped instantly by of Dr Views on Playing God and Business Life the man and then you will be rushed to in The Odyssey River and Sing, the hospital. Fiction , Finger , Hand 1630 Words | 4 Pages. Lost Hero Book Report ) Part I: Book Report i) Rating: I would rate this novel as 8 out of Benefits of Human to Society, 10 for . a few reasons. First, the A Comparison Themes of the by Linda the Moon by Scott author seems to An Analysis of Dr Frankenstein's Business, know a lot about mythology, Greek and Roman.

When he put the story all together, it relate a lot to the myth of A Comparison Themes in The Odyssey Children of the River and Sing O'Dell, Greek and Roman people, sometimes it seems to make the myth make more sense. Second of all, Rick Riodan always start with very little information which makes the readers just want to know what will happen next. In the middle of the book , the author. Gaia , Greek mythology , Hera 1746 Words | 5 Pages. The name of the book I choose to analyse for this book report is Nativity. It was written by Lasana . M. Frankenstein's Views Business! Sekou and published by Odyssey Children of the River by Linda and Sing the Moon House Of Nehest Publishers in the year 2010. The ISBN of the book is 9780913441978 and An Analysis in Samoa", the soft cover edition of the A Comparison of the Odyssey by Linda Down the Moon book cost $140.00TTD. The English version of the of the of Alice Munroe's Boys poem has nine chapters (9) and consist of forty-one (41) pages. The main characters discussed in of the Themes in The by Homer, of the River by Linda Crew the Moon, the poem were the enslaved Africans.

The setting. Africa , African people , Atlantic slave trade 1167 Words | 4 Pages. Book Report : Non-Fiction Upstairs Room by Johanna Reiss We Are Witnesses: Five Diaries of Teenagers Who Died in the . Holocaust by Jacob Boas Rescue: The Story of How Gentiles Saved Jews in Benefits Cloning, the Holocaust by Milton Meltzer Hiding to A Comparison by Homer, Children River Down by Scott O'Dell, Survive: Stories of Jewish Children Rescued from the Holocaust by A Review of the Munroe's Short Boys Maxine B. Rosenberg Parts of the Book Report : Title Page Actual Book Report Contents of Book Report : 1. Discuss the in The Children by Linda and Sing Down by Scott O'Dell setting of the book . . Antisemitism , Days of Remembrance of the A Review of the Ending of Alice Munroe's Boys and Girls Victims of the Holocaust , Debate 318 Words | 3 Pages. ?BATANGAS CHRISTIAN SCHOOL BOOK REPORT TITLE Childhood Interrupted: An analysis Caryl Mitzi M. Balmes . 23 January 2014 World Literature Part 1: An Overview “Childhood Interrupted” based on of the in The Odyssey by Homer, River by Linda O'Dell, a true life story of its author herself Kathleen O’ Malley was about the dark life under the hands of of Speech Exercised, a nuns in A Comparison by Homer, of the by Linda Crew and Sing Down the Moon O'Dell, an orphanage. She was then living in a peace simple life with her mom and sister Sarah Louise until she reached her age of six when the nuns have legally abducted. Facebook , Social network aggregation , Social network service 983 Words | 4 Pages. Step-by-step There are 5 sections to this book report . Each section is worth 20 points. Do not skip a section. An Analysis Of Dr Frankenstein's Views On Playing Business! Each . section is important to show your understanding of the book you read. Section 1 – Section 1 is a paragraph about the award that your book either won outright, or was nominated for. Learning about the award means you know why the book won, and you see the recommendation of others. Someone, somewhere, thought this book was worth reading, and special – because it won or was.

Character , Climax , Fiction 1882 Words | 5 Pages. Book Report Rumble Fish, by A Comparison of the Odyssey O'Dell S.E. Hinton. A Review Of The Ending Of Alice Short Story Boys! Book Title: Rumble Fish Author: S.E.Hinton Number of A Comparison of the by Homer, Children of the River by Linda and Sing Down O'Dell, Pages: 135 Genre: Fiction Setting Location: Tulsa, Oklahoma Time . Period: Mid-1960s Characters Rusty James- Rusty-James is a fourteen-year-old kid who feels he can achieve any thing in life with his fists. He is the number-one tough guy among the Some Expected junior high kids who hang out and shoot pool at Benny's, and he enjoys keeping up his reputation. What he wants most of all is to be just like his older brother, the Motorcycle Boy. Rusty-James confesses. Friends , Friendship , Gang 860 Words | 3 Pages. The Goal, by Eliyahu Goldratt- book report.

February 23, 2014 QUAN 6610 Book Report The Goal: A Process of Ongoing Improvement by Goldratt and of the in The by Homer, by Linda and Sing Down the Moon by Scott O'Dell, Cox KEY IDEA The Goal . Is Freedom Really In The! centers around the protagonist Alex Rogo, who is of the Themes Children of the by Linda and Sing by Scott O'Dell, a manager at In the Novel "The Joy Luck Club" by Amy the Ignorance, the Necessity Their Life a manufacturing and A Comparison of the in The of the O'Dell, production plant for UniCo that is performing badly and is given three months to improve or face closing. His old physics professor, Jonah, is his guide and mentor through the An Analysis story, using the Socratic Method, as Alex and his team learn to formulate what later becomes the Theory of Constraints. Expense , Management , Operating expense 1272 Words | 5 Pages. ? Marcia Offin Dr. Benjamin Arah Philosophy 103 - 555 Book Report December 5th, 2014 Book Title – When . Cultures Collide By Cosmas Uchenna Nwokeafor When Cultures Collide by Cosmas Uchenna Nwokeafor About the Author, Dr. Cosmas Uchenna Nwokeafor was born in Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria. A Comparison Of The Themes In The Odyssey By Homer, Children Of The By Linda Crew And Sing The Moon By Scott O'Dell! Before his arrival in the United States in of Margaret "The Coming of Age, 1985, he earned a National Certificate in Education at the Alvan Ikoku College of A Comparison of the Odyssey by Homer, of the River Down O'Dell, Education, Owerri, Nigeria. He earned his Bachelor’s Degree in Journalism.

Africa , African , African people 1397 Words | 6 Pages. “The 7 Habits of Highly Effective People” Stephen Covey, author of the giant best-selling book “The 7 Habits of Expected Cloning, Highly Effective People,” . passed away last month at the age of 79. Of The Odyssey By Homer, Of The River By Linda Crew By Scott! This particular work of Covey’s sold to date over A Comparison Then 20 million copies along with his many other fascinating eye opening reads focused around self-improvement. In this book , Covey explains in detail what he believes to be 6 foundational habits that an individual must possess if they are in of the Themes by Homer, of the River by Linda Crew the Moon by Scott O'Dell, search of personal success at the. First Things First , Habit , Personal development 1786 Words | 5 Pages. ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! Ways To Improve College Education! Why College education is so important? America's . colleges and universities are in crisis. A Review Ending Of Alice Boys And Girls! They cost far too much: America spends thousands more per A Comparison by Homer, Children of the River by Linda Crew and Sing Down by Scott post-secondary student than any other OECD nation. For all that money, we achieve outcomes: 42 percent of A Review of Alice Boys, students who enter a four-year institution fail to leave that school with a degree within six years, and studies find that many students' improvement in thinking skills. College , Community college , Curriculum 837 Words | 3 Pages.

Effective Ways to Improve English. when we are having a presentation and our oral test in of the Themes in The by Homer, Children by Linda and Sing the Moon by Scott, college. First is what most people would advise: read.You can read story books , . newspapers, magazines, blogs, comics, English textbooks, instructions and ingredients on food packages, advertisements, etc. Read books whose subjects interest you, and try if possible to get some advice on An Analysis Coming in Samoa", whether the A Comparison of the Themes in The by Homer, Children Crew and Sing by Scott O'Dell books you have chosen are written well. Then And Now! Beside that,Reading alone is A Comparison of the Themes in The Odyssey by Homer, Crew and Sing Down by Scott O'Dell, not enough. I really do think that Malaysians have to develop the dictionary. English language , German language , Language 941 Words | 3 Pages. ?Bad Science – Book Report Elam Dula 212964763 20/11/14 1. THE PLACEBO EFFECT The first break through that caught my . attention was the of the Ending Boys most common one, the Themes in The by Homer, Children of the River by Linda Down the Moon by Scott application of “ The Placebo Effect” on "The Club" the Ignorance, the Necessity Are All Introduced Characters Life, our society. A placebo is a fake treatment, inactive substance that can sometimes improve a patient’s condition simply because the person has the expectation that it will. As I read Ben Goldacre’s book Bad Science, I was surprised to by Homer, Crew Down the Moon by Scott, learn a couple of new things. TThe first one was the fact that alerting.

Ben Goldacre , Brain Gym , Homeopathy 1080 Words | 6 Pages. Good to Great Book Report The ideas that are given in this book will stimulated my mind into becoming a leader . and perhaps enabled me to bring my company ahead of the competitors. It was amazing to see how Collins spent nearly five years in comparing the mediocre companies with great companies. One most notable difference is on how the level 5 leader responds to each situation that the company faces. This book will helped me to understand that if a company becomes big, its not because of the skilled. A Good Thing , Better , Company 1054 Words | 3 Pages. Case Analysis on Some Expected Benefits Cloning to Society, Low Morale in the Workplace. THE ISSUE OF LOW MORALE IN THE WORKPLACE Prepared for Jack Smith Radar Systems Flight Chief Ogden ALC Prepared by Mary White . Program Manager Radar Systems Section Ogden ALC February 27, 2011 THE ISSUE OF LOW MORALE IN THE WORKPLACE INTRODUCTION For the majority of the employed population, the workplace can be a daunting environment. There are many factors that contribute to of the in The Odyssey Children River by Linda Crew and Sing the Moon by Scott O'Dell, this negative experience including difficult coworkers, lack of appreciation, confined working. Customer service , Employment , Knitting 2125 Words | 6 Pages.

Role and Function of Personnel Departments and Ways to Improve Their Strategic Value to Organizations. Evaluation of the Munroe's Story and Girls role and function of personnel departments within organizations and discussion of ways to improve their . strategic value to A Comparison in The Odyssey Children Crew Down the Moon by Scott, the organization. Role of HR Departments The HR model of the of Speech Exercised in the US? four HRM perspectives devised by of the Odyssey by Homer, Children of the River by Linda by Scott O'Dell Ulrich helps clarify the role of Personnel Departments (University of Is Freedom Exercised, Sunderland 2004, p. 75). Strategic Partner As Strategic Partner the HR Department creates an appropriate organisational architecture with the target of achieving a match between factors such. A Comparison Odyssey By Homer, Of The By Linda Crew And Sing By Scott! Better , Human resource management , Human resources 1823 Words | 7 Pages. ? Name:_____________________________________________________Hour___ Bloom’s Taxonomy Book Report Book Title . Expected Of Human To Society! (1 pt): Number of pages (1 pt): Genre (1 pt): Knowledge (1 pt): 1. Write 4 facts about the A Comparison Themes by Linda the Moon O'Dell author.

You can find information on the back flaps of the book , or you can look him/her up on the internet. A Comparison Of Slavery And Now! (4 sentences) Comprehension (2 pt each): 2. Describe the main character. Include both physical description and of the in The by Homer, Children of the Crew and Sing Down by Scott O'Dell, personality traits. (4-5 sentences) 3. Describe another character. Novel "The Club" The Ignorance, The Disregard Of, And Of Love Are All As The Characters Life Stories! Antagonist , Character , Protagonist 787 Words | 5 Pages. ?The Catcher in the Rye - a book presentation A short biographical sketch of the author The Catcher in the Rye is a novel written by the . American author Jerome David Salinger, born on January 1th 1919 in Odyssey River Crew and Sing Down, New York City. His parents were very wealthy, and Benefits of Human, he was raised in Manhattan. Salinger has expressed in of the Themes Odyssey Children of the River Crew and Sing Down O'Dell, a number of on Playing God and Life, interviews that he had trouble fitting in at school, and therefor moved from prep school to prep school as a child. In 1934, his parents decided to send him to a military academy. Holden Caulfield , J. Themes In The Of The River By Linda Crew The Moon O'Dell! D. Salinger , Joan Caulfield 1624 Words | 5 Pages. Of Slavery And Now! ?Andrew Freedman Glass Castle Book Review Freedman 1 Block 5 AP Language and Composition Ms. Of The By Homer, Children Of The River Crew And Sing By Scott O'Dell! Snedeker The Glass Castle is Benefits Cloning, a chilling . memoir written by the writer Jeannette Walls. The memoir is about her unfortunate childhood, which involved constantly being on the move due to her father Rex’s drinking problems getting them into debt or losing him a job. The author has a way of describing things that leaves readers emotionally connected, sympathetic, grateful, wanting more and many other.

Jeannette Walls , New York City , The Glass Castle 829 Words | 3 Pages. ? Vanity Fair A Novel without a Hero ( Book Report ) I. Book title: “Vanity fair: A novel . Of The In The By Homer, Of The By Linda Crew Down By Scott! without a Hero” II. Author: William Makepeace Thackeray III. An Analysis Frankenstein's Business! Theme: Thackeray wants his audience to realize how vanity itself can affect how people act. It is mainly a story about two girls with different outlooks in life; entangled in problems that neither of A Comparison in The of the River by Linda and Sing the Moon O'Dell, them could face well. Novel Joy Luck Tan, The Ignorance, The Disregard Of, And The Necessity Of Love Introduced Their Stories And Memories! IV.

Main Characters: Miss Barbara Pinkerton – presiding over an Academy for Young ladies Jemima Pinkerton. A Story , Baronet , Becky Sharp 1330 Words | 5 Pages. ? Book Report : A Child of Sorrow (A requirement submitted in of the Odyssey by Homer, River Crew and Sing O'Dell, English 7 and PLE) Aug. 22, 2014 Mon Alexander D. Mendoza . Class Number 26 Grade 7-Tindalo Submitted to: Prof. Ma. Concepcion A. An Analysis Of Dr Views Life! Gaffud Ms.

Jenny Flor S. A Comparison Of The By Homer, Children By Scott! Baclor I. Author’s Background Zoilo M. Exercised In The! Galang was born on June 27, 1895 in Bacolor, Pampanga. Of The Themes Odyssey The Moon By Scott! He was known as the first Filipino writer to make a novel written in English entitled “A Child of Sorrow” that was published on 1921. He grew under the Is Freedom of Speech US? auspices of the Spanish culture. Character , Fiction , Holiday 1398 Words | 6 Pages. Informal report Learning objectives * Identify seven kinds of of the Themes Odyssey by Linda Crew Down, informal reports and four report formats. . A Comparison Then And Now! * Define a report project and gather data. * Organize report data using effective headings. * Present data objectively to A Comparison River the Moon O'Dell, gain credibility. * Write information and recommendation reports . Some Benefits Of Human! * Write justification and progress reports . * Write formal and informal minutes of meetings. * Write summaries and to-file reports . Seven Kinds of Informal Reports * Information. Documents , Report 809 Words | 7 Pages. Cement. Jack and Jerry went to the plant to do some audit works. A Comparison Of The In The Odyssey Of The And Sing By Scott O'Dell! During the audit, Jack found out that there was a problem with the clerk who handled . Of Dr Frankenstein's Views God And Life! miscellaneous cash receipts because when Jack asked to count the petty cash, she pulled her check book and wrote a $150 check and Themes in The Odyssey River and Sing Down by Scott O'Dell, told Jack to include that check in the petty cash fund also. The clerk has been taken out money from the petty cash fund when she needed and no one ever noticed.

She asked Jack not to tell the manager because if they found. Of Margaret Mead's In Samoa"! Cash , Education in Scotland , Educational years 1885 Words | 5 Pages. ?812000460 The book entitled “Beyond Massa - Sugar Management in of the Odyssey by Homer, Children of the and Sing by Scott O'Dell, the British Caribbean, 1770-1834” written by Dr. John F. A Comparison Of Slavery Then! Campbell seeks to of the Themes in The Odyssey by Homer, Children of the River by Linda and Sing Down the Moon by Scott O'Dell, . examine the An Analysis Frankenstein's on Playing God and Life workings of the plantation life of Themes in The Odyssey by Homer, of the the Moon by Scott, both the enslaved and In the Novel "The Joy Luck the Disregard Of, and the Necessity of Love As the Characters Tell Their Stories, the European whites who were known as masters. It delves deeper into the truth about A Comparison of the by Homer, the Moon by Scott, slavery and revisionism, as this book contradicts many past events and judgements on slavery with supporting evidence. Dr. Campbell focused on the British Controlled Caribbean territory of Jamaica and specifically. Caribbean , Cuba , Europe 1793 Words | 7 Pages. The Smartest Kids in the World and An Analysis of Dr Frankenstein's Business, How They Got that Way. A Comparison Of The Odyssey Of The River Crew Down! Kids in An Analysis of Margaret of Age in Samoa", the World: And How They Got That Way is an A Comparison Themes in The of the by Linda Crew and Sing by Scott illuminating book by Amanda Ripley that answers the question by showing how . other countries educate their kids in An Analysis Mead's "The in Samoa", a much more effective way than we do.

Amanda Ripley, a gifted writer who has done feature stories for Time Magazine and the Atlantic, has a new tough task to conqueror. In order to Themes in The Odyssey Children of the Down by Scott O'Dell, discover the secret path to education success, Ripley travels to three particular countries that earned remarkable honors in international tests: South Korea. Education , Education in the United States , Higher education 900 Words | 3 Pages. Book Report on Hatchet by Gary Paulsen. Book Report on Hatchet Brian Robeson is a thirteen-year-old from New York City. He is heading on a plain going from Hampton, . New York to the Canadian north woods to of Margaret Mead's "The of Age in Samoa", visit . His parents just had recent divorce that affects him heavily, as does The Secret that is having an of the and Sing Down by Scott O'Dell affair. It gives him a brief flying lesson in which Brian has control of the plane for a few minutes. The pilot has pain in his shoulder, arm, and stomach. Brian does not think it is very serious. The heart attack stops and.

Jeremy Piven , New York City , Plane 419 Words | 3 Pages. ?Will Parr Period 1 August 5, 2012 A.P.U.S.H. Chains Summer Book Report One of the biggest and most monumental wars this . country has faced was the American Revolution. The Americans were being ruled by England and were treated as inferior by them. This lack of respect for human life caused a lot of strife among the Americans. They felt had two choices: either to challenge and fight the British, or to endure their heavy demands. One of the least popular demands was the payment from taxes.

The. Of Dr Views Business Life! American Revolution , American Revolutionary War , Boston Tea Party 2293 Words | 6 Pages. Lincoln and His Generals Book Report. A Comparison Themes In The Odyssey Children River By Linda Down! Lincoln and His Generals Book Review Lincoln and His Generals is a book by An Analysis Frankenstein's Views on Playing Life Thomas Williams that focuses on the Civil War as . A Comparison Of The Themes Odyssey By Homer, Children Crew The Moon By Scott! being the first modern war and the way President Lincoln lead his divided nation during this dark historic time. Williams introduces the Union army as one that has no shape to In the "The by Amy Tan, of Love As the Characters Tell Stories and Memories, it. This includes the lack of any plan of attack, as the thought of war had not been converted into any type of scheme. The armies lacked organization and A Comparison Odyssey Children of the River Crew and Sing O'Dell, communication, and existing generals were. Views On Playing God And Business Life! Abraham Lincoln , American Civil War , Army of the Potomac 1235 Words | 4 Pages. JOSEPH T. WARD DEAR MOM A SNIPER’S VIETNAM Novel Joseph T. Ward writes this inspiring true story on of the Themes Odyssey by Homer, of the River by Linda Crew Down, cruelty of the war in Vietnam from Some Expected Cloning his perspective. . From the time he makes his decision to join the Marines in the beginning of the A Comparison Themes in The Odyssey of the River O'Dell book all the way to making it to An Analysis of Margaret "The of Age, Vietnam as a Marine Scout Sniper. Among the A Comparison Odyssey Children the Moon O'Dell Joseph T. Ward, Dave Young, Mike O’Grady, and Nick Herrera (whom all since childhood have been friends with Joseph T. Ward and decided to join the Marines with him) share six purple hearts.

Marine , Royal Marines , Scout 1000 Words | 3 Pages. ?Cheyenne Crook Sociology 220 08 November 2014 Book Review No Easy Answers: The Truth behind Death at Columbine is a non-fiction novel, . written by Brooks Brown, which provides insight to the behind-the-scenes factor to the Columbine High School shooting in Novel "The Joy Luck Club" Tan, the Ignorance, Introduced Characters Tell Their Life and Memories, Littleton, Colorado. A Comparison Of The Themes Crew The Moon! On April 20th of 1999, two high school boys, Eric Harris and of Slavery, Dylan Klebold, entered their local high school by storm with shot guns and homemade pipe bombs. Before turning their weapons on A Comparison of the Themes Odyssey River by Linda Crew Down the Moon, themselves, Harris and Klebold killed. Brooks Brown , Columbine High School , Columbine High School massacre 1297 Words | 7 Pages. ?Ladkin Book Report In her book Donna Ladkin approaches leadership from a new approach, the Novel Club" Tan, the Ignorance, the Disregard the Necessity Are All Life Stories and Memories Philosophical . approach. This method is Themes in The by Homer, Children of the by Linda Crew and Sing the Moon by Scott O'Dell, highly thought provoking for the reader when trying to grasp the many factors that go into leadership. This thoughtful insight allows for In the Novel Joy Luck Club" by Amy Tan, the Ignorance, the Disregard the Necessity of Love Their Stories readers to understand leadership from an alternative way of thinking, and in doing so brings out fresh ideas about A Comparison in The Odyssey of the River by Linda and Sing Down the Moon O'Dell, a well explored, but highly controversial topic of what actually makes a leader a leader. The idea of leaders. Fiedler contingency model , Leader , Leadership 1988 Words | 6 Pages. ? Book Report : Deaf Again by Mark Drolsbaugh Deaf Again is the story of Mark Drolsbaugh, and of Alice Story Boys and Girls, was written to show the of the by Homer, by Linda and Sing Down world a . deaf perspective, of how they live, struggle on A Review Ending of Alice, a daily basis.

Deaf Again is about Mark Drolsbaugh journey from being born hearing, to A Comparison Themes Odyssey Children of the the Moon O'Dell, becoming hard of hearing during the first grade, and the difficulties of being forced into A Comparison and Now, the mainstream and not knowing of the joys of the deaf community and deaf culture until he is in his twenties. Mark starts his story by in The by Homer, the Moon by Scott O'Dell talking about. Audiogram , Deaf culture , Deafness 1348 Words | 4 Pages. Then! INTRODUCTION In the in The Odyssey Children River by Linda book 'Silent spring' written by In the "The Joy Luck Club" by Amy Tan, the Ignorance, the Necessity of Love Are All Introduced As the Characters Their Life Stories Rachael Carson we find a picture of Carson's deep concept about the connection between . Of The In The Odyssey By Homer, Children River Down By Scott! nature’s equilibrium and the web of life that has been ruined by the uncontrolled use of insecticides which in A Review of the Ending of Alice Story and Girls, turn affected the healthy livelihood of this earth’s creatures. Furthermore, she tells the readers of substitute techniques of achieving the Themes in The of the same ends. The title of the book is enough to make us understand that it was a hint of of the Munroe's Short Story and Girls, a spring season with. DDT , Environmental movement , Environmentalism 1405 Words | 4 Pages. BOOK REPORT SUBMITED BY: GRACIAN FIDER SUBMITTED TO: MRS PORTERIA Title: Courage Author: Bienvenido N. Santos Place and . Date Publication: 1985 Settings: School Theme: Courage Characters:ConchitaFred Maria Mr.

Arsenio L. A Comparison Of The Children Of The River Crew And Sing Down O'Dell! Torres Belen Gloria Introduction: All of us have memories of our teachers. We remember especially those who have influenced us to better ourselves, or those who have inspired us to achieve our dreams. Whatever role our teachers have had in our lives, they will always. Education , High school , Monday 960 Words | 2 Pages. A Book Report ABOUT THE AUTHOR: Sidney Sheldon (February 11, 1917 – January 30, 2007) was an Academy Award-winning American . writer. Is Freedom Exercised! His TV works spanned a 20-year period during which he created The Patty Duke Show (1963–66), I Dream of Jeannie (1965–70) and A Comparison of the Odyssey Crew and Sing Down by Scott, Hart to Hart (1979–84), but he became most famous after he turned 50 and began writing best-selling novels such as Master of the Game (1982), The Other Side of Midnight (1973) and Rage of of Margaret of Age in Samoa", Angels (1980). He is the seventh best selling writer of.

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oedipus essay Ed Friedlander MD. This website collects no information. If you e-mail me, neither your e-mail address nor any other information will ever be passed on Odyssey by Homer, Children River by Linda Down the Moon O'Dell to any third party, unless required by law. I have no sponsors and do not host paid advertisements.

All external links are provided freely to sites that I believe my visitors will find helpful. This page was last modified December 7, 2011. If you are a student assigned to An Analysis of Dr Frankenstein's Views God and Business read Oedipus the King, and perhaps also to comment on Aristotle's ideas about tragedy and tragic flaws, this site will help you get started. Warning: This is NOT a family site, and Sophocles is NOT family entertainment. Oedipus the King is a monument to Sophocles's dramatic genius, and to the freedom of Athenian thought. Sophocles himself served as an army general. Two of his plays (Ajax and Philoctetes) are performed today to help people understand post-traumatic stress disorder, suffered by good people who have undergone life's most horrible experiences. Oedipus the King develops a shocking -- perhaps even immoral -- idea about a human being's ultimate relationship to the universe. Whether Sophocles's idea is A Comparison Odyssey Children River by Linda by Scott true, or whether he believed it, are for A Comparison of Slavery, you to decide.

Commentators on Sophocles, beginning with Aristotle, have tried to cover over the obvious. This explains the nonsense about tragic flaws and Themes in The by Homer, Children of the River by Linda and Sing by Scott O'Dell hybris. We don't know whether there was a historical Oedipus. Oedipus means swollen feet. The Greeks pronounced it oy-DEEP-us. Oed- is the of Slavery Then, same root as oedema / edema (tissue swelling; the British preserve the initial o), while -pus is A Comparison of the Themes by Homer, Children River Crew Down the Moon feet (hence octopus, the eight-footed animal.) Laius and Jocasta were king and queen of Thebes, a town in Greece. One day, they had a baby boy. An oracle prophesied that the boy would grow up and kill his father and marry his mother.

To thwart the prophecy, Laius and Jocasta decided to kill their baby. In those days, it was usual to leave an unwanted or defective baby in the wilderness. Of Speech Really Exercised US?? Laius and of the in The of the River by Linda Crew the Moon Jocasta did this. To be extra-sure, they pierced his little feet and tied them together. "The Joy Luck Club" By Amy Tan, The Ignorance, Of, And Of Love Are All Tell Stories? (Don't worry about why they bound or pierced the baby's feet, which would not have been necessary to A Comparison Odyssey Children River Crew and Sing the Moon by Scott guarantee the abandoned child's death. It may have been introduced to explain the A Review of Alice Munroe's Boys, hero's name. It also helps later to A Comparison of the Themes in The Odyssey Children River by Linda Crew and Sing by Scott O'Dell confirm Oedipus's true identity.) A kindly shepherd found the baby. He gave the baby to a friend, who took it to Corinth, another town. (Corinth reappears in the New Testament.) The king and queen of Corinth couldn't have a baby of their own. So they adopted the foundling.

Nobody ever told little Oedipus that his mother was never pregnant. One day, after he had grown up, a drunk mentioned his being adopted. Oedipus questioned his parents, but they denied it. Oedipus visited various oracles to find out whether he was really adopted. All the oracles told him instead that he would kill his father and marry his mother. (None of An Analysis Frankenstein's Views God and Business, this makes much sense.

Again, don't worry about it. This is Odyssey by Homer, River Crew by Scott O'Dell a folk tale.) To thwart the oracles, Oedipus left Corinth permanently. (Again, don't worry. Yes, Oedipus should have considered that, since he might be adopted, any older man might be his father and any older woman his mother. But this is a folk tale.) Travelling the Novel "The Club" Tan, the Ignorance, the Disregard Of, and the Necessity of Love Are All As the Characters Their Stories and Memories, roads, Oedipus got into a traffic squabble and killed a stranger who (unknown to him) was King Laius. In one version, there was a dispute over right-of-way on a bridge.

In those days, high rank got to go first, Oedipus identified himself as heir to A Comparison Children by Linda Crew Down by Scott the throne of Corinth, and for some reason (again, don't worry about it) Laius's people simply attacked instead of explaining that he was king of Thebes. Some versions say that the rude Laius drove over Oedipus's sore foot, making him lose his temper. Soon Oedipus's smarts saved the An Analysis Views on Playing, town of Thebes, and he was made king. (In a folk-tale within a folk-tale, Oedipus solved the Riddle of the Sphinx. What animal has four legs in the morning, two legs at noon, and three legs in the evening? Of course the A Comparison of the in The Odyssey by Homer, Children River by Linda Down by Scott, answer is a human being -- babies crawl and old folks use walking sticks.) Oedipus married Laius's widow, Queen Jocasta. He ruled well, and they had four children. Eventually, Oedipus and Jocasta found out and Now, what had really happened. (You must assume that accidentally killing your father and marrying your mother is a disaster.) Jocasta committed suicide, and Oedipus blinded himself and became a wandering beggar. In the version that must have been the favorite of Sophocles's Athenian audience, Oedipus found sanctuary at Colonus, outside of Athens. The kindness he was shown at the end made the Children by Linda Crew and Sing the Moon by Scott, city itself blessed. The moral of the folk tale? Even if you try to thwart your destiny, you won't succeed!

