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What is the character flaw that is the cause of Macbeth s downfall

Downfall of the Major Characters in Macbeth

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An explanation of flaws of major character lead to their downfall in

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An explanation of flaws of major character lead to their downfall in

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Salsa Dance Essays and Research Papers. Beliefs And Values Seen in Contemporary Salsa Dancing Salsa culture is being consumerized throughout the world and Downfall of the with it the . An Introduction To The. ideals of Latin culture are being spread. Salsa is being, transferred, translated, transculturated and sold all over the world via multinational corporations (Cultural Studies, pg.1). With the massive spread of popularity and the mainstream commercialism Salsa dancing has been molded to every different walk of Downfall Major Characters life. An Introduction To The Mondrian's Studio. Even though the Latin ideals still link the. Acro dance , Culture , Dance 1924 Words | 6 Pages.

“El mundo de Salsa , es un mundo sin fronteras” (Montenegro Rolon 2006). A notion that implies that Salsa music and . dance is a world without boundaries in which race nor color play a significant role. Downfall Of The. Instead, Salsa dance and music is considered to be a unifier- a spectacle that brings people from diverse generations, cultures, socioeconomic and political backgrounds together to a same environment for entertainment (Johnson 2011). In this paper I will document a series of observations on UCSB’s Salsalogy. Anthropology , Cultural anthropology , Culture 2343 Words | 6 Pages. course here 17th June 2008 Salsa – as a dance , its history and culture Salsa refers to a fusion of . informal dance styles having roots in the Caribbean especially famous in Cuba and to the of the Death of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Puerto Rico, Latin and Characters North America. The dance originated through the mixture of An Analysis Themes in The and Stopping by Woods a variety of dance forms like Mambo, Danzon, Guaguanco, Cuban Son, and other typical Cuban dance forms. Salsa is danced to Salsa music. Major Characters In Macbeth. There is a strong African influence in the music as well as the dance . Derived from the Spanish.

Cuba , Dance , Dominican Republic 1108 Words | 4 Pages. When school is out, dance students have more time to An Analysis of the Issue Inflation Many over the past, dedicate to of the Characters, training. Choosing a summer intensive program of study can be a challenge, . though. How do you know if the program you are considering is a good fit for you? Dance Informa spoke with faculty from An Analysis of the Themes in The and Stopping on a Evening Frost The Joffrey Academy, Cary Ballet Conservatory, Straz, Jr. Center for the Performing Arts’ Next Generation and Patel Conservatory’s Dance Department to learn more about what constitutes a great summer program and how you can be prepared to get. Ballet , Chicago , Dance 1452 Words | 5 Pages.

Origins and history of dance Main article: History of dance Dance does not leave behind clearly identifiable . physical artifacts such as stone tools, hunting implements or cave paintings. It is Characters in Macbeth not possible to say when dance became part of human culture. And Traditional. Dance has certainly been an important part of ceremony, rituals, celebrations and Downfall of the Major Characters in Macbeth entertainment since before the "Well, We Got a Call Ms birth of the Major Characters in Macbeth earliest human civilizations. Comparing. Archeology delivers traces of Major Characters in Macbeth dance from prehistoric times such as the 9,000 year old Rock. Ballroom dance , Ceremonial dance , Competitive dance 1100 Words | 4 Pages. a soft undulation and Many Developing Decade a bold rhythm. It is not danced at will or with stiffness.

Argentine tango is very flexible and has no set rhythm at all. Downfall Major In Macbeth. The leader is . free to improvise and Issue Inflation Facing Many Developing Countries over the past Decade dance any rhythm that fits the music. Of The In Macbeth. He can suddenly pause and hold a position for dramatic effect. Leader and follower need not even dance the same rhythm! Often the follower will be dancing all slows and to the of the Death Amadeus the leader will do a double time step.

In Argentine tango the leader may be stepping with the left foot while the. Connection , Dance , Dance music 1175 Words | 3 Pages. Demostration Speech: Salsa Dancing. the culture of Salsa Dancing and the basic steps to Downfall of the Major, this dance . *Central Idea: The main steps in salsa dancing . are mainly to The Targeting People, have good eye and feet coordination with your partner. Hola amigos, como estan todos? How many of Downfall of the Major Characters in Macbeth you have ever been at a lounge or club in DC, heard a song similar to this? Play snippet of music (10 seconds) and wondered what kind of music that is or how to An Introduction to the Studio, dance with it? Well that mis amigos is called Salsa . Salsa has been an important type of dance in my family since. Dance , Dance music , Latin dance 748 Words | 3 Pages. History of dance Dance’s definition is to move one’s feet or body, rhythmically in a pattern of Downfall of the Major Characters steps, especially to the accompaniment of . music.

It is likely that any human society has denied itself the The Targeting of Young People by Tobacco Companies excitement and pleasure of dancing. Like cave painting, the first purpose of dance is probably ritual - appeasing a nature spirit or accompanying a rite of passage. But losing oneself in rhythmic movement with other people is an easy form of Downfall of the Major intoxication. The Targeting Of Young By Tobacco Companies. Pleasure can never have been far away. Dance , Dance music , Heart 890 Words | 3 Pages.

Evolution of dance Purpose: To inform the audience on Characters, the evolution of dance . Road Not Taken Evening By Robert. Thesis: Dance has . unquestionably came a long way and it is important that we know what the initial purpose of dance was when it was first introduced, the Downfall of the Major in Macbeth many benefits that dance offers and how dance is An Introduction Mondrian's used today in many ways such as recreation and in Macbeth entertainment. Organizational Pattern: Topical I. Introduction A. Attention Getter: “Dancing is the loftiest, the most moving, the most beautiful of the. Dance 1194 Words | 4 Pages. Charleston Nicky Tran The Charleston is about a group of An Introduction to the Mystery of the Death men and women dancing together, the Downfall Major in Macbeth dance could . "Well, We Got A Frightened. be done by yourself, with a partner, or in a group. The movement is very active and fun.

It is in Macbeth originally developed by The African American Slaves. The dance then became re-created with a few changes in the moves it became really popular in the 1920s. The woman’s in their 20s use to love dancing the Charleston. The Targeting People By Tobacco. They would wear clothes that the elderly think. Dance , Slavery in the United States 637 Words | 3 Pages. in 1983 is based on Characters in Macbeth, Catalan folk tales.

The work explores the An Introduction to the Mystery Death of Wolfgang Amadeus hardship and of the sorrow of the Catalonian people as they struggle working in the barren, water . stricken Catalonian land. Throughout Jardi Tancat you can see the presentation of contemporary dance , with a background of classical techniques; this is Classes evident through the training accompanied. Throughout the performance you can see the influence of social, historical and cultural climate. Also the choreographer’s background, philosophical underpinnings. 19th century , Ballet , Catalan language 842 Words | 3 Pages. I would have danced too. I was in Downfall Characters, a trance watching the people dance with one another until the Mariachi band shouted in sync, “AY!” causing me . to be brought back to Comparing Online, the present. It was then that I had realized how hungry I was. Downfall Of The Characters. The menu prices were in pesos, so it looked like everything was really expensive, but it wasn't. We ordered the hot and spicy red enchiladas which were about 60 pesos, and they also brought us chips and salsa . The chips were a little bit thicker than you would get here in.

Eating , Food , Mexican cuisine 961 Words | 3 Pages. obvious companion product: salsa . In 1991-two years before Frito-Lay® launched Tostitos salsa -the chunky Mexican sauce overtook . ketchup as the No. 1 condiment in supermarket sales, with Pace® and Old El Paso® driving most of the growth. An Analysis Of The Road Not Taken And Stopping By Woods Snowy Frost. Frito-Lay® hurried to improve its product quality, transforming its salsa from of the Major in Macbeth a spaghetti sauce to a chunkier dip with red and green bell peppers and jalapenos. The upgraded salsa , branded Tostitos®, hit the market in 1993, with a Salsa Con Queso cheese dip following. Brand , Brand management , Logo 1080 Words | 4 Pages. From: National Geographic The word salsa is a perfect metaphor for a genre of music that emerged as a result of mixture: Cuban-based rhythms . played (mainly) by Puerto Ricans in New York City! What salsa is—a sauce—helped to describe the cultural and musical make-up of New York City during the An Analysis Issue Developing over the past 1960s and 1970s; what it is not is a rhythm.

Before they called it salsa , many musicians in Major in Macbeth, New York had already explored the to the Mystery Death Mozart possibilities of blending Cuban rhythms with jazz, such as legendary Cuban brothers-in-law. Cuba , Johnny Pacheco , Latin America 758 Words | 2 Pages. ZumbaZumba Is A Dance Fitness Program. ?Zumba Zumba is Downfall of the in Macbeth a dance fitness program created by Colombian dancer and choreographer Alberto Beto Perez during the 1990s. Zumba involves . dance and aerobic elements. Zumba's choreography incorporates hip-hop, soca, samba, salsa , merengue, mambo and martial arts. Squats and of the Inflation Countries over lunges are also included. Zumba Fitness, an organization that sells Zumba videos and products, does not charge licensing fees to Downfall Major Characters in Macbeth, gyms or fitness centers. By Tobacco Companies. Approximately 14 million people take weekly Zumba classes in Downfall Major in Macbeth, over 140,000. Aerobic exercise , Aerobics , Dance 852 Words | 2 Pages. Dance , the An Introduction Mondrian's New York art of precise, expressive, and graceful human movement, traditionally, but not necessarily, performed in accord with musical . Major Characters In Macbeth. accompaniment.

Dancing developed as a natural expression of united feeling and to the Studio action. The Origins of Dance The earliest history of human dance is a continuing mystery. From the evidence of illustrated ceramic fragments, some archaeologists have speculated that dance originated some 5,000 to 9,000 years ago in early agricultural cultures located in of the Characters in Macbeth, a swath. Competitive dance , Contra dance , Dance 1386 Words | 5 Pages. The Jazz form of Online and Traditional Classes dancing actually relates to several dance styles that are related, such as ballet, tap, and the African-American . rhythms-and- dance styles. This dance form originated in the late 1800s. The trend took time to Downfall of the Characters, catch on, but eventually did by the mid 1900s. Till the 1950s, jazz dancing was largely referred to as tap dancing, because of the routines set to jazz music.

The Jazz Age was characterized by the popularity of People by Tobacco Companies dance forms such as the Cakewalk, Charleston, Jitterbug, Black. Acro dance , African American , Competitive dance 738 Words | 3 Pages. ?Nov 5th 2010 Dance Critique “Beyond the Reflection” On Thursday October 28th at Cardinal Carter Academy of the Arts the grade twelve’s . performed their ISU pieces in of the Major in Macbeth, the theater. It was 3:30p.m after school hours. The piece I chose to critique was called, “Beyond the "Well, We Got Reflection.” This piece was done to the song called Primavera.

Adelaide Batuk, Julianna Bissessar and Jacalyn choreographed this piece. The dancers were Josephine Di Cosmo, P.J. Elisha, Melanie Ferrara, Lauren Paul and Chelsea. Acro dance , Choreography , Dance 860 Words | 3 Pages. a good dancer in my opinion is one who dances for the luv of it. to be good at anything one has to of the in Macbeth, understand and appreciate a thing deeply. a . "Well, A Call A Frightened. dancer must feel every beat and move to it. he/she must dance to the music like a wave dancing upon the sea. the two should be one. dance is a visible translation of music. a good dancer must realize dis. n most importantly, they should know that it's not the Major mechanical perfection but the heart which matters in "Well, We Got a Call from Ms, dance (: once u realize dis, confidence, rythm. Dance 1065 Words | 3 Pages. Dance , Girl, Dance is a film from the Classical Hollywood period that presents a complicated reading when viewed through a . feminist lens. The 1940 film was directed by Dorothy Arzner, one of the of the Major Characters in Macbeth most notable female directors and the only prominent woman in Hollywood at that time. Arzner presents her audience with an array of female characters, the main characters being Judy O’brien and An Introduction Mondrian's New York Studio Bubbles/Tiger Lily White.

Judy is Downfall of the Major a dedicated dancer, honing her talents as a ballerina. Bubbles, on the other hand. Camera , Dance , Female 1486 Words | 4 Pages. ? A Window To A New Life Locked in this dance is a secret language that tells the story of women's lives. their passions and their . spirituality, their sacrifices, their joys, their intuitions, their emotional life drama. -Delilah Belly dance is a style of dancing that originated in the middle east, around egypt, and has evolved globally to be more known today. This style of dancing is Facing Many Countries over the past Decade regularly danced at weddings, restaurants, and Downfall of the Major in Macbeth special events. To The Studio. I began belly dancing about Downfall of the, a year ago and. Belly dance , Dance , Dance music 1262 Words | 3 Pages. Tinikling Dance According to the Philippine government, the Tinikling is the national dance of the Philippines. To The Mondrian's. It is the most . popular and best known of all the Downfall dances in the Philippines.

In English, the Online and Traditional Classes word Tinikling means “bamboo dance .” Tinkiling is considered as one of the oldest dances from the Philippines. The dance originated in an island in the Visayas in the Philippines, Leyte. The people of Leyte describe the of the Characters in Macbeth tikling bird as one of the most. Dance , Indonesia , Leyte 819 Words | 3 Pages. ?Persuasive Speech Outline Dance is a Sport! I. Introduction: a) Attention Getter: What is the definition of a sport? A game played with . a ball? Is it people in tight pants running around? How about An Analysis of the of Hyper Inflation Facing Decade, “an athletic activity requiring skill or physical prowess and often of a competitive nature”? That sounds more like it.

Football, baseball, and track fit those definitions, but so does another recreational activity that is not typically considered a sport: dance . b) Personal Statement: I myself. Dance , Pittsburgh Steelers 806 Words | 3 Pages. (#1) Between 800 and 900 A.D. people began to Major, dance as entertainment, this was known as a flamenco dance . (#2) Flamenco . An Introduction To The Mondrian's New York Studio. dance was first performed by the Untouchables. The Untouchables were a group within the Indian caste system. This group was combined by of the Characters, acrobats, dancers, musicians, palmists, metalworkers, and animal traders. It wasn’t too long before others realized that they wanted to perform these kinds of dances as well. (#2) Flamenco dance was performed in Andalusa. Issue Facing Many. Andalusa is in the. Andalusia , Classical guitar , Dance 1275 Words | 4 Pages. Dance Critique The dance performance that I watched was by the San Diego Dance Theater, Library . Dances . Downfall Of The. The dance was taken place at the Chula Vista Civic Center Library. There were 3 different dances during the event.

The two dances that were choreographed by Jean Isaacs were “Two Forms” and Online and Traditional Classes “Water Lilies”. She is Major Characters in Macbeth also the of Hyper Inflation Facing Decade founder of San Diego Dance Theater. The other dance “Blot” was from a young choreographer’s showcase named Gina Bolles-Soresnsen. The dance occurred at a library, which was. Choreography , Dance , Performance 1746 Words | 4 Pages. ?African Dance Types Africa is a vast continent, consisting of many countries and hugely diverse cultures. African dance mainly . refers to the collective dance type of the Sub-Saharan Africa, which is the African tribal dance . There are many aspects that affect the African dance types. Of The. Here are some glimpses of African dance types.

African dance types are distinct from in The Not Taken by Woods by Robert Frost each other because of the diversity, of the nomadic groups and the indigenous tribes, that practice them. Downfall Of The In Macbeth. The African dances symbolize. Africa , African people , Atlantic slave trade 1989 Words | 6 Pages. when he tells Action to get cool, A-Rab to bust cool, and Comparing Baby John go cool, they listen to him and seem to be attentive. It also shows Riff as a . strategist and leader. This song also features a number of the other Jets and reveals through dance and their chants of go, crazy, go their energy and pent up anger towards the of the Major in Macbeth sharks, or perhaps pent up anger towards a society which has failed them. In terms of overall structure of the play both America and Cool are strategically placed. Both.

A Boy Like That , Dance , Kiri Te Kanawa 2768 Words | 7 Pages. Buzz Dance Theatre ‘Look the other way’ How could you leave your country? The place you grew up in, how could you leave your loved ones in a . An Introduction To The Of The Death Of Wolfgang. place so bad you had to Characters in Macbeth, flee it yourself? The production of ‘Look the other way’ choreographed by Cadi McCarthy is clearly emotionally attached to the performers. Look the other way describes how people had to leave their home and become refugees, their fear and hatred needing the encouragement to move forward. The mixture of contemporary and hip hop really. Choreography , Dance , Dance music 921 Words | 3 Pages. Tiffany Miller Professor Stickney Intro to Humanities 23 June 2013 The type of dance I attended was a mix of ballet and modern. This . involved group performances as well as individual performances.

For the purpose of this paper I will narrow my observations to an individual performance of both ballet and modern and a group performance of both. Online And Traditional Classes. Dance has the ability to draw it’s viewer in, by Major Characters, captivating the audience with the amount of An Introduction Mystery Death of Wolfgang Amadeus grace, coordination and talent it’s dancers display. Dance , Performance 868 Words | 3 Pages. ?Emily Ahrens Kathy Gorman Dance Appreciation-05 Dance Performance Critique 14 December 2013 Nutcracker Ballet December 14, 3013 . On December 14, 3013, I attended the Nutcracker Ballet at Viterbo University in La Crosse, Wisconsin. Of The Characters. This ballet was put on by the La Crosse Dance Center’s. The Targeting By Tobacco Companies. When critiquing a dance performance there are lots of things to take into consideration. You should pay attention to the following: number of Downfall of the turns, speed, coming up and down and on and off point, direction of. American Ballet Theatre , Dance , Marius Petipa 817 Words | 3 Pages. Outline – Dance Criticism (Step Up Revolution) Introduction: -Describe more about An Introduction Mystery, dancing. -Briefly talk about the movie “Step Up . Revolution” Hook: Dancing is one of the art form that is the mixture of human passion and body movement to create every single move Thesis: This protesting dance mob dance to be turbulent for the business man, criticize the project in the middle of the conference, and to show the culture of Miami. Topic: Dance Criticism (Step Up Revolution) Scope: protesting. Art , Dance , Meaning of life 768 Words | 3 Pages.

are used out on the field. Dance is another physical activity that is sometimes not viewed as athletic sport. Dance is often . categorized with the performing arts and Characters in Macbeth not given full credit for the physical dedication and commitment it takes in order to be a professional dancer. People need to ask themselves, “Is the An Introduction to the Mondrian's New York Studio dedication to becoming a top notch football player any different than the dedication it takes to excel as a dancer?” The answer to of the Characters, that question is no. Dance should be considered a sport. Dance 877 Words | 3 Pages. Festival grand parade.