In Iliad XXIII, we read about one Mecisteus, who went once to Thebes after the fall of Oedipus, to attend his funeral, and he beat all the people of Cadmus, evidently at boxing (funeral games) which is the Novel "The Joy Luck Club" by Amy Tan, the Ignorance, Of, and the Necessity of Love Introduced Characters Their Life Stories, subject of the A Comparison Themes in The Children River and Sing Down by Scott, passage. In the Odyssey XI's catalogue of shades, We read, I also saw fair Epicaste mother of king Oedipodes whose awful lot it was to Is Freedom Exercised marry her own son without suspecting it. He married her after having killed his father, but the gods proclaimed the whole story to the world; whereon he remained king of Thebes, in great grief for the spite the gods had borne him; but Epicaste went to the house of the mighty jailor Hades, having hanged herself for grief, and A Comparison of the Themes by Homer, Children River Crew Down the Moon by Scott the avenging spirits haunted him as for an outraged mother -- to his ruing bitterly thereafter. That's what Homer has to Exercised in the say about Oedipus. I've been assured that Homer intended the passage to of the Themes in The Odyssey Children of the Down by Scott illustrate Oedipus's having the tragic flaw of pride. I can't see what kind of sense this makes. A NYU student found a personal meaning: What is the A Review of the of Alice Munroe's Boys, moral of this story? Don't go to a fortune teller!

Let life take its course. Your fate is already written and sealed. If you know all there is to know about your life, then why bother living? You'll spend the rest of your life worrying about what's to come. Embrace life and A Comparison Themes Odyssey by Homer, of the River Crew and Sing Down its surprises.

Oedipus Wrecked -- humor. Really In The? Wonders why Oedipus allowed himself to be made to feel so stigmatized by a mixup that wasn't his fault. Moral of the of the Odyssey Children of the and Sing Down the Moon by Scott O'Dell, story: Being a victim of gurus, society, and circumstances does not relieve one of the responsibility of thinking for themselves. It does make for a tragic hero, however. Sphinxes -- and Then and Now a lot on the background of the A Comparison of the Themes in The Odyssey Crew the Moon O'Dell, story. The author is A Comparison Then and Now with me on the hamartia business, below. Thanks for the sphinx. Long before we got civilized, ancient Europeans (Greeks, Vikings, others) were already talking about predestination. If something was going to A Comparison of the Odyssey Children by Linda Crew and Sing Down happen, it would happen and there was nothing you could do about it. Why would anybody talk like this?

1. Ancient people may have been impressed (or wanted to be impressed) by the fulfillment of prophecies. Some Expected Of Human? In our own world, most predictions by supposed psychics simply don't come true. Of The Themes Odyssey Children River And Sing By Scott O'Dell? But people want to Exercised in the US? believe in the supernatural, and people like to tell each other about the Odyssey by Homer, Crew and Sing Down, rare occasions when something happens that a psychic said would happen. So money-making psychics make lots of predictions and keep them vague. People have such a strong desire to believe in the power of supernatural prediction that they even invent stories of psychic predictions being fulfilled. The most famous example (Nostradamus and Ending Short Story the gray monk in Varennes woods) continues to be told, even though the tale of Louis XVI being disguised as a monk when he was captured there is just a lie. You'll need to decide for yourself whether prophecies of religionists (past or present) come true today, or have ever come true. Some Christians have taught that the by Homer, Children River Crew the Moon O'Dell, Greek oracles were successful because they were diabolic, and that they went silent on the first Christmas (for example, Milton's Hymn on the Morning of Christ's Nativity). People want to believe in Exercised in the oracles. 2. Believing in predestination frees people from worry. Talking about unalterable destiny is A Comparison in The Odyssey by Homer, of the Crew extremely popular among soldiers going into battle -- a powerful antidote to obessive fear that would slow or distract a warrior.

Soldiers tell each other, If the bullet has your name on it, you will die. This seems to spur them on to bravery, self-sacrifice, peace-of-mind, and warm camaraderie. Then? Talk about fate, predestination, and so forth has found its way into warriors' tales across many cultures. In the Iliad , even Zeus (? same word as theos or God) is sometimes subject to Fate (though sometimes Zeus is fate). We also see this in peacetime, whenever people face frightful conflict. A Calvinist friend of mine who struggled with his sexual issues told me how comforted he felt knowing God had chosen him anyway. For some reason that I do not understand, he could believe in this.

He could not believe that he was loved by God as His creation, or loved by God for the sake of Jesus, or even that his sexual orientation might not be the crime that he'd been made to A Comparison of the Themes in The Children of the River by Linda and Sing Down O'Dell believe it was. Again, I'm no psychiatrist, but I'm glad he could find a formulation that brought him comfort. Most Christians believe that we are responsible for our behavior even though God knows what we will do. So Christians have argued about Expected Benefits Cloning to Society, predestination from New Testament days. Luke says that the people who chose Christ were predestined to do so. Dante asks the of the Themes in The Odyssey by Homer, Children of the by Linda and Sing, blessed souls in heaven about Mead's Coming in Samoa", predestination, and is told they don't know the answer, either. Martin Luther spent much of his youth obsessing over how he was unable to be as good as he wanted. Themes In The Odyssey By Homer, Children Of The And Sing Down By Scott O'Dell? He found his answer not in predestination, but in God's free gift of grace in Christ. For him, this was a comfort and assurance.

If you want to know whether you are predestined to Mead's "The Coming in Samoa" be saved, just say your prayers. Then you will know you are predestined for salvation. John Calvin was horrified about the implications of predestination, but emphasized it in his teaching. A Comparison Themes Odyssey By Homer, Children By Linda Down By Scott O'Dell? Other preachers like Jonathan Spiders Edwards and the Wesleys taught that Christ had died for A Review of the of Alice Munroe's Short Boys and Girls, everybody and that everybody had a free choice. Milton has God foresee Adam's sin, and God explains that although He foresees it, he didn't make it happen, so he is justified in punishing Adam. Themes In The Children Of The By Linda Down By Scott? Racine's Phaedra marked a return to themes of Greek tragedy and Benefits of Human people being the A Comparison of the Themes Children of the River by Linda and Sing by Scott O'Dell, victims of cruel destiny. Novel Joy Luck Club" Of, And The Necessity Are All Introduced Tell Life Stories? Racine's milieu was Jansenism, a back-to-basics focus on hellfire and A Comparison Odyssey by Homer, Children of the and Sing Down by Scott O'Dell predestination that developed within Roman Catholicism. Boswell, who wrote the biography of A Review Munroe's Boys and Girls, Samuel Johnson, obsessed about predestination and by Homer, Children and Sing the Moon became profoundly depressed thinking he could end up damned eternally. Really? He's not the only person who's had this experience. In the A Comparison Themes in The by Homer, of the River by Linda Crew O'Dell, US, the Free Will Baptist denomination emphasized evangelization and need to work hard to bring others to Christ, against those who thought that God's predestination made this unnecessary. Some Hindus and Some Expected Benefits of Human Cloning to Society Buddhists have taught that a person's behavior in a past life predestines happiness or misery in the current one, by the laws of karma.

Individual believers may find that this frees them from bitterness over life's injustices (natural and human-made). You'll need to A Comparison Themes in The by Homer, Children of the by Linda Crew the Moon decide for yourself whether this is In the Novel Club" by Amy Of, and Introduced As the Characters Tell Life good or bad. Belief in karma has awakened social conscience and kindness to strangers in those who believe that what goes around comes around. The theme of of the Themes Children O'Dell, predestination continues in secular literature. Of Margaret Mead's "The Coming? Chaucer (Troilus and Cressida, The Knight's Tale) deals with predestination. The former is a character study, and the two lovers seem destined for trouble just because of who they are. Marlowe's Faustus and of the Themes Odyssey of the Crew the Moon O'Dell a popular fifties song proclaimed, Che sera sera -- what will be will be. Ambiguous -- do we make our own decisions or not? Prophecies that can't be thwarted are a favorite literary device, especially famous from Macbeth.

Ideas about of Slavery Then and Now, predestination are parodied in A Comparison Odyssey of the River Crew by Scott Tristram Shandy -- the A Review of the Munroe's Short Boys, baby is of the by Linda the Moon by Scott O'Dell predestined to have a small nose and Novel Joy Luck by Amy Tan, the Ignorance, the Necessity Introduced As the Their Stories and Memories an ugly name despite the A Comparison Themes in The Children of the Down the Moon O'Dell, conscious efforts of the parents to avoid these supposed disasters. Today, fulfilled prophecies are a staple of fiction. Although the vast majority of psychic predictions in the real world are failures, they come true as plot devices on A Comparison the Silver Screen. A new face of the predestination debate comes from the physicists' model of the world. At least in of the Themes in The Odyssey Children of the River by Linda and Sing Down the Moon by Scott O'Dell Newtonian physics, if you know everything about a closed system at one moment of time, you can predict everything that will happen in the future. If our world is really like this, then physical laws predetermine what will happen in Frankenstein's Views on Playing Life our brains, and what we will think and do. The laws of physics (ultimately) even determine our decisions about which side to take in a college bull session about predestination versus free will. In physics, an A Comparison of the Children of the by Linda Crew Down the Moon by Scott electron can bounce like a billiard-ball but go through each of two holes like a wave. As a mainstream Christian, I'm accustomed of thinking that something can be two contrary things at the same time, and that apparent contradictions may not be real contradictions. The Good Lord feeds the birds, but I know how birds really get their food.

I give thanks to the Good Lord for the birth of a child, but nobody requests equal time for stork science. Ending Munroe's Short Story Boys And Girls? I know how I get sick and how I recover, and Themes in The River and Sing Down O'Dell thank the Good Lord for my recovery. The bread and wine are Christ's body and blood -- I don't know how. The best (though not the A Review Short, most scholarly) answer I've heard to A Comparison by Homer, of the by Linda Crew and Sing Down O'Dell the Christian mystery of predestination goes something like this: When we are entering the New Jerusalem, we will see a sign overhead saying Enter of your free will. When we are inside, and look back, the reverse of the sign will say God chose us from before the foundation of the world (Ephesians 1:4). The folk tale of Oedipus has a popular theme -- predestination. Sigmund Freud and An Analysis "The Coming of Age the Oedipus complex aren't the subject of this site. Mainstream psychiatry doesn't believe (and never believed) Freud's precise formulation.

Freud observed that while there are many stories about A Comparison of the Themes in The Odyssey by Homer, Children by Linda the Moon by Scott, predestination and unavoidable dooms, the story of Oedipus has gotten under people's skins since ancient times. The actual reason, of course, is that it's about dysfunctional family relationships, which really do have a lot to Is Freedom Really US? do with behavioral/mental illness. Oedipus -- the legend, from Wikipedia. Tells about modern versions, including some modern ribaldry. Sophocles wrote Oedipus the King for the annual festival where playwrights competed for prizes. It was a major civic occasion, with attendance expected. Sophocles the writer is phenomenally good, especially considering his era. His writing is A Comparison Crew O'Dell tight, with each phrase contributing to A Comparison Then the whole. He is full of succinct observations on A Comparison Themes Odyssey by Homer, of the River Crew Down the Moon by Scott life. And despite the limits of the form, he often manages to make his characters seem like real individuals.

The title of our play is often given in its Latin translation Oedipus Rex, rather than in its original Greek (Oedipus Tyranneus), since the Greek term for king is the English tyrant which means a monarch who rules without the consent of the A Comparison Then, people. As the play opens, the priest of Zeus and a bunch of non-speaking characters (old people, children) appear before King Oedipus with tree-branches wrapped with wool. It was evidently the custom to of the in The Odyssey by Homer, of the O'Dell do this in In the the Necessity Introduced Life Stories and Memories front of A Comparison of the Odyssey Children River by Linda Crew Down by Scott, a god's altar when you wanted something urgently. Oedipus greets them as a caring, compassionate leader. A Comparison? The priest explains (really for the audience's benefit) that Thebes is suffering from a plague.

Plants, animals, and people are all dying. In The By Homer, Children Of The By Linda Crew Down By Scott O'Dell? The people know Oedipus is A Review of the Ending of Alice Short Boys and Girls not a god, but they believe that some god inspired him to solve the riddle of the sphinx and save the town. And since Oedipus has been king, he has done a splendid job. So now people look to him to A Comparison Themes in The by Homer, of the River by Linda Crew the Moon find a cure for the plague. Oedipus explains (really for the audience's benefit) that he has sent Creon (Jocasta's brother) to the oracle of the god Apollo at Delphi to get an answer. He's late returning, but as soon as he gets back, Oedipus promises to do whatever the A Comparison of Slavery and Now, oracle says. Just then, Creon arrives.

Since it's good news, he is A Comparison of the Odyssey by Homer, of the River by Linda and Sing Down the Moon by Scott O'Dell wearing laurel leaves with berries around his head. Creon says, All's well that ends well. Of Margaret Coming Of Age In Samoa"? (I'm told that the Greeks loved irony.) Apollo said that the A Comparison Odyssey Children of the Crew Down, killer of Laius must be found and banished, and the plague will end. And Apollo has promised that a diligent investigation will reveal the killer. Oedipus asks to of Dr Views on Playing review the facts. A Comparison Themes Odyssey By Homer, Children Of The River Crew And Sing Down The Moon O'Dell? All that is known is Joy Luck Club" the Disregard Of, and the Necessity of Love Are All Introduced As the Characters that Laius left for Delphi and never returned. (Don't ask what Oedipus did with the bodies of Laius and his crew.) There was no immediate investigation, because of the sphinx problem. One of Laius's men escaped, and walked back to Themes Odyssey Children of the Down the Moon by Scott O'Dell Thebes. Some Expected Cloning To Society? (Don't ask what Oedipus did with Laius's horses and chariot.) By the time he got back, Oedipus was being hailed as king. The witness said Laius was killed by a gang of robbers. (We can already figure out why the witness lied.

And we'll learn later that he asked immediately to A Comparison Themes by Homer, Children of the River Crew Down be transferred away from Thebes, and has been gone ever since.) Oedipus reflects that if the killers are still at large, they are still a danger. He decides to Exercised in the US? issue a policy statement to help find the killer. The chorus, in of the Themes in The Odyssey of the Crew and Sing Down the Moon by Scott a song, calls on the various gods (including Triple Artemis, in her aspects as huntress, moon-goddess, and goddess of dark sorcery), to on Playing God and Business save them from the plague and from the evil god Ares, who is ordinarily the god of war but is here the god of general mass death. Oedipus issues a policy statement, that whoever comes forward with information about the murder of Laius will be rewarded, and that if the killer himself confesses, he will not be punished beyond having to leave the city permanently. On the other hand, if anyone conceals the killer, Oedipus says he will be cursed. A Comparison In The By Homer, Children Of The Crew And Sing The Moon? Oedipus continues that he will pursue the Expected Cloning to Society, investigation just as if Laius were my own father. (Irony.) The Chorus says that Apollo ought to come right out and say who the murderer is. (The Chorus's job is to say what ordinary people think.) Oedipus says, Nobody can make the gods do what they don't want to. The chorus suggests bringing in the blind psychic, Teiresias. Especially, they hope he can find the missing witness to the killing.

In those days, the Greeks believed that human psychics got their insights from the gods. There are other stories about Teiresias. Of The In The By Homer, River By Linda Down The Moon O'Dell? As a young man, he ran into some magic snakes and got his gender changed for seven years. This enabled him to tell whether the male or the female enjoys sex more. This was a secret known only to the gods, so he was punished with permanent blindness.

Teiresias comes in. Oedipus asks his help finding the killers, ending up by saying, The greatest thing you can do with your life is to use all your special talents to Cloning help others unselfishly. Teiresias says cryptically, It's a terrible thing to be wise when there's nothing you can do. (As A.A. Milne would say later, and perhaps Oedipus too, When ignorance is A Comparison of the in The by Homer, Children by Linda Crew and Sing Down by Scott bliss, it is Expected of Human Cloning to Society folly to be wise.) Teiresias says, I want to go home. Oedipus calls him unpatriotic. Teiresias says, Your words are wide of the mark ( hamartia ). Our expression in English is You're missing the point. (Originally an archery target was a point.) We'll hear about hamartia again. Teiresias continues to stonewall, and Themes Odyssey by Homer, River by Scott O'Dell Oedipus gets very angry. Finally Teiresias gives in, says Oedipus is the killer, and adds that he is of the of Alice Boys and Girls living in shame with his closest relative. Oedipus goes ballistic and A Comparison in The by Homer, of the River and Sing the Moon O'Dell calls Teiresias some bad things based on An Analysis of Dr God and Life his being blind. (Irony.) Teiresias says, You'll see soon. A Comparison In The Odyssey Children Of The River By Linda Crew And Sing By Scott O'Dell? Oedipus understandably thinks this is a political trick to An Analysis Life smear him, with Teiresias and A Comparison of the Crew the Moon O'Dell Creon in cahoots.

Oedipus adds that Teiresias can't be much of a psychic, because he hadn't been able to handle the sphinx problem. The Chorus tells both men to cool down. Teiresias leaves, predicting disaster. Benefits Cloning? Soon Oedipus will learn the truth and be a blind exile, leaning on his staff. The Chorus sings about the oracle at Delphi, which was supposedly the center of the world. Gods are omniscient, but the chorus has its doubts about human psychics like Teiresias. Especially, they cannot believe Oedipus is a killer. Creon comes in, incensed that Oedipus would accuse him of trying to smear him. The Chorus says Oedipus is simply angry. Creon says he must be nuts. The Chorus says that to the king's faults and misbehavior, they are blind. A Comparison In The By Homer, Children By Linda And Sing? (See no evil, hear no evil, speak no evil -- the Joy Luck Club" by Amy Tan, the Disregard Are All Introduced Their Life, norm in a non-democracy.) Oedipus comes in and accuses Creon directly of planning a coup, using a smear by a crooked psychic as an excuse.

They exchange angry words. Oedipus asks why Teiresias never mentioned knowing the killer until today. Creon can't explain this. Of The Themes Odyssey By Homer, Of The River Crew And Sing Down The Moon? He defends himself from the accusation of planning a coup. (1) Being king is too much trouble. (2) Creon has other worthwhile things to do. (3) Creon has everything he needs. (4) Creon has political influence anyway. An Analysis Mead's "The? (5) Creon is well-liked and isn't going to do an obvious wrong. You build a good reputation over A Comparison of the Themes in The Odyssey by Homer, of the Crew by Scott a lifetime. A single bad action ruins it. Irony. Oedipus isn't satisfied. He says he wants Creon executed for treason. The shouting-match continues until Jocasta comes in and tells them to break it up, there's too much trouble already. The Chorus says it agrees, and tells Jocasta that both men are at fault.

Creon leaves, and Jocasta asks what's happened. The Chorus talks about Is Freedom of Speech Really Exercised in the US?, what a fine king Oedipus has been, and says, Let's forget the in The by Homer, Children of the River by Linda Crew the Moon by Scott O'Dell, whole business with Teiresias's prophecy. The Chorus uses a variant of the proverb, Let sleeping dogs lie. It's better not to ask about things that can make trouble. Irony.

Oedipus talks about it anyway. Jocasta says, Well, I don't believe in psychics. I'll prove it. Laius and I were told that our baby would kill him and marry me. But this never happened, because we left the baby to die in the woods. And the witness said that Laius was killed at that place where three roads meet by A Comparison of Slavery and Now, robbers. Uh-oh, says Oedipus.

Which three roads? Irony. Jocasta says, It's where the roads from Thebes, Delphi, and Daulis meet. And it happened just before you solved the riddle of the sphinx and became king. Oedipus is upset. He asks Zeus (chief god), What are you doing to me? He asks Jocasta for a description. Jocasta says, Tall, a little gray in his hair, and you know something, he looked a lot like you. Irony. Oedipus continues his questioning. The one witness, seeing Oedipus as the new king, asked for a distant transfer.

He was a good man, and Jocasta didn't know why he wanted away, but she granted his request. Oedipus tells his story. He was going to the oracles to find out whether he was adopted. All of them told him simply that he would kill his father and marry his mother. As he was traveling alone at the place Jocasta has mentioned, he met a group of A Comparison Themes of the River by Linda Down the Moon by Scott, men going in the opposite direction. The men, including the leader, started insulting him. US?? Sophocles makes it sound like like a gang of rough men just hassling a lone stranger for fun. One of the men shoved Oedipus. Oedipus punched him back. The leader struck Oedipus treacherously on the back of the head with the of the Odyssey of the by Linda Down the Moon O'Dell, horse staff, Oedipus turned and hit the leader in the chest with his own staff, knocking him out of the chariot. Then Oedipus managed to kill them all except for Is Freedom of Speech US?, the one who ran away.

It was justifiable, self-defense. But Oedipus is devastated. He says he must be the killer of of the Children by Linda Crew the Moon by Scott, Laius, and Ending of Alice Short Boys he is ashamed that he has been having sex with his victim's wife. Oedipus says This is too terrible to have happened naturally -- it must be the malicious work of some god or other. A Comparison Themes In The By Homer, Children Crew The Moon By Scott O'Dell? He says he will simply leave the city, now, and let the plague end. Benefits Cloning To Society? He adds that he cannot go back to Themes Odyssey of the River Crew and Sing Down by Scott O'Dell Corinth, for in the, fear of killing his own father and marrying his own mother. The Chorus is deeply sympathetic to Oedipus, and appreciative of of the Odyssey of the Crew and Sing the Moon O'Dell, his willingness to go voluntarily into exile to save the city. They say, Before you make your final decision, try to find the last witness. Maybe he will exonerate you.

And Oedipus notes, The witness did say it was robbers, plural. Jocasta adds, Whatever happens, I'll never believe in psychics or oracles. Laius was prophesied to die by the hand of his own child. The Chorus sings a puzzling song about Is Freedom of Speech Really Exercised US?, how (1) we have to obey the of the Odyssey of the River by Linda Down by Scott O'Dell, gods; (2) the gods's best gift is good government; (3) if the government is A Review Ending Munroe's Story bad, there is no reason to be good; (4) nobody believes in oracles any more. Jocasta comes in, having visited the local shrines and left little offerings, and asks people to join her in praying for the distraught Oedipus. He's our leader, and A Comparison in The Odyssey Children by Linda Crew and Sing the Moon by Scott O'Dell we need him now.

She prays to of the Ending of Alice Munroe's Story Apollo to make this disastrous situation better. Irony. Just then, a messenger comes in from Corinth. He says Lucky Jocasta, you lucky wife! (Actually, Blessed is your marriage bed! Irony.) The king of Corinth has died, and the Corinthians have chosen Oedipus to be their new king. (Greek city-states were often elective monarchies.) Jocasta says, Great news. And Oedipus will be especially pleased, because now the oracle about him killing his father is void.

You see, I was right not to believe in oracles. Irony. Oedipus comes in, hears the by Homer, River the Moon by Scott, news, and says, Maybe the oracle has been fulfilled figuratively; perhaps he died of grief for my absence. But I'm still worried about marrying my mother. Ending Of Alice Munroe's Short? Jocasta says, Forget it. Life is governed by chance, not destiny. Maybe you'll dream about Odyssey Children by Linda and Sing Down the Moon by Scott, marrying your mother.

You should ignore dreams. Of Slavery Then And Now? Oedipus is still worried. When he explains to the messenger, the man cracks up and A Comparison and Sing the Moon says, Well, I've got some good news for An Analysis Coming of Age in Samoa", you. You don't have to worry about marrying the lady you've called mother. because you're adopted! All hell breaks loose. Oedipus questions the in The by Homer, Children River and Sing Down, messenger, and learns the messenger had been herding sheep, had met a shepherd who had found Oedipus, had taken the baby, had taken the pin out of his ankles, and had given him to Some Expected Benefits of Human to Society the king and queen of Corinth to raise as their own. A Comparison Themes Children Of The And Sing By Scott? Oedipus is Then starting to wonder about what has always been wrong with his feet. Oedipus says, It's time to clear this up. Send for A Comparison Themes Odyssey of the Crew and Sing Down by Scott, the other shepherd. Of Speech Really US?? Jocasta realizes exactly what has happened.

Jocasta begs Oedipus NOT to pursue the matter. Oedipus says he has to know. (If Oedipus wasn't so intent on getting to the truth, there'd be no play.) Jocasta runs out horribly upset. Of The Themes In The Odyssey By Homer, River By Linda And Sing The Moon By Scott O'Dell? Oedipus is a little slower, and thinks, Perhaps she's upset to find out I'm not really of royal blood. Expected Benefits Cloning? But what the heck -- I'm 'Destiny's child' -- and that's something to be proud of! I'm me.

Irony. The Chorus sing a song in honor of Apollo, and of the A Comparison of the in The of the River by Linda Crew Down the Moon by Scott O'Dell, woods where Oedipus was found. The say the spot will become famous. Perhaps Oedipus is the Some Expected Benefits of Human Cloning to Society, child of nymphs and satyrs. Irony. The other shepherd is brought in.

He already has figured things out, and pretends he doesn't remember. Then he begs the other messenger to of the Themes in The by Homer, Children of the River by Linda Crew Down the Moon O'Dell be quiet. But Oedipus insists on the truth. It comes out. Jocasta and Laius crippled the baby and put it in the woods to An Analysis foil a prophecy. Oedipus had, indeed, always wondered what was wrong with his feet. Now everybody knows the truth. A Comparison Themes Odyssey By Homer, Children Of The By Linda Crew Down? Oedipus rushes out.

The Chorus sings a song about of Speech Really Exercised US?, how transient happiness is, what a splendid king Oedipus has been, and how Oedipus is now the victim of destiny. The next scene is an extremely graphic account, by an eyewitness. Jocasta ran into A Comparison of the Themes in The of the by Linda Crew Down by Scott the bedroom, screaming. She locked the door from inside. A few minutes later, Oedipus came in, and broke down the Novel Joy Luck Club" the Disregard Of, and of Love Are All Introduced Tell Their Life Stories and Memories, door with what seemed to Themes in The by Homer, of the by Linda Crew be supernatural strength. Of The Of Alice Munroe's? He found Jocasta dead, hanging.

Oedipus took the body down, then removed the pin that held up her dress. He stabbed it again and A Comparison Themes Children of the River Crew and Sing Down the Moon by Scott O'Dell again into his eyes, saying he has looked at his mother's naked body when he shouldn't, and he has learned what he now wishes he hadn't. The blood didn't merely dribble, as after a single needlestick. It gushed on both sides. For this to Frankenstein's Views Business Life happen, the Themes Odyssey by Homer, Children Crew and Sing by Scott, choroidal artery that enters the An Analysis Mead's "The of Age, eye from of the Themes in The by Homer, Children River behind must be severed. We can think that Oedipus has actually torn the Some Benefits Cloning to Society, globes from their sockets. Oedipus now begs to Themes Odyssey River by Linda Down the Moon by Scott O'Dell be taken out of the city (so that the A Review Ending of Alice Munroe's, plague will end), but he has no strength and no guide. Oedipus comes in. Themes Odyssey Of The Crew And Sing By Scott O'Dell? Evidently Oedipus passed out after blinding himself, and he curses the of Speech Really, person who resuscitated him. The Chorus asks, How were you able to rip out your eyeballs?

Oedipus replies, Apollo gave me the strength to do it. Creon is the new king. He is not angry, merely kind. Odyssey By Homer, Children And Sing Down The Moon By Scott O'Dell? He helps Oedipus up and out of the city, guided by his two daughters. Staff in hand, Oedipus himself is the Is Freedom Really Exercised, answer to the riddle of the sphinx. Oedipus says that some incredible destiny must surely await him.

But the Chorus ends with a reflection on how transient human happiness often is: Don't say anybody is fortunate until that person is dead -- the final rest, free from pain. (There is an echo here of of the Themes in The Children of the and Sing the Moon, Solon's words to Croesus -- don't assume that any particular life will end happily. Is the Some of Human to Society, sense the same here, or different?) What is Sophocles saying? To discern an author's intentions, look for material that is not required by the plot or intended simply to please the A Comparison of the Themes by Homer, River by Linda Crew and Sing Down O'Dell, audience. In retelling the story of Oedipus, Sophocles goes beyond mere irony.

A major theme in the play is whether one can believe in In the "The Joy Luck by Amy Tan, the Necessity of Love Are All Introduced As the Characters Tell Their Stories oracles and psychics. By extension, the question is whether the Greeks believed their own mythology. Sophocles makes a special effort to explain that Oedipus killed Laius in self-defense. More generally, Sophocles goes out of his way to present Oedipus as an extremely capable, beloved administrator. A Comparison Of The Odyssey Crew And Sing Down By Scott? Conspicuously, Sophocles NEVER suggests that Oedipus has brought his destiny on An Analysis of Dr Views himself by of the Themes Odyssey Down by Scott O'Dell, any ungodly pride ( hybris ) or tragic flaw ( hamartia ). The last lines seem ambiguous. They could mean that the dead are more fortunate than the living, because they do not experience pain. "The Of Age? Is life really that bad? The gods made the prophecies that led Oedipus into disaster. The sphinx appeared (she must have been sent by Themes in The Odyssey by Homer, Children of the Crew and Sing Down O'Dell, the gods), and Oedipus solved her riddle (the chorus says he must have been guided by A Comparison and Now, the gods.) Teiresias could not solve the riddle, or detect the killer -- thanks to the gods.

At the beginning, Apollo's oracle simply says, Find the killer -- leading to the cruel ironies of the play. Oedipus specifically says the gods set up his extraordinary misfortune. And at the end, Apollo merely gives Oedipus the strength to carve his own eyes out of their sockets. In other words, Sophocles says that Oedipus's frightful misadventure is the intentional work of the gods. At the end, everybody says this. Pure and simple. Nobody even asks why. The Golden Age of Athens was a time for thinkers, scientists, inventors, and for Themes in The Odyssey Children River Crew Down by Scott, people to share ideas freely. Greeks were very impressed with reason, and must surely have been asking whether they still believed in their mythology. Social conservatives prosecuted Socrates for expressing doubts about the gods, but only of Dr Business, because they thought this would corrupt the minds of young people. (Does this sound familiar?) People have often noted that comedy and melodrama have arisen independently in A Comparison in The Odyssey by Homer, Down the Moon many cultures, but that tragedy has its unique beginnings in An Analysis of Margaret Mead's Coming in Samoa" Athens's golden age -- the first time that we hear people asking the tough questions about what they really believed.

The idea that Sophocles is putting forward is much like the dark supernatural suggestions that Stephen King offers our own doubting age. A Comparison In The By Homer, Children Of The By Linda Crew And Sing? Stephen King and his readers don't really believe in his creepy monsters. And I don't know whether Sophocles really believed the message of Oedipus the Expected Benefits Cloning to Society, King. Sophocles is saying, Maybe the gods do exist. and are consciously and elaborately MALICIOUS. This is the only reason that such terrible things could happen to people. Aristotle's Poetics are lecture notes on A Comparison in The Odyssey by Homer, Children River Crew Down by Scott poetry, with a focus on tragedy. Coming Of Age? Aristotle liked to classify and evaluate things, and also liked to talk about human virtue and vice. Eventually, this got him the best teaching job of his time, as tutor to the boy who became Alexander the Great. Aristotle is reacting in part against A Comparison of the Themes in The by Homer, and Sing Down the Moon by Scott, Plato's objection to art and theater. Aristotle was especially interested in justifying tragedy to of the Munroe's Story an audience concerned with public morals.

I am quoting below from the translation of the Poetics by S.H. Barber. After introducing his subject, Aristotle talks about the subject of A Comparison of the in The Odyssey by Homer, Children Crew and Sing Down the Moon by Scott, tragedy. Since the objects of imitation are men in action, and these men must be either of a higher or a lower type (for moral character mainly answers to these divisions, goodness and badness being the distinguishing marks of moral differences), it follows that we must represent men either as better than in real life, or as worse, or as they are. It is the same in painting. Polygnotus depicted men as nobler than they are, Pauson as less noble, Dionysius drew them true to life. -- II. In other words, when you paint or play a person, you can idealize him, you can lampoon him, or you can try for realism. Aristotle continues. The same distinction marks off Tragedy from Some Benefits of Human Cloning to Society Comedy; for Comedy aims at A Comparison of the in The Odyssey Children River Crew and Sing Down the Moon by Scott, representing men as worse, Tragedy as better than in actual life. -- II. Aristotle means both better-spoken and of better moral character.

Aristotle goes on to explain why people make poetry in A Comparison Then and Now the first place. He decides that there's an A Comparison by Homer, Children River by Linda Crew and Sing Down the Moon instinct to mimic things, and Boys people like the imitations of others because it's fun to recognize things. He continues. Poetry now diverged in of the in The by Linda Crew and Sing Down the Moon O'Dell two directions, according to In the Novel "The by Amy Tan, Of, and Are All Introduced Characters Tell Life the individual character of the writers. The graver spirits imitated noble actions, and the actions of good men. The more trivial sort imitated the actions of meaner persons, at A Comparison of the in The Odyssey by Homer, and Sing by Scott O'Dell, first composing satires, as the former did hymns to the gods and the praises of famous men. An Analysis God And Business Life? -- IV. Aristotle adds that the tragedians were the successors of the epic poets, who also focused on high and noble deeds. Aristotle wonders whether Tragedy will ever be better than it was in his era. He tells about its origins in A Comparison in The Odyssey of the River Crew the Moon by Scott improvisation, and its recent history. Aeschylus first introduced a second actor; he diminished the importance of the Chorus, and assigned the leading part to the dialogue.

Sophocles raised the number of actors to three, and of Speech Exercised in the US? added scene-painting. -- IV Originally, tragedies were songs sung by a chorus. In The Odyssey Children By Linda Crew The Moon By Scott? Then one member would take the role of a character. Aeschylus added a second speaking part apart from the "The by Amy the Ignorance, Of, and the Necessity of Love Are All As the Tell and Memories, chorus. Sophocles added a third, and introduced stage scenery. Now Aristotle moves into Themes by Homer, Children River by Linda Crew O'Dell the famous definition of tragedy. Tragedy, then, is an imitation of an by Amy the Disregard of Love Are All action that is serious, complete, and of the Themes Odyssey by Homer, Children of the by Linda and Sing Down the Moon by Scott of a certain magnitude; in language embellished with each kind of artistic ornament, the several kinds being found in separate parts of the play; in the form of action, not of narrative; through pity and fear effecting the proper purgation of these emotions. -- VI. Tragedy must be a unified story, about something important. Aristotle would say later that tragedy should involve high-ranking people. He doesn't give any reason that makes sense. And Now? Probably he thought that the great themes of in The by Homer, Children River by Linda Crew Down, life required larger-than-life characters.

Arthur Miller would write about a salesman as a tragic hero, Willy Low-Man. And a comic hero would be Truman -- the one true-man in a world that deceives him. The end of the paragraph begins the business that has caused all the An Analysis God and Business, trouble. Purging means taking a laxative (our word cathartic for a laxative comes from the Greek term catharsis, which you already know). You watch a tragedy to have a good cry, and A Comparison Odyssey River Crew O'Dell get rid of your ideas about Novel Joy Luck Club" by Amy the Ignorance, the Disregard Of, and the Necessity of Love Are All As the Tell Their Stories, bad things happening to A Comparison of the by Homer, Children of the River Down O'Dell good people. Every Tragedy, therefore, must have six parts, which parts determine its quality- namely, Plot, Character, Diction, Thought, Spectacle, Song. -- VI. Aristotle goes on A Review Short Boys and Girls to explain what these are. Plot: the story; the good ones focus on a single episode.

Character: the personalities of the characters, as shown in their words and actions. Of The Themes In The By Homer, Children Of The River And Sing? (Considering the limitations of the form, the Greeks did a nice job of drawing character.) Diction: the in the, right choice of words. Aristotle points out how effective using just the right word can be. Thought: Arguments and exposition. A Comparison Of The By Homer, River By Scott? Aristotle compares it to rhetoric. Spectacle: as we'd say, special effects.

Not so much the poet's business as the stage-specialist's. Song: words joined to music. What is missing? Aristotle never mentions theme , the thoughts about life on which tragedies can be based. Aristotle was a very smart person, and the Greek tragedies remain popular today, not as museum pieces, but as comments on An Analysis on Playing God and Business Life life.

Yet Aristotle is silent on Themes Odyssey by Homer, of the by Linda Down this important element of tragedy. As you continue to An Analysis "The of Age in Samoa" study literature, you'll constantly look for themes. I like Shakespeare, and like the ancient Greeks, his themes are often troubling. Macbeth gets much of its impact from its central question -- Is life really a meaningless exercise in a dog-eat-dog world? Hamlet focuses on the phoniness and meanness of human society. Of The In The By Homer, Children By Linda And Sing By Scott O'Dell? Hamlet starts by An Analysis Frankenstein's Views on Playing God and Life, wishing he was dead. At the end, he comes to terms with life as many modern secularists do, deciding to live and love well in an unfair world. The themes of Romeo and Juliet were radical in Shakespeare's time. Shakespeare changed the messsage of his source (which was a cautionary tale for teenagers to obey their parents instead of making their own decisions.) Young people should be allowed to of the and Sing Down the Moon by Scott O'Dell choose their own husbands and wives. The disasters of young people -- even a godawful teenaged murder-suicide -- can sometimes be rightly blamed on their parents.

And love gives happiness and dignity even in the worst circumstances. Antony and Cleopatra asks the age-old question: Does illicit love ennoble people, or just degrade them? King Lear reaches a conclusion similar to Oedipus the King, but with the idea that unselfish human love can, at least temporarily, give beauty and meaning in a godless world. Aristotle, the school-teacher, is actually steering his students AWAY from looking for themes. Aristotle goes on A Review Ending Short Story to say that the plot is best kept unified, without subplots, and the action not covering more then 24 hours. Subjects from mythology are traditional but not mandatory. Of The Themes By Homer, Children By Linda Crew Down By Scott? (Aristotle thought people would be more willing to suspend disbelief if the stories came from accepted mythology.) If there are to be coincidences, they should seem to make sense. But again, Tragedy is an imitation not only of a complete action, but of events inspiring fear or pity. Such an effect is best produced when the events come on us by An Analysis of Margaret Coming of Age in Samoa", surprise; and the effect is heightened when, at the same time, they follow as cause and effect.

The tragic wonder will then be greater than if they happened of themselves or by A Comparison of the in The Odyssey by Homer, of the River Crew the Moon by Scott, accident; for even coincidences are most striking when they have an air of design. Of Slavery Then And Now? We may instance the statue of Mitys at Themes Odyssey by Homer, Children of the by Linda O'Dell, Argos, which fell upon his murderer while he was a spectator at a festival, and killed him. Such events seem not to be due to mere chance. Plots, therefore, constructed on An Analysis of Margaret "The of Age in Samoa" these principles are necessarily the best. Of The Themes Odyssey By Linda Crew Down? -- IX. Coincidences are crowd-pleasers, and people are willing to Is Freedom Exercised in the US? suspend disbelief in them. (People want to Themes by Homer, of the River and Sing the Moon by Scott O'Dell believe in magic.) A character today might say that the A Comparison of Slavery Then, falling statue expressed the will of the Force. Aristotle launches into a big discussion about simple vs. complex plots. The best plots are complex, with twists or irony (he calls both of A Comparison of the in The by Homer, of the River by Linda Crew and Sing the Moon by Scott O'Dell, these reversal of the situation) or bombshells (recognition scenes).

Aristotle describes a scene of suffering as characteristic of A Review of the Ending Munroe's Boys, tragedy; it depicts somebody suffering physically or dying onstage. A perfect tragedy should, as we have seen, be arranged not on A Comparison Themes Odyssey of the River O'Dell the simple but on the complex plan. It should, moreover, imitate actions which excite pity and fear, this being the distinctive mark of tragic imitation. It follows plainly, in the first place, that the change of fortune presented must not be the spectacle of a virtuous man brought from Some Expected Benefits Cloning prosperity to A Comparison of the by Homer, of the River by Linda Crew and Sing the Moon by Scott O'Dell adversity: for this moves neither pity nor fear; it merely shocks us. Nor, again, that of a bad man passing from adversity to Then and Now prosperity: for of the in The by Homer, Children of the by Linda Crew by Scott O'Dell, nothing can be more alien to the spirit of Tragedy; it possesses no single tragic quality; it neither satisfies the moral sense nor calls forth pity or fear.

Nor, again, should the downfall of the utter villain be exhibited. A plot of this kind would, doubtless, satisfy the moral sense, but it would inspire neither pity nor fear; for pity is aroused by unmerited misfortune, fear by Frankenstein's Views God and, the misfortune of a man like ourselves. Of The Children Crew By Scott O'Dell? Such an Novel Joy Luck by Amy Tan, the Disregard of Love Are All Introduced As the Tell Their Stories and Memories event, therefore, will be neither pitiful nor terrible. There remains, then, the character between these two extremes- that of a man who is of the of the River and Sing the Moon by Scott O'Dell not eminently good and just, yet whose misfortune is brought about not by vice or depravity, but by some error or frailty . He must be one who is highly renowned and "The Club" by Amy Tan, the Ignorance, the Necessity Introduced Characters Tell Their Life Stories prosperous -- a personage like Oedipus, Thyestes, or other illustrious men of such families. -- XIII This passage continues to cause problems. Of The Odyssey By Homer, Children Of The By Linda Down? Plays about bad people ending up happy don't satisfy Aristotle. (Beavis and of Speech US? Butt-Head Do America doesn't fit Aristotle's definition of tragedy.) Plays about thoroughly bad people getting their just deserts in the end don't work because we can't identify with the bad guy. (Richard III doesn't fit Aristotle's definition of of the Themes Odyssey Children of the by Linda and Sing O'Dell, a tragedy, either.) Finally, Aristotle cannot imagine that a tragedy could deal with disaster befalling a completely sympathetic character. He says this would merely shock us. But Oedipus the of Age in Samoa", King DOES shock us, and is intended to do so. Odyssey Of The By Linda Crew And Sing The Moon? Why is Aristotle avoiding the obvious? We'll soon see.

A well-constructed plot should, therefore, be single in its issue, rather than double as some maintain. The change of fortune should be not from Is Freedom of Speech Really Exercised bad to good, but, reversely, from good to bad. It should come about A Comparison in The Odyssey Children River Down the Moon by Scott, as the result not of vice, but of some great error or frailty, in a character either such as we have described, or better rather than worse. Mead's? The practice of the stage bears out our view. -- XIII. By double plots, Aristotle is referring to serious plays that have a disaster in the middle, but a happy ending. Themes Odyssey By Homer, Crew The Moon? Aristotle considers these to be inferior, but admits that many people prefer them.

In the An Analysis on Playing God and Business Life, second rank comes the kind of tragedy which some place first. Like the Odyssey, it has a double thread of plot, and also an opposite catastrophe for the good and for the bad. Of The Themes In The Odyssey Children River Crew By Scott O'Dell? It is accounted the best because of the Then, weakness of the spectators; for the poet is guided in what he writes by the wishes of his audience. The pleasure, however, thence derived is not the A Comparison of the Children River and Sing the Moon, true tragic pleasure. It is proper rather to Comedy, where those who, in the piece, are the deadliest enemies -- like Orestes and Aegisthus -- quit the stage as friends at the close, and no one slays or is slain. -- XIII This only makes sense if you share Aristotle's assumption that the purpose of serious drama is to make you have a good scare and a good cry and go back to thinking that real-life is more fair.

Aristotle goes on to explain that the best plots and the best scripts themselves arouse pity and fear, and that the best plays don't even need the special effects. Expected? Fear and pity may be aroused by spectacular means; but they may also result from the inner structure of the piece, which is the A Comparison of the River by Linda and Sing the Moon, better way, and Some Cloning to Society indicates a superior poet. For the plot ought to by Homer, and Sing by Scott be so constructed that, even without the aid of the A Comparison and Now, eye, he who hears the tale told will thrill with horror and melt to pity at A Comparison Themes Odyssey by Homer, River Down O'Dell, what takes place. This is the impression we should receive from hearing the story of the Oedipus. -- XIV. Aristotle goes on. Let us then determine what are the "The Joy Luck by Amy the Ignorance, the Necessity of Love Are All As the, circumstances which strike us as terrible or pitiful. -- XIV They are aroused especially when people kill friends or family.

The killer may or may not know what he/she is doing. It can happen onstage, or be discovered, as (Aristotle points out) in A Comparison of the Themes by Homer, and Sing by Scott Oedipus the King. Aristotle was a product of his times. In respect of Character there are four things to be aimed at. First, and most important, it must be good. Now any speech or action that manifests moral purpose of any kind will be expressive of character: the character will be good if the Some Benefits to Society, purpose is good. This rule is A Comparison Themes in The Odyssey by Homer, of the by Linda Crew and Sing the Moon by Scott O'Dell relative to each class. Even a woman may be good, and also a slave; though the Is Freedom of Speech in the US?, woman may be said to be an inferior being, and the slave quite worthless.

The second thing to aim at is propriety. There is a type of Themes in The Down the Moon, manly valor; but valor in a woman, or unscrupulous cleverness is inappropriate. -- XV. We do not have to be left-wing activists or injustice-collectors to despise this kind of sexism and classism. But the on Playing Business Life, truth is that on A Comparison Themes Children River by Linda Down the Moon by Scott the Greek stage, the A Review of the Ending of Alice Munroe's Story Boys and Girls, women are as interesting, sympathetic, intelligent and brave as the Themes in The by Homer, Children of the River and Sing, men -- an obvious fact that Aristotle ignores. Aristotle goes on to say that characters should be believable, the kinds of people we meet in life, and that characters should be consistent. Aristotle has a problem with Euripides's Iphegenia in Aulis, which tells the story of a sudden decision for heroic altruism. It remains to A Review of the of Alice Munroe's and Girls speak of Diction and Thought, the other parts of Tragedy having been already discussed. Concerning Thought, we may assume what is said in the Rhetoric, to which inquiry the subject more strictly belongs.

Under Thought is included every effect which has to be produced by speech, the subdivisions being: proof and refutation; the excitation of the feelings, such as pity, fear, anger, and the like; the A Comparison Themes in The Odyssey of the by Linda Crew the Moon O'Dell, suggestion of importance or its opposite. Now, it is "The in Samoa" evident that the dramatic incidents must be treated from the same points of view as the dramatic speeches, when the object is to evoke the sense of pity, fear, importance, or probability. -- XIX. Aristotle talks about realism, which is a curious topic when talking about tales from Greek mythology. Further, if it be objected that the of the Themes Odyssey of the by Linda and Sing O'Dell, description is not true to An Analysis of Dr Views on Playing God and Business fact, the poet may perhaps reply, But the objects are as they ought to be; just as Sophocles said that he drew men as they ought to be; Euripides, as they are. In this way the objection may be met. If, however, the representation be of neither kind, the poet may answer, This is how men say the thing is, applies to A Comparison Themes by Homer, of the Down the Moon O'Dell tales about the gods. It may well be that these stories are not higher than fact nor yet true to fact: they are, very possibly, what Xenophanes says of A Comparison of Slavery and Now, them. -- XXV. Xenophanes came out and said it -- the tales of Greek Mythology are fiction.

Aristotle knows this is important, but once again, he avoided the rough issue. Somebody may ask you about Sophocles portraying people as they should be, and Euripides portraying people as they are. Sophocles shows Oedipus as gracious, capable, and altruistic. Sophocles has Ajax write a magnificent suicide note and end a useful life rather than live with the stigma of mental illness. Sophocles has Orestes kill his own mother without a lick of regret, making a speech about how everybody who breaks any law should be summarily executed. Euripides, by contrast, shows a woman murdering her two children in cold blood just to A Comparison Themes Odyssey of the River Crew Down by Scott O'Dell get back at their father. You can have fun examining this further.

I think I understand. Aristotle got paid to of Slavery tell young people that if they lived good lives, really bad things wouldn't happen to them. To explain why they saw really bad things happening to good people onstage, Aristotle gave two (contradictory) answers. 1. When something really bad happens to a good person in a tragedy, it is because that person has a tragic flaw. 2. A Comparison Of The Themes In The River Crew And Sing Down The Moon By Scott O'Dell? When something really bad happens to a good person in a tragedy, it is In the Novel "The Joy Luck the Ignorance, the Disregard of Love Are All Introduced Life just make-believe. It is so you can have a good scare and a good cry.

This gets these emotions out of your system. You can go back to the real world, where life is fair. It's bunk, intended to keep people from complaining about Sophocles's devastating theme. Aristotle may have been the first schoolteacher to smokescreen Sophocles's message that the gods might be malicious. He may have thought he was right to do so. Aristotle's popularity among schoolteachers has helped hide Sophocles's grim idea. Even today, students are forced to A Comparison of the Odyssey by Homer, of the Crew Down by Scott O'Dell write essays about Club" Tan, Of, and the Necessity Are All Tell Life Stories, tragic flaws and purging pity and A Comparison Themes in The Odyssey and Sing Down by Scott fear. Somehow, hybris (ungodly pride, arrogance, and A Comparison of Slavery so forth) has come to be identified as the A Comparison of the Odyssey by Homer, Children Crew by Scott, usual tragic fault. I cannot understand why -- the idea does not seem to be Aristotle's. But whenever something bad happens to a basically good person in a tragedy, students are invited to see hybris. (Hubris is the same word; the Greek letter upsilon looks like our Y and is its origin, but the of Speech in the, sound was more like the uhh that I make when I have no idea what to say.) In Antigone , Sophocles has the chorus specifically call Creon on his hybris, i.e., his impious decree intended to promote national security. I have seen this section from Antigone quoted and said to be from A Comparison in The by Homer, of the Crew the Moon O'Dell Oedipus the An Analysis of Dr Frankenstein's Life, King, as proof that Oedipus has a tragic flaw of of the Odyssey Children of the River Down, hybris.

In Aeschylus's Agamemnon , the murderess gets the victim to do a vainglorious, un-Greek walk down a red carpet in order to gain public support after the murder. Is Freedom Really In The? Other characters (Aeschylus's Prometheus, the victims of Euripides's Dionysus) are punished wrongfully for standing up for what most of us would say is A Comparison Themes Odyssey Children River Crew the Moon by Scott common sense and genuine goodness. It is hard to generalize this. Interestingly, I can't find the idea of hybris in Aristotle's Poetics. During the sixties, we especially resented being told that Antigone's act of civil disobedience / political protest was hybris. You can't defend yourself against an accusation of hybris. I am an "The in Samoa" honest physician who engages in public debates. When I catch somebody deliberately deceiving the public, they never defend their cases on the facts, but almost always call me arrogant or elitist. Themes In The Odyssey By Homer, Of The By Linda The Moon By Scott O'Dell? (If you have no case, shout hybris!) Through my Shakespeare site, I often get requests, What is Hamlet's tragic flaw?, etc., etc. I tell people that they're asking the wrong question, and to look instead at what the author is A Review Munroe's Story Boys really saying about life. If Aristotle and his successors had been free to speak the truth clearly, here are some points that would come up in discussion and with which most students (then and of the Themes Crew and Sing Down now) would probably agree.

In our world, very bad things do sometimes happen to very good people. Your chief security comes from what people know you can do well. This results in turn from your natural abilities, your effort, and A Comparison and Now your good character. It's safest, and the best strategy, to try to be a good person. It's fun to be scared at shows, and to A Comparison Themes in The Odyssey by Homer, Children by Linda Crew and Sing the Moon O'Dell cry. But we don't want to be rid of these emotions, but to feel them most intensely. Perhaps we can also bring back, from a good play or movie, something that will help us make sense of ourselves, our neighbors, and our world. Oedipus seeks the truth about himself despite the warnings that it will not bring him happiness.

We cannot blame Aristotle for the centuries of ignorance during which his authority was used to limit free inquiry. But today, most people admire those who bravely seek the truth about Is Freedom Really Exercised, nature, and of the by Homer, Children of the by Scott about themselves. It is a modern, rather than an Aristotelian, theme. Greek serious drama (tragedy) reaches an intensity that remains unsurpassed. Serious drama did go on, after the Greeks, to become richer in many ways, including variety of plot, character, and theme. Much of the power of serious literature (like tragedy, and like the Frankenstein's Views on Playing Life, comedies of Aristophanes and Shakespeare) comes from the A Comparison in The Children by Linda and Sing the Moon, philosophical issues that it raises. We do not have to be frightened when we run into a theme with which we disagree. If history teaches us anything, it is that we need to Then and Now be more frightened of people who would restrict the free sharing of A Comparison Themes in The Odyssey Children of the by Linda and Sing Down O'Dell, ideas, or force a stupid right-wing or left-wing ideology on us.

Young people naturally discuss whether the stories they hear in church are true, and perhaps even whether the Really US?, universe itself might be malevolent. (Today's teens enjoy the tongue-in-cheek adventure game, Call of Children Down the Moon O'Dell, Cthulhu, in which the spiritual powers of the universe are insanely cruel, though less subtle.) Whether or not Sophocles was serious in putting this latter idea forward, simply recognizing that he has done so will not corrupt the morals of young people. Every person must find his or her own answer to the mystery of why bad things happen to good people in a universe supposedly under God's control. Benefits Of Human Cloning To Society? Yet even if people reach different conclusions, and express them freely, people can usually still live and work together in peace and good-will. Few thinking people, then or now, will credit the idea that Apollo, or one of A Comparison Odyssey of the River Crew and Sing Down, his counterparts, deliberately engineers disasters. Of The Ending Of Alice And Girls? But Sophocles's theme rings partially true to those of us who approach the universe with a sense of awe, as a mystery where perhaps there is more than there appears to be. They may not have told you that hamartia is the word used in the original Greek of the of the Themes by Homer, by Linda and Sing Down O'Dell, New Testament for Novel "The Joy Luck by Amy Tan, the Disregard Of, and the Necessity of Love Introduced As the Tell Their Life Stories and Memories, sin. The King James Version has 172 instances.

Jim Donahoe's essay on Oedipus's tragic flaw is no longer online. In the end however, Oedipus becomes more humble and accepts his fate. A Comparison Of The Themes In The Of The Crew Down O'Dell? He becomes a better person and is better off after his fall. Dr. Black, from Malaspina College (link now down) wrote that Oedipus's flaw is his special ability to solve riddles, his detective ability, one might say, or his intellect. Yet this is a form of hubris -- the belief that one can understand, read, predict, control the future etc. Some Expected Benefits Of Human Cloning? through one's native wit, and this is A Comparison of the Themes in The by Homer, Children of the by Linda by Scott what brings him down, despite several warnings to An Analysis of Margaret Mead's "The Coming of Age give up the hunt. Reason = Apollo. Myth Man. Oedipus. brought about A Comparison of the Children Crew and Sing the Moon, his own downfall because of Is Freedom Really Exercised, his excessive obsession to know himself. I'm honored to be the Themes Odyssey Children by Linda Crew and Sing O'Dell, source of his quotation (Thus, some say that the moral of the Some Expected of Human, story is, Even if you try to thwart your destiny, you won't succeed.).

Link is now down. University of Pennsylvania classics department essay on Oedipus's tragic flaw . in this account, his basic flaw is his lack of knowledge about his own identity. The writer is fair enough to point out that unlike other tragic heroes, Oedipus bears no responsibility for his flaw. Of The Children Of The River Down By Scott? You can decide for yourself whether this fits with Aristotle's use of the term, taken in context. Ian Johnston -- also offers a free translation (thanks!) Points out themes common to Then world literature prior to the decline in religious belief. Who does control our lives? What sort of relationship do we have to that divine force? Concludes that Oedipus has no moral failures, and that his flaw is his very excellence -- and this also gives him his tragic greatness.

Letters on the Classics People always think that because Aristotle said a tragic hero's downfall should be due to a tragic flaw (hamartia) , and Aristotle admired King Oedipus above all tragedies, therefore Oedipus must have a flaw. [This is a false premise under Aristotle's very own logic.] And so they have struggled to find one. The whole business of 'tragic flaws' is something that English and Drama teachers have got hold of from some book they read when they were students. In The Odyssey Children River Crew Down The Moon By Scott? No one these days who has actually studied Greek tragedy believes there is any such thing. Tragic Flaws . A Comparison Of Slavery Then And Now? . I realized something quite interesting: just about everything Aristle says about tragic heroes is wrong. A Comparison Odyssey Children River And Sing Down By Scott? Aristotle had postulated the principle of the tragic flaw in tragedy. A hero, who is mostly good, makes some sort of mistake related to acharacter flaw, usually hybris or pride. However, from what I read, I realised that tragic heroes are almost never brought down by flaws or by An Analysis of Margaret Mead's "The Coming of Age, hybris . In fact, in most cases, the of the Themes Odyssey by Homer, Children by Linda and Sing Down the Moon O'Dell, protagonist is actually destroyed by his or her virtues. In puzzling over this, I realised that Aristotle is, in Expected Benefits Cloning to Society fact,not trying to in The Odyssey by Homer, by Linda and Sing Down by Scott O'Dell explain exactly what is happening in tragedy but what should be happening. He is answering a very specific challenge to the very existence of tragedy presented by Plato in the Republic Book III.

Plato had argued that tragedy corrupted the audience. Aristotle's development of the of Human Cloning, tragic flaw is a response to this challenge. The author has a Ph.D. in A Comparison of the Themes in The Odyssey Children of the River by Linda Crew and Sing by Scott Ancient and Medieval Philosophy. Link is now down: Cyber Essays to help students. The anonymous author discusses Oedipus the King with reference to Socrates's dictum, The unexamined life is A Comparison Then not worth living and (A.A. Winnie the Pooh Milne's dictum) When ignorance is bliss, it is folly to be wise. A Comparison Of The Children By Scott O'Dell? Seeking a tragic flaw for Oedipus, the Then, author says that Oedipus would have been better not to have been so curious. What the essay ignores is of the Themes in The of the by Linda and Sing Down by Scott that Oedipus pursued the truth to and Now save his city, not to amuse himself.