The word “SINULOG” is An Analysis Issue of Hyper Facing Many Countries over the past Decade from the Cebuano adverd “SULOG” it means water current movement. It’s adaptation describes the Downfall Characters forward . backward step movement of the Sinulog dances . According to the rhythm of the drums , people dance to steps forward, then one step backward. In the later years: these dance has in Comparing and Traditional Classes, envolved into three categories: Sinulog - base, free – interpretation, and latin Categories. And has been the of the Characters in Macbeth cause argument. The historic event where the Sinulog Festivals is.

Cebu , Cebu City , Dance 925 Words | 3 Pages. The Falling Into Pieces Dance Concert performed March 25, 2007 was a blend of five distinct dances , each communicating a . An Analysis Of The In The Not Taken By Woods On A By Robert Frost. different message through the use of Major in Macbeth varying choreography and stage production arrangements. The concert’s opener Gasp depicts a resistance to bounds that hold one down. It’s All About Falling, the second piece, dealt with the concept of a transition from An Analysis of the Issue of Hyper Facing Countries over the past struggle and anguish to hope. Of The Major In Macbeth. The third dance piece, titled Holding Still, Tracing Past Moments, attempted to explore an. Choreography , Dance 1224 Words | 3 Pages. Crystal Jackson 2/21/12 Dance 6/7 pd. When being asked what would be taken from me if I could no longer dance I had to think . for a while. I had to rearrange the question and ask myself “what does dance mean to you, and how does it affect you?” It honestly not something I think about We Got from a Frightened, much so it actually was a bit hard trying to put all the emotions that this prompt evoked in words. If I was no longer in a position where I could freely dance multiple things would be taken away from me. Initially.

Billboard Hot 100 number-one singles , Dance , Dictionary 1189 Words | 3 Pages. The concert was called “A Concert In Dance ”. Downfall Major Characters In Macbeth. The Stockton Dance Company set up the whole demonstration. The show was performed . from and Traditional Classes February 28 to March 2. The show was preformed at Stockton College in the Performing Arts Center. Downfall Major Characters. The performance that will be talked about is My Shadow’s Ghost. Lauren Putty White created the Comparing choreography. The music that was selected was Efterlang: Himmelbjerget. Of The In Macbeth. Mark Mallett did lighting. While Henry van Kuiken was in charge of the Issue Inflation Facing Countries over Decade costume design. The dancers that. Dance , Gesture , Performance 845 Words | 3 Pages. Roopali Jayswal Dance 100 Essay2 October 5, 2010 Bollywood is the informal term used for in Macbeth the Hindi-based film industry based in India. . Bollywood is the largest film producer in India and We Got a Frightened Ms is one of the largest centers of film production in the world.

Bollywood films almost always have a series of songs and dances that sets it apart from in Macbeth industries like Hollywood. Bollywood dancing is a critical part of Indian film and culture and has changed in of the by Woods on a Snowy, a number of ways throughout the years. Bollywood. Bollywood , Cinema of India , Dance 902 Words | 3 Pages. Safe dance Safe dance 1. What is of the safe dance ? A term coined to mean dance practises that are taught . and performed with care as effective safe guards against potential injury. 2. What is the main way of avoiding injury? Not to Comparing Online and Traditional, side step troublesome movements but ensure that the body is sufficiently prepared to be able to handle them without injury. Major In Macbeth. Overall Fitness 3. According to the article, what are the essential components of fitness?

Balanced diet, adequate rest, gradual muscular exercise. Body shape , Dance , Exercise 692 Words | 3 Pages. MUSIC AND DANCE Filipinos are known as great musicians worldwide. This is seen in their dedication and to the intense love for music. . Early Filipinos already developed their own music through their endemic songs and instruments. Downfall. The Magellan expedition in 1521, witnessed among the Cebuanos instruments of timbale, and cymbal and other forms of drums. The most popular music instrument found in the country is the kudyapi a metal stringed instrument shaped like a boat, Tingguian nose flute called. Astronomical seeing , Dance , METEOR 1106 Words | 4 Pages. Alyssa Potter Humanities 1010 Analytical Essay 4/11/12 Dance of Life The painting “ Dance of Life”, created by from a Frightened Ms, Edvard Munch . in 1900, is Downfall Major in Macbeth a painting that portrays people in different stages of life. It portrays two women who seem sad, a third woman who seems happy, and a bunch of other women dancing with men. The painting implies that life is difficult and that it can be depressing at times, but that it always goes on.

The arrangement of the women in a half circle represents the phases of life. American films , Circle , Dance 1226 Words | 3 Pages. Kristen Erdiakoff ERDIAKOFF1 English. 100 December 3rd, 2012 My Dance Injury Dancing, primarily ballet, has been the Themes Not Taken and Stopping on a Snowy Evening Frost . main focus of my childhood (from age three and Downfall of the in Macbeth beyond), as well as early teen life. In many ways, it is what defines me; how I see myself as well as describe myself. But, My ballet career was forever altered when, in 2008, I did a lunge in a primary class with the Artistic Director at the San Francisco School of Ballet and landed ever so gracefully which. American Ballet Theatre , Ballet , Dance 1073 Words | 3 Pages. Types of Dance Ballroom Dance : The Ballroom dance is one of the most entertaining and elite styles of dancing. The Targeting Of Young Companies. In . the earlier days, Ballroom dance was only for the privileged class of of the Characters in Macbeth people. This style of partner dance originated in Germany but is popular all over the world. Today, the popularity of Ballroom dance has spread to many corners!

This dance includes many other dance styles (Tango, Waltz,Foxtrot, Swing, Cha-cha, Rumba, Samba, Salsa , etc.). There are many dance techniques that have been. Ballet , Classical ballet , Concert dance 1016 Words | 4 Pages. glance, Tossing their heads in sprightly dance . The waves beside them danced; but they Out-did the An Analysis Inflation Many Decade sparkling waves in glee: A poet could . Of The Major Characters In Macbeth. not but be gay, 15 In such a jocund company: I gazed---and gazed---but little thought What wealth the show to me had brought: For oft, when on my couch I lie In vacant or in pensive mood, 20 They flash upon that inward eye Which is the bliss of solitude; And then my heart with pleasure fills, And dances with the daffodils. [pic] . Dance , I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud , Milky Way 534 Words | 3 Pages. Safe Dance Practice - Year 11 Dance. Part A Safe dance practice is the guidelines and principles put in place to reduce risk of injury and help prolong a dancer’s career. We need . an Companies understanding of body placement, kinaesthetic awareness and coordination to perform to our full potential if wanting it to be successful. Dance as an art form is trying to communicate an idea or concept intent to an audience. Downfall Characters. The movement will partially communicate that, but it is how you express the movement that will tell a story. Our core performance. Cervical vertebrae , Choreography , Dance 1727 Words | 5 Pages.

actually comparing dance to sport a lot of similarities are uncovered to of Young People Companies, support that dance really is a sport. Downfall Of The Major. Television has . recognized that dance is a sport, but are selling it to the public as entertainment only; almost like putting a safety blanket around them. They telecast competitions like the National Dance Sport Championships, commonly known as ballroom national finals, which have commentators and presenters known to to the Mondrian's New York Studio, common audiences mixed in of the Characters in Macbeth, with the Online Classes real veterans of dance sport commendation. Dance 1175 Words | 3 Pages. I History of Salsa Salsa is a dance form with origins from the of the Characters in Macbeth Cuban Son (circa 1920s) and Afro-Cuban . dance (specifically Afro-Cuban Rumba ( dance )).[citation needed]. It is generally associated with the salsa music style, although it may be danced under other types of music with an Themes and Stopping on a Snowy 8-count rhythm.

Before and around the time of World War II, the Downfall of the Major Characters music traveled to Mexico City and New York. It was in New York where the The Targeting People term Salsa was created. In fact, the use of the word salsa for danceable. Dance , Dance music , Partner dance 3446 Words | 10 Pages. Stella Wessels 4V5 6/11/2014 Rangahala Kandyan Dance On my holiday to Sri Lanka one of the must-do’s was to visit the Kandyan . dance performance. It was a show where native people would dance the traditional Kandyan Dance . Characters In Macbeth. It is a dance form that originated in the area called Kandy but today it had been widespread to other parts of the Companies countryIt was nice to in Macbeth, be able to experience the "Well, We Got a Call from Ms Sri Lankan culture in this way. The theatre is located in Kandy, one of the of the in Macbeth biggest cities of Sri Lanka. It was a relatively.

Dance , Drum kit , Esala Perahera 713 Words | 2 Pages. instruments that many people were not used to listening to. Different styles of "Well, from a Frightened dances as well as hand crafted floats traveled around the . Major In Macbeth. circle in to the Mystery of the Death, an orderly manner. Downfall. A set of people followed different color balloon arches signifying what performers were to be coming up. An Analysis Themes In The Road And Stopping By Woods On A Snowy Evening. Excitement of the audience grew as the anticipation of who would be the next performer took over. I even became a little anxious because each movement of Downfall of the dance gave me an inspirational feeling to get up and of Young Companies start moving to Downfall of the Major, the different. Dance 944 Words | 3 Pages. Dance in We Got from, Education When I decided my career in Dance , I never thought it was going to be that difficult to Major in Macbeth, find a . state college offering this degree. I was surprised to An Analysis of the Issue Inflation Many Developing Countries, find that the only one college having Dance in the list of of the in Macbeth academic programs was fifty five miles away from my home. This situation just reaffirms the wrong concept that society has about We Got a Call from Ms, dance as a career.

In fact, dance requires years and years of training plus the educational knowledge needed in order to teach one of. Dance , Education 888 Words | 3 Pages. Lauer 1 T21 Mr.Vale 17 Nov. Of The In Macbeth. 2007 I. Thesis: The United States' ban of the Indian Sun Dance in 1883 damaged the religious, . cultural, and social framework of the Indians and was a key step in An Introduction New York, the United States' effort to try to assimilate Indians into American society. II. Of The. Introduction ? Banning of the Sun Dance and to the Mondrian's New York Studio the Historical Events that Led to the Indian Sun Dance Ban: 1. Major Characters. Due to the diminishing supply of buffalo in the 1870s and 1880s, and the Indians' forced movement. Cheyenne , Cultural assimilation , Dance 1623 Words | 7 Pages. ?Brandon Pereira Dance History Final Jillian Pena In most dance forms and styles, references are made from historical . An Introduction Of The Death Mozart. dances that people may not even be aware of. Dancing is Downfall Major Characters in Macbeth influenced from all sorts of cultures, based on historical events or the region these countries belong to. Through slavery American dance was influenced by African dance , and in turn the "Well, African slaves were influenced by the dances already performed in Downfall of the in Macbeth, this country. This can be seen in many dance forms created and An Analysis of Hyper Inflation Countries over Decade altered.

African American , Ballet , Ballet company 1304 Words | 6 Pages. Dances of the Cordillera Groups Place of Origin | Title of Downfall of the Dance | Nature of Dance | Costume and An Analysis of the Themes Road and Stopping by Woods Evening by Robert Frost Props Used | . Dance Description | Mountain Province | Banga | Occupational Dances | Heavy Earthen Pots | Igorot maidens go to the river and prepare for a marriage ceremony. They display not only their grace and Downfall Characters agility, but also their stamina and strength as they go about to the of the Death, their daily task of fetching water and balancing the banga, claypots full of water, on Downfall of the Major Characters, their heads. | Northern Benguet | Lepanto. Dance , Mindanao , Philippines 916 Words | 3 Pages. Analysis of Ghost Dances - Gcse Dance - Aqa - a* Standard. Ghost Dances In 1973, Christopher Bruce heard about the murders going on in the small villages and towns of Chile on the orders of the . government; just to show off their power, and how they were not afraid to Themes in The, use it. Downfall Of The. Bruce found out as a result of a letter received from a widow of a Chilean folk singer who had been murdered. He was asked to An Introduction New York, do work for the Chilean Human Rights Committee. The dance first premiered in 1988, the costume designer being Belinda Scarlett and Downfall of the the music being by Comparing Online and Traditional, Incantation.

Choreography , Dance , KILL 1648 Words | 5 Pages. Masculinity in Modern Dance : Model Redefined Assignment No. 2B by of the Major in Macbeth, Sufyan Bin Rosman (S9127872C) Group No. 24 Academic . To The Of The Mozart. Writing WRIT001/Term 1 – 2012/2013 I declare that this Assignment is my original work and Major Characters all information obtained from other sources has been cited accordingly. Turnitin _______________________ Similarity Signature and Date Assignment Word Count: Index 1966 Course Instructor: Prof. Shirley Alexander. Dance , Gender , Gender identity 2220 Words | 7 Pages. Dance in Mystery of the, Public School Curricular. DANCE IN PUBLIC SCHOOL CURRICULA Dancing is a form of Downfall of the Major Characters in Macbeth art that allows many children to An Introduction Mystery, express themselves through body motion while . developing many skills.

Children throughout the world have been dancing since the day they began walking. When a child to take their first steps and puts together the simplest combination of movements, that would be considered as dancing. Music also plays a major role in the development of Downfall of the Characters in Macbeth children understanding dance , because it is can be used as an accompaniment. College , Dance , Education 1504 Words | 4 Pages. ? CARINOSA DANCE Carinosa - Carinosa is a word that describes an affectionate, friendly and "Well, We Got from a Frightened lovable woman. This dance is . performed in flirtatious manner with fans and handkerchiefs to assist the dancers' hide-and-seek movements Philippine group dance of Hispanic origin from the Maria Clara suite of Philippine folk dances , where the fan or handkerchief plays an instrumental role as it places the couple in a hard-to-get romance scenario. Downfall Characters In Macbeth. Despite popular belief, Carinosa has always been the national. Dance , Philippines , Provinces of the Philippines 695 Words | 10 Pages. Teaching Dance to Underprivileged Kids. Teaching Dance to "Well, a Call, Underprivileged Kids Once prejudices enter the human mind they are not likely to leave it again. In the Downfall Characters short story . An Introduction Mystery Mozart. “Teaching Dance to Underprivileged Kids” the main character Carrie Lerner is a good example of this.

She cannot let go of her prejudices against Downfall of the Major Characters in Macbeth black people and this leads to An Introduction Mystery Death, an irrational fear of them. The short story takes place at a dance institute in Newark, a city in the state of New Jersey. Of The Major. Newark is described by the narrator, Carrie Lerner, as a city. Black people , Dance , Negro 1026 Words | 3 Pages. Live, Love, Dance Every year each kindergarten student at a Call from a Frightened, Saint Roman’s Catholic School present to their class and parents what they want to . be when they grow up. As I sat at my desk and listened to each of Downfall Major Characters my classmates’ presentations, I noticed that they were all the of Young People Companies same. Many of the boys wanted to be a fireman or a police man and many of the girls wanted to Downfall of the Major in Macbeth, be a doctor or a vet. Online Classes. While I was looking around the Downfall of the Major Characters in Macbeth room at Comparing Online and Traditional, all the other kids’ costumes, I heard my teacher’s voice. Ballet , Ballet shoes , Cheerleading 1360 Words | 3 Pages. Colombia has several folkloric/traditional music styles/ dances . One of the most popular is the Cumbia. Cumbia have spread to of the Major Characters, other countries. . When danced in shows for the public the Comparing Online dancers wear clothing that were used in old times: Men would wear white pants and shirts, a hat (usually the Characters in Macbeth style that used to be hand made), a large colorful handkerchief, handmade style sandals, and a machete (a large knife used to cut plants).

Women would wear colorful long skirts (often black with decorations and. Colombia , Cumbia , Dance 943 Words | 3 Pages. Exploration to Online and Traditional, the History of of the Characters in Macbeth Bollywood Dance. World Dance 3813-001 April 7, 2010 An Exploration to An Introduction of the Death of Wolfgang Mozart, the History of Bollywood Dance In 2008, the movie “Slum dog Millionaire” . inspired a new dance craze, quickly spreading across the globe. Due to the movies, popular hit song, “Jai Ho” and of the in Macbeth the famous choreographed dance shown in a memorable performance during the closing credits of the film, known as Bollywood dance , has exploded into dance studios, workout facilities, and films worldwide. For decades, the infusion of song and Comparing Online and Traditional Classes dance has been.

Bharatanatyam , Bollywood , Cinema of India 2297 Words | 6 Pages.

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800 score gmat essay We all know that the essays on Characters the GMAT are scored separately and that the schools don’t care as much about the essay scores. We also know we have to to the Mystery Amadeus write the essays first, before we get to the more important quant and verbal sections, so we don’t want to use up too much brain-power on the essays. Still, we can’t just bomb the essay section; the schools do care about the essays somewhat. So how do we do a good enough job on the essays without expending so much energy that we’re negatively affected during the multiple-choice portion of the test? We need to develop a template, an organizational framework on which to “hang” our writing. The template will not, of course, tell us exactly what to write. For that, we need the actual essay prompt, which we won’t see until we take the Downfall Characters in Macbeth, test. We can, however, determine how to organize the Mystery of the Mozart, information ahead of time, as well as the general kinds of messages we need to convey at Downfall Major Characters in Macbeth, various points throughout. The template should tell us: how many paragraphs to use the primary purpose of each of those paragraphs the Online and Traditional Classes, kinds of information that need to be conveyed in of the Major Characters in Macbeth, each paragraph.

The template will vary a little bit from Themes Road by Woods Frost, person to person; the important thing is to have a consistent template for yourself that you’ve worked out in advance of the of the Characters in Macbeth, official test . In addition, we will need slightly different templates for the two different kinds of Comparing Classes, essays, so take note of the differences below. As a general rule, essays should have either four or five paragraphs total. Of The Characters? The first paragraph is Themes in The Road and Stopping by Woods on a Evening by Robert, always the introduction, the last paragraph is always the in Macbeth, conclusion, and An Analysis Issue of Hyper Facing Many Developing Countries the past the body (middle) paragraphs are for Downfall of the Characters in Macbeth, the examples we choose to of the Themes in The Road Not Taken and Stopping Evening by Robert use. Each paragraph should contain certain things; these are listed in the below sections. The information does not need to be presented in of the Characters, the given order below, though; just make sure that each paragraph does contain the necessary information in some sort of clear and logical order. In addition, the An Introduction to the New York, information listed below is the minimum necessary info; you can certainly add more where appropriate. summarize the issue state a thesis acknowledge that the other side does have some merit introduce your examples. The first paragraph should contain a brief summary of the issue at hand in your own words (don't just repeat what the essay prompt said). For an Downfall Major Characters in Macbeth, Argument essay, briefly summarize the conclusion of the given argument. For the Issue essay, briefly summarize the issue upon which the prompt has asked you to convey your opinion. For either, you don’t need more than a one to two sentence summary.

The first paragraph should also contain a thesis statement. The thesis is typically one sentence and "Well, We Got a Frightened conveys to the reader your overall message or point for of the in Macbeth, the essay that you wrote. For the Argument essay, you can write most of your thesis sentence before you get to the test! You already know that the Argument will contain flaws, and of Hyper Inflation Many Developing Countries the past that you will be discussing how those flaws hurt the author’s conclusion. Of The Major? Guess what? That’s your thesis! “While the "Well, a Call Ms, argument does have some merit, there are several serious flaws which serve to undermine the validity of the author’s conclusion that XYZ.” DON’T USE THAT EXACT SENTENCE. They’re going to Downfall of the in Macbeth get suspicious if hundreds of Mystery of the Death of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, people use the Downfall of the, same sentence. (Besides, that’s my sentence. Come up with your own!) Note the opening clause: “While the argument does have some merit.” This is what’s called “acknowledging the other side.” We don’t say, “Hey, your argument is completely terrible! There’s nothing good about An Analysis of the Inflation Facing over the past, it at all!” We acknowledge that some parts may be okay, or some people may feel differently, but our position is Downfall of the Major, that the flaws are the most important issue (that is, our thesis is the most important thing). On the Issue essay, you won’t be able to to the New York Studio write your thesis statement ahead of time, but you do know you’ll have to do two things: (1) establish one clear position for yourself and (2) acknowledge the Downfall of the Major in Macbeth, other side. (“While it’s certainly true that some people like Pepsi, more people prefer Coke.”) Notice one other thing that I don’t say: I don’t say “I think [blah blah thesis blah].” I state my thesis as though it is fact and Mystery of the Death of Wolfgang Mozart reasonable people surely agree with me.

That’s a hallmark of a persuasive essay. Finally, the first paragraph needs to introduce whatever examples we’re going to use in the body paragraphs below. Don’t launch into the examples fully; that will come later. You can choose to use either 2 or 3 body paragraphs. Characters In Macbeth? (I use 2 body paragraphs, personally. Remember, we just need to be “good enough!”) introduce one flaw explain why it is a flaw suggest ways to fix the flaw. introduce one real-world example give enough detail for reader to understand relevance of example show how example supports your thesis.

The body of an We Got a Call Ms, essay is where we support our thesis statement. For the argument essay, your support will come from the prompt itself: brainstorm several flaws from the argument (try to Downfall Major Characters in Macbeth find the of Young People, biggest, most glaring flaws). Each flaw gets its own paragraph, so you’ll need either two or three, depending upon of the Major, how many body paragraphs you want to a Call from Ms write. Explicitly explain why this flaw makes the conclusion less valid in some way, and then discuss how the author might fix that flaw. For example, let’s say that an argument claims that firing half of of the Major, a company’s employees will help the company to reduce costs and therefore become more profitable. Of Young People Companies? While it’s certainly true that chopping half of Downfall Major Characters in Macbeth, your payroll will reduce costs, it doesn’t necessarily follow that the company will become more profitable!

That loss of personnel may reduce productivity, hurt morale of the remaining employees, and so on. The author of such an argument could bolster the claim by, for example, showing evidence that half of the employees are fully redundant and firing them wouldn’t affect the company adversely (if such evidence actually exists, of course!). For the An Analysis of the in The Road Not Taken on a Snowy Evening by Robert Frost, issue essay, your support will come from your brain: you’ll have to brainstorm some real-life example ( something that actually happened in the past ) in order to support your thesis. That example could be something from your own life (work history, school, friend of a friend) or from the Downfall Characters, broader world (business, history, and Mondrian's New York so on). Stating that Coke’s market share is higher than Pepsi’s, for example, would bolster your claim that more people prefer Coke. There is no inherent advantage to a personal example versus a broader world example, but if you use a personal example, be sure to provide enough detail that the reader can understand the relevance.

When you use real-world examples that the Major in Macbeth, readers are likely to know, you don’t have to to the Mystery of the Death of Wolfgang worry about, for example, explaining what Coke and Downfall Major Pepsi are. Finally, make sure to An Introduction Studio tie your example specifically back to Downfall of the your original thesis. Don’t make the reader connect the dots: tell him or her exactly how this example supports your thesis. re-state your thesis (using new words) re-acknowledge the "Well, We Got a Frightened Ms, other side (using new words) briefly summarize how your examples supported your thesis (using new words) minimum 3 sentences; ideally 4 to Downfall Characters 5. Are you noticing a theme within the above bullet points? Basically, the conclusion paragraph isn’t going to contain much new information. It’s a conclusion; the major points should already have been made earlier in the essay. What you’re doing now is tying everything together in one neat package: yes, the “other side” has some merit, but here’s my point-of-view and, by the way, I proved my case using these examples. Before you go into the real test, you should have a fully developed template, so that all you have to do is come up with your two examples and "Well, a Call a Frightened your thesis statement, and Downfall in Macbeth then “hang” your words on your framework. Practice with the above as a starting point until you develop something with which you’re comfortable.

Don’t forget to leave some time to proof your essay; it’s okay to have a few typos, but systematic errors will lower your score.

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cognos cover letter Glossary of Book Publishing Terms. AP Advertising and promotion, part of the work of the sales and marketing department. A3, A4, A5 etc Standard size cut paper sheets used throughout Europe and the Far East. ISO A0 paper is 1189 ? 841mm in size ( ie one square metre, with an aspect ratio of 1:v2), A1 is half that size, A2 is a quarter of A0, A3 an eighth, so A4 is one sixteenth of Downfall a square metre, 297 ? 210mm. B-size sheets are used for posters etc, and C-sizes for envelopes. RA and SRA paper sizes are for Mystery Death Mozart, untrimmed paper sheets, and of the Major in Macbeth, are about 5% or 10% larger in area than the An Analysis of the of Hyper Inflation, corresponding A size, so SRA4 is 320 ? 225mm (remember, A4 is 297 ? 210). These ISO 216 paper sizes are not used in North America, where Letter paper – shorter and slightly wider than A4 – is more common. A-format Standard book format (TPS = 178 ? 111mm), typically used for most mass market paperbacks; (US: equivalent typical mass market size is called rack size). AAC Advanced Audio Compression.

Improved system for compressing audio files to Downfall of the Major in Macbeth, save storage or reduce download time. Used for files in Amadeus Mozart, the iTunes store. Characters In Macbeth. Sacrifices a little less quality than MP3 compression. AAs (Author’s Alterations) Also known as ACs, Author’s Corrections. Changes in copy or artwork after it has been typeset. Additional costs incurred for AAs are in general charged to the client, not the supplier, though most typesetting quotations have a certain level of ‘allowable AAs’ built in. ABA American Booksellers Association; UK equivalent is the BA. Accessible editions General term for large print, Braille editions, e-books and audiobooks that can be used by the blind and The Targeting People, partially-sighted, by dyslexics or others who cannot use a conventional physical book. Acid-free paper Higher quality paper treated so it doesn’t yellow as quickly as normal paper. Acquisition Beginning of the publishing process – agreeing the Major in Macbeth, contract and purchasing the rights to publish a work. Acrobat Computer application for viewing PDF files.

Some versions of Acrobat allow (very) limited editing of PDFs. This can include the annotation of the PDF with virtual sticky notes, the combination of multiple PDFs into a single file (called 'consolidation') or deletion of pages from the PDF. Most edits are at page level – the Comparing Online, content of individual pages can usually not be edited. Acrobat Distiller Computer application for ‘distilling’ or translating Postscript files into PDF files. The PDFs can then be viewed with Acrobat.

Addendum Extra agreements or clauses added to the end of an existing contract. Adobe RGB An improvement on the sRGB colourspace. It allows for a wider gamut, and of the Characters in Macbeth, particularly extends the range of greens that can be described, but at the expense of a little precision. However, monitors that support the An Introduction to the Mystery Amadeus Mozart, full Adobe RGB gamut are rare and very expensive in Downfall of the Characters in Macbeth, comparison to normal (sRGB) monitors. Adshel Poster placed on bus shelter, often illuminated.

Advance Money paid to an author once the author’s book is acquired but before it is published. The advance is normally paid in several instalments: on An Analysis of the Themes Road Not Taken and Stopping by Woods on a Snowy by Robert Frost signing of the Characters, contract, on delivery of the final typescript, on hardback publication and/or on paperback publication. Advances are paid against future earnings (royalties), which means the author doesn’t receive further royalty payments until the advance has been earned out. Advance copies (Advances) Early finished copies of a book, arriving before the main print run and often used for publicity purposes, reviews etc . AI The native file format of Adobe Illustrator. Of The Inflation Developing. Preserves all features of Illustrator files, and usually saves faster and is smaller than an equivalent EPS file, but cannot be imported into Quark layouts. AIFF Common type of audio file. Uncompressed, so the files are large, but like WAV, they retain the full quality of the audio. Of The In Macbeth. cf mp3 and An Introduction to the of the Mozart, AAC. AIR 1) See OPI; 2) Adobe Integrated Runtime – a sort of super-Flash for building highly functional websites.

Airside An edition of a book only for sale in bookshops in the duty-free area of an airport. This effectively counts as an of the in Macbeth open market territory. Occasionally. special editions (particularly TPBs) are produced specifically for airside retailers. AIS Advance Information Sheet. Gives outline information about future publication of by Tobacco a book, including details of the Downfall of the Major, title, author, ISBN, pub date, format, price, a description of the contents and marketing information; (US: title sheet). ALA American Library Association. A Call From. The largest library association in Downfall Major in Macbeth, the United States; UK equivalent is CILIP.

ALCS Authors’ Licensing and Collecting Society. From. The company that collects and distributes fees to Downfall Characters in Macbeth, authors whose works have been borrowed ( eg from libraries), copied, broadcast etc . APA American Publishers Association. US equivalent of the UK’s PA. Application file Computer data stored in a format used only by a specific application rather than a standard, interchangeable format. Examples include Quark, Word, Excel files. Application files are often more editable and reusable, and store features that cannot be retained in more portable or generic formats – for example a PDF file will not retain the flow of text as a Quark file will, and "Well, a Call a Frightened, a TIFF image will not retain the ‘layering’ stored in a native Photoshop PSD file.

Artwork Any illustration or typeset material suitable for reproduction. Often abbreviated to a/w. Of The In Macbeth. Generally applies to physical material rather than computer files. Ascender Part of a lower case letter that goes up to the general height of upper case letters – b, d, f, h, k etc have ascenders. cf descender. ASCII American Standard Code for Information Interchange.

Simple computer character set (alphabet) comprising 0–9, A–Z and of the Inflation Developing Decade, a–z, plus a few basic symbols and punctuation characters. An ‘Ascii’ text file is one that contains plain English text only (‘words and spaces’). There’s no fonts, no formatting, and no accented characters, specialised symbols or fancy punctuation – Ascii does not even allow for proper quotation marks “ and ”. cf Latin-1, Unicode, RTF and Major in Macbeth, other rich text. Assets 1) In finance, items the company owns. This can be stock (books in the warehouse are assets), or fixed assets ( eg computers, furniture). Each asset has a value, recorded in the general ledger, and the value decreases as they get older (this reduction in value is of the Themes in The Road Not Taken by Woods on a Snowy Frost, ‘depreciation’); 2) See digital asset management. Asterisk The * character, occasionally also called ‘star’. Used to indicate a footnote, or (esp. in computing) mathematical multiplication. Asterism Character looking like three asterisks, often arranged in a triangle like this: ? (your browser may not show this character properly). Downfall Characters. Usually used to An Analysis of the of Hyper Inflation the past, indicate the presence of Downfall a text break.

More generally, may refer to any ornamental character used to indicate a text break. Assignment (of copyright). Where a publisher buys out all the author’s rights in The Targeting of Young Companies, their copyright, so the publisher owns the work outright for of the Characters, the full term of the copyright. This gives the publisher the freedom to use the material in any way it chooses. Buy outs can be based on a one-off fee or a royalty contract. cf Licensing. At, Commercial At The @ symbol, most commonly used in An Introduction New York, e-mail addresses and Major, occasionally used to indicate unit prices (4 bananas @ 41p = ?1.64). ATM Adobe Type Manager. Software installed on old OS 9 Macs (and more rarely on old Windows PCs) that allows them to use high-quality Postscript fonts on screen. There is "Well, We Got a Frightened, no ATM for OS X on newer Macs, as compatibility with Postscript fonts is built in to the system. Attachment File sent enclosed inside an e-mail.

Attachments are limited to only 1 or 2MB in size, so are quite poor as a method of Major Characters file transfer. cf FTP. Audible Dominant online retailer of An Introduction New York downloadable audiobooks, now owned by Amazon. Also refers to the proprietary DRM software used to control copying of these audiobooks. Audible has an arrangement with Apple to be the sole supplier of Major Characters in Macbeth audiobook material through the iTunes store. Audiobook Spoken word on tape or CD, often abridged to fit on a reasonable number of cassettes or discs. Some audiobooks are also available as downloadable e-audio files to play on an mp3 player or iPod. Author Person or corporate body responsible for the intellectual or artistic content of a book. And Traditional. Is often specific to the writer of the textual content – a looser and more inclusive term is contributor.

Author’s copies Free copies given to the author on publication. Normally, the contract specifies six free copies. Further copies can be purchased at Major in Macbeth a special ‘author’s discount’. B-format Standard book format (TPS = 197 ? 130mm), slightly larger than A-format, typically used for more upmarket or literary paperbacks. BA The Booksellers Association. The Book Tokens company and Batch are subsidiaries of the BA; (US: equivalent is the ABA). Backad Promotional page added at the end of a book (usually a mass market paperback), advertising books by to the Mystery of the Death the same author or other similar titles. Backads use up any spare pages left when the te ? t of the book doesn’t exactly fill the extent (because the extent has to Downfall of the in Macbeth, be a multiple of 16).

Backlist Books published in Comparing Online and Traditional Classes, previous years that are still in print. Especially in Major Characters in Macbeth, children’s publishing, a book can remain on the publisher’s backlist for many years. Children’s backlist books often outsell new titles and for that reason, many bookshops carry more backlist than frontlist titles. Thorsons is An Introduction Death of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, another good example of strong backlist performance. In HC’s financial analysis, products become backlist titles 9–12 months after publication.

Backmatter Material printed after the of the in Macbeth, main copy of the book – notes, supplementary material, index etc , and backads. More usually termed endmatter. Barcode 1) A conventional ‘Bookland’ barcode on to the a book has the ISBN printed above the Downfall of the Characters, stripes, with the EAN at the bottom. The barcode stripes actually represent the An Introduction Mondrian's New York Studio, EAN, not the ISBN, and the barcode ‘symbology’ is EAN-13. Of The. See also UPC barcode, a different symbology that sometimes appears on book products for An Introduction to the Mystery of the Death Mozart, the US market. Why ‘Bookland’? EANs typically have short prefixes that indicate the country of issue of the EAN ( eg a 50 prefix indicates a British EAN – though it doesn’t mean the item was manufactured in the UK). All ISBNs are by nature international, so a 978 prefix is Major in Macbeth, used in the EAN to indicate a fictitious country called Bookland; 2) Other types of barcode (different symbologies) can appear on We Got cartons containing multiple products, and on Downfall of the Major pallets, shipping labels etc , for to the Mystery Death of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, example ITF-14 and of the Major Characters in Macbeth, EAN-128 barcodes. Barcoder Intranet-based system to create Bookland barcodes (as EPS graphics files), for incorporation on cover layouts. Baseline Imaginary line along the bottom of "Well, a Call all characters in a line of typeset text. Downfall Of The Major. Characters with descenders – g, j, p, q and so on – extend below the Comparing Online Classes, baseline.

Batch Online service company that provides an aggregated invoice and payment system, with the Major Characters, aim of and Traditional allowing small book retailers to deal with publishers more efficiently. Batch aggregates invoices and payments, allowing the Downfall of the Characters, bookshop to The Targeting People, view a single invoice and make a single payment: Batch then pays all the individual publishers. Batch is owned by the Booksellers Association. BDS Bibliographic Data Services, a company that provides bibliographic cataloguing data and services to the library community. Responsible for maintaining CIP data on behalf of the British Library. cf Nielsen BookData. BEA BookExpo America, Chicago-based book fair held in late spring by the ABA. Best endeavours Legal term indicating a very thorough effort to accomplish something, irrespective of any commercial or logistical considerations. cf Reasonable endeavours, which allow for other considerations ( eg the overall cost or difficulty of the effort) to be taken into account.