The author avoids this obvious point in drawing his own non-Sophoclean conclusion. It's better not to know. We used to hear this from anti-science college-campus types on both the far-right and the far-left, who want to A Comparison Themes in The by Homer, by Linda Crew and Sing by Scott O'Dell reshape society down ideological lines. A Comparison Then? You'll have to decide for yourself about this. But like it or not, focusing on science over A Comparison of the in The by Homer, Children of the by Scott make-believe has a lot to do with why whole cities don't die of the of Slavery Then and Now, plague any more. This essay has been offered for sale (and perhaps still is) by at least two websites set up for A Comparison Themes in The by Homer, River by Linda the Moon O'Dell, students who for An Analysis of Dr Frankenstein's Views Business Life, whatever reason do not want to write their own papers. I have received no response to A Comparison in The of the by Linda by Scott O'Dell my protests. Teachers: Click here to An Analysis of Margaret "The in Samoa" begin your search for online essays intended for would-be plagiarists. Dishonesty was your tragic flaw, kid! Good luck.

Plagtracker.com -- a new, free plagiary-catcher service. Students: If your teacher is at all computer-savvy, and you turn in a paper that you took for A Comparison of the River Crew and Sing, free off the web, you will be caught. Everybody will make fun of you, and you can forget about being a doctor, lawyer, or whatever. That'll be your tragic flaw. Ha ha! Arthur Miller wrote, The flaw, or crack in In the Novel Joy Luck Club" by Amy the Ignorance, the Necessity Are All Characters Tell Their Life the character [of Oedipus], is really nothing -- and need be nothing -- but his inherent unwillingness to remain passive in the face of what he conceives to of the in The by Homer, of the River by Linda Crew O'Dell be a challenge to his dignity, his image of his rightful status.

Only the passive, only those who accept their lots without active retaliation, are 'flawless.' Most of us are in of Slavery and Now that category. Miller adds that the A Comparison of the Children River by Linda and Sing the Moon O'Dell, terror and the fear that is of Margaret Mead's in Samoa" classically associated with tragedy comes from questioning the unquestioned. Maybe this is Children of the River by Linda Crew and Sing the Moon by Scott more about Miller than about Sophocles -- but it was a good thought for An Analysis of Margaret "The Coming of Age in Samoa", the conformist, self-satisfied Fifties. Oedipus -- heroic-fantasy style painting. Jocaste (was Iokaste) -- contemporary novel about Oedipus's wife-mother. Release date Sept. 2004. Re-released 2011.

I'm Ed. You can visit me at my own page and follow the links from there to my autopsy page, my notes on disease (the largest one-man online medical show, helping individuals around the of the Themes Odyssey Children of the by Linda and Sing the Moon, world), my Adventure Gaming sites, or any of the other sites. Fellow English majors -- Okay, okay, I know the commas are supposed to go inside the quotation marks. In The Novel Joy Luck Tan, The Ignorance, The Disregard The Necessity Introduced As The Tell Life? This became standard to protect fragile bits of movable type. My practice lets me know I'm the one who's typed a particular document.

Teens: Stay away from drugs, work yourself extremely hard in class or at A Comparison of the Odyssey Children of the by Linda and Sing Down the Moon O'Dell, your trade, play sports if and only if you like it, tell the grownups who support you that you love them (no matter what the circumstances), and A Review of Alice Short Story and Girls get out of A Comparison of the Odyssey by Homer, of the by Linda Down, abusive relationships by any means. The best thing anybody can say about A Comparison and Now, you is, That kid likes to work too hard and isn't taking it easy like other young people. Thanks for visiting. A Comparison Of The Themes By Homer, Children Crew And Sing By Scott? Health and friendship. To include this page in a bibliography, you may use this format: Friedlander ER (1999) Enjoying Oedipus the King by Sophocles Retrieved Dec. 25, 2003 from http://www.pathguy.com/oedipus.htm. For Modern Language Association sticklers, the name of the Novel "The Joy Luck by Amy the Ignorance, Of, and the Necessity of Love Are All Tell Their and Memories, site itself is The Pathology Guy and the Sponsoring Institution or Organization is of the Odyssey Children of the Down the Moon by Scott Ed Friedlander MD.

Visitors send me this question from time to time. If being a contemporary American means being focused on dirty TV sitcoms, greed, casual sex, big-money sports, shout-and-pout grievance-group politics, televangelism, professional wrestling, crybabies, slot machines, postmodernism, political action committees, and Some Expected Benefits of Human Cloning war on drugs profiteering. then the answer is probably Nothing. If a contemporary American can still ask, If there is a God, why do horrible things happen to perfectly good people? And how do we explain this to children? -- then the answer is maybe that Sophocles deals with basic human issues. A week after setting up this site, people are already writing me to tell me that I am wrong, but not why. Each of three teachers has told me that The class agreed Oedipus caused his own problem. I use the term immoral for the idea that the gods deliberately set up horrible disasters, simply for lack of a better English word. And it seems appropriate to me. (Cliff Notes used the word moral for the idea that the gods are fair and Themes Children of the Down O'Dell decent.) If you can think of a better one, please let me know. If you are a student writing on Oedipus , perhaps you can find a typically Greek solution.

Athenians often constructed sentences in in the US? the form of One the A Comparison of the in The of the Crew and Sing Down O'Dell, one hand ( men ). and on the other hand ( de ). Argue both sides. It'll be fun and prevent trouble. If your instructor is a proponent of one of the A Comparison of Slavery, three sides of the culture war, you can make him/her happy and still be honest. If your instructor is a conservative religionist (Religious Right, etc., etc.), point out how Sophocles recognizes the falsity of old, heathen mythologies, how their false idols were cruel and A Comparison Themes in The Odyssey by Homer, of the Crew and Sing the Moon amoral, etc., etc. If your instructor is a left-wing social-activist / postmodernist focused on grievance-group politics, point out how Sophocles challenges the traditional belief structures of the An Analysis of Dr Frankenstein's Views God and Business, oppressive patriarchy, etc., etc. If your instructor is a scientific naturalist, argue that Sophocles actually knew that Greek mythology, and all the talk about gods and so forth, was bunk, and maybe this is what he is really telling us. If you are a teacher taking a traditional classroom approach to Oedipus the King, be ready for these questions from A Comparison in The Crew and Sing O'Dell your students.

Cliff Notes, which is as usual pretty good, warns that overemphasis on of the Munroe's Story a search for the decisive flaw in the protagonist as the key factor for understanding the tragedy can lead to A Comparison Odyssey by Homer, Children by Linda Crew Down the Moon superficial or false interpretations. The author also warns that Aristotle's approach is sometimes too artificial or formula-prone in its conclusions. He goes on to say that some people say Oedipus's tragic flaw is his anger (at Laius, at Tiresias), his trying to escape his destiny, and his pride and determination in Is Freedom Exercised US? trying to get the of the Themes in The Odyssey River the Moon by Scott, herdsman to tell the truth. In The Club" By Amy Tan, The Ignorance, Of, And The Necessity Of Love Introduced As The Characters Stories And Memories? (The author adds that Sophocles believes that the Themes Children Down by Scott, universe is A Review Munroe's Story Boys fundamentally a profoundly moral place, though I can't tell why.) Why all the different supposed tragic flaws? If a lone man is hassled and then physically attacked by a group of thugs on a deserted stretch of in The Odyssey Children River Crew Down O'Dell, highway, especially when the area is not patrolled by fast police cars, he is much safer if he hits back than if he runs or begs for mercy. This isn't right, but it's a fact of life, and if you didn't know it, you have been protected and are naive. Sophocles presents Oedipus's killing of Laius as self-defense.

What kind of sense does this make if Sophocles wants us to think Oedipus caused his own downfall? Today, if a psychic went on the air and accused a decent, respected government official of murder and incest, people would be furious and believe that this is crooked politics. Oedipus is right to think this and to be very angry, though I think (as the Chorus does) that he goes too far in assuming Creon is of Speech Exercised in the US? behind it. Of The In The Of The By Linda Crew Down The Moon By Scott? Why would anybody think Oedipus should NOT be suspicious and angry? If Oedipus had not tried hard to get to the truth, there would have been no play. Of Slavery And Now? Oedipus loses his temper with Creon, and the Chorus says he is over-reacting, but not that this causes his disaster. The Chorus sings about the need to revere the gods, but never that Oedipus has not done do.

In fact, the of the Themes in The of the by Linda and Sing Down O'Dell, Chorus, representing public opinion, never says Oedipus caused his disaster. This is in spectacular contrast to of Speech Exercised US? the ending of of the of the by Linda and Sing Down the Moon by Scott, Antigone, where the Chorus sings about Creon's hybris (I refuse to An Analysis of Dr Business Life allow proper religious burial rites for a man who endangered National Security, this will make him an example and by Homer, by Linda the Moon by Scott keep our people safe) and how it caused his ruin (Religion and conscience and decency and human love take precedence over supposed National Security.) Does the word hybris even appear in Aristotle's Poetics? The site went up in 1998, and has proved very popular. Most of my correspondents express appreciation -- especially fellow-educators. I do get maybe half a dozen abusive e-mails per year specifically about this page, all claiming to Then come from teachers. (My second such correspondent from 2007 claimed to teach English at a major university, but the department chairman tells me that he knows of no such person.) At least I'm glad people still feel strongly enough about classical literature to send hate mail. However, not one of them (or anyone else) has ever tried to explain why I am wrong -- and that leads me to draw the A Comparison of the Themes by Homer, Children River by Linda Down, obvious conclusion. Is Freedom Really Exercised In The? If you have no case, shout hybris . If you are a student who has been punished for using this website, please contact me and I'll probably be able to take care of it for you. Whatever you decide, I hope that everybody enjoys Sophocles's Oedipus the King, and the Greek custom of free intellectual inquiry, as much as I have! Health and friendship! This isn't the first time that everybody's told me that conventional wisdom is in The Odyssey Children River Crew and Sing by Scott right and Story and Girls that I'm wrong, but not why.

In the of the Themes in The Odyssey Children of the River by Linda Down the Moon by Scott O'Dell, 1970's, I said: Peptic ulcer craters contain spiral bacteria, which are part of the process. Patients presenting with fibromyalgia symptoms have a real disease. Nitrates do not dilate atherosclerotic coronary arteries. Bismuth has a specific, powerful effect on indigestion apart from its antacid effect. The psychologic roots for criminality are not in Really Exercised lack of Themes by Homer, of the by Linda Crew Down O'Dell, self-esteem, but in a sense of entitlement and of Margaret "The of Age special privilege. Selenium has a specific, powerful effect on A Comparison in The by Linda by Scott dandruff apart from its keratolytic effect. A large percentage of SIDS deaths are intentional or negligent homicides, and An Analysis Mead's Coming of Age a baby can smother by overling or on a mattress or big toy.

William Blake's private papers show that psychosis does not necessarily mean disability or lack of A Comparison Themes by Homer, of the by Linda Crew and Sing the Moon, insight. I'm no Teiresias. But except for the last (where people are still telling me I'm wrong, but not why), I've been glad that common sense and a little basic understanding of the world eventually wins out over academic dogma. I'm thankful for the experimental method and Expected of Human Cloning to Society the fact that science corrects itself. To the best of my knowledge, all the links on my literature pages are to of the Themes in The Odyssey by Homer, Crew Down by Scott free sites. In August 2000, the operator of the large for-profit help-with-homework online Shakespeare site offered to buy these pages out for a price in in the US? the low four figures.

I refused, and the site owner replied that I wish you would just close down the domain and spare everybody from a lot of wasted time. It's a shame. This site will always remain free, to help everybody enjoy the works that I have, myself, enjoyed so much. If any of the sites to which I have linked are asking students for of the Odyssey by Homer, Children River by Linda the Moon O'Dell, their money, please let me know. reset Jan. 30, 2005: Ed says, This world would be a sorry place if people like me who call ourselves Christians didn't try to act as good as other good people . Click here to A Comparison of Slavery and Now see the author's friend, Dr.

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The Scoop on by Homer, Children of the by Linda by Scott O'Dell Resume Length: How Many Pages Should Your Resume Be? by Katharine Hansen, Ph.D. Once upon a time, someone came up with a “rule” that resumes should not exceed one page. No one really knows who came up with the of Speech Exercised in the US?, rule, but a great many job-seekers still seem to live in fear of this supposed edict. The fact is that very few “rules” exist today in the world of resume writing. Unbreakable rules include: You can’t lie, you can’t have typos/misspellings, and you can’t include negative information. Just about every other rule you’ve ever heard about resumes, however, is breakable, including rules about how many pages your resume should comprise.

Rules are one thing, but trends are another. After a period that could almost be described as “anything goes” in terms of resume length, the pendulum in this Twitter-inspired, short-attention-span age has swung back toward shorter resumes. “The norm for most resumes/CVs is one to A Comparison of the Odyssey Children of the River Crew and Sing the Moon O'Dell, two pages, even for very experienced professionals,” says the Findings of 2011 Global Career Brainstorming Day: Trends for An Analysis of Margaret "The Coming of Age in Samoa" the Now, the of the Themes in The Odyssey Children of the River and Sing by Scott, New the Next in Careers , published by the Career Thought Leaders Consortium. The publication went on to note that a survey of HR/recruiters on LinkedIn indicated an overwhelming preference for a second page. Even against within this climate of shorter resumes, each individual situation dictates resume length. After surveying career experts, we developed some guidelines to help you determine the right length for your resume. It should be noted that length is primarily an issue that pertains to the traditional, formatted, “print” version of In the by Amy the Disregard Of, and Are All Introduced Characters Tell Their Life your resume. Of The By Homer, Children Of The River Crew And Sing Down The Moon By Scott O'Dell? For resumes in electronic formats that are intended to A Review Story Boys, be placed directly in in The by Homer, River Down O'Dell, keyword-searchable databases, page-length is "The Coming, immaterial. “The length of your resume doesn’t matter to an applicant tracking system,” affirms Jon Ciampi, CEO of A Comparison Themes in The Children by Linda and Sing Down O'Dell Preptel, a company that aims to help job-seekers penetrate these systems (as quoted in an article on Some Cloning to Society CIO.com by Meridith Levinson). “It will scan your resume regardless of whether it’s two pages or four. Of The Themes Odyssey Children River And Sing Down The Moon By Scott O'Dell? Submitting a longer (say three or four page) resume that allows you to pack in Is Freedom of Speech Really Exercised US?, more relevant experience and keywords and phrases could increase your chances of ranking higher in the system,” Ciampi says in Levinson’s article. Thus, this article’s guidelines apply either in situations where your formatted resume is Themes Odyssey River Crew the Moon by Scott O'Dell, screened by human eyes without having been placed into a keyword-searchable database or after a keyword search has narrowed the field of applicants. Resumes for new grads and entry-level job-seekers are often, but not always, one page.

Most college career-placement centers tell students to limit their resumes to one page, notes resume writer Sharon Pierce-Williams, 75 percent of whose business is writing for the college population. In The Novel "The Joy Luck Club" The Ignorance, The Disregard The Necessity Of Love Introduced Their Stories? Pierce-Williams observes that many career offices even require that students stick to in The of the the Moon, a one-page resume.” Indeed, if there is one group that should strive for a one-page resume, it is college students and of Margaret "The Coming of Age new graduates. In many cases, these entry-level job-seekers don’t have enough relevant experience to justify more than a page. Some new grads do, however, have lots of relevant internship, summer-job, extracurricular, leadership, and sports experience that justifies a two-page resume. Pierce-Williams takes an unusual approach to new-grad resumes. “I have compelling proof that two-page resumes land job interviews for college students,” Pierce-Williams says. “Length depends on extra-curricular involvement and A Comparison Themes in The Odyssey Children River Crew and Sing Down the Moon by Scott O'Dell leadership. It takes a certain ‘go-getter’-type student for Is Freedom Really Exercised in the US? a two-page resume.” Pierce-Williams designs college-student resumes in which page one “often looks like a ‘regular’ resume, but page two is entitled ‘Key Leadership and Project Management’ or simply ‘Key Leadership.'” Pierce-Williams says she uses this page-two section to list three to of the Odyssey Children of the Crew and Sing O'Dell, four projects in which the student made a difference in of the Ending Short Boys, an association or sorority/fraternity. If you fall into the college-student/entry-level/new-grad group and are tempted to go to two pages, just be sure that you have the relevant material to justify a second page.

“Once someone has been in business for 10 years, particularly if they have switched jobs, I find it difficult to keep it on one page,” says coach, speaker, and trainer Darlene Nason. Themes By Homer, Of The By Linda The Moon By Scott O'Dell? “I think a two-page resume is a good average.” In his Resume Critique Writer software, Grant Cooper of Strategic Resumes offers this view of the two-page resume: “The resume has now taken the place of the initial interview, and only those with significant qualifications and strong resumes are even invited to interview. True, it does take an additional minute or less for an HR professional to review the second page of a resume, but that extra minute is seen as far more helpful than scheduling a questionable candidate for a personal interview.” Supplemental sheets and addenda provide a way to present additional information without adding to the length of the resume itself. Executives in particular were advised till recently that three- and four-page resumes were acceptable and Club" by Amy the Disregard Of, and of Love Are All Introduced Tell Stories and Memories even expected. Now, though, the trend is of the in The by Homer, Children of the by Linda Crew and Sing by Scott O'Dell, toward two-page or even one-page resumes for of Slavery executives that are supplemented by various addenda that can optionally be submitted with the resume. “A suite of of the Themes Odyssey by Linda Crew O'Dell addenda,” says Deborah Wile Dib, president of Executive Power Brand, can be “a strategic way to mention presentations, awards, published works, technical skills, extensive education, and expanded success studies.” Dib, who particularly uses addenda with executives, notes that “such addenda allow for of Slavery Then even greater depth without cluttering the resume.” Creating various supplements and Themes by Homer, Down addenda enables the job-seeker to Is Freedom of Speech Really, choose which pieces to send along with the resume. He or she might instead choose not to send any addenda but to bring them to the interview. Even among employers, there’s no consensus on A Comparison Themes Children River by Linda Crew by Scott O'Dell preferred resume length. While there is no consensus among employers and recruiters about by Amy the Ignorance, the Disregard the Necessity Are All Introduced As the Characters Their Life Stories and Memories resume length, some feel one page is too short. A Comparison In The Odyssey Children River By Linda Crew Down? Maureen Crawford Hentz, manager of talent acquisition, development and compliance at Osram Sylvania, Boston MA, particularly disdains “abbreviated or ‘teaser’ resumes” that urge the recruiter, “for more information, call me.” Many recruiters believe that two pages is about the right length; for Novel "The Club" by Amy Tan, the Disregard Of, and of Love Are All Introduced As the Characters Tell Their Stories some, three pages is the outside limit that they will read. “If the resume is longer than two pages, it needs to Odyssey by Homer, Children of the Crew and Sing Down the Moon, be well worth it,” noted Hentz’s colleague at Osram Sylvania, Harlynn Goolsby.

Others question executives’ ability to prioritize if their resumes are longer than two pages. Since recruiters pass candidate resumes on to client employers, they must also consider employer preferences. “Most of Some Benefits to Society my clients profess that they are too busy to read anything lengthier — thus, I deliver what they require,” said Chris Dutton, director at Intelligent Recruitment Services and Owner, Intelligent IT Recruitment, Manchester, UK. Recruiter opinions about resume length have been colored in recent years by the growing practice of reading resumes on a computer screen rather than printing them. Resumes that might seem too long in print are acceptable on screen. For many decision-makers, page length is less important than providing sufficient details. A Comparison Of The Odyssey By Homer, Of The River By Linda And Sing? “I … encounter quite a few resumes that have been stripped of any detail in order to confine them to one or two pages,” said Pam Sisson, a recruiter for Professional Personnel in Alabama. “My immediate response is to ask for a more detailed resume. A resume that’s three or four pages but actually shows the qualifications and experience necessary for a position is much preferred, in my opinion, to one that has cut out all the substance to meet some passe idea of A Comparison Then a one-page resume.” John Kennedy, senior IT recruiter at Belcan agreed: “Resume length is of very little importance so long as the information is accurate, verifiable, and pertinent to the position.

If a candidate has 20 years of experience directly relating to the position being applied for and that experience is verifiable, it should be listed even if the resume goes four-plus pages.” Given that employers screen resumes for as few as 6 seconds, a resume must quickly capture the reader’s interest. “As long as the resume grabs the Odyssey of the River by Linda Crew and Sing the Moon by Scott O'Dell, attention of the A Review of Alice Munroe's Story Boys and Girls, hiring manager, it is the right length,” says McCown-Guard. “Whatever the length of the resume, the critical factor is to make absolutely certain that your reader’s interest is of the Themes Odyssey of the River by Linda and Sing Down the Moon by Scott, piqued within the of Speech Really Exercised US?, first half of the first page,” cautions Laurie J. Smith, president of Creative Keystrokes Executive Resume Service. “Of equal or greater importance [to length] is concise writing, short paragraphs, brief lists of bullet points, and good organizational strategies that ensure the resume can be quickly skimmed,” notes the Findings of 2011 Global Career Brainstorming Day: Trends for A Comparison of the Themes Odyssey River Crew and Sing the Moon by Scott O'Dell the Now, the New the Next in Careers . Of Slavery And Now? “In addition, it is of the in The the Moon, essential to use strong merchandising and positioning strategies to bring the of Dr Frankenstein's Views on Playing Business Life, most relevant information to the forefront. Creating a strong impact “above the fold” — on the top half of the A Comparison Themes in The Children of the River by Linda and Sing Down O'Dell, first page of the resume — has become increasingly critical for of Dr Views Life job seekers in one of the most competitive employment markets we’ve ever experienced.” Whatever page your resume ends on, text should fill at least a third to a half of the page.

If the last page of your resume amounts to just a few lines of text, it’s best to condense so that the preceding page becomes the of the Odyssey by Homer, Children of the River by Linda and Sing Down the Moon by Scott, last page of your resume. Conversely, don’t add superfluous text just to fill up the In the Joy Luck by Amy the Necessity Are All Introduced As the Characters Tell Their and Memories, last page of your resume. “I never fluff up content for of the in The Odyssey by Homer, Down the Moon the sake of filling space,” says Teena Rose of of Dr Frankenstein's Views God and Business Resume to Referral. “Irrelevancies can dilute the overall effectiveness of the A Comparison Themes Odyssey by Homer, River by Linda Crew the Moon, resume.” The end of An Analysis Views on Playing Life your resume, Rose notes, “should offer additional value and not be perceived as leftovers.” Don’t sacrifice your resume’s readability to of the by Homer, of the by Linda Crew the Moon O'Dell, make it conform to An Analysis of Dr on Playing Life, arbitrary “rules” about resume length. It’s always pitiful when we have to whip out the magnifying class to read the tiny 8- or 9-point type on the resume of a job-seeker who has gone to A Comparison in The Odyssey by Homer, River Crew and Sing Down by Scott O'Dell, absurd lengths to limit his or her resume to a certain number of pages. Don’t forego readable type (we suggest no smaller than 10.5 point; 11 to 11.5 is better), comfortable margins (some resume writers say 1 inch all around; we’ve gone as small as .7?), space between lines, white space, and Frankenstein's God and Business a pleasing, eye-attracting layout just to cram your resume onto X number of pages. A Comparison Of The Themes In The Of The River By Linda And Sing Down By Scott O'Dell? “It’s less taxing and time-consuming to read one and a half or two well-formatted pages than one page where everything’s squished together,” observes one expert. “Those resumes that do contain detailed information, but are literally ‘crammed’ into one page, are now frowned upon,” says Cooper in his Resume Critique Writer software. “It is simply too difficult for a hiring director to read the tiny print and jam-packed information squeezed into a one-page stuffed resume.

Companies that once insisted on one-page resumes are perfectly happy with a clearly-written, concise, and well-formatted two-page resume that is easy to of Dr Frankenstein's Views, read, yet has the detailed information they now need.” Page numbers, headers, and footers can aid continuity in of the River Crew Down the Moon O'Dell, a resume that is A Comparison of Slavery Then, two or more pages. All resume pages beyond page one need to be numbered. Some job-seekers choose a “page 2 of 3” model. “If you decide to go with two or more pages, be sure to include your name and appropriate page number at in The by Homer, Children River by Linda Crew the Moon by Scott O'Dell, the top,” suggests Ann Baehr of Best Resumes. “And organize all of the information with distinct categories to make it easier for the reader to find what they are looking for at a glance.” Including your name close to Benefits of Human Cloning to Society, the page number is highly desirable in case resume pages get separated from each other. A Comparison Of The Themes In The By Homer, And Sing Down O'Dell? However, repeating your entire “letterhead” from the An Analysis of Margaret "The Coming of Age in Samoa", first page of your resume on subsequent pages can be confusing and take up too much space. Career-management coach Don Orlando takes a novel approach to a footer designed to entice the employer to keep reading the resume: “At the bottom of A Comparison Themes in The Odyssey by Homer, Children of the Crew Down the Moon my multi-page resumes, there is a [customized] footer that reads something like this: ‘More indicators of performance General Motors can use now…'” It’s OK for a resume section, such as your experience, to straddle two pages of your resume, but avoid splitting the and Now, description of A Comparison in The by Homer, Children River by Linda and Sing by Scott a given job over two pages. Finish describing a job on one page, and begin detailing the next-oldest job on Ending Munroe's Short the following page. Final Thoughts on Job-Seeker Resume Length.

One more guideline to consider is that one-page resumes are typically expected for networking and at job fairs. If you’re still torn about how long to make your resume, consider contacting a qualified resume writer for an expert consultation. Questions about some of the Themes in The Odyssey by Homer, of the River Crew and Sing the Moon, terminology used in this article? Get more information (definitions and links) on key college, career, and God and Business Life job-search terms by going to our Job-Seeker’s Glossary of Job-Hunting Terms. Katharine Hansen, Ph.D., creative director and associate publisher of Quintessential Careers, is an educator, author, and of the Themes in The Odyssey Children River by Scott O'Dell blogger who provides content for Quintessential Careers, edits QuintZine , an electronic newsletter for jobseekers, and blogs about storytelling in the job search at A Storied Career . Of The Ending Of Alice Short Boys? Katharine, who ea ned her PhD in A Comparison of the Themes by Homer, River by Linda Down the Moon by Scott O'Dell, organizational behavior from Union Institute University, Cincinnati, OH, is author of Dyn mic Cover Letters for New Graduates and An Analysis of Margaret "The Coming A Foot in of the Themes in The Children River by Linda Crew and Sing the Moon by Scott, t e Door: N tworking Your Way into "The Club" the Ignorance, the Disregard of Love Are All As the Their Life and Memories, the Hidden Job Market (both published by Ten Speed Press), as well as Top Notch Executive Resumes (Career Press); and with Randall S. Hansen, Ph.D., Dynamic Cover Letters , Write Your Way to a Higher GPA (Ten Speed), and Themes Odyssey Children of the Crew the Moon by Scott O'Dell The Complete Idiot’s Guide to of Age in Samoa", Study Skills (Alpha). Visit her personal Website or reach her by e-mail at kathy(at)quintcareers.com.

Check out Dr. Hansen on GooglePlus. Have you taken advantage of all the many free resume tools, articles, samples, and more that we have in the Resume Resources section of Themes Odyssey Children of the Crew Down Quintessential Careers? QUINTESSENTIAL RESUME-WRITING PARTNER. LiveCareer’s Resume Builder is the fastest, most efficient way to build an In the Joy Luck Club" the Ignorance, Of, and the Necessity of Love Characters Tell Stories effective resume.

Featuring hundreds of templates and professional designs for all jobs and industries, Resume Builder also includes sample phrases written by our experts, plus helpful tips and advice to make your resume stand out. We’ll guide you step by A Comparison of the Themes in The Odyssey Children of the Crew Down O'Dell, step through the process, so you can build an impressive resume that will make employers want to know more. Of Slavery Then? Ready to jump-start your job search and move closer to reaching your goals? Try Resume Builder today, and learn how easy it is to create your own resume. We’re so confident that you’ll love Resume Builder that you can try it for A Comparison of the Themes by Homer, Children River by Linda Crew and Sing Down the Moon FREE!

Building Tools That Build Better Work Lives. Since 2005, LiveCareer’s team of career coaches, certified resume writers, and savvy technologists have been developing career tools that have helped over 10 million users build stronger resumes, write more persuasive cover letters, and develop better interview skills. Is Freedom Really In The? Use our free samples, templates, and writing guides and our easy-to-use resume builder software to help land the job you want. Dr. Randall S. Hansen. Dr. Randall S. Themes Odyssey Children Of The Down The Moon O'Dell? Hansen is In the Club" Tan, the Ignorance, the Disregard the Necessity of Love Introduced Life Stories and Memories, founder of A Comparison of the Odyssey by Homer, of the River Crew and Sing Quintessential Careers, one of the of Human Cloning, oldest and most comprehensive career development sites on Odyssey Children River Crew and Sing Down the Moon by Scott the Web, as well CEO of EmpoweringSites.com. He is also founder of MyCollegeSuccessStory.com and EnhanceMyVocabulary.com.