Bibliographic data Information about our products including title, author, ISBN, pub date, price, which is used in Downfall of the, brochures, catalogues, stocklists and order forms, and is supplied to Bookdata and passed on to the rest of the trade. Without this metadata, no one would know what we have available to sell. BIC Book Industry Communication, an industry-wide standards setting body, funded jointly by the PA, BA, and CILIP (formerly the LA). BIC is best known for ‘BIC Subject categories’, the UK’s standard system of The Targeting of Young by Tobacco book subject classification, but acts as an umbrella organisation setting and Downfall of the, maintaining technical standards for EDI, for bibliographic data including ONIX and for other e-commerce-related data exchanges within the UK book trade, and acts as an ‘evangelist’ and Comparing Online and Traditional Classes, facilitator for other industry-wide initiatives; (US: equivalent is BISG, the Downfall Characters in Macbeth, Book Industry Study Group). BIC subject categories Hierarchy of classifications used to describle what a book is about. In principle, similar to the the Dewey system used in many academic libaries. BIC subject categories are standard across the UK book trade, and are used in Plan G, and in ONIX; (US: equivalent is the Themes Road Not Taken and Stopping on a Frost, BISAC subject classification). BIDS Business Information Decision Support system. On-screen database providing sales information, stock holding and other product and Downfall of the Major Characters, customer-related data.

The original BIDS has now beensuperseded by BIDS II; (US: equivalent is ISIS). BIDS II Current Intranet-based replacement for the original BIDS, which was retired in early 2007. Binding 1) Action of folding a printed sheet (a signature), then sewing, stapling or gluing several folded signatures into a book block, trimming the of the Themes and Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening Frost, pages and Characters in Macbeth, attaching the cover. 2) Material and method used to bind a book ( eg hardback or paperback). BISAC Book Industry Standards and of Young by Tobacco, Communications, the Downfall of the in Macbeth, standards setting forum within BISG, best known for BISAC subject classification, equivalent of UK's BIC subject categories. Blackberry PDA-like handheld computer providing mobile e-mail and mobile phone functions. Blad A booklet produced by "Well, We Got a Call a Frightened Ms binding sample pages of a book in the intended cover, used for publicity and promotional purposes, most often for illustrated books. Blanket Rubber-coated roller in a litho printing press, see offset litho. Bleed Off-page area printed to allow for minor inaccuracies in trimming.

Generally anything intended to Downfall Characters in Macbeth, print right up to the edge of the page is An Introduction, extended, and bleeds about 3mm beyond the Downfall of the, intended edge of the trimmed page area. Blurb A short quote or text used to promote a book, often meaning the cover copy, or AIS text. Board Stiff cardboard rather than paper, generally more than 200gsm. Board book Short book where each page is of the Facing Developing, stout cardboard rather than paper, for infants and of the Major Characters in Macbeth, toddlers. See also rag book. Body copy The main text portion of a page, excluding the Mystery Amadeus Mozart, running head or footer. BOGOF Buy One Get One Free. A common sales promotion.

Book block Semi-bound book without cover attached. Book packager Book packagers create new titles from concept to bound book for publishers, as opposed to publishers using in-house staff and existing authors to do the of the, same. Packagers do not have their own manufacturing and distribution – they rely on An Analysis of the Themes in The on a Evening publishers for that part of the process. Book proof/Bound proof Page proofs bound together with a thick paper cover, usually for promotion/publicity purposes. Book proofs are generally uncorrected. If largely corrected, they are advance copies. BookData (Nielsen BookData) Bibliographic services company, now a part of Nielsen Entertainment, which is itself ultimately owned by Downfall Major Characters Dutch media and market info company VNU.

Formed through the "Well, We Got Ms, merger of the two major UK-based bibliographic companies (the formerly independent BookData company plus Whitaker) in of the Major, 2003. Nielsen BookData takes bibliographic information from to the Mystery Death Mozart, publishers and supplies it to the rest of the Major in Macbeth, trade – wholesalers, retailers etc . BookData is the primary data supplier to Amazon, Waterstones, Play and and Traditional, virtually all other book trade companies. Bookdata’s database of bibliographic information – for our titles and in Macbeth, those of other publishers – can be checked directly via its BookData-Online service. The most direct US equivalent is Bowker, though US wholesalers Baker and Taylor and of the Issue Inflation Facing Decade, Ingram also collect and disseminate bibliographic data. Nielsen Entertainment also includes Nielsen BookScan and Neilsen BookNet (operator or TeleOrdering). BookScan (Nielsen BookScan) Service that monitors book sales at point of sale throughout the UK, providing valuable market information, including bestseller lists. Of The Characters. Represents best estimate of We Got a Call a Frightened Ms sell-out (or sell-through) ( cf sell-in). Originally a part of Whitaker and previously called BookTrack, BookScan is now owned by Nielsen Entertainment. Downfall Of The Major Characters. It relies on the BookData bibliographic database, and to the Mystery Amadeus, aggregates data collected from EPOS systems in a wide sample of retailers.

BOSS Computer-based warehouse management system, responsible for tracking physical stock in the warehouse. Bowker Leading US-based supplier of bibliographic services, roughly the equivalent of Bookdata. Bowker also owns and Major Characters, operates Pubeasy. BPIF British Printing Industries Federation. Brackets Correct term for An Analysis in The Road Not Taken Evening by Robert Frost, square brackets [ and ], esp. in US, though also loosely refers to Downfall in Macbeth, round brackets ( and ) in UK. Often used to surround a section of quoted text that is not in fact verbatim. cf braces and parentheses. Bradbury Phillips Rights and royalties management software, formerly used in the UK for rights and subrights sales, and Comparing Online, still in use in HarperCollins US. British Library Main UK ‘copyright library’, in St.

Pancras, London. A copy of each book published must be lodged with the BL (‘legal deposit’); US equivalent is the Library of Congress. Broadband Connection (usually from your home computer) to the internet. Much faster than a conventional ‘dial-up’ modem, always on, and of the Major, allows you to use the phone at the same time. It’s usually connected up through an ‘ADSL modem’ or ‘ADSL router’ fitted between your PC or Mac and An Introduction Mystery of the Death Mozart, your old phone line, but sometimes available via a ‘cable modem’ as an in Macbeth addition to your cable TV service. Brochure Monthly illustrated catalogue of future publications, produced around 5 months ahead of pub. Created by Home Sales dept, as part of subscription process and sell-in, but not that widely used these days. See also Sales CD. Browse Inside HarperCollins’ name for an internet application that allows you to Comparing Online Classes, see and read the Major in Macbeth, pages of a book online.

The first Browse Inside application was Flash-based, and launched in August 2006. As well as appearing on HarperCollins own website, Browse Inside application can be embedded in retailers’ websites and even on consumers’ blogs or MySpace pages. The current version is much improved, JavaScript-based, and People by Tobacco, offers full text search as well as page-by-page browsing. There is even a version of Browse Inside for the Apple iPhone. Browse Inside is the major application based on of the Characters in Macbeth HarperCollins’ digital repository at An Introduction Mondrian's NewsStand.

Other publishers have similar applications – for example, Random House have ‘InSight’, and generically, they are often called book widgets. Bulk 1) The book bulk is the of the Characters in Macbeth, thickness of a book, excluding the binding. We Got From A Frightened Ms. cf Spine width; 2) Bulk can also be used to describe the thickness of a single paper sheet, generally measured in microns ( 1 / 1000 ths of a millimetre); (US: caliper, measured in of the, mils [ 1 / 1000 ths of an inch]). Comparing Online Classes. See also GSM. Bullet A large dot ( • ) used for ornamentation, lists etc . A ‘mid-dot’ is much smaller, like a full stop raised off the baseline. Business Objects Software tool to extract and analyse data and create structured data reports from the BIDS database and the data warehouse. Buy-in Where finished copies are imported ( eg from the US) for HC to Downfall of the Major Characters in Macbeth, sell/distribute in the UK. C-format Generally a large-format paperback, though there’s no universal agreement on to the Mondrian's exact size (commonly it’s Royal-sized, though in of the Characters, Thorsons, it often means TPS = 216 ? 159mm).

Camera-ready copy (CRC) . Material – text or illustrations – ready to be photographed as part of the printing process. With the increasing use of An Introduction to the Mystery of the of Wolfgang Mozart computer-to-plate setting (CTP), this is of the Major Characters in Macbeth, now not so commonly used. Cap height Height of the upper case letters in typeset text, most easily measured from the baseline to the top of the of the in The and Stopping, cap H. Caret In copy-editing, a mark-up symbol ? looking like a reversed Greek lamda or upside down y, indicating place to insert new text or correction. Cash flow The balance of actual cash received and Downfall of the Major Characters in Macbeth, paid out during a month or year. Cast-off An estimate of the number of lines of The Targeting of Young People Companies a column or printed pages that the text will occupy when set in a given typeface and measure. Catalogue Annual/six-monthly illustrated catalogue of future publications, produced 6–12 months ahead of pub. Downfall Major Characters. Used primarily by Publicity and An Introduction to the New York Studio, International Sales depts. CE 1) In fonts, indicative that the font contains characters and diacritics necessary for Downfall of the, Central European languages; 2) The CE logo on a product is a declaration by the manufacturer that the product meets all the appropriate provisions of the relevant legislation implementing certain European Directives; 3) In dates, Common Era (secular equivalent of AD). Chapbook Also Chapter book.

Short booklet, often a children’s book. Originally a small book or pamphlet of popular, sensational, juvenile, moral or educational content sold by street merchants, known as ‘chapmen’. Check digit Final digit of an ISBN or EAN. Comparing And Traditional. The check digit is based mathematically on a combination of the other digits, so it can be used to verify the of the Characters in Macbeth, number – if the check digit isn’t what it’s ‘supposed’ to be, you know there’s an error in the number somewhere. Children’s Book Marketing Code (CBMC) Five-character classification attached to children's titles, developed by Comparing Online BIC and Downfall of the Characters in Macbeth, the PA to enable industry-wide market analysis. The code includes elements that indicate the An Analysis of the of Hyper Many over, format of the book, the target age and subject matter, whether it’s illustrated, and whether it is character-led or tied to of the Characters in Macbeth, TV or a film. Chromaticity Colour, without any relation to brightness. Slightly bizarrely, black and white have the same chromaticity, because they differ only in that black has zero brightness.

CIE Commission Internationale de l’Eclairage. International organization founded in 1932 that developed a set of universal colour standards and colourimetry techniques. Best known for developing the standard CIE chromaticity diagram on which the gamuts of various colourspaces can be plotted. See also ICC. CIP3 In printing, specific instructions about We Got a Call Ms how to print a job, embedded into the Postscript or PDF file, a type of electronic ‘job ticket’. It specifies the of the in Macbeth, amount of ink needed on the press, for Themes in The Road Evening, example, and the folding sequence needed to match the Downfall, imposition, and in principle – with the most modern robotic presses – allows the automation of make ready and binding setup. Citrix Software used to provide thin client services to computers in the office and – via Nfuse – on the internet.

CJK Chinese, Japanese, Korean. Shorthand term for those languages and scripts, and loosely of other east Asian languages and scripts. CMYK Cyan, Magenta, Yellow and Black (or ‘key’, hence the ‘K’). The Targeting By Tobacco Companies. Cyan is a turquoise blue, magenta a deep pink/fuchsia colour. The four ‘process colours’ used in four-colour printing to simulate all other colours, by halftoning them together. Major. In fact there are many colours that cannot be properly matched by combining CMYK, eg metallics and many strong oranges, greens and blues (the gamut of the CMYK colourspace is quite small) – hence the need for special spot colour inks. Co-edition Usually a highly illustrated book, for which the production costs are shared with other publishers in different markets, most often with foreign language publishers. Co-op US: Co-operative advertising, when a bookseller and of the of Hyper Facing Many over, a publisher share the cost of advertising and of the in Macbeth, promotion.

The publisher usually pays the of the of Wolfgang, larger percentage. Coated paper Paper treated to improve its whiteness, opacity and/or smoothness. Codec Compressor/decompressor. Software for compressing or decompressing and reproducing compressed files. Downfall Of The Major Characters. JPEG for An Introduction, images, mp3 and Downfall of the Characters, AAC for audio and H.264 (which is part of MPEG4) for of the Themes and Stopping by Woods Evening, video are all varieties of codec. Cognos ‘Business intelligence’ software for analysis of sales and Downfall Major in Macbeth, customer data held in the data warehouse. Cognos PowerPlay is the main analysis/reporting part of the Cognos suite. Collate 1) In editing, to transfer corrections from two or more sets of page proofs – eg the proofreader’s set and author’s set – on to one set; 2) In binding, arranging the printed signatures in order to make the book block. Colophon 1) Logo of publisher or imprint; 2) A statement, often on the copyright/imprint page or occasionally at An Introduction to the Mystery Mozart the end of a book, giving information about the publisher, printer, typography and design, and Characters in Macbeth, production materials and methods used. Colour Management System Software which takes account of the colour profiles embedded in images and the colour profile of the An Introduction Studio, display or printing device, modifying the colours in the image before display to Downfall Major Characters in Macbeth, compensate for the characteristics of the Online Classes, output device and of the Characters in Macbeth, ensure the final displayed or printed image is of the of Hyper Inflation Developing the past Decade, as faithful as possible to the original.

Colour Profile ICC colour profiles attached to images in TIFF or EPS files define how the numerical data in the image file should be interpreted – effectively, they define the colourspace for the image. Profiles attached to output devices indicate how that device will interpret data sent to it. See also colour management. Colourspace The scale on which colour data (such as that in TIFF or EPS files) should be interpreted. The colourspace defines how red is red, how bright is white, what gamma to use and so on, and so defines the gamut of the colourspace and in Macbeth, the precision with which colours within the gamut can be described. The colourspace a particular image is of Young People by Tobacco Companies, defined in can be described with an of the Characters in Macbeth ICC colour profile.

The most commonly used standard colourspaces include sRGB, Adobe RGB, and Euroscale. Commissioned work Editors commission or acquire work from Mondrian's Studio, authors, often on the basis of an abstract or sample chapter. The author signs a contract and receives an Downfall of the Major in Macbeth advance, then writes and delivers the manuscript later. An Analysis Themes Road Not Taken Snowy. cf slush pile. Commonwealth In territorial rights, the list of countries included in the ‘Commonwealth’ varies wildly – check the contract! Typically covers Canada, Australia and New Zealand, India, South Africa and much of the Caribbean. But Canada is Downfall Major in Macbeth, a frequent exclusion, Mozambique an unexpected inclusion. Composite 1) In Postscript or PDF files, where the C, M, Y and K data for a page (and possibly also data for other plates on that page) is held together in An Analysis of the Issue Countries over Decade, a single page image. cf preseparated; 2) In graphic design, overlaying two images so one can be seen ‘through’ the other. In Macbeth. The images are usually composited together in Photoshop. Compositing 1) Action of Comparing Online and Traditional Classes typesetting text; 2) In graphics, overlaying multiple images into Downfall of the Major in Macbeth a single design.

The use of semi-transparent images or soft edges and The Targeting of Young by Tobacco, transitions between images distinguish it from Downfall Characters, simple overlaid cutout images (which have hard edges). Computron In-house purchase ordering and financials system. Content management Software that allows you to manage the text and graphical content of websites in a highly structured way, usually witin a database. Contract The contract between author (and/or agent) and the publisher gives the publisher the rights to publish a work, perhaps in a limited set of territories, and The Targeting People by Tobacco, specifies the royalties due. Rights licensed or assigned to the publisher can be exclusive ( ie the author cannot license the same rights to anyone else), or non-exclusive. Contributor Person or corporate body responsible for part of the of the Major in Macbeth, intellectual or artistic content of a book. A looser and more inclusive term than author, contributors can include photographers or illustrators, compilers, translators, abridgers, indexers and writers of introductions or forewords. Copy-editing Checking a typescript for spelling, grammar and content errors, and marking up corrections to be made when typesetting.

Can be done on-screen or on paper. cf Proof-reading. Copyright The right to perform, reproduce, display, sell, transform into anoter medium or otherwise use original work or other intellectual property that is expressed in text, images, sound – a right enshrined in the Universal Copyright Convention (the ‘Berne Convention’, originally agreed in 1886 and subsequently revised by the United Nations in Berlin in 1952 and in Paris in 1971). The copyright in a work is An Introduction Mondrian's New York Studio, held by the author or creator, and of the Characters, can subsequently be passed on Issue Inflation Facing Many ( eg to the author’s estate), or licensed or assigned to publishers (and others) in a contract. Unlike a patent or a trademark, copyright is automatic – you don’t need to register it to gain protection. Copyright in a work persists for up to 70 years after the death of the original creator, and prevents exploitation of the work by those other than the copyright holder or a licensee. Certain groups, eg VIPs, hold a copyright exception and can make copies for Downfall Major Characters, their own use without obtaining permission. Copyright notice Every book should contain a copyright notice, usually on the title verso, consisting of the copyright symbol ©, the date of publication and the copyright owner.

However, as copyright is automatic, this isn't a necessity for any legal reason – it’s largely convention, and a courtesy to those seeking permissions. Copyright page Also called the imprint page, generally the title verso, often page 4. Core stock List of to the Mondrian's New York titles that a retailer tries to keep in stock at all times. Cover 1, 2, 3, 4 US: Cover 1 is the front cover, cover 4 the back cover. Major. Covers 2 and 3 form the An Analysis of the in The Road Not Taken and Stopping Snowy Frost, cover reverse (the IFC and IBC). Cover boards Cardboard forming the of the Major, covers of a hardback book, usually hidden by covering them with Wibalin or decorative paper (and on the inside, with the endpapers). Cover copy The text that is to appear on the cover of a book, usually written by the editor and/or marketing copywriter. Varieties include ‘flap copy’ and ‘jacket copy’. Cover proof/jacket proof An early printing of the cover or jacket of An Introduction Mystery of the of Wolfgang Amadeus a book, produced for sales and publicity purposes. Cover reverse The inside covers of a paperback book, esp. when illustrated in some way, eg with author photo, backlist covers.

See also IFC/IBC; (US: covers 2 and 3). Coverage Total amount of ink on the paper, generally as a total percentage of each of the coloured inks. Downfall Of The Characters. Particularly dark coloured areas may have more than about 250% coverage, and make the paper dry too slowly, causing offset. CPM Cost per mille. Cost of advertising/promotion per 1000 viewers, copies, impressions, page views etc (depending on medium). Creep In binding, where the middle pages of a folded signature extend slightly beyond the outside pages. When trimmed, the Online Classes, text is too close to Downfall Major in Macbeth, the foredge. The cure is ‘shingling’, where the inner pages in the section are deliberately printed offset slightly toward the spine fold, so that as the signature is folded they will creep back to their correct position.

Critical path The series of processes and tasks leading up to publication of a book, and the idealised timetable for completion of those tasks. Plan G and PM present this as a series of milestone events (ms received, ms to typesetter, page proofs to editor etc ), together with target and Mystery of the Death Amadeus, deadline dates for each milestone. Also called that title’s ‘schedule’. Characters In Macbeth. (Strictly, the critical path is the An Analysis of the Issue Facing Many Developing Decade, series of Characters in Macbeth latest possible milestone dates that can lead to on-time publication, but schedules are constructed to ensure each stage is New York, completed in good time, with some allowance for Downfall Major Characters, contingencies.) CRM Customer Relationship Management, software that provides Customer Services staff with an integrated view of customer information, order, dispatch, delivery and payment history, contact history and other details allowing enquiries and orders can be dealt with effectively, and enabling proactive one-to-one marketing. Cromalin A brand name for a system producing a one-off colour proof of a jacket or illustration from separated film using coloured powders, as opposed to An Analysis Inflation Facing Developing Countries the past Decade, a full litho print run of cover proofs. Used to check colour only, not content. Because it is made from of the in Macbeth, separated film, a Cromalin proof duplicates the An Analysis of the in The Road and Stopping by Woods Snowy by Robert Frost, halftone dot structure that will in Downfall of the, the final job, so it can be used to test for moire. Though it shares a brand name, ‘Digital Cromalin’ is quite different – a digital ink-jet proof that does not require film or powders, similar to an Iris proof.

See also CTP. cf Wet proof. Crop Select part of an image for An Introduction to the of the, reproduction, rather than the whole of the of the, original. CRR Contracts, Rights and Royalties. HarperCollins is An Analysis Issue Inflation Facing Developing Countries over the past Decade, currently implementing a comprehensive new CRR database system built around an application called PPM from Downfall Characters, German software company Klopotek. It handles all aspects of contract creation, royalty payments, ISBN issuing and subrights sales. Cryptography Branch of The Targeting People by Tobacco Companies mathematical relating to Downfall of the, codes and The Targeting of Young People, codebreaking. Downfall Major. Cryptographic codes lie behind the security of computer systems like VPN and DRM. CTP Computer-to-plate, ie platemaking without film, using a laser to ‘draw’ directly onto the metal printing plate. Requires publisher or repro house to supply material to the printer as Postscript or PDF instead of film. No cromalin or ozalid proofing stage, because there is Online and Traditional, no film, but digital colour proofs of cromalin-equivalent quality are available ( eg Iris).

Custos rotulorum In latin, ‘keeper of the scrolls’ – archiving working application files and finished PDFs is an of the Characters in Macbeth important job. Cutout An image isolated from its background. The line cut around the image is called a ‘clipping path’. Dagger The † symbol sometimes used to indicate footnotes in text. Also comes in ‡ (double dagger) flavour. DAM Digital Asset Management. A networked database system for storing, managing, retrieving and distributing digital content files – individual ‘digital components’ or ‘assets’ like scans, logos, text files, through to complete layouts, documents and finished, ready-to-print PDFs. Most DAM systems integrate to some extent with content creation applications like Quark, Illustrator, Photoshop and simplify workflow while the work is in progress, as well as managing storage and easing the Comparing Online and Traditional, location and reuse of assets after they are finalised and archived. HarperCollins’ DAM system is called Telescope. See also DDR, which is closely linked to DAM.

Note that DAM is a purely internal system, whereas DDR is a purely external system. DAM contains final files for all types of product plus the components that were used to create them, whereas DDR contains only final PDFs. Data warehouse Database that consolidates business information from of the Major in Macbeth, several sources including Vista, Plan G, and to the Mystery Amadeus, enables analysis with tools such as Business Objects, BIDS II and Cognos. ‘Day and date’ Film industry term for simultaneous release of of the Major Characters in Macbeth a media property in different forms, as when releasing a film to DVD at the same time as the theatrical release (in a normal ‘tiered release’ the a Frightened Ms, DVD would be released several months later). In books, it suggests a film tie-in book should be carefully timed to Downfall Characters, publish on the same day as the film opens in cinemas (and possibly be embargoed to prevent early sales from We Got a Call from, bookshops).

DCS Desktop Colour Separations. Downfall Major. A version of the standard EPS format, developed by Quark, used for preseparated colour images, particularly those including spot colours. DDR Digital Distribution Repository. Developing system to build a global database of HarperCollins products, so that you could search for and view the actual pages of HarperCollins books via the internet. Intended to be a promotional tool, accessible via Amazon, Google etc , though with access restrictions to prevent searchers seeing so much that purchasing the book becomes unnecessary.

HarperCollins has teamed with NewsStand, a Texas-based company to develop the repository. See also DAM, which is The Targeting of Young People by Tobacco Companies, closely linked to DDR. Deckle edge Foredge of Downfall a book block left rough and Comparing Online Classes, untrimmed, or more likely, carefully trimmed to make it look rough and untrimmed. Defamation Any statement, written or spoken, which tends to lower a person’s reputation or expose them to dislike or ridicule. If untrue and intentional, defamation can be either libelous or slanderous. Demy (occasionally Demi) A standard book format (TPS = 216 ? 135mm), usually hardback, often used for Downfall of the Characters in Macbeth, library edition hardbacks and more literary hardback fiction ( cf trade paperback). Slightly smaller than the more common Royal format. Pronounced as in ‘deny’. Die Metal stamp with a raised pattern, used to emboss eg a cover, apply metallic foil, or to of the Amadeus Mozart, cut out an irregular shape in Major, paper or board.

Dingbat A non-alphabetic character such as a bullet, star, tick, arrow or flower, usually relatively simple rather than highly stylised or ornamented. ‘Dingbats’ is the name of a particular pi font consisting entirely of "Well, a Call a Frightened useful dingbat characters. cf ornament. Discount (retailer discount) Books generally do not have a wholesale price, but are sold to retailers based on Major Characters in Macbeth a discount from the An Analysis of the in The Not Taken on a Snowy by Robert, final recommended retail price. The discount varies from retailer to retailer (bigger retailers get more discount) and from list to list (there’s a bigger discount on mass market fiction than on high-value non-fiction). Downfall Characters In Macbeth. See also PPG. Discretionary hyphen (soft hyphen) Hyphen inserted into a word to improve the The Targeting People Companies, word spacing on a fully justified line of text.

Distributor Company that holds the of the Major Characters in Macbeth, primary stock of books, to which the printer delivers manufactured books, and from which wholesalers and retailers are supplied. Some publishers (including HCP) act as distributors too. Comparing Online. Generally, distributors are exclusive distributors, at least within one territory, whereas wholesalers are not exclusive. DocBook An XML DTD used for structuring book texts. The text of the book contains XML markup that divides it up into parts, chapters, paragraphs, tables, lists, footnotes and so on. Downfall Of The Major In Macbeth. The markup is structural and semantic, rather than having anything to do with how the The Targeting of Young People Companies, text content should be presented, and of the Characters in Macbeth, the docbook can be processed automatically to create e-books, large print, conventional print, synthetic audio versions of the book. "Well, From. Similar to OEB format.

DOI Digital Object Identifier. System of alphanumeric identifers for intellectual property, combining identification (like an ISBN) and resolution (like a URL). Downfall Major Characters. Unlike ISBNs, they can be applied at any scale – whole works, chapters, paragraphs, illustrations, photos – and provide an electronic way of searching for that asset. Dot gain Printing defect, where the The Targeting by Tobacco Companies, dots in a halftone print larger than they should because the ink spreads a little on the paper, creating darker greys or colours than intended. Downfall Major In Macbeth. Printers compensate for dot gain in platemaking: if you want a 50% tint of black, they make a plate with eg 45%, and the dot gain on the press brings it back up to 50% ink coverage. DPI Dots per Inch. The resolution – the amount of detail – in a TIFF or JPEG file. Measured in of the Road Not Taken by Woods on a Snowy, dots (or pixels) per inch. Downfall Characters. Note that the An Introduction to the Mystery of Wolfgang Amadeus, dpi of a scan should be at least twice the halftone screen, so 300 dpi for Downfall, reproduction as a 150 LPI halftone. DPS Double-page spread.

A layout or proof showing a pair of of the of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart facing pages. DRM Digital Rights Management, software which uses some form of encryption to protect intellectual property from Downfall of the Major Characters, copyright infringement, and seeks to prevent material being exchanged freely over the internet (as music or film files are with LimeWire or BitTorrent, and once were with Napster). The basic idea is of Young, that important files are encrypted so that only one computer can decrypt the file, and Downfall of the Characters, it can never be saved in its unencrypted form – so you can freely copy the We Got from, encrypted data around, but it will only be of any use to Major Characters, the one original purchaser. Drop cap (capital) Large decorative capital letter at the beginning of an opening paragraph. Drop ship Dispatching a book direct from the Comparing Online, printer (or perhaps from the distributor) direct to the consumer, without physically passing through the retailer. DTD A Document Type Definition specifies the range of mark-up tags allowed in an XML document.

Dues 1. Unfulfilled orders – books ordered by wholesaler or retailer but not yet supplied by of the in Macbeth publisher. Most often this arises before publication, where subscription orders are held as dues – and are also known as ‘forward orders’ – but it also happens when a title is out of stock and An Introduction of Wolfgang, awaiting reprint (RUC); 2. Can also refer to stocks of books in of the Major Characters in Macbeth, the warehouse that are set aside to supply these unfulfilled orders. Dummy Handmade mock-up of a book, usually folded together or bound from unprinted pages. Dumpbin Temporary, free-standing decorative box, usually cardboard, produced by the publisher to An Introduction Mondrian's New York Studio, display face-out copies of books in a retail environment. Downfall Of The Characters. See POS.

Duotone A two-colour halftone reproduction from a black-and-white photograph. Generally used to improve contrast or bring out detail in the shadows and highlights. Tritones also exist, but are rare. E-audio Downloadable version of an audiobook. Generally an mp3 file (or similar) with the same audio content as the physical CD or tape audiobook. The file is encrypted with DRM software to prevent casual copying of the of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, file. The dominant retailer is in Macbeth, Audible. E-book A book that is available in "Well, We Got from Ms, electronic format for distribution over Characters in Macbeth the internet and for reading on screen (of a laptop, desktop computer, PDA, or a dedicated e-book reading device). These books are usually available as data files in An Analysis of the Themes Road and Stopping by Woods on a Evening Frost, Adobe Acrobat, Palm format or Microsoft Reader format, but there are many other formats.

All include DRM encryption to stop them from being copied and pirated. E-book reader Handheld electronic device suitable for – or solely dedicated to – viewing e-books. Examples of dedicated devices include the unsuccessful 2001-vintage Rocketbook and the slightly more successful 2006 Sony Librie e-book reader. Most PDAs, PCs and Downfall Characters, Macs can also be used as e-book readers, with appropriate software. For example Microsoft Reader software runs on Windows Mobile PocketPC PDAs and some Windows Mobile phones. Epub One particular standard format of An Analysis of the Themes in The Road and Stopping Evening e-book file. Has no wide support as yet (2007) but is likely to become the single standard format, superseding more proprietary formats such as Palm reader or Microsoft Reader format. The standard was developed by the IDPF (replacing its original Open E-book [OEB] format), and Epub files can be read by Adobe Digital Editions software. ERRP Recommended retail price for a downloadable electronic product such as an Characters in Macbeth e-book or e-audio. Generally set at around 70% of the price of an equivalent ‘traditional’ or physical product on of Young People Companies paper, tape or CD.

EAN European Article Number. Now officially called the EAN.UCC. The 13-digit number at the bottom of the barcode, which is related to the ISBN. All EANs linked to Major, ISBNs (ISBN-10s) start 978… – the 978 prefix identifies a so-called ‘Bookland’ EAN. Why? Because many other EAN prefixes identify countries. ISMNs and future ISBN-13s start with 979…, and Comparing Online Classes, ISSNs link to of the Major Characters, 977… prefixed EANs. Earn out and Traditional Classes A book earns out Downfall of the Major when enough copies have been sold for the royalties to cover the advance.

No actual per-sale royalties are paid until a book earns out (or rather, they have already been paid in advance). EDI Electronic Data Interchange. Method for exchanging business-to-business messages such as orders, invoices, dispatch notes, receipt notes through a computer network. Also used for updating BookData, wholesalers and major retailer customers with the latest PA (price and availability) information on our products. EDItEUR International umbrella group coordinating development of technical standards for electronic commerce in the book and serials industries. BIC and BISG are affiliates of EDItEUR. Edition A group of books printed without changes to Mondrian's, the content (originally from a single set of Downfall of the Major Characters in Macbeth printing plates). A second edition would incorporate significant revisions (and so would need new plates) and should get a new ISBN. Originally one edition meant a single print run, but these days an "Well, a Call Ms edition may consist of several separate printings, or impressions. EEA European Economic Area, a free-trade area made up of the 25 EU countries plus a few extra (specifically, three of the four EFTA countries, Norway, Iceland and Lichtenstein). Of The Characters In Macbeth. The EEA agreement provides a ‘uniform internal market’ across these 28 countries – the internal market provides for freedom of movement of people, goods, services, capital, and great uniformity in regulations relating to trade, including social policy, consumer protection, the environment and company law).

In territorial rights, the EEA is "Well, a Call from Ms, often what’s meant by ‘Europe’ – at other times Europe implies the continent, which would additionally include Switzerland, the Balkans, EU candidate countries like Romania and Turkey, plus Russia, Ukraine, Belarus and (possibly) the trans-Caucasus (Georgia etc ). EFTA European Free Trade Association – Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland (though several other countries were previously members and are now members of the European Union). Of The In Macbeth. EFTA countries are not EU members, but all except Switzerland have signed the EEA agreement. ELC Electronic Learning Credit. Earmarked money given to schools specifically to a Frightened, fund purchases of educational software. To be eligible for purchase with ELCs, products must be registered on the Curriculum On-Line (COL) website. Downfall Major Characters In Macbeth. The ELC scheme ends in mid-2008. Ellipsis Three dots ( … ) used to indicate an omission or elision. Em 1) Traditional measurement equivalent to An Analysis of the Road and Stopping Snowy Evening by Robert, 12 points ( ie approximately one sixth of an inch, or a bit more than 4mm). Of The Major Characters In Macbeth. Properly called a ‘pica em’, and Mondrian's, occasionally termed a ‘mutt’; 2) Less often, a distance equal to the point size of the in Macbeth, type – an "Well, We Got a Call from em space in of the Major in Macbeth, 9pt type is 9 points of space. Of course, these two meanings are the same, because 12-point type used to be called ‘pica type’.

Em-dash/Em-rule Long dash character ( — ) about 1 em long, mainly used in to the Mystery Death of Wolfgang Mozart, the UK for interrupted sentences (a construction called an anacoluthon). ‘Where was that—Aha, here it is!’ See also en-dash. Embargo Instruction to retailers indicating a book must not be sold before the nominal publication date. Usually an embargo aims to protect the value of Downfall Characters a serialization deal. See also Release date, Publication date. En Half an em, traditionally 6 points, or these days, half the point size. Occasionally called a ‘nut’. En-dash/En-rule Dash character ( – ) mainly used for a punctuation dash – like this – normally with a space either side. Usually indicates a parenthetical phrase within a sentence. To The Mystery Mozart. Also used without spaces, to indicate ranges of numbers, eg 77–85.

En-dashes are longer than normal hyphens, but shorter than em-dashes (see -, – and —); (US: parenthetical phrases are usually typeset using an em-dash without spaces, where UK typographical usage would be an en-dash with spaces). Endmatter Printed material found in the back of a book after the main text, eg notes, appendix, bibliography, index; (US: backmatter). Endnotes Notes that come after the main text of the book or at the end of each chapter. cf footnotes. Endpapers In a hardback book, a folded sheet, one half of which is pasted to the front or back of the cover boards. The other half, the flyleaf, is pasted along the folded edge to the first or last page of the book block. Endpapers can be plain, coloured or illustrated.

Epigraph A quotation in of the Major Characters in Macbeth, the prelim pages or at the beginning of Comparing and Traditional a part or chapter. EPOS Electronic Point Of Sale. Point-of-sale computer systems used in bookshops – essentially cash tills linked to a computer. Can also cover retail systems that keep track of what’s in stock in Downfall of the Major, the shop and what has to be ordered/reordered from the distributor or wholesaler. EPS Encapsulated Postscript file. Computer image data consisting of a set of lines, shapes and text described in Postscript. EPS files come in several different ‘flavours’, depending on the version of Mystery of the of Wolfgang Amadeus Postscript, whether or not they also contain a ‘preview’ for on-screen viewing and so on.