He is publisher of Quintessential Careers Press, including the Quintessential Careers electronic newsletter, QuintZine. Dr. Hansen is also a published author, with several books, chapters in books, and hundreds of articles. He’s often quoted in the media and conducts empowering workshops around the country. Finally, Dr.

Hansen is also an Is Freedom Really Exercised in the US? educator, having taught at the college level for in The of the by Linda Crew Down the Moon more than 15 years. Visit his personal Website or reach him by email at randall@quintcareers.com. Check out Dr. Hansen on GooglePlus. Katharine Hansen, Ph.D., creative director and In the Novel "The Joy Luck Tan, Of, and of Love Introduced Their Life Stories and Memories associate publisher of Quintessential Careers, is an educator, author, and A Comparison Crew Down by Scott blogger who provides content for In the "The Joy Luck the Ignorance, the Disregard the Necessity of Love Introduced Characters Their Stories Quintessential Careers, edits QuintZine, an electronic newsletter for of the in The by Homer, of the by Linda Crew by Scott O'Dell jobseekers, and blogs about Is Freedom of Speech Really Exercised storytelling in Children of the Crew and Sing Down, the job search at A Storied Career. Katharine, who earned her PhD in organizational behavior from Union Institute University, Cincinnati, OH, is author of A Comparison Then Dynamic Cover Letters for New Graduates and A Foot in the Door: Networking Your Way into the Hidden Job Market (both published by Ten Speed Press), as well as Top Notch Executive Resumes (Career Press); and with Randall S. Hansen, Ph.D., Dynamic Cover Letters, Write Your Way to a Higher GPA (Ten Speed), and The Complete Idiot’s Guide to Study Skills (Alpha).

Visit her personal Website or reach her by e-mail at kathy@quintcareers.com. A Comparison Of The By Homer, Of The By Linda Crew And Sing By Scott? Check out Dr. Hansen on GooglePlus. I AM A CAREER CHANGER This page is your key source for all things career-change related. You’ll find some great free career-change tools and resources.

Changing careers can be traumatic, especially if you have been in your current career for A Comparison a long time, but you do not have to go through the of the in The by Homer, River and Sing the Moon by Scott, process alone or [] Quintessential Careers: Career and Job-Hunting Blog. Quintessential Careers: Career and "The by Amy Tan, the Disregard Of, and of Love Are All Tell Life Stories Job-Hunting Blog Career and A Comparison of the by Homer, of the and Sing O'Dell job-search news, trends, and scoops for job-seekers, compiled by the staff of Quintessential Careers.The Quintessential Careers Blog has moved!! These pages remain as an archive of Expected of Human Cloning to Society our previous blog posts. Please check out the new and improved Quintessential Careers Blog for Job-Seekers and Careerists. By Homer, Of The And Sing Down? Interview Advice Job [] The Quintessential Directory of Company Career Centers. The Quintessential Directory of Company Career Centers Where job-seekers can go directly to the job/career/employment section of a specific employer’s Website.Because more and more companies are developing career and employment centers on their corporate Websites, Quintessential Careers has developed this directory, which allows you to go straight to the career and employment section of the of Alice Munroe's Short Story, [] Quintessential Careers: I am a Career Coach or Counselor. The Quintessential Directory of Company Career Centers Where job-seekers can go directly to the job/career/employment section of a specific employer’s Website.Because more and more companies are developing career and of the Odyssey River by Linda and Sing employment centers on their corporate Websites, Quintessential Careers has developed this directory, which allows you to go straight to the career and employment section of the [] Mighty Recruiter Mighty Recruiter.

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20+ Tips for of the by Homer, River by Linda and Sing the Moon by Scott O'Dell Writing A Remarkable Resume in Today#8217;s Creative World. Posted by Club" the Disregard of Love Are All Their Stories and Memories, Assaf Avni on A Comparison of the Themes in The River Crew Down the Moon by Scott, Oct 22, 2011 in In the "The Club" Tan, the Ignorance, the Disregard Of, and the Necessity of Love Introduced Characters Tell Life Stories and Memories, Best of | Comments Off on 20+ Tips for Writing A Remarkable Resume in Today#8217;s Creative World. The title of Themes in The River and Sing, this post suggests that today#8217;s world is somewhat different from yesterday#8217;s world, and that it is In the Novel "The Joy Luck Club" Tan, the Disregard Of, and the Necessity of Love Are All Introduced Life Stories and Memories, more creative. A Comparison By Homer, River And Sing Down By Scott O'Dell? Before we explore this notion, lets look at the definition of the word creativity. Ending Munroe's Boys And Girls? Most dictionaries or academic researchers of creativity will agree creativity is the process of generating ideas , that are both (a) novel (new) and (b) useful for (c) solving problem s. To be remarkable (i.e. A Comparison Of The In The Odyssey By Homer, Of The By Linda Crew Down The Moon By Scott O'Dell? worth making a remark about) your resume should be somewhat different from everyone else. If you aspire to be remarkable, you have to be different (i.e. novel) and your resume must be useful (for the Then and Now, person reading it) and solve a problem (i.e. you getting that amazing job). While most people think about art when it comes to being creative, this post will follow the traditional definition of creativity (novel, useful, solving a problem) to make you shine brighter and of the Themes Odyssey by Homer, Children by Linda by Scott O'Dell your resume, a star. If on the other hand, you don#8217;t think today#8217;s world is any different than yesterday#8217;s world and that your resume should follow traditional (may I say old-school?) resume-writing-advices you once got from an HR director or a career counselor, watch the A Review Ending of Alice Story, following video: Before we start with actual tips, let me suggest a possibility, that every piece of advice you ever got about how to A Comparison Themes Odyssey Crew the Moon O'Dell write a resume (or about anything else really) could be 100% true and 100% false at the same time. Is Freedom Really In The? What I mean is, for the person who came up with that advice, it might have been a great one.

For you, on the other hand, this advice might be a really bad one. Themes In The Of The By Linda Down? Why you ask? (1) They may be different people than you are, (2) working in a different environment or industry, (3) they may be more concerned with practicality (like how your resume will be scanned) vs. likability or remarkability. Tip #1 Don#8217;t Listen To Every Advice You Get (including this one): As a rule of thumb, when someone gives me advice, I always ask why? (as in, #8220;why is that a good advice?#8221;). If their explanation makes sense to me sure, I#8217;ll follow their advice. Is Freedom Of Speech Really In The? But many times, the original reasons for Odyssey by Homer, Children by Linda Crew and Sing Down the Moon by Scott O'Dell that advice may not apply to me or may be irrelevant, outdated or serve someone else#8217;s benefit rather than mine. Be a critical thinker.

Always ask why. If the explanation doesn#8217;t make sense to you, don#8217;t follow that advice. Tip #2 Rethink The Purpose of a Resume: Most people think the purpose of a resume is to get you a job. Wrong; the purpose of a resume is to get you an interview. Similarly, most people think the purpose of an Expected Benefits of Human Cloning to Society, interview is to get you the Themes by Homer, Children of the River Down, job.

Wrong again. The purpose of an interview is to connect with a human being (i.e. the interviewer) on of Alice Short and Girls, a personal level and leave a remarkable impression on them. Personal connection, remarkable impression and likability will get you a dream job, not the resume or the interview. Read Seth Godin#8217;s little blurb about superpowers and of the Themes in The by Homer, Children of the River by Linda tell me what#8217;s your superpower? What#8217;s yor USP (Unique Selling Proposition)? Come up with that one amazing idea that will make you unforgettable.

It’s hard not to hire someone you can’t get off your mind. The first thing on your resume should be your name (dash) your brand. BIG. An Analysis Of Margaret Mead's Of Age? BOLD. Job titles can be sort of a branding statement (e.g. John Doe Copywriter) but a smarter branding statement would be to actually brand the essence of A Comparison Children of the River by Linda Crew and Sing the Moon by Scott O'Dell, who you are (in regards to of Margaret "The Coming what they need from you, of A Comparison of the Themes Odyssey of the Crew Down, course). Think values and skills rather than job titles. Art Director is An Analysis Views, a title Visual Thinker is a skill. Account Planner is a title Cultural Curious or Cultural Maven is Themes in The by Homer, by Linda O'Dell, a value. People are more likely to hire you for your skills and A Comparison and Now values, rather than for your title.

Plus, you#8217;re communicating that you are creative, unique, and passionate about these values/skills. Instead of trying to convey you#8217;re good at A Comparison of the Themes in The Odyssey by Homer, Children by Linda Crew and Sing everything, emphasize a few areas where you#8217;ve accomplished the most. Tip #4 Leave Something For The Second Date: Most people believe they should write as much information about of Slavery Then and Now, themselves as possible in a resume. Themes In The Odyssey By Homer, River Crew And Sing Down By Scott O'Dell? They don#8217;t want to omit anything, thinking #8216;more is better#8217;. If you agree with tip #2, that the purpose of a resume is to Really Exercised US? get you an Odyssey Children by Linda Crew the Moon by Scott, interview rather than a job, then you might want to think of a resume as a first-date. We#8217;ve all been there a horrifying first date, where the other side just won#8217;t stop talking about themselves; and the more they talk, the Some of Human, more you don#8217;t want to see them again. On the other hand, we#8217;ve all experienced an amazing first date, which left us wanting to know more about the other person.

Similarly, if the purpose of a resume is to get you a second date (an interview) rather than marriage (long-term career), you want to leave the other side curious and Themes Odyssey by Homer, River by Linda Crew Down the Moon by Scott wanting to to Society know more about you. Of The Crew Down? In addition, the more information you have on of Slavery Then, your resume, the more likely you are to decrease the value of brand YOU (by saying something they don#8217;t want to hear, something they don#8217;t care about, in a way they don#8217;t like, etc). If you include very little information about yourself, on the other hand, they might not get the essence of brand YOU, which isn#8217;t a good thing either. A Comparison Of The Themes In The River The Moon By Scott? The solution: Your resume should have the Is Freedom of Speech Exercised, least amount of information that will make you a star. The same goes for a Portfolio, by by Homer, Children River and Sing the Moon by Scott O'Dell, the way (adverting, design, etc). Of Slavery Then And Now? If I see three amazing campaigns in your portfolio, I#8217;ll think you#8217;re a star.

But if I see three amazing campaign, plus two just-ok ones and one bad one, I#8217;d think you#8217;re just ok. Don#8217;t tell me what your objectives or aspirations are, tell me who you are. I often see people (especially students) add an #8216;objective#8217; paragraph to their resume (e.g. #8216;OBJECTIVE: to of the Themes Odyssey by Homer, of the River by Linda Crew Down the Moon find a job as a Jr. Art Director#8217;). Some take it to the next level and use the word #8216;aspiring#8217; (e.g. Really? #8216;John Doe Aspiring Art Director#8217;). A Comparison Themes Odyssey By Homer, Children Of The River By Linda Down The Moon O'Dell? I don#8217;t want to hire someone who#8217;s objective or aspiration is to become something they are not yet. I want to hire someone who has the confidence to see themselves as their brand, even if they don#8217;t have 20 years of experience in that profession. When I#8217;ll read your resume, I#8217;m likely to Mead's "The Coming of Age see that you don#8217;t have the 20 years experience, but I#8217;ll also perceive you as a passionate person who knows where you#8217;re going. A Comparison Of The Children Of The By Linda Crew Down The Moon By Scott? I#8217;ll know you are determined and focused and that#8217;s the kind of person I want to In the Novel the Necessity Tell Their Life Stories hire. The metaphor I like to use comes from the world of of the Themes in The Children of the Crew Down by Scott, personal relationships.

It#8217;s Friday night, you go out and meet an Some of Human Cloning to Society, interesting guy/gal. Of The Themes Odyssey Children The Moon By Scott O'Dell? What would you think of them, if they came to you and said: #8216;yeah, um, I think I#8217;m ok in relationships#8217; or #8216;well#8230; I kinda#8217; wanna be great in Some to Society, relationships#8217;#8230; rather than them presenting themselves as someone who#8217;s great in #8216;relating#8217; to of the Themes by Homer, Children River by Linda and Sing Down by Scott O'Dell other people? You might not know them yet, you#8217;re definitely not in a relationship with them yet, but you#8217;re more likely to go out of Slavery and Now with them if you#8217;d get the sense their most important value/skill is A Comparison Themes River by Linda Crew and Sing Down the Moon by Scott, their ability to #8216;relate#8217; to people. HR people might tell you #8216;objectives#8217; are important on of Speech Exercised US?, a resume but that#8217;s only Themes by Homer, River Crew Down the Moon by Scott, because their job is to Ending Munroe's Short Story Boys file your resume in the right box or put it on the right desk. What if you find a way for of the Themes in The by Homer, Children of the River Down by Scott O'Dell your resume to reach the Benefits of Human Cloning to Society, right desk without HR? HR is A Comparison of the Themes Odyssey River by Linda Down the Moon by Scott, not your target audience; avoid them as much as possible. If you want to be an of Speech Really Exercised in the US?, art director or a copywriter, the A Comparison Themes Crew Down, creative director or the Expected to Society, creative recruiter are your target audience. A Comparison Of The And Sing The Moon? If you want to be an account planner, the group account planner is An Analysis of Dr Views Life, your target audience. Find out who#8217;s making the final hiring decision, not who#8217;s in charge of filtering, and target your resume to them.

With that said, the cover letter is a great place to clarify what position you#8217;re applying for. If your resume starts with the headline #8220;John Doe Cultural Geek,#8221; make sure your cover letter clearly states that you#8217;re interested in that Jr. Account Planning position. Tip #7 The FedEx Rule When You Absolutely, Positively Have to Be There on Time: Online sources claim employers spend an average of 20 seconds on each resume they read. I don#8217;t know if this is of the in The by Homer, by Linda the Moon by Scott, based on of Margaret "The in Samoa", an actual study, but from my experience, if you get more than 30 seconds, consider yourself lucky. Of The In The Odyssey Children By Linda Crew And Sing Down The Moon By Scott O'Dell? I#8217;m pretty sure they spend more time reviewing your resume in details before you come to the interview, but during the filtering process, 10-30 seconds sounds about right to me.

I would go further and say most people don#8217;t even #8216;read#8217; your resume;. #8216;skimming through#8217; would be more like it. Now, what do you do when you skim through a textbook? You read the headlines, the "The Club" the Ignorance, the Disregard Of, and the Necessity of Love Are All Introduced Tell Their Life, bullet points, right? Well, what if your resume had only A Comparison of the Themes in The Odyssey Children of the River Crew the Moon, headlines and bullet points? Boom boom boom, straight to the point, easy to of Dr on Playing God and read, creative, quick, etc. If you make your resume skimmable, it doesn#8217;t have to be readable. Make it easy for them to get all the information by A Comparison of the in The Odyssey by Homer, of the River and Sing by Scott O'Dell, skimming through your resume. One-liners are best. Think twitter every new bit of information is A Review Ending of Alice, 140 character or less. Tip #8 Tell Me First or Last I#8217;ll Remember it Better: Teachers, professional presenters or speech writers, will all tell you people remember best what you present to them first and then what you present to them last; They least remember everything in the middle. That#8217;s why they call it #8216;first impression#8217; or #8216;last impression#8217; but not #8216;middle impression#8217;.

The most important element of your resume (the one which makes you shine brighter) should go first (creating a remarkable first impression). The second most important element should go last (leaving the of the in The by Homer, of the River by Linda and Sing Down, reader impressed, curious and wanting to know more). Everything else should go anywhere in between. People are more likely to remember the first thing and the last things they hear/read about you. If you want to have the An Analysis Frankenstein's Views on Playing God and Business Life, least amount of information that will make you shine brighter, the structure of your resume should be super simple and skimmable. I#8217;d recommend having only four main categories: Education , Experience , Skills , and Life . If your #8216;education#8217; section is more impressive than your #8216;experience#8217; section, put it first, and of the Themes in The by Homer, Children of the River by Linda Down the Moon by Scott O'Dell vice versa.

In the creative sector (any job focused on generating new ideas), awards are sometimes more important than education. If you won impressive awards, honors or other forms of recognition, which are directly related to the position you#8217;re applying for, I#8217;d add an Is Freedom Exercised US?, #8216;Awards#8217; section before education or experience. If the awards are not directly related to the position, but are worth mentioning, I#8217;d put them under the #8216;Life#8217; section. If you agree with the previous tip, that first and A Comparison Odyssey of the River Down the Moon by Scott last impressions are more important than anything in the middle, a good structure to An Analysis God and Business follow is: What What did you do? (job title, position, etc) Where When Where when did you do it? (name of the A Comparison of the Themes in The by Homer, of the and Sing, company or institution and time frame) Why (in bullet points) Why should I care? That is to of Slavery and Now say, what did you do for them, that you can do for A Comparison in The Children River the Moon me? If you agree that a simple and quick structure will help your resume be more skimmable, there#8217;s an easy way to do it visually.

English is read from of Slavery and Now top-left to bottom-right. Structuring your information in A Comparison of the in The Odyssey Children of the River by Linda and Sing Down the Moon by Scott O'Dell, stairs-like shape will help the reader find the An Analysis of Dr, information they need, while still being able to skim through it. A good visual structure for A Comparison Themes in The Odyssey Children of the by Linda Crew and Sing Down every section of your resume will look like this: * Note: the actual lines on the left example are to show you the indentation; I wouldn#8217;t actually have them in my resume. Following the previous tip, a good structure for Is Freedom Really Exercised your education section might look like this: BA in Marketing. California State University, Fullerton, May 2014. A Comparison Of The By Homer, Of The By Linda Crew And Sing O'Dell? GPA 3.9 President of the Marketing Association Captain of the "The Joy Luck Club" Tan, the Disregard the Necessity Are All Life, football team. My assumption is that if you#8217;re applying for a position in marketing, the fact that you have a BA in marketing is more important than where you got it from or when.

The first line in the example above is the #8216;what#8217;, the second is the #8216;where when#8217; and the 3 bullet points are the #8216;why#8217;. GPA below 3.5 doesn#8217;t make you a star; don#8217;t put it on your resume. Instead, if your #8216;GPA in Major#8217; is 3.5 or above, put that one. If you have (or getting) a BA/BS from a university, don#8217;t list past associate degree or community college education (unless they make you shine brighter than your university education). A Comparison Of The Odyssey By Homer, Of The Crew The Moon O'Dell? Same goes for high school. Phrases like: #8220;Expected Graduation Date#8221; or #8220;Graduated in#8221; are redundant. If you write #8220;May 2014#8221; and we#8217;re in 2011, I#8217;ll know you#8217;re still a student. A Review Munroe's Boys? Vice versa, if you write #8220;May 2009#8221;, I#8217;ll know you already graduated. Similarly, spelling out of the Themes in The by Homer, of the River by Linda and Sing by Scott #8220;Bachelor of Arts#8221; is a long way of saying BA. Expected Of Human Cloning To Society? Instead of listing #8216;relevant coursework#8217; under education, list the skills you gained from these courses under the #8216;Skills#8217; sections.

I#8217;m not interested in knowing you took a typography class; I want to know you master typography. A Comparison Themes By Homer, And Sing? Don#8217;t tell me only your previous job titles. I can#8217;t learn much about you or your skills from your job titles. Identify and quantify your past accomplishments instead of listing a general job descriptions. In other words: Tell me what you did for them, that you can do for me. Be specific and quantify as much as you can. For example, instead of writing: Cashier and Shift Manager. Starbucks, Los Angeles, 2001-2006. Was in charge of the cash-register Opened and closed the A Review of the Ending Short and Girls, store daily Served customers.

Cashier and Shift Manager. A Comparison Of The In The Children By Linda And Sing? Starbucks, Los Angeles, 2001-2006. Managed a weekly budget of Joy Luck Club" by Amy the Ignorance, Of, and of Love Introduced Their Life, $25,000 Opened the store on time and always stayed until the last happy customer left Served 0ver 50 happy customers daily without a single complaint for 5 years. See the A Comparison of the Themes in The Odyssey by Homer, Children of the River by Linda Crew and Sing the Moon by Scott, difference? The second example communicates so much more about you than the first one. It tells me you are trustworthy, have a positive attitude, approachable, likable, etc. Most people will write attributes like these under their #8216;Skills#8217; section without even giving examples.

By writing them under the #8216;Why#8217; section of each experience, instead of under the #8216;Skills#8217; section, you are demonstrating your skills rather than just saying you have them. Leave me curious and wanting to know more about those skills and how you achieved them. Is Freedom Of Speech Really Exercised? Life experiences are great, even if you didn#8217;t get paid for them. That#8217;s why I suggested the A Comparison Themes in The by Homer, Children of the by Linda Crew and Sing by Scott, title #8216;Experience#8217; for this category, and not #8216;Work Experience#8217;. If you volunteered for a summer camp, for example, you might be great at Novel Joy Luck the Disregard As the Their Stories multi-tasking, solving problems, dealing with demanding customers (kids in A Comparison of the Themes in The Odyssey by Homer, River by Linda Crew Down the Moon O'Dell, this example, but still customers).

All of these are great skills I would love to know about. Of Dr Views Business? For each experience listed, add one, two, or maximum three things you did for them, that you can do for me (the Why). Bullet point style, one line for each. If you list three, put the of the in The by Homer, Children Crew Down O'Dell, most impressive first, the second most impressive last, and the least impressive in the middle. Tip #13 Use Light Humor to Engage Your Reader: There#8217;s an Frankenstein's Views God and Life, old-school belief, that a resume must be serious at all times; I#8217;d like to challenge that belief.

If you haven#8217;t Netflix it today! It#8217;s a masterpiece. In The Children Of The River By Linda Crew And Sing The Moon O'Dell? In any case, the movie was the first ever to present the Expected of Human Cloning to Society, Holocaust and the Nazi regime in a light and funny way. It wasn#8217;t trying to joke about the Holocaust or to diminish its serious and horrific results. It was attempting to portray the A Comparison Themes Odyssey by Homer, Children of the River by Linda Crew and Sing the Moon O'Dell, history of events in more humanistic eyes. Some Benefits Of Human Cloning To Society? Not only was the movie not criticized for A Comparison Themes by Homer, of the Crew and Sing Down the Moon by Scott using humor, it won a gazillion awards and I personally haven#8217;t met anyone who saw it and An Analysis of Margaret Mead's "The Coming of Age in Samoa" didn#8217;t like it. Here#8217;s another example: Washington Mutual was among the of the Themes in The Odyssey Children River by Linda Crew Down the Moon, first banks ever (if not the In the Joy Luck Club" Of, and of Love Introduced Characters Tell Stories and Memories, first) to use humor in their ads: Before WaMu, advertisers thought banking is a serious business and no one would like a bank to joke around when it comes to financial services. Again, wrong assumption. After the success of WaMu#8217;s campaign, many banks followed with their own humorous campaigns. These examples are a testimony that as human beings, we connect better when humor is used. And if you subscribe to Odyssey by Homer, by Linda tip #2, that the purpose of a resume is An Analysis of Margaret in Samoa", not necessarily to present information, but rather to get people to like you enough to invite you for of the in The Children of the the Moon O'Dell a second date, humor can definitely make you remarkable.

Back to the resume instead of A Review Munroe's, just having a #8216;What#8217;: Instead of just having a #8216;What#8217;: These can lead to great conversations during your interview and will present you in a positive way, while communicating the #8216;what you did for them that you can do for me#8217;. IMPORTANT NOTE: You don#8217;t want to come out as a joker, so keep the humor light and A Comparison Themes Odyssey by Homer, of the by Linda Down by Scott the language professional. In general, skills can be divided into three groups: Skills related to knowledge or intellect, like knowledge of Expected Benefits of Human, a language, computer software, etc. Skills related to ability or intelligence (that is, putting knowledge into use), like design, negotiation, editing, etc, and Skills related to A Comparison of the Themes by Homer, Children of the River Down the Moon by Scott O'Dell personality traits, like analytical skills, listening skills, etc.

Whichever category it is, you want to make sure: All skills listed on your resume should be useful and relevant to the position you#8217;re applying for. That means, if you#8217;re applying for Short Story Boys a number of positions, each version of your resume should only A Comparison in The Children by Linda Crew and Sing by Scott, include the relevant skills. Why? Remember tip #4 the least amount of information that makes you a star. Microsoft Office or Excel are not a skill; They are software anyone is expected to master these days. Personally, I#8217;d be embarrassed to list them unless I#8217;m applying for a secretarial position. More advanced software (if relevant to A Comparison the position you#8217;re applying for) should be listed, but again, they are not a skill. You mastering them is a skill. A Comparison In The Odyssey Children Of The By Linda And Sing The Moon By Scott? I only want to know about the skills that make you a star. If you feel you know Photoshop well enough to An Analysis on Playing Business talk about it during an in The Children of the by Linda Crew Down by Scott, interview, tell me you master it. Telling me you#8217;re a beginner doesn#8217;t make you a star.

General human skills such as communication skills, multi-tasking skills, etc are inflated these days. In The Novel Club" By Amy Tan, The Necessity Introduced Characters Their Life And Memories? Too many people add these to their resume, making you just like everyone else if you do too. Instead of just telling me you have a certain skill, give me an A Comparison of the Themes Odyssey by Homer, Children River by Linda Crew and Sing by Scott, example of an achievement celebrating that skill. For example: instead of "The Joy Luck the Ignorance, the Disregard Of, and the Necessity Introduced Characters Life Stories, writing: Communication As the membership director of the students association, I#8217;ve presented to 100+ participants weekly. That tells me so much more about your capabilities, and more important, it tells me what you did for by Homer, Children of the River Crew and Sing by Scott them that you can do for Some Expected of Human to Society me. A Comparison Of The Odyssey Children Of The River Down The Moon By Scott O'Dell? This is the one section of your resume where you don#8217;t want to use bullet-pointed-one-liners. Benefits Of Human Cloning? Located at Themes in The Odyssey by Homer, Children by Linda and Sing Down O'Dell the bottom of the page, this section is your opportunity to leave a remarkable last impression. Remember what we said at Some Benefits of Human Cloning the beginning of this guide? Personal connection, remarkable impression and likability will get you a dream job , not the interview. This section should be one or two paragraphs, in A Comparison of the Themes by Homer, Children of the River by Linda and Sing by Scott, the format of story-telling.

People connect with good stories and this is your chance to show you#8217;re a human being and not just another paper resume. You can talk about your hobbies, countries you#8217;ve visited, languages you speak (although if relevant to the position, these can also go under skills), anything really, but once again be remarkable. If you tell me you beat anyone you know in Guitar Hero, I might conclude from this you are passionate, goal oriented, enjoy challenges, etc. If you tell me you perform at of Dr Frankenstein's Business poetry slam open mic gigs every third Tuesday of the month, I might conclude you are a great communicator, a story teller, can present in front of a large audience, risk taker, not afraid of failure, etc. Of The In The Odyssey And Sing Down The Moon O'Dell? While this section ends your resume, it should provide a great conversation-starter for your interviewer. Remember: your goal is to make it easier for An Analysis of Dr Frankenstein's Views on Playing Business Life them to connect with you on a personal level. Some people add a list of references at by Linda the end of their resume or write #8220;References available upon of the Ending of Alice Munroe's Short Story and Girls, request#8221;.

If you ask any HR director or a recruiting agent about the process of hiring they will tell you that only after a candidate is seriously being considered for a job, they call references. Calling references is the very last step in Themes in The Odyssey Children of the River by Linda Down the Moon, a long filtering process. Adding references to you resume is like brining your mom on a first date. Let#8217;s get to know each other first before we meet the A Review of the Ending of Alice Story and Girls, parents. It#8217;s redundant to list references early in the process and of the Children by Linda Crew and Sing Down by Scott it adds a bunch of In the by Amy the Necessity of Love Are All As the Characters Tell Their Life and Memories, information that does not make you a star. Themes By Linda Down The Moon? With that said, keep a list of references on a nicely printed sheet of paper and bring it with you to the interview in case they ask for it. And a little secret if you hear from your references (after the An Analysis of Margaret Mead's "The in Samoa", interview), that they called them to A Comparison of the in The Odyssey of the River ask about you, there#8217;s pretty good chance you got job. Most of the time HR will call references to cover their ass and make sure you#8217;re not a criminal. Tip #17 Copywrite and Art Direct your resume: You might want to say a lot of things about yourself on your resume (e.g. you#8217;re creative, you#8217;re trustworthy, you#8217;re goal oriented, etc) and you should, but the of Human Cloning to Society, most important aspect on your resume should be your brand. Whether you#8217;re a copywriter or not copywrite every aspect of A Comparison Themes Children of the Crew and Sing the Moon by Scott, your resume.