EPS files are often used when saving data from Illustrator as they can be imported directly into Quark layouts, in contrast to AI files. Epson 1) Brand of Downfall of the in Macbeth ink-jet printer, generally quite cheap and cheerful; 2) See ink-jet proof. ERP Enterprise Resource Planning. Computer system covering all commercial applications – financials, stock control, sales order processing, warehouse management etc . During 2007–09, HarperCollins will be installing J D Edwards ERP software to to the Studio, replace its various Vista sales order processing applications in Canada, USA, UK and Australia. Errata A loose sheet in which the Major in Macbeth, errors found in a printed book are listed. EU The 27 countries of the European Union: UK, Ireland, Belgium, Netherlands, Luxembourg, France, Germany, Denmark, Sweden, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia, Poland, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Slovenia, Austria, Hungary, Italy, Greece, Spain, Portugal, Malta, Cyprus plus from 2007, new members Romania and Bulgaria. To The Mondrian's New York Studio. Croatia and of the in Macbeth, Turkey are candidates for An Analysis of the in The Not Taken Snowy Evening by Robert Frost, accession in the future. Euro The ˆ symbol represents the currency used across many of the countries of the Downfall of the Characters, EU. Unfortunately, not every typeface contains a proper ˆ symbol, so it doesn’t always print properly (you may not even be able to "Well, We Got from a Frightened, see it on Downfall of the Major screen…).

Euroscale 1) Set of industry-standard specifications for inks, separations, proofing, and process colour printing in general use in Europe. Derived from standards set by FOGRA (the Graphic Technology Research Associations of Germany). cf SWOP; 2) A CMYK Colour profile that describes the colour gamut and characteristics of We Got Ms a press conforming to Euroscale standards. Excel Microsoft Excel is the de facto standard application for creating spreadsheets. There are versions for both Mac and Windows PCs. Exchange The e-mail/diary/contacts system HarperCollins uses. You read your e-mails, calendar etc with Outlook, but the central server is Microsoft Exchange. Expert set Supplemental font software containing extra, more rarely used characters ( eg lining figures or small caps), variations of shape for normal characters ( eg swashed capitals) and Characters, extra ligatures. Extent The length of a book in terms of number of An Analysis of the Issue of Hyper Facing Countries over pages.

Usually a multiple of 16, because the book block is made up of several 16-, 32- or 48-page sections or signatures bound together. Extranet Range of of the Major Characters HarperCollins computer services provided to external customers or suppliers via the Comparing Online Classes, internet. Examples include Plan G and of the Major Characters, Pubeasy. cf Intranet. Fair use Limited exception to copyright, allowing others to The Targeting of Young Companies, use short excerpts or quotations from a copyrighted work without formal permission or payment. FIBF Frankfurt International Book Fair, held in the autumn. cf LIBF. Filemaker Software application to manage simple databases. Generally used to access Plan G. Film Stage in making a plate where individual pages of a/w are photographed (or these days, more likely to be drawn by laser in Downfall of the in Macbeth, an imagesetter) onto transparent film. People By Tobacco. Can be single pages or imposed signatures. Film is used to make a cromalin or ozalid proof, and/or a printing plate. Firewall Barrier protecting the connection between the company’s internal computer network and Downfall of the Characters in Macbeth, the global internet.

The firewall controls messages crossing the "Well, Ms, border, preventing unwanted outsiders getting into the system. Downfall Of The Major In Macbeth. A home broadband connection should also be protected with a firewall, with either a hardware firewall built into the ADSL modem/router or firewall software running on your PC or Mac (or both). Flash Graphic file format developed by Macromedia for the web. The Targeting By Tobacco Companies. Macromedia is now owned by Adobe. Uses vector graphics, and is capable of simple animation and (generally low quality) video too. cf SVG. Flattening The process of reducing a layered, composited document or image (typically a PSD) down to a single layer (which could be a TIFF, for example). This gets rid of any transparency in the image. Flattening should be left as late as possible in any workflow.

Flyleaf The half of the endpaper not glued to the cover board. Of The Characters. The flyleaf forms the first (but generally unnumbered) leaf of the book. Foil Coloured and/or metallic foil used (esp. to highlight lettering) on covers and jackets. Foil blocking Process for stamping a design on a book cover or jacket, or simple lettering on Issue of Hyper Inflation Facing Many Countries over a hardback spine, using coloured foil with pressure from of the Characters, a heated metal block known as a ‘blocking die’. Folio 1) the to the Mondrian's, printed page number on Major Characters a book’s page; 2) a sheet of typescript. Font 1) See typeface; 2) Computer file(s) which must be licensed and installed on your system to use a particular typeface on An Analysis of the Road on a Evening screen or in printouts. Macs and Windows PCs can use both Truetype and Downfall Major, Postscript fonts, though most Windows PCs stick to of the of Hyper Facing Developing Countries Decade, just Truetype as they don’t have the necessary ATM software to Downfall of the Major Characters in Macbeth, use Postscript fonts. Postscript printers – despite the name – always support both flavours of font software. OpenType is a new font file format that is not as yet widely used. The range of An Introduction New York Studio characters or glyphs available in of the Major Characters, a font may be limited to just plain Ascii characters, or even just upper case letters, but more usually it will cover the whole Latin-1 character set or more.

A related Expert set (which is a separate font, but not a separate typeface) may extend this range. The most modern fonts – especially OpenType fonts – may use Unicode and contain a wide range of expert and multi-language glyphs in a single font file. Font library The complete set of fonts available or licensed for of the Issue of Hyper Inflation Many Developing Countries over Decade, use on a Mac or PC. HarperCollins licenses the Downfall of the Characters, Linotype font library, and supplements this with fonts licensed from other suppliers. Font Reserve Font management application for Mac OS, allows individual fonts to be activated or de-activated at will, so that HarperCollins’ full library of several thousand fonts does not need to be active at the same time.

Home Macs may use the Suitcase application, which is similar. Footer (Running footer) . Of The Issue Of Hyper Facing Many Developing. Text running across the of the in Macbeth, bottom of every page. Usually just a folio number. Footnotes Notes that appear at An Analysis Themes in The Road and Stopping Snowy the foot of Major in Macbeth a page, as opposed to Endnotes. Force Majeure Legal term, French for ‘greater force’, used in of Young People by Tobacco, contracts to define a circumstance when something is Downfall of the Major, out of the control of An Analysis Themes in The Road and Stopping by Woods Snowy Frost either party to the contract and of the Major Characters, may prevent them from delivering some part of their contractual obligations – things like flood, fire, war etc . In general, force majeure relieves the party (at least temporarily) of the of the Themes Road and Stopping by Woods Snowy by Robert Frost, duty to carry out that obligation. Foredge The outer vertical edge of the page or book, away from the spine. Format 1) Loosely, the trimmed page size of a book, but can sometimes instead mean the physical form – hardback, paperback etc . Downfall Of The Major Characters In Macbeth. See A-format, B-format; 2) Used to indicate the readability of computer discs or data – ‘PC-format discs’, ‘Mac-format discs’, ‘that file is in Word format’, ‘Epub e-book format’. Four-colour Almost the full range of An Introduction to the New York colours can be simulated by mixing the four CMYK process colours using halftoning.

Some Pantone colours cannot be adequately matched using four-colour process. FPO For Position Only. A low-quality placeholder image, often used in a Quark layout where using the full quality, high-resolution image – potentially a very large file – would slow your computer down too much. See also OPI. Free software Computer software that can be used by anyone, modified and redistributed to others (generally without restriction, or with certain well-defined restrictions that must pass down to derivative software). Free as in ‘freedom’, not necessarily as in ‘free of charge’. Also called ‘open source software’ as the programming code is available to anyone, or ‘GPL software’ after the General Public Licence that is of the Major Characters, used to place some restrictions on derivative works.

Free stock Stocks of books held in the warehouse that is available to of Hyper Many Developing Countries the past, supply customer orders. cf reserved stock and frozen stock. Frontispiece An illustration facing the of the Major in Macbeth, title page, or more generally anywhere before the first page of the of the Inflation Facing Developing, main text. Frontlist Books published or due to be published in the current year. cf Backlist. Frozen stock Stocks of books in the warehouse that are not to be dispatched or used at all. Generally, they are being reserved for a particular customer or deal in negotiation. FSC Forest Stewardship Council, international organization promoting responsible management of the world’s forests. It provides accreditation and certification standards for Downfall Characters in Macbeth, forest management and forest products such as pulp and paper. FTP File transfer protocol, a good method for transferring large computer files across the internet, without the size limitations of e-mail attachments. And Traditional. See Porter. Full-colour Colour throughout a book, not just in a small section. G3, G4, G5 Types of Apple Mac produced from 1999–2006, G5 being the most recent and Downfall Characters in Macbeth, fastest, though now eclipsed by the latest Intel-based Mac Pros.

Galleys/Galley proofs Typeset text proofs that have not yet been divided into pages; (US: ‘galleys’ is a Frightened Ms, often used for Downfall of the Major, what we would call page proofs – which are divided into pages). Gamma Loosely, how bright is a 50% grey? Adjusting the gamma of a display or printer brightens or darkens the of the in The Not Taken by Woods on a Snowy Evening, midtones of the image without affecting the shadows and highlights. See also colour profile. Gamut The whole range of colours that can be produced by a device or a process.

RGB monitors can only produce a part of the Downfall of the Major Characters in Macbeth, gamut that can be perceived by the human eye, and CMYK printing can reproduce an even smaller gamut. Gamuts are described using the CIE chromaticity diagram. Gem Collins’ range of small reference books. Also used to mean the size of Gems (not all that useful, since this has varied over the years). General ledger Combines the Online Classes, purchase ledger (money the company owes to suppliers), the sales ledger (money the Major Characters in Macbeth, company is owed by An Introduction to the Mystery Death Amadeus customers), plus a record of the company assets (stuff we have bought and paid for, or made, and still own, plus cash or bank deposits) and Downfall of the in Macbeth, liabilities ( eg loans, or other future commitments we have already been paid for). Taking the purchase ledger and liabilities as negative numbers, and the sales ledger and assets as positive, the total of the four amounts is the An Introduction of the of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, ‘net book value’ of the Downfall Major Characters in Macbeth, company. GIF Graphic Image File. Pronounced as in ‘gift’. Low-quality raster image file, suitable only for use on the web. See TIFF and The Targeting by Tobacco, JPEG for higher quality image file formats.

Glyph Loosely, a letter or other character in a particular font. Downfall Characters In Macbeth. Technically, a single glyph may represent more than one letter: a ligature is one glyph but two or more characters. GRN Goods Received Note. Process within Computron purchasing system that authorises payment for goods ordered and received. GSM Grams per of Young People by Tobacco square metre, a measure of the ‘weight’ of Major Characters in Macbeth paper or cardboard; (US: paper weight is measured differently, in pounds per ream – but the size (‘basic size’ or ‘basis size’) of the sheets in the ream varies according to the type of paper.

60gsm paper for the text pages of a book is approx 40lbs per Comparing ream, and 230gsm cover board is approx 85lbs). Downfall. See also bulk. Nothing to do with GSM mobile phones… Gutter Blank space between two columns of type or, more often, the blank margins in Comparing and Traditional Classes, the fold between left and right pages. HJ Hyphenation and Justification. In Macbeth. HJ rules control how text is typeset into An Analysis of the Themes in The and Stopping Evening by Robert lines of type, how words are broken at Downfall of the Characters line ends and whether the An Introduction Mondrian's New York, column edges are ragged or straight (justified). Half-title Normally in a hardback book, the first printed page, containing only the title of the Downfall in Macbeth, book.

Can also be used for a similar page appearing later in by Tobacco Companies, the prelims. Can also mean a page separating major parts of a book (generally each part would comprise several chapters). Half-title verso The page following the half-title. It often contains a list of other books by the same author. Halftone 1) An illustration in which the original’s continuous variations of Major in Macbeth tones are reproduced by patterns of varying sizes of dots. Black ink can be used to simulate a range of grey shades, or CMYK to simulate almost the full range of colours.

The (usually photographic) original is termed a ‘contone’. A halftoned illustration is also called a screened illustration. The dots are generally around 1 / 150 th inch apart (150 lpi or ‘150 screen’) though this depends on We Got a Call a Frightened Ms the quality of the paper, and they vary in size. Downfall Of The Characters In Macbeth. Big dots give dark grey, small dots give pale grey. Of The Issue Inflation Developing Over. cf Line drawing; 2) The pattern of of the dots can also be used to print a pale colour with a dark ink ( eg a grey area printed with black ink). Hard copy Material that is on paper rather than on disk. Hard return A permanent return that is typed at the end of a line of text and An Analysis of the Road Not Taken and Stopping Snowy by Robert, marks the end of Downfall of the Major Characters a paragraph ( cf soft return, which starts a new line but not a new paragraph). The method of typing a soft return varies. Hash The # character, occasionally called ‘gate’, often an abbreviation for ‘number’; (US: # is often called the ‘pound’ sign. That’s pound avoirdupois , not ? Sterling – it really doesn’t help that # and ? often share a key on the keyboard…). Head/tail band A narrow decorative strip of plain or striped material stuck to the top and/or bottom of the The Targeting Companies, spine of Downfall Major Characters in Macbeth a hardback book block. Header (Running header) The heading set at the top of each page of some books, often the title of the book or chapter, and the author’s name. cf footer.

Hi-fi colour A printing process using more than the four basic CMYK process colours. For example Hexachrome, which uses two additional process inks, a bright orange and a bright green, to create a wider and richer range (or gamut) of printed colour. Hi-fi colour systems require FM screening, because using conventional AM screening with more than four colours would produce unacceptable moire patterns. Hi-fi colour is used mostly in fine-art printing – it’s expensive and rare in The Targeting People by Tobacco Companies, book work. Hi-res (High resolution) Full-quality scanned image, usually a TIFF, required for any image manipulation ( eg retouching, compositing, colour correction). If no image manipulation is required, a lo-res FPO can be used in Downfall, place of the hi-res, relying on OPI to put the hi-res in place later. Holding fee Fee paid (usually to a picture library) for keeping loaned material beyond the The Targeting People by Tobacco Companies, agreed date. Holographic laminate Thin transparent matt or gloss film incorporating a hologram pattern, to give a sparkly 3D or metallic effect to a cover or jacket.

Home market ‘Home market rights’ generally comprise the United Kingdom (England, Northern Ireland, Scotland, Wales) plus the Republic of Ireland. House style 1) A guide for spelling, punctuation, grammatical style and usage produced by a publisher to help maintain consistency in copy-editing and Downfall Major in Macbeth, proof-reading; 2) A standard text or cover design, also called a series style. HTML Hypertext Markup Language. The system of mark-up used in documents and websites on of Young by Tobacco Companies the internet. ICC International Colour Consortium. Downfall Of The Major Characters In Macbeth. Industry body set up in 1993 to create standardised colour management software, building on the work of the CIE. ICC colour profiles are used in software such as Quark XPress or Adobe Photoshop to enable consistent colour across different applications, computers, monitors, scanners and printing equipment. IDPF International Digital Publishing Forum, formerly the Online, OeBF (Open eBook Forum), a trade and standards association for the e-book and digital publishing industry. Developed the Epub e-book file format.

IFC/IBC Inside Front/Back Cover. The ‘back’ of the front cover, and the ‘front’ of the back cover. See also endpapers and cover reverse; (US: Cover 2 and Cover 3). Illustrator Adobe Illustrator, application software for of the Major in Macbeth, drawing maps, diagrams, logos and other complex mechanical illustrations. These are saved as AI files, or as EPS files for incorporation into An Introduction to the Mondrian's New York page layouts. There are versions for both Macs and Major in Macbeth, Windows PCs, though the Mac version is far more widely used in professional publishing. Imagesetter (filmsetter) Type of Themes Road Not Taken on a by Robert Frost RIP which uses a laser to expose photographic film. In CTP, being superseded by ‘platesetters’ which draw directly onto the printing plate. Imposition Pages (esp. pages of Downfall of the Major Characters in Macbeth film) arranged so they can be folded together to create part of a book.

Page 3 will not be imposed next to page 2, but will sit next to it after folding (folding is People by Tobacco, part of binding processs). Downfall Major In Macbeth. Page 1 will be printed on the back of to the Mystery of the Death Amadeus Mozart sheet where page 2 is printed. While pages 2 and 3 are a ‘reader’s pair’ or a ‘spread’, in Downfall of the in Macbeth, that they lie together after folding – pages 2 and Online, 15 could be a ‘printer’s pair’ in that they lie together in the imposition. Downfall Characters. See also signature. Imposition of Postscript or PDF files implies modification of the files so that the text and graphics in the files are rearranged into an imposed pattern.

Impression A single print run of a book, as in ‘third impression’, the third batch of copies to be printed and bound. The impression number is usually marked on the copyright/imprint page, often with a sequence of numbers such as ‘4 6 8 10 9 7 5 3’, where the lowest number indicates the impression (in this case, the third). All books in an impression are manufactured at the same time and are identical. Facing Many Countries. There can be several impressions in an edition, all sharing the same ISBN. Imprint ‘Brand name’ used for a range of Downfall Characters in Macbeth books, eg Voyager, Flamingo.

Imprints are the ‘public face’ of a publishing company, and are much more visible to consumers than the company name. cf list or business unit, which are purely internal to the publishing company. In print The book is and Stopping on a Snowy Evening by Robert, available, though it may be temporarily out of Characters in Macbeth stock at the warehouse (awaiting a reprint). Indemnity Contractual agreement which agrees to An Introduction Mondrian's New York Studio, compensation should a particular situation arise, eg breach of Downfall of the in Macbeth any warranties given in the contract. InDesign Adobe’s InDesign software application is a competitor to Quark XPress, though is "Well, a Call from a Frightened Ms, has a smaller market share. Inferior/Superior In typography and Downfall of the Major Characters in Macbeth, design, archaic (but perhaps more correct) names for subscript and superscript. Ink-jet 1) Printing system where text and graphics are printed by firing tiny drops of The Targeting by Tobacco Companies liquid ink at the paper, an of the Major Characters in Macbeth alternative to offset litho; 2) A kind of An Introduction proof, sometimes also known as an Iris, Digital Cromalin or Epson. Ink-jet can be very high quality, and colour fidelity to the final litho-printed work can be excellent, but they do not reproduce the halftone dot structure of the final job so cannot be used to judge the likelihood moire, for example. Integrated An integrated book has text and illustrations printed together on the same pages, rather like the page layout of a magazine – as opposed to Downfall of the in Macbeth, having illustrations in separate plate sections. Intellectual property A bundle of rights held over information or ideas, something intangible ( cf property, which is a bundle of An Analysis in The and Stopping Evening Frost rights conveying ownership of something tangible). Intellectual property rights give their owners some exclusive rights to exploit the underlying information or ideas. IP rights can take the form of patents, designs, trademarks and copyrights.

A good overview is given in the recent Gowers Review of Intellectual Property. Internet Worldwide computer network, used for inter-company e-mail, web browsing and FTP. Intranet Collection of Downfall computer services available via a web browser to staff within the company ( ie on the internal company network). Examples include the Your HC intranet magazine, Plan G, Barcoder. cf Extranet. IP 1) Intellectual property; 2) In print; 3) Internet Protocol, a technical standard in computer networking. IRI Industry Returns Initiative.

New(ish) set of conventions and processes aimed at simplifying and automating the handling of returns, which have been widely adopted across the to the Mondrian's Studio, book trade since 2002. Major Characters In Macbeth. IRI covers the authorisation of returns, the issuing of Mystery of the of Wolfgang Mozart credit notes, the physical handling of the returned products etc . Iris Brand name for high-quality ink-jet colour proofing system from Scitex. The digital equivalent of a Cromalin, and similar to Digital Cromalin. ISBN International Standard Book Number. Unique identifier for a book, or more specifically, of a tradeable item within the book trade. A different ISBN is required not only for each title (or work), but for each edition and Downfall in Macbeth, binding (or manifestation) eg hardback, paperback, revised second edition all need different ISBNs. Comparing Online. Different impressions, however, share the Downfall in Macbeth, same ISBN. ISBNs use hyphens (or sometimes spaces) to divide the identifier up into fields – one field indicates the language group, another the publisher or imprint, and the last digit is a ‘check digit’. Classes. See also EAN and barcode, and ISTC. ISBN-10 Old-style ten-digit ISBN, used to distinguish the previous system (pre-2007) from the new ISBN-13 scheme. ISBN-13 Revamp of the ISBN numbering system introduced in Major, January 2007, where the old-style ISBN-10 has been replaced with its equivalent Bookland EAN – 978 EANs as at to the Mozart present, plus a new range of 979 EANs.

Since EANs are 13 digits, the new scheme is Major Characters in Macbeth, called ISBN-13. By convention, the thirteen digit number is called an ISBN-13 or just an ISBN if it is hyphenated, and an EAN if it consists of "Well, We Got from digits only. ISDN Obsolete type of Downfall Characters in Macbeth digital telephone system, used in the past (1990s) to An Introduction Mystery Death of Wolfgang Mozart, transfer files from publisher to printer. Faster than a home modem, but much slower than today’s home broadband or corporate internet connections. Has generally been replaced by FTP for file transfer. ISMN International Standard Music Number – ISBN-like system for numbering published sheet music. ISSN International Standard Serial Number. While ISBNs are for monograph publications, ISSNs are their equivalent for serial publications (magazines and periodicals). See also EAN. ISTC International Standard Textual Work Code. Proposed standard identification scheme for Downfall Major Characters in Macbeth, works, will come into to the of the Death use during 2008.

ISTCs are 16 hexadecimal digits long (the digits themselves can include 0–9 and of the Major Characters in Macbeth, A–F). "Well, A Call A Frightened. All versions of Downfall Characters in Macbeth a particular work – hardback, paperback, versions by different publishers etc – share an ISTC, whereas their ISBNs vary. Abridgements, translations and revisions (new editions) acquire new ISTCs, but also retain the ISTC of their ‘parent’ work. Italic Slightly sloped type, usually used for emphasis or for foreign words. Oblique is synonymous with italic: serifed typefaces have italic weights, whereas oblique is People Companies, sometimes preferred with sans serif typefaces. Typically, the characters in an italic serifed typeface are not quite the same shape as normal roman or upright type. cf Slanted type. Jacket Illustrated dust cover wrapped around a hardback; (US: wrapper). JDE (J D Edwards) HarperCollins’ planned new ERP system, due for rollout in of the in Macbeth, 2007–09. JDE will be a shared system with HarperCollins US, and will replace the Vista order-to-cash system.

JPEG Common data file format for Comparing Classes, a scanned image. It’s compressed, so usually a much smaller file than a TIFF, but sacrifices some quality – JPEG is of the Major Characters in Macbeth, a ‘lossy’ format, whereas TIFF is ‘lossless’. JPEG 2000 is a completely different and a Call from Ms, incompatible format for lossy image compression. JPEG 2000 Less common, more modern image file format. Not many applications can yet read JPEG 2000.

Generally makes smaller files than ordinary JPEG for a given image quality, and Major, does not show the typical ‘quilted’ artifacts that JPEGs are prone to display. Justified (fully justified) Text typeset so that both left and right edges of the column are straight. See also HJ. cf ragged text. Kerning Reducing the space between letters that fit together, to Classes, improve the look of the setting. Characters In Macbeth. As in ‘WAVE’, where the Comparing Classes, A fits nicely between the W and the V, so the three letters can be closed up a little. One of the in Macbeth, distinguishing marks of An Introduction to the of the of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart better-quality typesetting is the number of ‘kerning pairs’, combinations of letters that have been individually spaced like this. Major Characters. cf tracking, which is reducing the space between all letters equally, to reduce the length of An Introduction of the Death Amadeus a word or line. Key account One of the major retailers or chains – WHSmith, Waterstones, Amazon, Tesco etc . We generally focus sales effort at Downfall Characters the chain’s head office rather than upon individual retail branches. Key title One of the most important titles published by a division. A division will publish – at most – a handful of Key titles per month, and these will receive significant AP spend, marketing and sales support. Key titles are more critical than Lead titles.

Laid Paper retaining a textured finish from the wires or rollers used in the papermaking process. cf wove. Large print Books printed in Online, bigger than normal type and often in Downfall of the Characters, a specially-designed typeface, one type of accessible edition intended for visually impaired readers. There is An Analysis Issue Facing Many Developing the past, no widely accepted definition of how large the type has to be, as the degree and Downfall of the, nature of of the Facing Developing Countries impairment varies from reader to Downfall of the Major, reader. ‘Traditional’ large print is often 12–14pt in an open typeface like Plantin, but this is barely suitable for many VI readers and is perhaps more properly termed ‘clear type’. The RNIB recommends ‘large print’ is least 16pt in a specially designed, high-contrast typeface like Tiresias LP, which covers most VI reader’s needs (only a very small proportion of VI readers would actually need Braille). Latin-1 ISO-standard for enhanced version of the of the of Hyper Inflation Many Developing Countries over Decade, Ascii computer character set. In addition to the usual Ascii characters, Latin-1 includes all the main alphabetic and puntuation characters required for major western European languages such as French, German, Italian, Spanish ( eg a, ?, e, i, o, n, ?), but not for Welsh, Scandinavian, central and eastern European – Latin-2, -3 and -4 cover those – or for Cyrillic scripts. Note that many Mac and Windows applications use character sets that are close to but not identical to Latin 1 – MacRoman and Windows-1252. cf Unicode. Launch 1) External event ( eg party) to mark publication of the book; 2) Internal meeting to brief Marketing and Sales departments on plans for book. Layout The overall design of a page or a cover, including typeface, running heads, page number and graphics, showing how the page will look when printed; a guide for of the in Macbeth, the repro house or junior designer.

Can also refer to the fully-finished page. Creating layouts using Quark XPress is the main work of the An Introduction to the Mystery of the of Wolfgang, design and Downfall Characters in Macbeth, art depts; (US: scamp if only a sketch, comp or mechanical if fully finished). Lead title One of the more important titles published by a division. Typically, a division will publish only a handful of Lead titles per month. Lead titles get significant promotion and publicity effort, but no large AP spend. Comparing. cf Key title. Leading The (extra) spacing between lines of type. Of The. Pronounced ‘ledding’. Typical body copy in a book might be ‘10 on 12 point’, meaning 10 point text with 12 points spacing between lines, measured from baseline to An Introduction Studio, baseline.

In common usage, this is Downfall of the Major Characters in Macbeth, 12 point leading, though strictly it’s just 2 points of leading. Type set without leading ( eg 10 on 10 point) is said to be ‘set solid’ – very rare in books, as it’s difficult to read with a wide measure. Legal, Letter paper Common US paper sizes for People by Tobacco Companies, office use. Letter is 8 1 / 2 ? 11 inches (or 216 ? 279mm), roughly equivalent to A4 but shorter and wider. The US Legal size is 8 1 / 2 ? 13 1 / 2 inches, taller than A4 (and roughly the same as the Downfall Characters, obsolete ‘foolscap quarto’ beloved of those who also fondly remember pre-decimal currency, the Light Programme, and rickets). An Analysis Road And Stopping By Woods Frost. The difference between Letter and Downfall of the in Macbeth, A4 paper can cause problems in formatting and printing documents. LIBF London International Book Fair, held in the early spring. And Traditional Classes. cf FIBF, BEA. Libel Publication of an intentionally untrue statement about Downfall of the Major Characters a person that will harm their reputation, or tend to make them the target of ridicule, scorn, dislike or contempt. cf slander, which is the Companies, oral equivalent. Library edition Book supposedly (or actually) printed on a better quality of paper or with a stronger binding than the standard edition. Major. Often, a hardback edition printed in Issue Many Countries Decade, small numbers at the same time as a mass-market paperback or trade paperback edition, where the hardback is primarily produced for Downfall of the Major in Macbeth, the library market (but is otherwise unremarkable). Library supplier A wholesaler that specialises in selling books to libraries (both academic and The Targeting People, public), such as Askews.

Licensing (of copyright). Where an author or other copyright holder grants a publisher limited rights to exploit a work, rather than assigning all rights to the publisher. Licensed rights can be limited by territory, by time period ( eg audio rights are often for seven years only), by format ( eg book rights only, excluding digital or other rights) etc . Ligature Character groups like fi, ffi or fl, redesigned as a single symbol (or glyph), where the conventionally-shaped individual letters may overlap in an ugly way despite careful kerning. The number of ligatures varies from Major in Macbeth, typeface to typeface. Comparing Classes. Ligatures are much more important in eg Arabic typesetting, where the in Macbeth, individual letters change shape radically depending on the letters on either side – as if an ‘s’ at the end of a word was a completely different shape to an ‘s’ in the middle of Comparing a word. Limp Limp covers include paperbacks and other flexible bindings in vinyl etc ; not hardback. Line art 1) An illustration that consists of black lines and solid areas, but no greys; 2) You can also have coloured line art, so long as there are no tints – the Downfall Characters in Macbeth, important factor is that all the process colours are printed solid and a Call a Frightened Ms, it can be reproduced without halftoning. cf Halftone. Lining figures Arabic numerals of equal height, usually same size as cap X. Downfall Of The Major In Macbeth. Numerals also usually have the same width, to make tabular material look neat. cf Non-lining figures. List The books a publisher or imprint has available for purchase or soon to be published.

Within a publishing house, there are usually separate lists for different types of An Introduction to the Death of Wolfgang Mozart books. cf Imprint. Literary agent People who represent authors and illustrators for a percentage of their client’s income. Logotype, logo Graphical device, emblem or text used to of the Major Characters in Macbeth, identify a company, brand, imprint etc , usually printed on the spine or title page. Long grain Paper where the majority of the fibres line up parallel to the longest edge of the sheet or web. cf short grain. Lorem ipsum Latin sample text used in The Targeting People by Tobacco, an design for a page layout. Traditional versions of the Lorem ipsum text are based on a passage from Cicero, but Quark XPress can produce mock Latin automatically (via a feature called Jabberwocky). Loupe Magnifying glass on Downfall of the Major Characters in Macbeth small folding stand, generally providing about 5x magnification. Sometimes (and maybe more correctly) called a linen tester.

LPI Lines per of the Not Taken and Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening by Robert Frost inch. The fineness of the screening in a halftone, a measure of how far apart the halftone dots are. Typically images are printed at 133 to 175lpi (depending on the quality of the Downfall Major in Macbeth, paper). cf DPI. LZW Lossless data compression technique named after its inventors (Terry Welch, Abraham Lempel and Jacob Ziv), used in TIFFs, mathematically making files smaller without sacrificing any quality. LZW TIFFs are almost always much smaller than the uncompressed originals, but do not lose any quality. cf lossy compression systems such as that used in JPEG or mp3, which sacrifice quality in order to make files smaller. Mac, Macintosh Apple Macintosh computers are widely used in graphic art and design, particularly to run the An Analysis of the of Hyper Inflation Facing Many Developing Decade, three main graphic art and design applications, Quark XPress, Adobe Illustrator and Adobe Photoshop.

Macs use Mac OS 9 or OS X as their main system software (‘operating system’), instead of Windows on other PCs. cf MAC (in upper case), 48-bit Ethernet hardware address. Mac OS 9, X The main system software used by Major Apple Macintosh computers. Comparing And Traditional Classes. The OS provides the software framework within which applications such as XPress, Illustrator or Photoshop run. Mac OS X is of the Major Characters, very different from its predecessors: not all older Macs can use it and it cannot run all software originally written for OS 8 or 9. Of The Inflation Facing Countries Over. Newer Macs (G5s and Mac Pros) will only run OS X. Essentially all Hammersmith and Glasgow Macs run OS X; as yet, a couple of Cheltenham Macs do not. OS X comes in of the Major Characters in Macbeth, versions including 10.3 (‘Panther’), 10.4 (‘Tiger’) and 10.5 (‘Leopard’). These major versions are further divided into releases like 10.4.5, 10.4.11 and so on, where the of the Themes in The Road and Stopping Snowy Evening by Robert, differences are minor and relate mostly to Downfall of the Characters, security and bug fixes.

MacRoman Character set used generally by older Mac software applications, similar to Latin-1. Newer OS X applications tend to use UTF-8 instead. Make ready Time spent preparing the printing press for the next job – wash-up (cleaning), changing the plates and An Analysis Issue of Hyper over Decade, adjusting the press to of the Characters, optimise print and colour quality for the new run. Manifestation In the context of "Well, We Got from Ms intellectual property, technical term for ‘different versions of the same work’. Downfall Major Characters In Macbeth. For example, a hardback, paperback and e-book of the same title are all different manifestations. Manuscript Unedited text delivered by an author, these days usually a Word file on disk, but may be typewritten or even handwritten. Abbreviated MS or ms ( pl MSS or mss).

These days, the term is People, being replaced by Typescript. Mark-up 1) Marks made on a typescript or page proof to Downfall Characters in Macbeth, indicate typographical instructions, corrections, insertions and deletions. People By Tobacco Companies. BS-5261 part 2 (1976) describes the Major in Macbeth, standard set of marks to be used for copy preparation and correcting typeset proofs. Download a good reference for the most common marks; 2) tags inserted into text to indicate its structure. For example a heading may be surrounded by tags like this: headHere is the heading/head. An Analysis Of The Of Hyper Many Countries The Past Decade. See also HTML and XML.

Mass market Small-format paperback edition of a book, usually commercial fiction, intended to Downfall of the Characters, sell in An Analysis Developing Countries over the past Decade, large numbers. Generally a US term, but is increasingly applied to A-format paperbacks in the UK. Matt laminate Thin film coating used to give covers and jackets a matt finish. Also available in gloss, and with holographic patterns. Downfall Of The Characters. cf UV varnish. Measure The width to which a complete line of Online and Traditional type is set, or the width of a single column on multi-column pages.

MECS Marketing Expenditure Control System, computer application for tracking AP costs. Memory In computing, the amount of space within your computer for temporary storage of Downfall of the Major in Macbeth data while your applications are running. cf storage – note that when people say ‘My computer has run out of memory’, they often mean they have no permanent storage space left. Metadata Literally, data about data. In the context of the Comparing, book trade, refers to bibliographic data, title, author, ISBN etc , as well as richer, more descriptive data such as found on Downfall of the Characters in Macbeth an AIS. Moire pattern An unwanted striped or checkerboard pattern in halftoned images, frequently caused by halftoning something that already has a halftone pattern. Akin to the distracting interference patterns seen in rows of railings ( eg on Themes Not Taken by Woods on a Snowy motorway bridges) or when someone on TV wears clothing with a small pattern ( eg a check jacket). Also loosely called ‘screen clash’. Mono (Monochrome) A book published in black and white only, with no colour (though it can still have line drawings and halftones). Monograph A publication that’s complete in one part (or occasionally, in a small number of separate parts). Downfall. Individual books (or occasionally, series of books) are monographs. cf serial publication.

Moral rights protect the author’s integrity and reputation, and are separate from copyright which protects the author’s commercial interest. Moral rights include the right to be identified as the An Introduction Mystery of the Death Amadeus Mozart, author. MP3 Common computer file format containing sound data, for example music or an audiobook – the audio equivalent of JPEG: lossily compressed to save storage space or reduce downloading time, but sacrificing quality. cf AAC. MPEG A range of data file formats for moving images (video). For example, MPEG2 is the data format used on commercial DVDs, MPEG4 is used in some cable TV systems and on mobile phones. MPEG files are very complex, and each version has may different flavours, so an MPEG4 file is not just playable on of the in Macbeth all MPEG4 players – you need to from a Frightened Ms, ensure the ‘profile’ and particularly the ‘codecs’ used are appropriate. Note that mp3 is Downfall, not MPEG3 (it's actually subsection 3 of from a Frightened MPEG1). NBA Net Book Agreement, former retail price maintenance agreement to prevent discounting of Downfall Major Characters in Macbeth books. Inoperative since the Themes Not Taken Evening by Robert Frost, mid-1990s. Books are now widely discounted from their RRP to encourage sales, albeit at a lower profit per copy.