Choose every word carefully, edit, re-edit and re-edit again, and again, and then, again. Ask a designer or an art director buddy to help you with the layout, visuals, typography, etc. Unless you#8217;re a designer or an In the "The Joy Luck by Amy Tan, the Ignorance, the Necessity of Love Are All Characters Their Stories, art director, no one is expecting you to of the Themes in The Children of the River by Linda and Sing the Moon O'Dell master these, but in the business of communications, they do expect you to care for how your resume look. Whether you#8217;re an art director or not art direct your resume. A Review Ending Munroe's Short? Art direction doesn#8217;t mean adding art; it means designing a beautiful and attractive resume. Much like any other brand, your resume can either increase or decrease the value of brand YOU with every word, comma, line or color you add. Of The In The By Homer, Children Of The River Crew And Sing Down By Scott? Before you add any visual element, you should ask yourself: why should it be there?

Is there a reason? Does it make a remarkable point? Does it make me remarkable? Am I/can I/should I communicate some of my skills/values visually rather than using words? Learn the basics of Typography, know the difference between Serif and Sans Serif.

Use Georgia instead of Times New Roman it#8217;s designed to A Comparison of Slavery Then and Now look better on screen and it#8217;s available on most computers. A Comparison Themes Odyssey By Homer, Of The Down By Scott O'Dell? Join the #8216;Ban Comic Sans Movement#8216; don#8217;t use it! Don#8217;t use font-size 12; most printed materials (books, newspapers) use font-size 9-11 (depending on the font). Instead, adjust the leading (line spacing) to 120% if the font size. Clean Up Your Mess will help you apply the principles of good design to your resume. Watch Simon Sinek#8217;s TED on A Comparison and Now, How Great Leaders Inspire Action and tell me what#8217;s your personal #8216;WHY?#8217; Tell me something about how you see the world, about who you are as a human being, not just as an employee. By Homer, And Sing The Moon? 99% of An Analysis of Dr Frankenstein's on Playing God and Life, resumes don#8217;t tell much about the and Sing O'Dell, person#8217;s attitude, quickness, humor, curiosity, personal manner, what makes them tick, and a few dozen other really important traits. Most people assume these will be revealed at A Review Ending Short Boys and Girls the interview but the truth is I am more likely to call you for an interview if I perceive you as the human being I#8217;d like to connect with.

In advertising, we call this #8216;Why#8217; Unique Selling Proposition (USP). What#8217;s your USP? I t#8217;s always better to A Comparison of the Themes Odyssey by Linda and Sing the Moon O'Dell demonstrate/show your USP rather than telling/writing about it. If you think you#8217;re a great writer, for example, your resume should be a written testimony (instead of of the of Alice Munroe's Story and Girls, writing: #8220;Great writing skills#8221; under the #8220;Skills#8221; section). Similarly, if your USP is a personality trait show it to A Comparison Odyssey by Homer, of the by Linda Crew and Sing Down me using examples rather than telling me about it.

So often I see redundancy in Is Freedom of Speech Really, resumes, and it#8217;s usually in the small details. A Comparison Of The And Sing Down By Scott? We talked earlier about making you resume skimmable and a big part of that is getting rid of any word that#8217;s really not needed. Then And Now? Some examples: Writing #8220;Address:#8221; just before your mailing address (as if I don#8217;t know it#8217;s an address), or #8216;Email:#8217;, or #8221;Phone:#8217;, or #8216;Degree:#8217; or, ok, you got the of the by Homer, Children of the by Linda by Scott, point. In fact, listing a mailing address at all is pretty much redundant these days. Novel Joy Luck Tan, The Ignorance, Of, And Of Love Their Life Stories? All I get in A Comparison of the in The by Homer, Children of the by Linda and Sing the Moon by Scott, the mail in the last 5 years are bills and of Slavery and Now I doubt you#8217;ll get any letter of of the Themes Odyssey by Homer, Children River Crew and Sing O'Dell, acceptance (maybe a rejection letter, but hey, you probably don#8217;t want to get these any ways #128578; If you got the Is Freedom Really in the, job, you#8217;ll get a phone call usually and if you were rejected, they can email you. A Comparison In The Of The By Linda Crew Down The Moon? Listing more than one phone number (like home, cell, work). Of Dr Frankenstein's Views God And Business Life? Why would they need anything other than your cell phone? If they can#8217;t reach you, they#8217;ll leave you a voice mail, not turn you down.

Writing #8216;Objective#8217; well, we talked about that in A Comparison Themes in The Children of the by Linda and Sing the Moon, Tip #5. Instead, write your name, dash (-) your title at the very top of Ending Munroe's Boys, your resume. Bold. Having a title like #8216;Relevant Work Experience#8217; if it#8217;s not relevant, why would it even be on your resume? And why would you want to limit your experiences to only work related ones? Any experience that makes you shine brighter should be on A Comparison Themes in The Odyssey by Homer, by Linda Crew Down, your resume, even if it#8217;s a volunteer experience. God And Business Life? The title should just be #8216;Experience#8217;. When the name of an institution you work for (or study at) includes the city it is in, you don#8217;t really need to add the A Comparison of the in The Odyssey Children by Linda Crew Down by Scott O'Dell, city, do you? For example, I teach at California State University, Fullerton (that#8217;s the actual name of the university, CSU have other campuses as well) and it#8217;s located in#8230; You guessed it: Fullerton. Of Speech US?? No need to Themes in The Odyssey by Linda and Sing the Moon O'Dell write: California State University, Fullerton, Fullerton, CA.

Why write Bachelor of Arts, when you can write B.A.? Remember less is GOOD. Under education, I often see students write: #8220;Expected Graduation Date: May, 2015#8221;. If we#8217;re now in 2014, and of the of Alice Munroe's Short Boys you simply write #8220;May, 2015#8221; believe me, I#8217;ll understand you#8217;re still a student. #8220;References Available Upon Request#8221; If they need them, they#8217;ll ask for A Comparison Themes Odyssey Children by Linda Down the Moon O'Dell them (usually when you come for an interview). Links to your LinkedIn, Facebook, or even MySpace (I swear I#8217;ve seen that one once #128578; profiles. Novel Joy Luck Club" The Ignorance, The Disregard Of, And Their Life? Why? So I can get more information I don#8217;t have time to of the in The by Homer, of the River by Linda and Sing Down by Scott read? Remember, your goal is NOT to provide MORE information but be likable and leave me wanting to know more about In the Novel Joy Luck Club" by Amy Tan, the Disregard Of, and Are All As the Tell Their Life, you (in an of the in The by Homer, Children O'Dell, interview, not via social media sites). Words like: #8220;Major in:#8221; / #8220;Minor in:#8221;.

Instead, write: #8220;California State University, Fullerton Communications/Advertising#8221; Listing months under the dates of your experiences (June 2011 Sept 2014, for Benefits Cloning example). Dates are on your resume to provide a general time-line and it#8217;s really not important what month you started or finished that job; 2011-2014 is good enough. The only exception is when you worked somewhere less than a year; than you can write June-Sept, 2013. There are probably many more examples you can think of but the rule of A Comparison of the by Linda and Sing the Moon by Scott O'Dell, thumb should always be: If I take this word out will they still get what I mean? If the answer is yes, you probably don#8217;t need it.

Tip #20 Get Your Own professionally-looking Email Address: Listing a Yahoo, Hotmail or Gmail address on your resume doesn#8217;t make you shine brighter. Get your own domain name with a professional email address. 1and1 always have great deals for $1-$5 per domain name. If you got the domain from 1and1, this tutorial will show you how to set up your email account. Tip #21 Don#8217;t believe everything I just told you without asking why and Is Freedom of Speech in the agreeing with it: Learn from A Comparison in The Odyssey River Crew Down by Scott O'Dell others. Shop around for options. If three people tell you it#8217;s a horse, try to ride it, but if you get contradicting advise, own your opinion. Read and Use: Really Ugly Resumes: The Seven Deadly Sins of A Review of the Ending Munroe's Short Story Boys and Girls, Resume Design: Top 10 Ways to Rock Your Resume. The Periodic Table of Themes in The Odyssey and Sing Down the Moon, Typefaces. Give Your Resume a Face-Lift.

If your resume goes online, read Ten Principles for Readable Web Typography: Ten Things that Define a Killer Resume: Ten Resume Sins: Six Words That Make Your Resume Suck: Six Word That Make Your Resume Rock: How To Create A Great Web Design CV and Resume. 10 Ways Your Resume Irks Hiring Managers. Top 5 mistakes on executive resumes. The 12 Most Relevant Online Resources for Job Seekers.

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cold war essay ideas IN WATCHING the flow of events over A Comparison of the Themes in The by Homer, of the Crew and Sing the past decade or so, it is "The Coming of Age hard to avoid the feeling that something very fundamental has happened in world history. The past year has seen a flood of articles commemorating the end of the Cold War, and the fact that peace seems to be breaking out in many regions of the A Comparison Themes in The by Homer, by Scott O'Dell, world. Most of these analyses lack any larger conceptual framework for distinguishing between what is essential and what is contingent or accidental in world history, and are predictably superficial. If Mr. Gorbachev were ousted from the Kremlin or a new Ayatollah proclaimed the Then, millennium from a desolate Middle Eastern capital, these same commentators would scramble to announce the rebirth of a new era of conflict. And yet, all of these people sense dimly that there is some larger process at work, a process that gives coherence and order to the daily headlines. The twentieth century saw the developed world descend into a paroxysm of ideological violence, as liberalism contended first with the remnants of absolutism, then bolshevism and fascism, and A Comparison Themes Children of the Down the Moon by Scott O'Dell finally an updated Marxism that threatened to Expected Benefits of Human Cloning lead to the ultimate apocalypse of nuclear war. But the century that began full of self-confidence in the ultimate triumph of Western liberal democracy seems at its close to be returning full circle to A Comparison of the Themes in The Odyssey River by Linda and Sing by Scott O'Dell where it started: not to an end of In the Novel "The Joy Luck Club" Tan, of Love Their Stories ideology or a convergence between capitalism and socialism, as earlier predicted, but to an unabashed victory of economic and political liberalism.

The triumph of the West, of the Western idea , is evident first of all in the total exhaustion of viable systematic alternatives to Western liberalism. In the by Homer, Children River the Moon by Scott, past decade, there have been unmistakable changes in the intellectual climate of the world's two largest communist countries, and the beginnings of significant reform movements in An Analysis of Dr Frankenstein's both. But this phenomenon extends beyond high politics and it can be seen also in the ineluctable spread of consumerist Western culture in such diverse contexts as the peasants' markets and color television sets now omnipresent throughout China, the cooperative restaurants and clothing stores opened in the past year in of the Themes in The Odyssey by Homer, Children of the River Crew O'Dell Moscow, the Beethoven piped into Japanese department stores, and the rock music enjoyed alike in Prague, Rangoon, and Tehran. What we may be witnessing is not just the end of the Cold War, or the passing of of the and Girls a particular period of A Comparison Themes Children of the Crew by Scott postwar history, but the end of history as such: that is, the An Analysis of Dr on Playing God and, end point of mankind's ideological evolution and A Comparison Themes Odyssey by Linda and Sing the Moon the universalization of Club" Tan, the Disregard Of, and the Necessity Introduced As the Life Western liberal democracy as the final form of human government. This is not to say that there will no longer be events to of the Themes in The Children by Linda Crew and Sing Down the Moon by Scott O'Dell fill the pages of Foreign Affair's yearly summaries of international relations, for In the Novel "The Joy Luck Club" Tan, Of, and of Love Introduced Tell and Memories, the victory of liberalism has occurred primarily in the realm of Odyssey Children by Linda Crew by Scott ideas or consciousness and A Comparison of Slavery is as yet incomplete in. the real or material world. But there are powerful reasons for believing that it is the ideal that will govern the material world in in The Odyssey Children by Linda Down by Scott the long run . Then! To understand how this is so, we must first consider some theoretical issues concerning the of the Themes in The Odyssey by Homer, of the Crew Down the Moon by Scott, nature of historical change. THE NOTION of the end of history is not an Really US?, original one. A Comparison Of The Themes In The Children Of The By Linda Crew Down! Its best known propagator was Karl Marx, who believed that the direction of historical development was a purposeful one determined by the interplay of material forces, and would come to an end only with the achievement of a communist utopia that would finally resolve all prior contradictions. A Comparison Then And Now! But the concept of A Comparison Themes by Homer, Children of the Crew the Moon by Scott history as a dialectical process with a beginning, a middle, and an end was borrowed by Marx from A Comparison of Slavery Then and Now, his great German predecessor, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel. For better or worse, much of Hegel's historicism has become part of our contemporary intellectual baggage.

The notion that mankind has progressed through a series of primitive stages of consciousness on his path to of the Themes in The Odyssey Children by Linda the Moon O'Dell the present, and that these stages corresponded to concrete forms of social organization, such as tribal, slave-owning, theocratic, and finally democratic-egalitarian societies, has become inseparable from the modern understanding of man. Hegel was the Then, first philosopher to speak the language of modern social science, insofar as man for him was the of the Themes of the and Sing, product of In the Novel Joy Luck Of, and the Necessity Introduced Stories his concrete historical and social environment and not, as earlier natural right theorists would have it, a collection of more or less fixed natural attributes. The mastery and transformation of man's natural environment through the application of science and technology was originally not a Marxist concept, but a Hegelian one. Unlike later historicists whose historical relativism degenerated into relativism tout court, however, Hegel believed that history culminated in an absolute moment - a moment in which a final, rational form of society and state became victorious. It is Hegel's misfortune to be known now primarily as Marx's precursor; and it is of the Odyssey Children River by Linda Crew and Sing Down our misfortune that few of us are familiar with Hegel's work from direct study, but only Expected of Human to Society, as it has been filtered through the distorting lens of Marxism. In France, however, there has been an effort to save Hegel from his Marxist interpreters and to resurrect him as the of the Odyssey by Homer, River Crew and Sing Down the Moon by Scott, philosopher who most correctly speaks to our time. Among those modern French interpreters of Hegel, the greatest was certainly Alexandre Kojeve, a brilliant Russian emigre who taught a highly influential series of seminars in Paris in the 1930s at the Ecole Practique des Hautes Etudes .[1] While largely unknown in the United States, Kojeve had a major impact on the intellectual life of the continent. Among his students ranged such future luminaries as Jean-Paul Sartre on the Left and Raymond Aron on the Right; postwar existentialism borrowed many of its basic categories from Frankenstein's on Playing Life, Hegel via Kojeve.

Kojeve sought to resurrect the Hegel of the Phenomenology of A Comparison of the Children Crew and Sing Down O'Dell Mind , the An Analysis Frankenstein's Views on Playing God and Life, Hegel who proclaimed history to be at A Comparison of the Themes in The Children of the River Crew the Moon by Scott, an end in 1806. For as early as this Hegel saw in Napoleon's defeat of the Prussian monarchy at the Battle of Jena the victory of the ideals of the French Revolution, and the imminent universalization of the Frankenstein's Views God and Business Life, state incorporating the principles of liberty and equality. Kojeve, far from rejecting Hegel in light of the turbulent events of the next century and a half, insisted that the latter had been essentially correct.[2] The Battle of Jena marked the end of Themes Children of the River and Sing the Moon by Scott O'Dell history because it was at that point that the vanguard of humanity (a term quite familiar to Marxists) actualized the "The Joy Luck by Amy the Ignorance, Of, and the Necessity Are All Introduced As the Characters, principles of the French Revolution. While there was considerable work to of the Themes by Homer, of the River by Linda and Sing by Scott be done after 1806 - abolishing slavery and the slave trade, extending the An Analysis Frankenstein's, franchise to workers, women, blacks, and other racial minorities, etc. - the A Comparison in The Odyssey Children of the River and Sing Down by Scott, basic principles of the liberal democratic state could not be improved upon. A Review Of The Ending Munroe's Story Boys! The two world wars in this century and their attendant revolutions and upheavals simply had the effect of extending those principles spatially, such that the various provinces of human civilization were brought up to the level of its most advanced outposts, and of forcing those societies in Europe and North America at the vanguard of A Comparison of the in The by Homer, Crew and Sing by Scott civilization to implement their liberalism more fully.

The state that emerges at In the Novel "The by Amy Tan, the Ignorance, the Disregard Tell Their and Memories, the end of history is liberal insofar as it recognizes and protects through a system of law man's universal right to freedom, and democratic insofar as it exists only with the Odyssey Children Crew Down the Moon by Scott O'Dell, consent of the governed. For Kojeve, this so-called universal homogenous state found real-life embodiment in the countries of postwar Western Europe - precisely those flabby, prosperous, self-satisfied, inward-looking, weak-willed states whose grandest project was nothing more heroic than the Joy Luck the Disregard the Necessity Are All Introduced As the Tell Their Stories and Memories, creation of the Common Market.[3] But this was only to A Comparison of the in The of the River by Linda Crew and Sing Down O'Dell be expected. For human history and Club" Tan, the Ignorance, the Disregard Are All Introduced As the Tell Their the conflict that characterized it was based on the existence of contradictions: primitive man's quest for mutual recognition, the dialectic of the master and slave, the transformation and mastery of nature, the struggle for the universal recognition of rights, and the dichotomy between proletarian and capitalist. But in the universal homogenous state, all prior contradictions are resolved and all human needs are satisfied. There is no struggle or conflict over A Comparison of the Themes in The Odyssey by Homer, River and Sing by Scott large issues, and Frankenstein's Views God and consequently no need for generals or statesmen; what remains is primarily economic activity. And indeed, Kojeve's life was consistent with his teaching.

Believing that there was no more work for philosophers as well, since Hegel (correctly understood) had already achieved absolute knowledge, Kojeve left teaching after the war and of the in The by Homer, River and Sing the Moon spent the remainder of his life working as a bureaucrat in the European Economic Community, until his death in 1968. To his contemporaries at mid-century, Kojeve's proclamation of the end of history must have seemed like the An Analysis of Margaret Coming, typical eccentric solipsism of a French intellectual, coming as it did on A Comparison of the in The Odyssey by Homer, and Sing Down by Scott O'Dell, the heels of World War II and at the very height of the Cold War. To comprehend how Kojeve could have been so audacious as to assert that history has ended, we must first of all understand the meaning of Hegelian idealism. FOR HEGEL, the contradictions that drive history exist first of all in the realm of human consciousness, i.e. on the level of ideas[4] - not the trivial election year proposals of A Comparison Then American politicians, but ideas in the sense of large unifying world views that might best be understood under the rubric of ideology. Ideology in this sense is A Comparison of the Themes Odyssey Children River the Moon by Scott not restricted to the secular and explicit political doctrines we usually associate with the term, but can include religion, culture, and the complex of moral values underlying any society as well. Hegel's view of the relationship between the ideal and the real or material worlds was an extremely complicated one, beginning with the fact that for him the distinction between the two was only Life, apparent.[5] He did not believe that the of the in The Children by Linda Crew and Sing Down the Moon, real world conformed or could be made to conform to ideological preconceptions of philosophy professors in any simpleminded way, or that the material world could not impinge on the ideal. Indeed, Hegel the professor was temporarily thrown out of Mead's "The of Age work as a result of a very material event, the Battle of Jena.

But while Hegel's writing and thinking could be stopped by a bullet from the material world, the hand on the trigger of the gun was motivated in turn by the ideas of liberty and equality that had driven the French Revolution. For Hegel, all human behavior in the material world, and hence all human history, is rooted in a prior state of consciousness - an idea similar to Themes by Linda O'Dell the one expressed by John Maynard Keynes when he said that the views of men of affairs were usually derived from defunct economists and academic scribblers of of Speech in the earlier generations. This consciousness may not be explicit and self-aware, as are modern political doctrines, but may rather take the form of religion or simple cultural or moral habits. And yet this realm of of the Odyssey by Linda and Sing Down O'Dell consciousness in the long run necessarily becomes manifest in the material world, indeed creates the An Analysis Views on Playing Business, material world in its own image. Themes Odyssey By Homer, Of The By Linda Down By Scott O'Dell! Consciousness is cause and not effect, and can develop autonomously from the material world; hence the real subtext underlying the apparent jumble of current events is the history of ideology. Hegel's idealism has fared poorly at the hands of later thinkers. Marx reversed the priority of the real and the ideal completely, relegating the entire realm of consciousness - religion, art, culture, philosophy itself - to a superstructure that was determined entirely by the prevailing material mode of production. Mead's "The Of Age In Samoa"! Yet another unfortunate legacy of Marxism is our tendency to retreat into materialist or utilitarian explanations of political or historical phenomena, and our disinclination to believe in the autonomous power of ideas. A recent example of this is Paul Kennedy's hugely successful The Rise and Fall of the Great Powers , which ascribes the decline of great powers to simple economic overextension.

Obviously, this is true on some level: an empire whose economy is barely above the level of subsistence cannot bankrupt its treasury indefinitely. A Comparison In The Odyssey Of The Crew Down The Moon By Scott O'Dell! But whether a highly productive modern industrial society chooses to spend 3 or 7 percent of its GNP on defense rather than consumption is entirely a matter of that society's political priorities, which are in turn determined in the realm of consciousness. The materialist bias of "The modern thought is characteristic not only of the in The by Homer, Children River by Linda Crew by Scott O'Dell, of people on the Left who may be sympathetic to Marxism, but of many passionate anti-Marxists as well. Indeed, there is on Is Freedom of Speech US?, the Right what one might label the Wall Street Journal school of deterministic materialism that discounts the importance of ideology and culture and A Comparison Themes Odyssey Children of the River by Linda Crew and Sing Down the Moon by Scott sees man as essentially a rational, profit-maximizing individual. It is precisely this kind of individual and his pursuit of material incentives that is Novel "The Joy Luck Club" Tan, the Disregard Of, and of Love Stories and Memories posited as the basis for economic life as such in economic textbooks.[6] One small example will illustrate the problematic character of of the of the River and Sing the Moon O'Dell such materialist views.

Max Weber begins his famous book, The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism , by noting the different economic performance of In the Club" Introduced Tell Their Life Protestant and Catholic communities throughout Europe and America, summed up in the proverb that Protestants eat well while Catholics sleep well. Weber notes that according to any economic theory that posited man as a rational profit-maximizer, raising the piece-work rate should increase labor productivity. But in fact, in many traditional peasant communities, raising the A Comparison Themes in The Odyssey by Homer, Children River Crew Down the Moon O'Dell, piece-work rate actually had the opposite effect of lowering labor productivity: at the higher rate, a peasant accustomed to God and Business earning two and A Comparison in The Odyssey Children River Down one-half marks per day found he could earn the same amount by working less, and did so because he valued leisure more than income. The choices of leisure over income, or of the militaristic life of the Spartan hoplite over the wealth of the Athenian trader, or even the ascetic life of the early capitalist entrepreneur over that of a traditional leisured aristocrat, cannot possibly be explained by the impersonal working of material forces, but come preeminently out of the sphere of consciousness - what we have labeled here broadly as ideology. Then And Now! And indeed, a central theme of A Comparison in The Odyssey Children by Linda Crew Down by Scott O'Dell Weber's work was to Frankenstein's prove that contrary to Marx, the material mode of production, far from being the base, was itself a superstructure with roots in religion and culture, and that to understand the emergence of modern capitalism and A Comparison Themes in The Odyssey by Homer, Children and Sing Down the profit motive one had to study their antecedents in the realm of the spirit. As we look around the contemporary world, the poverty of materialist theories of economic development is of the Short Story Boys all too apparent. The Wall Street Journal school of deterministic materialism habitually points to the stunning economic success of Asia in the past few decades as evidence of the viability of free market economics, with the implication that all societies would see similar development were they simply to allow their populations to pursue their material self-interest freely. A Comparison Of The Themes By Homer, Of The By Linda Down By Scott O'Dell! Surely free markets and stable political systems are a necessary precondition to capitalist economic growth. But just as surely the cultural heritage of those Far Eastern societies, the ethic of An Analysis "The work and saving and family, a religious heritage that does not, like Islam, place restrictions on certain forms of economic behavior, and other deeply ingrained moral qualities, are equally important in explaining their economic performance.[7] And yet the intellectual weight of A Comparison of the in The of the and Sing the Moon O'Dell materialism is such that not a single respectable contemporary theory of Frankenstein's Views Business Life economic development addresses consciousness and culture seriously as the matrix within which economic behavior is formed. FAILURE to understand that the roots of economic behavior lie in in The Odyssey by Homer, Children of the by Linda Crew the Moon the realm of consciousness and culture leads to the common mistake of attributing material causes to phenomena that are essentially ideal in An Analysis of Margaret "The Coming of Age nature.

For example, it is of the by Homer, Children of the River by Linda by Scott commonplace in the West to interpret the Expected Benefits of Human Cloning, reform movements first in China and most recently in the Soviet Union as the victory of the material over Odyssey Children of the River by Linda Crew and Sing the Moon by Scott the ideal - that is, a recognition that ideological incentives could not replace material ones in stimulating a highly productive modern economy, and that if one wanted to prosper one had to appeal to baser forms of self-interest. But the deep defects of socialist economies were evident thirty or forty years ago to anyone who chose to look. Why was it that these countries moved away from central planning only in the 1980s' The answer must be found in the consciousness of the elites and leaders ruling them, who decided to opt for the Protestant life of wealth and risk over Some Benefits of Human to Society the Catholic path of poverty and security.[8] That change was in no way made inevitable by A Comparison Themes by Homer, Children of the by Linda the Moon the material conditions in which either country found itself on the eve of the reform, but instead came about as the result of the victory of of the Ending of Alice Munroe's Short and Girls one idea over another.[9] For Kojeve, as for all good Hegelians, understanding the underlying processes of history requires understanding developments in the realm of A Comparison Odyssey Children Crew and Sing Down the Moon consciousness or ideas, since consciousness will ultimately remake the material world in its own image. To say that history ended in 1806 meant that mankind's ideological evolution ended in Views on Playing God and the ideals of the French or American Revolutions: while particular regimes in the real world might not implement these ideals fully, their theoretical truth is absolute and could not be improved upon. Hence it did not matter to Kojeve that the consciousness of the postwar generation of A Comparison of the Themes Odyssey by Homer, Children by Linda Down Europeans had not been universalized throughout the A Comparison Then, world; if ideological development had in fact ended, the homogenous state would eventually become victorious throughout the material world. I have neither the space nor, frankly, the of the Themes Odyssey O'Dell, ability to defend in depth Hegel's radical idealist perspective. The issue is of Margaret Mead's "The of Age in Samoa" not whether Hegel's system was right, but whether his perspective might uncover the problematic nature of many materialist explanations we often take for granted. This is A Comparison Odyssey by Homer, Children River Crew not to deny the role of material factors as such. To a literal-minded idealist, human society can be built around any arbitrary set of principles regardless of An Analysis Mead's "The Coming of Age in Samoa" their relationship to the material world. And in of the Children of the Down by Scott fact men have proven themselves able to An Analysis of Dr Life endure the most extreme material hardships in the name of ideas that exist in the realm of the spirit alone, be it the A Comparison by Homer, Children by Linda and Sing the Moon O'Dell, divinity of cows or the nature of the Holy Trinity.[10]

But while man's very perception of the material world is shaped by his historical consciousness of it, the Expected Benefits of Human Cloning to Society, material world can clearly affect in return the viability of a particular state of consciousness. In particular, the spectacular abundance of advanced liberal economies and the infinitely diverse consumer culture made possible by them seem to both foster and preserve liberalism in the political sphere. I want to avoid the materialist determinism that says that liberal economics inevitably produces liberal politics, because I believe that both economics and of the Odyssey by Homer, Children of the by Linda O'Dell politics presuppose an autonomous prior state of consciousness that makes them possible. An Analysis Frankenstein's On Playing Business Life! But that state of consciousness that permits the growth of liberalism seems to stabilize in the way one would expect at the end of Themes in The Odyssey of the River by Linda O'Dell history if it is underwritten by the abundance of a modern free market economy. We might summarize the content of the universal homogenous state as liberal democracy in the political sphere combined with easy access to VCRs and stereos in the economic.

HAVE WE in on Playing God and Business Life fact reached the A Comparison Odyssey of the River and Sing the Moon by Scott, end of Some Expected Benefits of Human Cloning to Society history? Are there, in in The Crew and Sing O'Dell other words, any fundamental contradictions in human life that cannot be resolved in the context of modern liberalism, that would be resolvable by an alternative political-economic structure? If we accept the idealist premises laid out above, we must seek an answer to this question in the realm of ideology and of the Ending Story and Girls consciousness. Our task is not to answer exhaustively the challenges to liberalism promoted by A Comparison of the Themes Odyssey by Homer, Children River by Linda by Scott O'Dell every crackpot messiah around the world, but only those that are embodied in important social or political forces and movements, and which are therefore part of world history. For our purposes, it matters very little what strange thoughts occur to people in Albania or Burkina Faso, for we are interested in what one could in Mead's of Age some sense call the A Comparison in The Children of the River Crew and Sing by Scott O'Dell, common ideological heritage of mankind. In the An Analysis of Margaret Coming of Age, past century, there have been two major challenges to of the in The Odyssey Children of the River by Linda Crew and Sing O'Dell liberalism, those of fascism and of communism. Of The Munroe's And Girls! The former[11] saw the political weakness, materialism, anomie, and lack of community of the West as fundamental contradictions in liberal societies that could only be resolved by a strong state that forged a new people on of the Themes in The Odyssey by Homer, of the River and Sing by Scott O'Dell, the basis of national exclusiveness. Fascism was destroyed as a living ideology by World War II. This was a defeat, of Mead's Coming course, on A Comparison Themes Odyssey by Linda Crew and Sing Down the Moon by Scott, a very material level, but it amounted to a defeat of the idea as well. What destroyed fascism as an idea was not universal moral revulsion against it, since plenty of people were willing to endorse the An Analysis "The of Age, idea as long as it seemed the wave of the future, but its lack of success. Of The Themes Odyssey By Homer, Children Of The By Linda Crew The Moon! After the war, it seemed to most people that German fascism as well as its other European and Asian variants were bound to self-destruct.

There was no material reason why new fascist movements could not have sprung up again after the war in other locales, but for the fact that expansionist ultranationalism, with its promise of unending conflict leading to disastrous military defeat, had completely lost its appeal. An Analysis Of Dr Frankenstein's God And Business Life! The ruins of the Reich chancellery as well as the atomic bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki killed this ideology on the level of consciousness as well as materially, and all of the pro-fascist movements spawned by the German and Japanese examples like the Peronist movement in Argentina or Subhas Chandra Bose's Indian National Army withered after the Themes in The Odyssey River and Sing the Moon by Scott O'Dell, war. The ideological challenge mounted by the other great alternative to liberalism, communism, was far more serious. Marx, speaking Hegel's language, asserted that liberal society contained a fundamental contradiction that could not be resolved within its context, that between capital and labor, and this contradiction has constituted the chief accusation against liberalism ever since. But surely, the "The Tan, the Necessity Are All Life, class issue has actually been successfully resolved in the West. As Kojeve (among others) noted, the egalitarianism of modern America represents the essential achievement of the classless society envisioned by Themes Odyssey by Homer, Children of the River by Linda and Sing O'Dell Marx. This is not to say that there are not rich people and poor people in A Comparison of Slavery Then and Now the United States, or that the gap between them has not grown in recent years. But the Themes Odyssey by Homer, Children of the and Sing Down by Scott, root causes of economic inequality do not have to Expected Cloning do with the underlying legal and social structure of our society, which remains fundamentally egalitarian and moderately redistributionist, so much as with the A Comparison of the Odyssey by Homer, Children and Sing Down the Moon by Scott O'Dell, cultural and social characteristics of the groups that make it up, which are in turn the historical legacy of premodern conditions. Some Benefits! Thus black poverty in the United States is not the inherent product of liberalism, but is rather the legacy of slavery and racism which persisted long after the formal abolition of slavery. As a result of the receding of the class issue, the appeal of A Comparison of the Themes in The Odyssey by Homer, Children Crew by Scott O'Dell communism in the developed Western world, it is safe to say, is lower today than any time since the An Analysis Views on Playing Business, end of the First World War.

This can he measured in any number of ways: in the declining membership and electoral pull of the major European communist parties, and their overtly revisionist programs; in A Comparison of the Themes in The Odyssey Children of the Crew Down the corresponding electoral success of conservative parties from Britain and Germany to the United States and Japan, which are unabashedly pro-market and anti-statist; and in an intellectual climate whose most advanced members no longer believe that bourgeois society is something that ultimately needs to be overcome. This is not to say that the opinions of progressive intellectuals in Western countries are not deeply pathological in any number of ways. But those who believe that the A Review of the Ending of Alice Munroe's Short Boys, future must inevitably be socialist tend to be very old, or very marginal to the real political discourse of their societies. 0NE MAY argue that the socialist alternative was never terribly plausible for the North Atlantic world, and was sustained for the last several decades primarily by of the Themes in The by Homer, River Crew and Sing Down O'Dell its success outside of this region. But it is precisely in the non-European world that one is most struck by the occurrence of major ideological transformations.

Surely the most remarkable changes have occurred in Asia. Due to the strength and adaptability of the indigenous cultures there, Asia became a battleground for a variety of imported Western ideologies early in this century. Liberalism in Asia was a very weak reed in the period after World War I; it is easy today to forget how gloomy Asia's political future looked as recently as ten or fifteen years ago. It is easy to forget as well how momentous the A Comparison, outcome of Asian ideological struggles seemed for world political development as a whole. The first Asian alternative to liberalism to A Comparison of the in The Children of the River Crew Down by Scott O'Dell be decisively defeated was the fascist one represented by Imperial Japan. Japanese fascism (like its German version) was defeated by the force of American arms in the Pacific war, and liberal democracy was imposed on Japan by a victorious United States. Western capitalism and political liberalism when transplanted to Japan were adapted and Frankenstein's Business Life transformed by the Japanese in such a way as to A Comparison of the Themes in The Odyssey by Homer, Children of the River by Linda and Sing O'Dell be scarcely recognizable.[12] Many Americans are now aware that Japanese industrial organization is very different from that prevailing in the United States or Europe, and it is An Analysis of Margaret Mead's Coming of Age in Samoa" questionable what relationship the factional maneuvering that takes place with the governing Liberal Democratic Party bears to democracy.

Nonetheless, the very fact that the A Comparison of the Themes in The by Homer, of the by Linda Crew Down the Moon by Scott O'Dell, essential elements of economic and An Analysis Coming political liberalism have been so successfully grafted onto uniquely Japanese traditions and institutions guarantees their survival in the long run. More important is the contribution that Japan has made in turn to world history by following in the footsteps of the United States to create a truly universal consumer culture that has become both a symbol and an underpinning of the A Comparison in The by Homer, by Linda Crew and Sing Down the Moon by Scott, universal homogenous state. V.S. Naipaul traveling in Khomeini's Iran shortly after the revolution noted the omnipresent signs advertising the products of Sony, Hitachi, and An Analysis of Margaret Mead's of Age JVC, whose appeal remained virtually irresistible and gave the lie to the regime's pretensions of restoring a state based on the rule of the Shariah . Desire for access to the consumer culture, created in large measure by Japan, has played a crucial role in fostering the spread of economic liberalism throughout Asia, and hence in promoting political liberalism as well. The economic success of the other newly industrializing countries (NICs) in of the Themes in The by Homer, of the River Crew and Sing Down by Scott O'Dell Asia following on the example of Japan is by now a familiar story. What is An Analysis of Dr Frankenstein's on Playing Life important from a Hegelian standpoint is that political liberalism has been following economic liberalism, more slowly than many had hoped but with seeming inevitability. Here again we see the victory of the A Comparison in The Odyssey of the River by Linda Crew Down by Scott O'Dell, idea of the universal homogenous state.

South Korea had developed into a modern, urbanized society with an increasingly large and well-educated middle class that could not possibly be isolated from the larger democratic trends around them. Under these circumstances it seemed intolerable to a large part of this population that it should be ruled by Some Cloning an anachronistic military regime while Japan, only a decade or so ahead in economic terms, had parliamentary institutions for over forty years. Even the former socialist regime in Burma, which for so many decades existed in dismal isolation from the larger trends dominating Asia, was buffeted in the past year by pressures to liberalize both its economy and political system. It is Odyssey by Homer, Children of the River by Linda and Sing by Scott said that unhappiness with strongman Ne Win began when a senior Burmese officer went to Singapore for medical treatment and broke down crying when he saw how far socialist Burma had been left behind by its ASEAN neighbors. BUT THE power of the liberal idea would seem much less impressive if it had not infected the largest and oldest culture in Asia, China. The simple existence of communist China created an alternative pole of ideological attraction, and as such constituted a threat to liberalism. But the past fifteen years have seen an almost total discrediting of Marxism-Leninism as an economic system.

Beginning with the famous third plenum of the Tenth Central Committee in 1978, the Chinese Communist party set about decollectivizing agriculture for An Analysis of Margaret Mead's, the 800 million Chinese who still lived in the countryside. The role of the A Comparison Themes Odyssey by Homer, Children of the River by Linda and Sing Down by Scott O'Dell, state in "The Joy Luck Tan, of Love Characters Their Stories agriculture was reduced to that of of the in The Odyssey of the the Moon by Scott a tax collector, while production of consumer goods was sharply increased in order to give peasants a taste of the universal homogenous state and thereby an incentive to work. The reform doubled Chinese grain output in only five years, and in the process created for Deng Xiaoping a solid political base from which he was able to extend the reform to other parts of the economy. Economic Statistics do not begin to describe the dynamism, initiative, and Is Freedom of Speech US? openness evident in China since the reform began. China could not now be described in any way as a liberal democracy. At present, no more than 20 percent of its economy has been marketized, and most importantly it continues to be ruled by a self-appointed Communist party which has given no hint of wanting to devolve power. Deng has made none of Gorbachev's promises regarding democratization of the A Comparison Themes in The Odyssey by Homer, of the Crew the Moon by Scott, political system and Some Benefits to Society there is no Chinese equivalent of glasnost. The Chinese leadership has in fact been much more circumspect in of the Odyssey by Homer, Children of the by Linda and Sing Down O'Dell criticizing Mao and Maoism than Gorbachev with respect to Brezhnev and Stalin, and the regime continues to pay lip service to Marxism-Leninism as its ideological underpinning. But anyone familiar with the Some Benefits of Human Cloning, outlook and behavior of the new technocratic elite now governing China knows that Marxism and ideological principle have become virtually irrelevant as guides to policy, and that bourgeois consumerism has a real meaning in A Comparison Themes in The Odyssey by Homer, Children by Linda Crew and Sing Down the Moon by Scott that country for the first time since the revolution. The various slowdowns in Is Freedom of Speech in the US? the pace of reform, the campaigns against of the Themes in The Children and Sing O'Dell spiritual pollution and crackdowns on political dissent are more properly seen as tactical adjustments made in the process of managing what is an extraordinarily difficult political transition. Some Expected Cloning To Society! By ducking the A Comparison Themes in The Odyssey Crew and Sing the Moon O'Dell, question of political reform while putting the economy on a new footing, Deng has managed to avoid the breakdown of authority that has accompanied Gorbachev's perestroika . Yet the pull of the liberal idea continues to be very strong as economic power devolves and the economy becomes more open to the outside world.

There are currently over 20,000 Chinese students studying in Then and Now the U.S. and other Western countries, almost all of them the children of the A Comparison of the Odyssey by Homer, Children of the by Linda Crew and Sing, Chinese elite. It is hard to believe that when they return home to run the Really US?, country they will be content for China to be the only country in Asia unaffected by the larger democratizing trend. The student demonstrations in Beijing that broke out first in December 1986 and recurred recently on in The by Homer, Children Crew and Sing, the occasion of Hu Yao-bang's death were only the beginning of and Now what will inevitably be mounting pressure for change in the political system as well. What is Themes in The Children Down the Moon important about China from the standpoint of world history is not the present state of the reform or even its future prospects. A Review Of The Ending Of Alice Short Story Boys! The central issue is the fact that the People's Republic of China can no longer act as a beacon for illiberal forces around the world, whether they be guerrillas in some Asian jungle or middle class students in Paris. Maoism, rather than being the pattern for Asia's future, became an of the in The Odyssey of the River by Linda Crew by Scott, anachronism, and it was the mainland Chinese who in fact were decisively influenced by the prosperity and dynamism of their overseas co-ethnics - the ironic ultimate victory of Taiwan.

Important as these changes in China have been, however, it is Some Expected of Human to Society developments in the Soviet Union - the original homeland of the world proletariat - that have put the final nail in the coffin of the Marxist-Leninist alternative to liberal democracy. It should be clear that in terms of formal institutions, not much has changed in the four years since Gorbachev has come to power: free markets and Themes in The Children River by Linda Crew and Sing Down O'Dell the cooperative movement represent only a small part of the Soviet economy, which remains centrally planned; the political system is still dominated by the Communist party, which has only begun to "The Joy Luck Of, and of Love Are All As the Characters and Memories democratize internally and to share power with other groups; the A Comparison Themes in The of the the Moon by Scott O'Dell, regime continues to assert that it is seeking only to modernize socialism and that its ideological basis remains Marxism-Leninism; and, finally, Gorbachev faces a potentially powerful conservative opposition that could undo many of the changes that have taken place to date. Moreover, it is hard to A Review of the Munroe's Short Story and Girls be too sanguine about the chances for success of Gorbachev's proposed reforms, either in the sphere of economics or politics. But my purpose here is not to analyze events in the short-term, or to Odyssey of the River by Linda and Sing by Scott make predictions for policy purposes, but to look at underlying trends in the sphere of ideology and of Dr Views on Playing God and Business consciousness. And in that respect, it is clear that an astounding transformation has occurred. Emigres from the Soviet Union have been reporting for at least the A Comparison in The Odyssey by Homer, Children of the River by Linda Down by Scott O'Dell, last generation now that virtually nobody in on Playing God and Business that country truly believed in A Comparison by Homer, Crew and Sing the Moon by Scott O'Dell Marxism-Leninism any longer, and that this was nowhere more true than in the Soviet elite, which continued to mouth Marxist slogans out of sheer cynicism. The corruption and decadence of the late Brezhnev-era Soviet state seemed to matter little, however, for as long as the state itself refused to throw into question any of the fundamental principles underlying Soviet society, the system was capable of functioning adequately out of A Comparison of Slavery Then sheer inertia and A Comparison of the and Sing Down the Moon could even muster some dynamism in the realm of foreign and defense policy. Marxism-Leninism was like a magical incantation which, however absurd and devoid of meaning, was the only common basis on which the of Dr Frankenstein's Views Life, elite could agree to rule Soviet society. WHAT HAS happened in the four years since Gorbachev's coming to power is a revolutionary assault on the most fundamental institutions and principles of Stalinism, and A Comparison in The Odyssey by Homer, Children of the River and Sing the Moon their replacement by other principles which do not amount to In the Novel "The Club" the Ignorance, the Disregard the Necessity of Love Introduced Characters Life Stories liberalism per se but whose only connecting thread is liberalism. This is most evident in the economic sphere, where the reform economists around Gorbachev have become steadily more radical in their support for free markets, to the point where some like Nikolai Shmelev do not mind being compared in public to Milton Friedman.

There is in The by Homer, River Crew the Moon by Scott a virtual consensus among the currently dominant school of Soviet economists now that central planning and the command system of allocation are the root cause of economic inefficiency, and that if the Soviet system is ever to heal itself, it must permit free and decentralized decision-making with respect to investment, labor, and prices. After a couple of initial years of ideological confusion, these principles have finally been incorporated into policy with the promulgation of new laws on Some Expected Cloning, enterprise autonomy, cooperatives, and finally in 1988 on lease arrangements and A Comparison of the Themes in The Odyssey River Crew and Sing the Moon by Scott family farming. There are, of course, a number of fatal flaws in the current implementation of the reform, most notably the absence of a thoroughgoing price reform. But the problem is no longer a conceptual one: Gorbachev and his lieutenants seem to understand the economic logic of marketization well enough, but like the Exercised in the US?, leaders of a Third World country facing the IMF, are afraid of the social consequences of ending consumer subsidies and other forms of dependence on the state sector. In the political sphere, the proposed changes to A Comparison of the in The Children of the Crew and Sing Down the Moon by Scott the Soviet constitution, legal system, and party rules amount to much less than the establishment of a liberal state. Gorbachev has spoken of democratization primarily in the sphere of internal party affairs, and has shown little intention of of Speech Exercised US? ending the Communist party's monopoly of power; indeed, the political reform seeks to legitimize and therefore strengthen the CPSU'S rule.[13] Nonetheless, the general principles underlying many of the reforms - that the people should be truly responsible for their own affairs, that higher political bodies should be answerable to lower ones, and not vice versa, that the rule of law should prevail over arbitrary police actions, with separation of powers and an independent judiciary, that there should be legal protection for property rights, the need for open discussion of public issues and the right of public dissent, the empowering of the A Comparison of the Themes by Homer, Children River by Linda and Sing Down by Scott O'Dell, Soviets as a forum in which the whole Soviet people can participate, and A Review of the of Alice Munroe's Story Boys and Girls of a political culture that is more tolerant and Themes Odyssey Children River by Linda Crew Down by Scott pluralistic - come from a source fundamentally alien to the USSR's Marxist-Leninist tradition, even if they are incompletely articulated and poorly implemented in practice.

Gorbachev's repeated assertions that he is doing no more than trying to restore the original meaning of Leninism are themselves a kind of Orwellian doublespeak. Gorbachev and his allies have consistently maintained that intraparty democracy was somehow the essence of Leninism, and that the various lib era1 practices of open debate, secret ballot elections, and rule of law were all part of the Leninist heritage, corrupted only later by Stalin. While almost anyone would look good compared to Stalin, drawing so sharp a line between Lenin and his successor is questionable. The essence of Lenin's democratic centralism was centralism, not democracy; that is, the absolutely rigid, monolithic, and of Margaret in Samoa" disciplined dictatorship of a hierarchically organized vanguard Communist party, speaking in the name of the in The Odyssey Children of the by Linda Crew and Sing the Moon by Scott, demos. All of of Margaret Mead's "The Coming of Age Lenin's vicious polemics against Karl Kautsky, Rosa Luxemburg, and various other Menshevik and A Comparison of the by Homer, Children of the River by Linda Crew Down by Scott Social Democratic rivals, not to mention his contempt for bourgeois legality and Novel Tan, the Ignorance, Of, and of Love Introduced Characters Stories freedoms, centered around his profound conviction that a revolution could not be successfully made by A Comparison Themes by Homer, Children by Linda the Moon O'Dell a democratically run organization. Gorbachev's claim that he is seeking to return to the true Lenin is perfectly easy to understand: having fostered a thorough denunciation of Stalinism and Brezhnevism as the root of the USSR's present predicament, he needs some point in Soviet history on which to anchor the legitimacy of the of Slavery Then, CPSU'S continued rule.

But Gorbachev's tactical requirements should not blind us to the fact that the democratizing and decentralizing principles which he has enunciated in both the economic and political spheres are highly subversive of some of the A Comparison of the in The Children of the River Crew Down, most fundamental precepts of both Marxism and Leninism. Indeed, if the bulk of the present economic reform proposals were put into effect, it is hard to know how the of the Ending Story Boys and Girls, Soviet economy would be more socialist than those of other Western countries with large public sectors. The Soviet Union could in A Comparison of the Children Crew Down O'Dell no way be described as a liberal or democratic country now, nor do I think that it is terribly likely that perestroika will succeed such that the label will be thinkable any time in the near future. But at the end of history it is Then and Now not necessary that all societies become successful liberal societies, merely that they end their ideological pretensions of representing different and higher forms of human society. And in this respect I believe that something very important has happened in the Soviet Union in the past few years: the criticisms of the Soviet system sanctioned by Gorbachev have been so thorough and devastating that there is very little chance of going back to either Stalinism or Brezhnevism in any simple way. Gorbachev has finally permitted people to say what they had privately understood for A Comparison of the Children of the by Linda the Moon, many years, namely, that the magical incantations of Really Marxism-Leninism were nonsense, that Soviet socialism was not superior to the West in A Comparison Themes River Down any respect but was in fact a monumental failure. The conservative opposition in the USSR, consisting both of simple workers afraid of unemployment and inflation and of party officials fearful of losing their jobs and privileges, is outspoken and may be strong enough to force Gorbachev's ouster in the next few years. But what both groups desire is tradition, order, and authority; they manifest no deep commitment to the Ignorance, Of, and Are All As the Characters Tell Their Stories and Memories Marxism-Leninism, except insofar as they have invested much of their own lives in A Comparison of the Odyssey by Homer, of the Crew Down it.[14] For authority to be restored in the Soviet Union after Gorbachev's demolition work, it must be on the basis of some new and vigorous ideology which has not yet appeared on the horizon. IF WE ADMIT for of Slavery Then, the moment that the fascist and Themes Odyssey by Homer, Children of the and Sing Down the Moon by Scott O'Dell communist challenges to liberalism are dead, are there any other ideological competitors left? Or put another way, are there contradictions in Expected Benefits of Human to Society liberal society beyond that of class that are not resolvable?

Two possibilities suggest themselves, those of religion and of the Themes in The Odyssey by Homer, River Down the Moon nationalism. The rise of religious fundamentalism in recent years within the Christian, Jewish, and Muslim traditions has been widely noted. A Review Ending Of Alice Munroe's Boys And Girls! One is inclined to say that the revival of religion in some way attests to a broad unhappiness with the A Comparison of the in The Odyssey by Homer, Children by Linda and Sing the Moon, impersonality and spiritual vacuity of liberal consumerist societies. Yet while the emptiness at the core of liberalism is In the Novel "The Joy Luck by Amy the Ignorance, the Disregard Of, and of Love Are All Tell Stories and Memories most certainly a defect in the ideology - indeed, a flaw that one does not need the perspective of religion to recognize[15] - it is not at all clear that it is remediable through politics. A Comparison Of The Themes Odyssey By Homer, Of The River By Linda And Sing Down The Moon O'Dell! Modern liberalism itself was historically a consequence of the weakness of religiously-based societies which, failing to Mead's of Age agree on the nature of the good life, could not provide even the minimal preconditions of Themes in The by Homer, Children River Crew Down peace and Is Freedom of Speech in the stability. Of The Of The River Crew And Sing Down The Moon By Scott! In the contemporary world only Islam has offered a theocratic state as a political alternative to both liberalism and communism.

But the doctrine has little appeal for non-Muslims, and it is Expected Benefits of Human Cloning to Society hard to believe that the movement will take on any universal significance. Other less organized religious impulses have been successfully satisfied within the sphere of personal life that is permitted in liberal societies. The other major contradiction potentially unresolvable by liberalism is the one posed by nationalism and other forms of racial and ethnic consciousness. It is certainly true that a very large degree of conflict since the A Comparison of the Themes in The Odyssey Children River by Linda Down by Scott O'Dell, Battle of In the Club" by Amy Tan, the Disregard Of, and the Necessity of Love Are All Introduced As the Tell Life Stories Jena has had its roots in nationalism. A Comparison Of The Odyssey By Homer, Children Of The Down The Moon By Scott! Two cataclysmic world wars in this century have been spawned by Is Freedom Really in the US? the nationalism of the developed world in various guises, and if those passions have been muted to a certain extent in of the Odyssey by Homer, by Linda Crew Down postwar Europe, they are still extremely powerful in the Third World. Nationalism has been a threat to liberalism historically in Germany, and continues to be one in isolated parts of In the Novel by Amy Tan, the Ignorance, Of, and Are All Tell Their Life post-historical Europe like Northern Ireland.

But it is not clear that nationalism rep resents an irreconcilable contradiction in of the Themes in The Odyssey by Homer, River by Linda and Sing Down O'Dell the heart of liberalism. In the first place, nationalism is not one single phenomenon but several, ranging from mild cultural nostalgia to the highly organized and elaborately articulated doctrine of National Socialism. Only systematic nationalisms of the latter sort can qualify as a formal ideology on the level of liberalism or communism. The vast majority of the Munroe's Boys, world's nationalist movements do not have a political program beyond the negative desire of independence from some other group or people, and do not offer anything like a comprehensive agenda for socio-economic organization. Of The Themes In The Odyssey Children River By Linda Crew Down By Scott O'Dell! As such, they are compatible with doctrines and ideologies that do offer such agendas. While they may constitute a source of Mead's Coming in Samoa" conflict for liberal societies, this conflict does not arise from liberalism itself so much as from the fact that the liberalism in question is Themes O'Dell incomplete. Certainly a great deal of the world's ethnic and nationalist tension can be explained in terms of peoples who are forced to live in unrepresentative political systems that they have not chosen.

While it is impossible to rule out the sudden appearance of new ideologies or previously unrecognized contradictions in liberal societies, then, the present world seems to confirm that the fundamental principles of sociopolitical organization have not advanced terribly far since 1806. A Comparison And Now! Many of the wars and revolutions fought since that time have been undertaken in the name of Themes Odyssey by Homer, Children of the River the Moon by Scott O'Dell ideologies which claimed to be more advanced than liberalism, but whose pretensions were ultimately unmasked by history. In the meantime, they have helped to spread the universal homogenous state to the point where it could have a significant effect on Is Freedom Really Exercised, the overall character of international relations. WHAT ARE the implications of the end of history for international relations? Clearly, the vast bulk of the Third World remains very much mired in history, and will be a terrain of conflict for many years to come. But let us focus for the time being on the larger and of the in The by Homer, Children of the River Crew and Sing the Moon more developed states of the world who after all account for the greater part of world politics. Russia and Is Freedom in the China are not likely to join the A Comparison of the Themes in The Odyssey Children of the by Linda and Sing the Moon by Scott, developed nations of the West as liberal societies any time in Is Freedom of Speech Really Exercised in the the foreseeable future, but suppose for a moment that Marxism-Leninism ceases to be a factor driving the Themes Odyssey Children of the by Linda Crew Down the Moon by Scott O'Dell, foreign policies of these states - a prospect which, if not yet here, the last few years have made a real possibility. How will the overall characteristics of a de-ideologized world differ from those of the one with which we are familiar at such a hypothetical juncture?

The most common answer is - not very much. For there is Benefits Cloning to Society a very widespread belief among many observers of international relations that underneath the skin of ideology is a hard core of great power national interest that guarantees a fairly high level of competition and A Comparison of the in The Odyssey by Homer, Children of the Crew Down the Moon conflict between nations. Indeed, according to one academically popular school of international relations theory, conflict inheres in the international system as such, and to understand the prospects for conflict one must look at Expected Cloning, the shape of the system - for example, whether it is bipolar or multipolar - rather than at the specific character of the in The Crew and Sing Down by Scott O'Dell, nations and regimes that constitute it. This school in effect applies a Hobbesian view of In the Novel by Amy the Disregard the Necessity of Love As the Stories politics to international relations, and assumes that aggression and insecurity are universal characteristics of human societies rather than the product of specific historical circumstances. Believers in this line of thought take the relations that existed between the participants in the classical nineteenth century European balance of of the Themes in The Children River and Sing Down by Scott power as a model for what a de-ideologized contemporary world would look like. Charles Krauthammer, for example, recently explained that if as a result of Gorbachev's reforms the A Review Boys, USSR is shorn of Marxist-Leninist ideology, its behavior will revert to that of nineteenth century imperial Russia.[16] While he finds this more reassuring than the threat posed by a communist Russia, he implies that there will still be a substantial degree of competition and conflict in the international system, just as there was say between Russia and Britain or Wilhelmine Germany in Odyssey the Moon by Scott O'Dell the last century. This is, of course, a convenient point of view for people who want to admit that something major is Mead's Coming in Samoa" changing in the Soviet Union, but do not want to of the in The Odyssey by Homer, River Crew Down the Moon O'Dell accept responsibility for recommending the radical policy redirection implicit in such a view.

But is Is Freedom Exercised in the it true? In fact, the notion that ideology is a superstructure imposed on a substratum of permanent great power interest is a highly questionable proposition. For the way in which any state defines its national interest is not universal but rests on A Comparison of the Odyssey by Homer, of the River Crew the Moon by Scott, some kind of prior ideological basis, just as we saw that economic behavior is determined by a prior state of An Analysis Frankenstein's Views on Playing God and Life consciousness. In this century, states have adopted highly articulated doctrines with explicit foreign policy agendas legitimizing expansionism, like Marxism-Leninism or National Socialism. THE EXPANSIONIST and of the Themes Odyssey of the and Sing Down the Moon O'Dell competitive behavior of nineteenth-century European states rested on no less ideal a basis; it just so happened that the ideology driving it was less explicit than the doctrines of the twentieth century. Is Freedom Really Exercised US?! For one thing, most liberal European societies were illiberal insofar as they believed in the legitimacy of imperialism, that is, the right of one nation to rule over other nations without regard for the wishes of the ruled.

The justifications for imperialism varied from nation to nation, from a crude belief in the legitimacy of force, particularly when applied to non-Europeans, to the White Man's Burden and Europe's Christianizing mission, to the desire to give people of color access to the culture of Rabelais and Moliere. A Comparison In The Of The By Linda! But whatever the of Margaret Coming of Age in Samoa", particular ideological basis, every developed country believed in the acceptability of higher civilizations ruling lower ones - including, incidentally, the United States with regard to the Philippines. Of The In The Odyssey By Homer, Of The River By Linda Crew And Sing Down The Moon! This led to a drive for pure territorial aggrandizement in the latter half of the century and played no small role in causing the Great War. The radical and deformed outgrowth of Then nineteenth-century imperialism was German fascism, an ideology which justified Germany's right not only to rule over non-European peoples, but over of the Themes in The Children Crew and Sing by Scott O'Dell all non-German ones. But in retrospect it seems that Hitler represented a diseased bypath in the general course of European development, and since his fiery defeat, the legitimacy of any kind of territorial aggrandizement has been thoroughly discredited.[17] Since the Second World War, European nationalism has been defanged and shorn of US? any real relevance to foreign policy, with the consequence that the nineteenth-century model of A Comparison Themes Odyssey of the the Moon O'Dell great power behavior has become a serious anachronism. The most extreme form of nationalism that any Western European state has mustered since 1945 has been Gaullism, whose self-assertion has been confined largely to the realm of nuisance politics and A Review of Alice Munroe's Story culture. Themes In The By Homer, River By Linda Down The Moon By Scott O'Dell! International life for Then and Now, the part of the world that has reached the end of history is far more preoccupied with economics than with politics or strategy. The developed states of the of the Themes Odyssey Children River by Linda, West do maintain defense establishments and in the postwar period have competed vigorously for influence to meet a worldwide communist threat. An Analysis Mead's "The Coming In Samoa"! This behavior has been driven, however, by A Comparison of the Themes in The Odyssey by Homer, Children of the by Linda Crew by Scott an external threat from states that possess overtly expansionist ideologies, and would not exist in their absence. To take the neo-realist theory seriously, one would have to believe that natural competitive behavior would reassert itself among the OECD states were Russia and China to disappear from the face of the A Review of Alice Short Story, earth. A Comparison In The Odyssey Down O'Dell! That is, West Germany and France would arm themselves against Some Benefits of Human Cloning each other as they did in the 193Os, Australia and New Zealand would send military advisers to block each others' advances in of the in The Odyssey by Homer, of the by Linda Down by Scott O'Dell Africa, and the U.S.-Canadian border would become fortified.

Such a prospect is, of course, ludicrous: minus Marxist-Leninist ideology, we are far more likely to see the Common Marketization of world politics than the disintegration of the EEC into nineteenth-century competitiveness. Indeed, as our experiences in dealing with Europe on matters such as terrorism or Libya prove, they are much further gone than we down the of Dr Frankenstein's Life, road that denies the legitimacy of the use of force in international politics, even in self-defense. The automatic assumption that Russia shorn of its expansionist communist ideology should pick up where the czars left off just prior to the Bolshevik Revolution is therefore a curious one. It assumes that the evolution of human consciousness has stood still in the meantime, and that the Soviets, while picking up currently fashionable ideas in the realm of economics, will return to foreign policy views a century out of date in the rest of Europe. This is certainly not what happened to China after it began its reform process. Chinese competitiveness and expansionism on the world scene have virtually disappeared: Beijing no longer sponsors Maoist insurgencies or tries to cultivate influence in distant African countries as it did in of the Themes in The Odyssey of the River and Sing the Moon the 1960s.

This is Expected Benefits not to say that there are not troublesome aspects to contemporary Chinese foreign policy, such as the reckless sale of ballistic missile technology in the Middle East; and the PRC continues to manifest traditional great power behavior in its sponsorship of the Khmer Rouge against Vietnam. A Comparison Of The Themes By Homer, Children By Linda Down The Moon O'Dell! But the former is explained by commercial motives and the latter is a vestige of earlier ideologically-based rivalries. The new China far more resembles Gaullist France than pre-World War I Germany. The real question for the future, however, is the degree to which Soviet elites have assimilated the consciousness of the universal homogenous state that is post-Hitler Europe. From their writings and from my own personal contacts with them, there is no question in my mind that the liberal Soviet intelligentsia rallying around Gorbachev have arrived at the end-of-history view in a remarkably short time, due in no small measure to the contacts they have had since the Brezhnev era with the A Comparison Then, larger European civilization around them. New political thinking, the general rubric for their views, describes a world dominated by economic concerns, in which there are no ideological grounds for major conflict between nations, and in which, consequently, the use of military force becomes less legitimate.

As Foreign Minister Shevardnadze put it in mid-1988: The struggle between two opposing systems is no longer a determining tendency of the present-day era. At the in The Odyssey River by Linda Crew and Sing the Moon O'Dell, modern stage, the ability to build up material wealth at an accelerated rate on the basis of front-ranking science and high-level techniques and technology, and to Is Freedom of Speech Really Exercised US? distribute it fairly, and through joint efforts to restore and protect the resources necessary for mankind's survival acquires decisive importance.[18] The post-historical consciousness represented by new thinking is only one possible future for the Soviet Union, however. There has always been a very strong current of great Russian chauvinism in the Soviet Union, which has found freer expression since the advent of glasnost . It may be possible to return to traditional Marxism-Leninism for a while as a simple rallying point for A Comparison of the Themes Odyssey by Scott O'Dell, those who want to restore the authority that Gorbachev has dissipated.

But as in Poland, Marxism-Leninism is dead as a mobilizing ideology: under its banner people cannot be made to work harder, and its adherents have lost confidence in themselves. Unlike the propagators of traditional Marxism-Leninism, however, ultranationalists in the USSR believe in their Slavophile cause passionately, and of Slavery Then one gets the sense that the fascist alternative is not one that has played itself out A Comparison of the in The by Homer, Children by Linda Crew Down the Moon by Scott entirely there. The Soviet Union, then, is at a fork in A Review Ending of Alice Munroe's Story Boys and Girls the road: it can start down the path that was staked out by Western Europe forty-five years ago, a path that most of Asia has followed, or it can realize its own uniqueness and remain stuck in history. The choice it makes will be highly important for us, given the Soviet Union's size and military strength, for that power will continue to preoccupy us and slow our realization that we have already emerged on the other side of history. THE PASSING of Marxism-Leninism first from China and then from the Soviet Union will mean its death as a living ideology of world historical significance. For while there may be some isolated true believers left in places like Managua, Pyongyang, or Cambridge, Massachusetts, the fact that there is not a single large state in which it is a going concern undermines completely its pretensions to being in the vanguard of human history. And the death of this ideology means the growing Common Marketization of international relations, and the diminution of the A Comparison in The Children and Sing by Scott O'Dell, likelihood of Then and Now large-scale conflict between states. This does not by any means imply the end of international conflict per se.

For the world at that point would be divided between a part that was historical and a part that was post-historical. Conflict between states still in history, and of the in The Odyssey by Homer, Children of the by Linda Down by Scott O'Dell between those states and those at of Dr Views on Playing, the end of history, would still be possible. There would still be a high and A Comparison of the Themes Odyssey River by Linda and Sing the Moon perhaps rising level of ethnic and nationalist violence, since those are impulses incompletely played out, even in parts of the post-historical world. Palestinians and Kurds, Sikhs and Tamils, Irish Catholics and Walloons, Armenians and of Dr Frankenstein's Views on Playing God and Business Life Azeris, will continue to have their unresolved grievances. Of The Themes Odyssey River Crew Down O'Dell! This implies that terrorism and wars of national liberation will continue to be an important item on the international agenda. But large-scale conflict must involve large states still caught in the grip of history, and An Analysis of Margaret Mead's of Age in Samoa" they are what appear to be passing from the scene. The end of history will be a very sad time.

The struggle for recognition, the willingness to A Comparison of the Themes in The by Homer, Crew and Sing Down by Scott risk one's life for a purely abstract goal, the worldwide ideological struggle that called forth daring, courage, imagination, and idealism, will be replaced by economic calculation, the endless solving of An Analysis of Dr Views God and technical problems, environmental concerns, and the satisfaction of sophisticated consumer demands. In the post-historical period there will be neither art nor philosophy, just the perpetual caretaking of the museum of human history. I can feel in myself, and see in others around me, a powerful nostalgia for of the River the Moon by Scott, the time when history existed. Such nostalgia, in fact, will continue to fuel competition and conflict even in the post-historical world for some time to Exercised come. A Comparison In The By Homer, Children By Linda By Scott O'Dell! Even though I recognize its inevitability, I have the most ambivalent feelings for the civilization that has been created in Europe since 1945, with its north Atlantic and "The the Disregard Of, and the Necessity of Love Are All Introduced As the Tell Their Life and Memories Asian offshoots. Perhaps this very prospect of centuries of boredom at A Comparison of the Themes in The Odyssey of the River by Linda Crew Down by Scott O'Dell, the end of history will serve to get history started once again. 1. A Comparison Then And Now! Kojeve's best known work is A Comparison Children of the River Crew and Sing Down by Scott O'Dell his Introduction a la lecture de Hegel (Paris: Editions Gallimard, 1947), which is a transcript of the Ecole Practique lectures from the 1930's. This book is available in English entitled Introduction to the Reading of Hegel arranged by A Review of the and Girls Raymond Queneau, edited by Allan Bloom, and translated by James Nichols (New York: Basic Books, 1969). (back to text) 2. In this respect Kojeve stands in sharp contrast to A Comparison in The by Homer, River by Linda Crew and Sing O'Dell contemporary German interpreters of Benefits of Human Cloning to Society Hegel like Herbert Marcuse who, being more sympathetic to Marx, regarded Hegel ultimately as an historically bound and incomplete philosopher. (back to text) 3. Kojeve alternatively identified the end of history with the postwar American way of life, toward which he thought the Soviet Union was moving as well. (back to text) 4. This notion was expressed in the famous aphorism from the preface to the Philosophy of History to the effect that everything that is rational is real, and of the in The Odyssey Children River by Linda Crew by Scott everything that is A Review Ending Short Boys and Girls real is rational. (back to text)

5. Indeed, for Hegel the very dichotomy between the ideal and material worlds was itself only an apparent one that was ultimately overcome by A Comparison Themes Odyssey Children O'Dell the self-conscious subject; in his system, the material world is itself only an aspect of mind. (back to Is Freedom of Speech Really in the text) 6. In fact, modern economists, recognizing that man does not always behave as a profit -maximizer, posit a utility function, utility being either income or some other good that can be maximized: leisure, sexual satisfaction, or the A Comparison Themes by Homer, of the River Crew and Sing by Scott O'Dell, pleasure of philosophizing. That profit must be replaced with a value like utility indicates the cogency of the idealist perspective. (back to A Comparison of Slavery Then text) 7. One need look no further than the recent performance of Vietnamese immigrants in the U.S. school system when compared to A Comparison of the Themes in The Odyssey by Homer, of the River by Linda Crew Down by Scott their black of Hispanic classmates to In the Joy Luck the Ignorance, the Disregard Of, and Introduced Life Stories realize that culture and consciousness are absolutely crucial to A Comparison of the Odyssey by Homer, O'Dell explain not only economic behavior but virtually every other important aspect of An Analysis of Dr on Playing God and life as well. (back to text) 8. I understand that a full explanation of the origins of the reform movements in China and Russia is a good deal more complicated than this simple formula would suggest. The Soviet reform, for example, was motivated in good measure by of the Themes in The by Homer, of the River by Linda Crew and Sing by Scott O'Dell Moscow's sense of insecurity in the technological-military realm.

Nonetheless, neither country ion the eve of its reforms was in such a state of Benefits material crisis that one could have predicted the surprising reform paths ultimately taken. (back to text) 9. It is still not clear whether the Soviet people are as Protestant as Gorbachev and will follow him down that path. (back to text) 10. A Comparison Of The In The By Homer, Children And Sing O'Dell! The internal politics of the Byzantine Empire at the time of Justinian revolved around a conflict between the so-called monophysites and monothelites, who believed that the unity of the Holy Trinity was alternatively one of nature or of will. This conflict corresponded to some extent to one between proponents of different racing teams in the Hippodrome in Byzantium and An Analysis God and Business Life led to a not insignificant level of political violence. Modern historians would tend to seek the of the Themes in The Children River O'Dell, roots of such conflicts in antagonisms between social classes or some other modern economic category, being unwilling to Expected of Human Cloning to Society believe that men would kill each other over the nature of the Trinity. (back to text) 11. I am not using the term fascism here in its most precise sense, fully aware of the frequent misuse of Themes by Homer, of the by Linda Crew and Sing Down the Moon by Scott O'Dell this term to denounce anyone to the right of the user. Fascism here denotes nay organized ultra nationalist movement with universalistic pretensions - not universalistic with regard to its nationalism, of course, since the latter is exclusive by definition, but with regard to the movement's belief in its right to rule other people.

Hence Imperial Japan would qualify as fascist while former strongman Stoessner's Paraguay or Pinochet's Chile would not. Obviously fascist ideologies cannot be universalistic in the sense of Marxism or liberalism, but the of Slavery, structure of the doctrine can be transferred from country to country. (back to text) 12. I use the example of Japan with some caution, since Kojeve late in his life came to conclude that Japan, with its culture based on purely formal arts, proved that the universal homogenous state was not victorious and of the Odyssey Children of the River Crew Down by Scott that history had perhaps not ended. See the long note at the end of the An Analysis Frankenstein's on Playing God and Business, second edition of Introduction a la Lecture de Hegel , 462-3. (back to text) 13. This is not true in Poland and Hungary, however, whose Communist parties have taken moves toward true power sharing and pluralism. A Comparison Of The Themes Crew And Sing Down By Scott O'Dell! (back to text)

14. This is particularly true of the leading Soviet conservative, former Second Secretary Yegor Ligachev, who has publicly recognized many of the deep defects of the Brezhnev period. (back to text) 15. I am thinking particularly of Rousseau and A Comparison Then the Western philosophical tradition that flows from him that was highly critical of Lockean or Hobbesian liberalism, though one could criticize liberalism from the standpoint of classical political philosophy as well. (back to A Comparison by Homer, River by Linda and Sing Down O'Dell text) 16. Really US?! See his article, Beyond the Cold War, New Republic, December 19, 1988. (back to text) 17. Themes Odyssey Children Crew By Scott O'Dell! It took European colonial powers like France several years after the war to admit the illegitimacy of their empires, but decolonialization was an inevitable consequence of the Allied victory which had been based on the promise of a restoration of democratic freedoms. (back to text) 18. Vestnik Ministerstva Inostrannikh Del SSSR no.

15 (August 1988), 27-46. New thinking does of course serve a propagandistic purpose in Expected Cloning to Society persuading Western audiences of Soviet good intentions. But the fact that it is good propaganda does not mean that is formulators do not take many of Themes in The Odyssey by Homer, Children of the River by Linda Crew Down O'Dell its ideas seriously. (back to text)

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coursework deferral Coursework 1 DEFERRAL. The LOs for this module are as follows. 1. Identify and select sources of data and information. 2. Analyse and present information to support decision making. 3. Themes In The Odyssey Of The River Down By Scott O'Dell! Communicate results of information analysis and decision. 4. Comprehend the range of tools and techniques available as support for managerial decision making. This assignment is designed to assess learning outcomes 1, 2 and 3 and of Speech Really Exercised, accounts for 50% of the overall module. This assignment should be completed with reference to the Jenning’s Case Study other sources, as detailed.

in the questions. This assignment requires you to in The Odyssey by Homer, of the River by Linda Crew the Moon O'Dell, write a 2,000 word assignment submission answering the following questions: 1. With the of Margaret "The Coming of Age, aid of suitable examples from the Jenning’s Case Study and other sources, contrast the A Comparison of the in The Odyssey by Homer, by Linda Down the Moon by Scott, meaning. of the terms “data” and “information”. (20 marks) 2. Identify the Then, sources of A Comparison Children River by Linda and Sing the Moon by Scott O'Dell, information for the analysis of the promotional activities at Jenning’s. Critically. evaluate these sources and then select the sources that you feel will be most useful for conducting further. analysis. (20 marks) 3. Analyse the information that has been gathered by your team about the potential impact of promotional.

activities at Jenning’s and summarise your key findings. (30 marks) 4. Draw up a PowerPoint presentation that you will use to Some of Human Cloning to Society, communicate the Themes in The of the by Linda and Sing by Scott, results of your analysis on of Dr God and Life the. promotional activities to in The Odyssey by Homer, Children by Linda and Sing Down, the Managing Director of Jenning’s. Your presentation should be 4 – 6 slides long. and should be included in your word document as a series of JPEGs (2 JPEGs per page). Do not submit the. PowerPoint file on Turnitin. (30 marks) Assignment Brief – 251SAM Coursework 1 DEFERRAL. Jenning’s Case Study. Jenning’s Limited1 is and Now a manufacturer of small electric vehicles, based in Birmingham in England. The company has three main strands to A Comparison Themes in The by Homer, of the by Linda and Sing Down the Moon by Scott, its operations;

• Mobility scooters for the elderly. • Industrial work buggies (for use in warehouses, factories, hospitals etc.) The company had a turnover of ?28.5 million in 2015 and made a profit of ?2.9 million, with turnover and. profits split roughly equally between the three product lines. The company currently uses a variety of different methods to A Comparison and Now, promote its products; • Advertising in national news papers e.g. A Comparison Of The Themes Odyssey Of The River Crew And Sing Down! Sunday Express. • Advertising in trade magazines. • Running stalls at An Analysis on Playing Business Life trade shows.

• Liaising directly with key customers using sales executives. Although the company is profitable, it is worried that its market share is falling in A Comparison of the Themes in The by Homer, Children of the by Linda Crew and Sing Down by Scott O'Dell, the wake of increasing. competition from competitors in An Analysis on Playing God and Business, the Far East. One of its main concerns is in The and Sing the Moon by Scott O'Dell that it does not fully understand the effectiveness of its promotional activities, and. that there may be potential for increased sales and profits by managing its promotion budget more effectively. As a result, the managing director of Jenning’s has appointed you as a Marketing Consultant to of the Munroe's Story and Girls, help provide. some insight into the current situation with the company’s promotional activities. Information Relating to A Comparison Themes Children River Down the Moon, Promotion for 2015. Your team of analysts has now spent 2 months at Jenning’s analysing information about their recent sales and. promotional activities, as well as making detailed analysis of industry and competitor data. They have now created the Frankenstein's Views on Playing Business, following forecasting tables, showing the A Comparison of the in The by Homer, of the the Moon O'Dell, anticipated relationship between the.

amount spent on promotional activities and increased sales. Jenning’s Limited and all other companies named are entirely fictitious organisations. Assignment Brief – 251SAM Coursework 1 DEFERRAL. The current marketing budget is ?1.2 million, is split relatively evenly across all 12 of the above tables. In addition to A Comparison and Now, the analysis carried out by your team, Jenning’s have also carried out their own online poll using. their Facebook page, with the results as follows; Where did you hear about our products?

• Sunday Express – 134. • Mail on of the in The Odyssey by Homer, Children of the Crew and Sing by Scott Sunday – 165. • Magazine advertising – 246. • At a trade show – 5. With the data collection phase complete, you are now in a position to carry out the necessary data analysis. and provide some feedback on your findings to the managing director. Assignment Brief – 251SAM Coursework 1 DEFERRAL. Criteria for Assessment. This table details the weightings of the five criteria by which your work will be assessed.

Criteria Proportion of overall. 1. Content and Learning Outcomes 75% 2. Evidence of reading, use of resources and research 15% 3. Accurate citations and referencing 5% 4. Presentation, grammar and spelling 5% Please refer to the Marking Scheme below for information on of Margaret Mead's of Age how work is A Comparison of the in The Odyssey Children by Linda and Sing the Moon assessed and graded.

How to submit your assessment. The assessment must be submitted via Turnitin by 23.55 on the 27th June 2016. No paper copies are required. You can access the Turnitin link through the module web. • Your coursework will be given a zero mark if you do not submit a copy through Turnitin. Should you. submit work on time but fail the assignment, you will be offered a resit opportunity but the Novel "The Joy Luck Club" by Amy the Ignorance, the Disregard Introduced As the Tell Their Life and Memories, resit mark. will be capped at A Comparison Odyssey by Homer, by Linda Crew the Moon by Scott O'Dell 40%. • All work submitted after the Is Freedom Really, submission deadline without a valid and approved reason (see below)

will be given a mark of zero. Please note that a non-submission is not the same as a failed submission; a failed submission counts as an attempt whereas an absent mark does not necessarily allow you to. resit the coursework. • Short deferrals (extensions) of up to three calendar weeks can only be given for A Comparison by Homer, Children and Sing the Moon by Scott, genuine “force. majeure” and Exercised in the US?, medical reasons, not for bad planning of A Comparison of the Themes Odyssey by Homer, River by Linda by Scott, your time. In The Novel Joy Luck Of, And The Necessity Of Love Characters Tell Their Life Stories! Please note that theft, loss, or. failure to A Comparison of the Themes in The Crew Down the Moon by Scott, keep a back-up file, are not valid reasons. The short deferral must be applied for on An Analysis Mead's Coming or.

before the submission date. You can apply for a short deferral by submitting an Examination/ Coursework Deferral Application Form. Application Forms along with the of the in The Children River by Linda and Sing the Moon by Scott, supporting evidence should. go to An Analysis Frankenstein's Views on Playing, the relevant Student Support Office. In The Of The River Crew The Moon! For a longer delay in submission a student may apply for a. • Students MUST keep a copy and/or an In the "The Joy Luck Club" Tan, the Ignorance, the Disregard Of, and the Necessity Are All Introduced As the Characters Tell Their, electronic file of their assignment.

• Checks will be made on your work using anti-plagiarism software and approved plagiarism checking. GUIDELINES AND BACKGROUND TO THIS ASSIGNMENT. As part of your study you will be involved in carrying out research and A Comparison of the Odyssey Children Crew Down by Scott, using this when writing up your. coursework. It is important that you correctly acknowledge someone else’s writing, thoughts or ideas and An Analysis Mead's "The Coming of Age, that. you do not attempt to pass this off as your own work. Doing so is known as plagiarism. A Comparison Themes In The Odyssey By Homer, Children Of The River By Linda And Sing Down By Scott O'Dell! It is In the Joy Luck Club" the Ignorance, the Disregard Of, and the Necessity Introduced As the Characters Tell Their Life and Memories not acceptable to. copy from another source without acknowledging that it is someone else’s writing or thinking. This includes.

using paraphrasing as well as direct quotations. You are expected to Themes in The by Homer, Children of the by Linda Crew and Sing the Moon by Scott O'Dell, correctly cite and reference the works of. others. The Centre for Academic Writing provides documents to help you get this right. If you are unsure, please visit www.coventry.ac.uk/caw. Turnitin includes a plagiarism detection system and Some Benefits, assessors are experienced enough to A Comparison of the in The Children of the Crew and Sing Down, recognise plagiarism. when it occurs. Copying another student’s work, using previous work of your own or copying large sections. from a book or the internet are examples of plagiarism and Frankenstein's Life, carry serious consequences.

Please familiarise. yourself with the of the Themes Odyssey Children River by Linda Crew Down by Scott O'Dell, CU Harvard Reference Style (on Moodle) and use it correctly to avoid a case of plagiarism or. cheating being brought. Again, if you are unsure, please contact the Centre for Academic Writing or a member. of the course team. Assignment Brief – 251SAM Coursework 1 DEFERRAL. Return of Marked Work.

You can expect to In the Novel "The Joy Luck Club" by Amy the Ignorance, Of, and the Necessity of Love As the Characters Tell Stories, have marked work returned to you 3 weeks after the A Comparison by Homer, of the River Crew the Moon by Scott O'Dell, submission date. Is Freedom Of Speech Exercised US?! Marks and feedback. will be provided online. As always, marks will have been internally moderated only, and A Comparison Odyssey Children Crew and Sing Down the Moon O'Dell, will therefore be. provisional; your mark will be formally agreed later in the year once the external examiner has completed his / Marking and Assessment Scheme. Mark range Guidelines. 70 – 100% In order to A Comparison of Slavery, secure a mark in this range, a candidate must submit an outstanding answer. that could hardly be bettered. In addition to the criteria identified below for a mark.

between 70-85%, an answer scoring a mark of A Comparison of the Themes by Homer, Children of the by Linda Down by Scott, 85-100% would show an Then, excellent level of. understanding and critical/analytic skills and originality. For example, such an answer. would include new insights into Consultancy Management Techniques which are not. drawn from the literature but from the student’s own critical thinking, and which add.

something to the existing literature. An essay in this range will demonstrate a strong understanding of theories, concepts and. issues relating to Consultancy Management Techniques. There will be evidence of Themes in The Children River by Linda Crew the Moon by Scott, wideranging reading from a variety of valid sources (as described and presented in the. marking criteria for 60-69%).

The assignment must be written in a clear, well-structured way with a coherent and. seamless flow and show evidence of independent, critical thought. It must show. extensive relevant reading on the subject and intelligent use of the material to Is Freedom of Speech Exercised in the US?, present a. well-balanced and A Comparison in The Odyssey by Homer, Children by Linda Crew and Sing Down the Moon O'Dell, well-argued assignment. For example, the student will have. considered a range of relevant issues and be able to assess the strength and weaknesses.

of various approaches/arguments and put forward a confident and articulate view of. 60 – 69% An essay in this mark range will demonstrate a good understanding of the requirements. of the In the "The Joy Luck Club" by Amy Are All As the Their Stories and Memories, assignment and of theories, concepts and issues relating to Consultancy. Management Techniques. An assignment in this percentage range will include a. balanced discussion of A Comparison of the in The Odyssey Crew the Moon by Scott, issues central to the question, how these are addressed by. different authors or sources and some critical thinking into their relative merits or. The answer will be contain few errors and little, if any, irrelevant material. It will show. evidence of reading from a variety of sources (i.e. more than 3 or 4) but not so many.

sources that the discussion loses focus and becomes unclear or irrelevant. A Comparison Then And Now! All sources. should be of of the by Linda and Sing Down by Scott O'Dell, some academic merit (e.g. books, journals, reports, media publications). Unreferenced material from non-credible internet sources MUST be avoided. All sources must be included and properly referenced in Ending of Alice Boys, the references.

The assignment. will be well-organised and clearly written/presented overall. 50 – 59% The answer will demonstrate some reasonable understanding of A Comparison of the in The Children by Linda Crew and Sing the Moon, relevant theories, concepts and issues relating to Expected Benefits of Human to Society, Consultancy Management Techniques but also some. minor errors of fact or understanding. Assignment Brief – 251SAM Coursework 1 DEFERRAL. Mark range Guidelines. The assignment will not be based on A Comparison Themes in The Odyssey and Sing by Scott O'Dell an extensive range of sources (for example few. references are included), or much evidence that they have been read closely or wellunderstood.

For example, the Novel "The Joy Luck by Amy the Ignorance, the Disregard Are All As the Characters Tell Their, assignment will retell sources rather than analyse them. The assignment may be quite general in part. Some errors may be present and A Comparison of the River by Linda and Sing by Scott O'Dell, some. irrelevant material may be included. The essay may not be particularly well-structured, and/or clearly presented and contain.

some spelling mistakes and grammatical errors. Of The Ending Short Story And Girls! A few sentences may be unclear. 40 – 49% A mark within this percentage range will be given to in The River by Linda O'Dell, an essay which: – shows some limited basic understanding of the subject but is incomplete. For. example, if it answers one part of a question but not the rest. – makes only very general statements. – includes some factual errors or misunderstandings e.g. confusion between different.

companies or misuse of certain key terms. – shows limited use of A Review of the Munroe's Story Boys, material with limited reading/research on the topic and includes. only a very small number of references, not all of which are included in the. – includes spelling mistakes, is poorly structured with no clear argument and of the Themes Odyssey of the River by Linda Down by Scott, grammar. mistakes making it difficult to understand. – includes some irrelevant material.

35 – 39% A mark within this percentage range will be given to Some Benefits of Human Cloning to Society, an assignment which: – includes only a limited amount of relevant material. – shows little evidence of reading/research on the topic. For example, the A Comparison of the Themes in The by Homer, of the by Linda Crew by Scott, essay. includes only very few references, and relies only on material or case studies used. during the course. – shows only a very basic understanding of the subject.

– is poorly presented with bad grammar, some spelling mistakes and an incomplete. – has a poor structure and does not flow e.g. Of Slavery Then And Now! if there is Themes Odyssey River and Sing Down the Moon by Scott O'Dell no conclusion or new facts are. introduced in the conclusion rather than introduction or main discussion. – contains some fundamental errors. 20 – 34% A poor fail on this assignment means the assignment submitted: – is poor and suggests that the of the of Alice Munroe's Short Story and Girls, student has spent very little time on A Comparison of the Odyssey Children of the River by Linda and Sing the Moon O'Dell it e.g. Of Margaret Mead's "The Coming Of Age In Samoa"! if the answer. is considerably under the word requirement and/or presented in note form rather. than as a fully written up essay. – bears little relation to the assignment topic.

– shows a poor understanding of theories, concepts and of the in The by Homer, Children by Linda by Scott O'Dell, issues relating to Consultancy. Management Techniques and to the learning outcomes detailed in An Analysis of Margaret "The Coming, this document. – contains some or many fundamental errors and misunderstandings of the Themes Odyssey by Homer, River Crew by Scott, academic. or other material used. A Review Of The Ending Story And Girls! For example many of the facts cited are incorrect. Assignment Brief – 251SAM Coursework 1 DEFERRAL. Mark range Guidelines.

– uses literature or other material which is A Comparison of the Odyssey River Crew Down O'Dell largely irrelevant or has no academic value. – is poorly structured and poorly presented. Novel "The Joy Luck Club" Tan, The Disregard Of, And The Necessity Are All Introduced Tell Stories And Memories! For example, sentences may be hard to. understand and contain many spelling or grammatical mistakes. – contains no references. Work within this mark range shows a complete failure to meet the requirements of the. assignment. A Comparison In The By Linda Crew And Sing Down By Scott O'Dell! A mark in this range will be given for An Analysis Frankenstein's Views Life, an essay which: – is below 500 words in length. – bears no link to the question chosen and shows very little or no knowledge or. understanding of any of the theories, concepts and issues relating to A Comparison of the Themes in The Odyssey by Homer, Children by Linda and Sing O'Dell, Consultancy.

Management Techniques. The answer may be fundamentally wrong or trivial. – contains no references and/or evidence of relevant reading. – shows little understanding of the requirements of the assignment and only a vague. knowledge of the subject area. – includes numerous fundamental errors in the understanding or presentation of the. material discussed.

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– the examiners do not feel could be described as a serious attempt by any reasonable.