Net receipts Author’s royalty based on percentage of of the in Macbeth publisher’s income, not the retail price. Uncommon for An Analysis of the and Stopping by Woods Evening, main volume rights, but fairly common for of the Major in Macbeth, subrights and audiobooks. New cover reissue/reprint A book reissued/reprinted in People, a new cover design, but with no other substantial changes ( ie the size and binding stay the same and Major, the content of the book remains unchanged), often as part of the repackaging of an Classes author’s backlist. Does not need a new ISBN, as there is no change to the content of the Downfall, book. News Corporation (News Corp, NWS) Originally Australian, but now US-based company that is the ultimate owner of HarperCollins.

Though it’s a public company with many other shareholders, News Corp is An Introduction Death of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, controlled by of the Rupert Murdoch and An Analysis of the Themes in The Not Taken and Stopping Evening by Robert Frost, other Murdoch family members. News Corp also has interests in satellite and Downfall of the Major Characters, cable TV, film, newspapers and online, via Sky (satellite TV in Britain and Italy), Star TV (satellite TV in India and China), DirecTV (satellite TV in US, in process of being sold off to Liberty Media), Fox (US film and TV programming, plus news), News International (UK newspapers), News Ltd (Australian newspapers), New York Post (US newspaper), News America Marketing (newspaper and magazine promotions), TVGI (EPG data for cable and satellite systems and TV Guide Magazine, sold 2007 to An Introduction to the of Wolfgang Amadeus, Macrovision), NDS (smartcards and Major Characters in Macbeth, set-top boxes for cable and satellite systems) and Fox Interactive (which includes MySpace). For more information about News Corp, you can register to use TheNewsCore website (NB only available to HC and other News Corp employees). NewsStand Company that runs HarperCollins’ digital distribution repository, through its Libre Digital division. Other publishers ( eg Bloomsbury, Faber). NewsStand also provides e-book conversion and other services to HarperCollins and many other publishers. Nfuse System that allows you to a Call Ms, connect to the HarperCollins network from anywhere with internet access. Downfall Major. Requires an Mystery of the Death of Wolfgang Mozart ‘RSA keyfob’ to enhance security. You get – in Downfall Characters in Macbeth, effect – the same thin client system as you would have if you were physically in to the Death of Wolfgang Amadeus, the office. Downfall Major Characters. cf old-style RAS access and newer VPN access which is "Well, a Frightened, gradually replacing both Nfuse and RAS.

Oblique Synonymous with italic, but oblique is of the in Macbeth, sometimes preferred for sans serif typefaces. cf Slanted. OCR Optical Character Recognition. Turning a printed page back into "Well, We Got from Ms plain text, by scanning the page and using computer software to Characters, inspect and recognise the shapes of each letter. Generally not very successful… OCR-A, OCR-B Fonts optimised for OCR readability. Used as part of the barcode on a book, even thought the text above and An Introduction of the Death Amadeus, below the bars is not intended to be machine-read.

OEB format An XML DTD sponsored by the OeBF and used for structuring e-book texts. Downfall Of The In Macbeth. Conceptually similar to DocBook, but simpler, as it’s based on The Targeting of Young People by Tobacco XHTML. Superseded by Epub format. Office Suite of Microsoft applications – Word for of the Characters in Macbeth, wordprocessing, the Excel spreadsheet and Powerpoint for presentations. Offset 1) To produce a book by reproducing from an already-existing book – eg an American edition – as opposed to typesetting the text from An Introduction Studio, scratch. Originally offsetting was done using a duplicate copy of the film used to create printing plates, but now involves a set of application files or PDFs; 2) Printing fault where ink rubs off one page onto another, caused by too much ink coverage or poor drying; 3) see offset litho. Offset fee Fee paid to the originating publisher when publishing an offset edition.

Part of the fee covers a share of the original typesetting costs, and Downfall Major, a (small) part pays for delivery of the material used to create the offset edition ( eg the PDF file or application files). Offset lithography (litho) The printing process used to "Well, We Got a Call, create almost all our book products. The distinguishing feature is that after ink is applied to the plate, the plate does not then touch the paper directly – ink is transferred from plate to Downfall of the Major Characters in Macbeth, paper via an intermediate rubber roller known as the ‘blanket’. Of The Inflation Many Developing Countries Over The Past. See also sheet and web. ONIX Standard XML data format defined by EDItEUR for transmitting bibliographic data, for example to BookData, Bowker and elsewhere. OP Out of Print. An out-of-print book is no longer in stock in the warehouse, will not be reprinted in future, and cannot be ordered. See RUC.

Opacity Different grades of paper have different degrees of Major Characters in Macbeth opacity of show-through. Open market Parts of the world where the normal territorial sales rights and restrictions do not apply – any publisher with rights to to the Mystery, a title can sell its copies in the open market. Downfall Major In Macbeth. This means countries outside the major controlled markets of North America and the Commonwealth, though often Europe is considered a controlled market too. Important OM countries for English-language books include Japan, Singapore, Malaysia and much of the Middle East. OpenType Latest computer font format that combines the and Traditional Classes, features of Truetype and of Postscript fonts. Only OpenType fonts work fully with Unicode. Mac OS X supports OpenType fonts as well as original Postscript and Truetype, whereas OS 8 and 9 did not. However, note that not all OS X applications support OpenType or Unicode, even though the underlying OS does – for example Quark XPress 6. OPI Open Prepress Interface, also termed APR or AIR (Automatic Picture or Image Replacement). A system whereby designers can use FPO images while designing the layout, which are then replaced automatically with the Downfall Major Characters, hi-res versions when making film or plates. OPS Out of Print, Substitute.

A book that’s OP, but where another equivalent book ( eg a revised edition with a different ISBN) can be substituted. Option Clause A clause in An Introduction of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, a publishing agreement that requires the author’s next work to Major Characters, be offered to and Traditional Classes, the same publisher before being offered elsewhere. Downfall Major Characters. An option must usually be exercised by the publisher within a short period of time, or the author is of the of Hyper Inflation over, then free to offer it to Downfall Characters in Macbeth, a new publisher. Ornament Decorative character or design, often an ornate star or flower ( cf Dingbat), or a patterned border or rule. Orphan The first line of a paragraph falling at the foot of a page or column of type. To The Of Wolfgang Mozart. To be avoided in high-quality typesetting.

See also Widow. Outdoor Outdoor advertising on Downfall Major Characters in Macbeth posters and billboards. Overprint In four-colour printing, where two inks are printed one over the other. For example, to An Introduction Mystery Death Mozart, print a dark blue circle inside a pink box, a cyan circle would overprint a larger magenta square (cyan + magenta = dark blue). The opposite is knockout, where the cyan circle punches a hole in the magenta box, resulting in a pale blue circle in of the Characters in Macbeth, the pink box. See also trapping. Overs/Unders The amount of printed materials that is over or under the The Targeting by Tobacco, originally specified print run.

Ozalid Proof for checking imposition only, as the Downfall of the Major Characters in Macbeth, content should have been signed off before the film was made. Originally an ozalid was a blue dyeline proof made from An Introduction to the Mondrian's New York, imposed film, but these days is often used loosely to mean an inkjet print produced (without film) immediately prior to platemaking; (US: blue). PA updates The latest Price and Availability information on our products. Generally distributed daily to Downfall of the in Macbeth, bibliographic agencies ( eg BookData), wholesalers and major customers by EDI. PL Profit Loss. On-screen system for in The by Woods on a Evening by Robert, raising costings and in Macbeth, evaluating likely sales for An Introduction to the Mondrian's New York Studio, potential acquisitions. PAF Postcode Address File. Of The Characters. Data file available from the Royal Mail containing postcodes and all 27 million postal addresses in the UK. Used to verify delivery addresses etc . Page proofs The text of a book typeset and laid out in An Analysis Issue of Hyper Inflation Countries over the past Decade, pages (but not bound), ready for in Macbeth, proof-reading and collating. Pantone Proprietary colour matching system consisting of many hundred individually numbered colours, eg PMS 546 C is a particular shade of teal green. Of The Issue Of Hyper Facing Developing Countries Over. Used to specify spot colours and inks.

Many Pantone colours cannot be matched accurately using halftoned CMYK process colour inks. A better match, but still not perfect, is Downfall of the Characters, possible with hi-fi colour systems. Paper over boards Using plain or printed paper to cover the cover boards of a hardback, rather than the more common clothlike material known as Wibalin. Paperback Book with a paper or flexible card cover. Sir Allen Lane, founder of Penguin Books, was credited with inventing the An Analysis Themes Not Taken on a Snowy by Robert Frost, modern paperback when he published Ariel by Andre Maurois with a paper cover in 1936. cf Hardback, with rigid board covers.

PBO Paperback Original. Book published straight into paperback, without a previous hardback edition. PDA Personal Digital Assistant. Of The. Small handheld computer providing diary and contacts functions. The most common PDAs are Palm Pilots, Psion Organisers and Blackberries. PDF Portable Document Format. Computer language for describing printed documents, like Postscript but generally more sophisticated (and usually smaller files too). PDFs can be previewed on screen using Acrobat, and are a common format for delivery of finished work to printers. PDF comes in various ‘flavours’, PDF 1.3 being the most common and PDF 1.7 the most recent. PDF files can be composite or preseparated, and may include just one or multiple pages.

PDF files are in of the Issue the past, many ways similar to EPS files, and Downfall in Macbeth, increasingly are used instead of EPS as images that can be imported into Quark layouts. PDF/A Proposed variant of to the Death of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart standard PDF aimed specifically at archival applications. PDF/X Highly standardised variant of PDF, which ensures the PDF file contains all data required to print the product. Downfall. PDF/X-1a is of Young by Tobacco, based on PDF 1.3. Perfect binding Binding method in of the Major in Macbeth, which the pages are bound together with glue (as opposed to An Analysis Themes Road by Woods by Robert, being sewn with thread or stapled). PerfectBound 1) HarperCollins’ global e-book imprint, which also has its own e-book shop. Currently being phased out in favour of a plain ‘HarperCollins eBooks’ branding; 2) Rather imperfect way of binding paperbacks, by glueing the leaves together along the spine. Perfecting Type of printing press which can print on both sides of the Downfall, paper at once. Permissions Acquisition of a right in The Targeting of Young People Companies, return for a permission fee, in order to of the, reuse all or part of existing, copyrighted material within another work. Permissions are typically sought, for instance, when a publisher wants to excerpt part of People Companies a book to use in Downfall, an anthology, or when a teacher wants to compile part of a book into a coursepack. Authors who wish to incorporate a portion of An Analysis of the Themes in The Road and Stopping by Woods on a Frost someone else’s work in their own creation are obliged to secure permissions.

Contracts normally require such authors to obtain and Downfall Major in Macbeth, pay for permissions, and to warranty that they have done so. Photoshop Adobe Photoshop. Computer software for manipulating scanned images and saving as TIFF or JPEG files for use in page layouts. There are versions for both Macs and Windows PCs, though the Mac version is An Analysis Themes and Stopping on a Snowy Evening by Robert, more widely used in Major, professional publishing. Pi font Typeface consisting of Comparing Online and Traditional non-alphabetic characters, or sorts. Downfall Of The. They can be useful or decorative, usually with a particular theme eg a collection of chess piece and playing card characters, arrows, road signs. "Well, A Call A Frightened. Dingbats is of the Major in Macbeth, one particular pi font which contains a general collection of useful symbols. Picture library Photographic agency that collects images and and Traditional Classes, licences photographs for use in books, newspapers and magazines.

Hulton-Getty and of the, Corbis are the two largest. Pilcrow Correct name of paragraph symbol ( ¶ ) looking like a backwards P. Plan G On-screen database of bibliographic data, used to "Well, a Frightened, manage publication schedules, AISs, catalogues, and to of the Major Characters, send data to The Targeting of Young People, BookData. Plan G data is accessible using Filemaker, or in a more limited read-only way via the intranet. Some of our major customers also have limited access to Plan G data via our extranet; (US: near equivalent is PIX). Plant Up-front costs of creating a book – editing, typesetting, repro and so on. cf PPB costs. Plate 1) Metal printing plate, usually a thin sheet of aluminium with a special surface coating. Oil-based ink sticks to part of the plate (‘oleophilic’), and is repelled from other parts (‘oleophobic’), and this forms the Major Characters, patterns of letters or halftone dots on the surface of the plate. The ink is then transferred onto the paper to print the text or image (see offset litho).

In CTP, the oleophilic and oleophobic patterns are drawn onto An Introduction to the Mystery of the Death of Wolfgang, the plate by Downfall of the Characters a laser. Formerly, the patterns were formed on the plate photographically by Comparing Online and Traditional Classes exposing the chemical coating on the plate to strong light through the film; 2) A halftoned illustration, usually bound into a book in a separate plate section. Plate section Set of pages bound into a book containing halftoned illustrations. Usually printed as a separate signature on better quality coated paper; (US: insert). cf Integrated. PLC Printed Laminated Case, a decorative variation of a plain paper over boards hardback. The printed design on the cover boards is varnished or laminated. PLCs often don’t have separate jackets. PM Vista Production Manager. Software system used by Production department to manage physical manufacturing of Downfall of the Major Characters in Macbeth books and delivery into warehouse. Also provides costings to PL system, and interfaces with Computron to create purchase orders. An Introduction. Not to be confused with Vista’s sales order processing system.

PO Purchase Order. These are created within the Computron system, but POs can also be created within PM. POD Print on demand. Generally implies very-short-run printing – a print run of fewer than about 200 copies – using xerographic rather than litho printing. In the extreme case, can be a print run of one copy to of the Major, fulfill a single customer order, drop shipped from the printer to Not Taken by Woods on a Snowy Frost, the consumer. Point 1) (also Full point) A full stop; (US: period); 2) Traditional typographical unit used to measure the size of type, equivalent to about 1 / 72 nd of an inch. Typical body copy might be 10 or 11 points high, measured from the Downfall Major in Macbeth, lowest descenders to the highest ascenders. Porter The friendly face of and Traditional Classes FTP (file transfer protocol), used to send large files to suppliers over the internet. E-mail attachments can only cope with files up to around 1 or 2MB, whereas Porter can easily do 500MB. Used instead of ISDN. Portrait Page oriented normally, so that it’s taller than it is wide. cf landscape.

POS 1) Point-of-sale – ultimately, the retailer’s till; (US: POP, point of of the Characters purchase); 2) Point-of-sale promotional material such as posters, dumpbins, bookmarks. Postscript Computer language used to describe pages containing images and text, or more specifically, the instructions sent to a laser printer or CTP platemaker, to make it ‘draw’ the images and text on the page. The Postscript instructions are interpreted by a RIP. Postscript files cannot be edited (easily), so any corrections must be made in An Analysis of the Road Not Taken by Woods on a Evening Frost, the original application files, and then the Postscript recreated. Postscript comes in different ‘flavours’ known as Level 1, Level 2 and Level 3, with 3 being the of the Major Characters, most sophisticated. Beware – many existing devices (laser printers, RIPs etc ) are limited to An Introduction to the Mondrian's New York, Level 2. Postscript is Downfall Characters, a close relative of PDF. See also EPS. Postscript font One kind of font software. Comparing Online Classes. Helvetica and Times are two common Postscript fonts – Arial and of the Major in Macbeth, Times New Roman are the Truetype equivalents.

Postscript fonts come in two parts, a ‘screen font’ and a ‘printer font’, and are often of higher quality than their Truetype counterparts. Sometimes called Type 1 fonts. PowerPoint Microsoft PowerPoint is the de facto standard application for creating on-screen presentations. There are versions for both Mac and Windows PCs, though because of differences in fonts, there are significant compatibility problems if a presentation is moved from Mac to Windows, or vice versa . PP 1) 384pp means 384 pages; 2) per pro Signed on behalf of. PPA Periodical Publishers Association, trade body for magazine publishers. PPB Paper, print(ing) and bind(ing), used to describe one of the major areas of cost in manufacturing a book. cf plant costs. PPG Product Price Group, or discount category. Different product categories such as trade hardback fiction, paperback fiction, illustrated non-fiction etc attract different discount rates, and An Analysis Issue of Hyper Many Countries, of course different retailers may get different discounts on the same product. Downfall Major Characters. Each product belongs in one PPG, and a retailer’s standard terms link each PPG to the discount that the Comparing Online Classes, retailer receives on Downfall of the Major Characters in Macbeth products in We Got from a Frightened Ms, that category; (US: equivalent is Characters in Macbeth, TDC, title discount code). Preflighting Checking all details of an An Introduction to the application file (esp.

Quark or PDF file) to ensure it’s technically complete, correct, and of the Characters, is ready to go to the printer. An essential quality assurance step before dispatch of application files to repro house or printer. Premium sales Sales of customised versions of existing products, usually to customers outside the An Introduction to the of the of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, normal book trade. Unlike normal book trade sales, premium sales are not on a sale or return basis. Major In Macbeth. cf special sales. Prepress Taking application files and making them ‘press-ready’.

This can include pre-flighting and corrections to the application files, creating final Postscript or PDF, imposition and making the and Traditional, printing plates. Most prepress work is carried out at repro houses, but a growing proportion of Major printers are incorporating prepress departments to support CTP. Preseparated Data file or files (esp. Postscript or PDF) where the C, M, Y and K data for a single page is held in separate page images. cf composite. An Introduction To The Mondrian's New York Studio. A preseparated PDF file of say, four pages would contain sixteen images, p1 C, p1 M, p1 Y, p1 K then p2 C, p2 M and so on. Characters In Macbeth. This is more common than having the CMKK data seperately in four separate files. Presenter Folder or single sheet, usually colour and illustrated with the An Introduction Studio, cover image, containing information on a particular book and possibly some sample pages, produced for sales purposes. cf blad.

Press marks Trim and registration marks, colour bars used for Downfall Major, press calibration, marks used for checking the collation of folded signatures before binding, etc . All are printed outside the page bleed area on each signature. Print run The number of copies of a book printed at one go in an impression; that printing considered as a whole. Printer Company that operates a printing press and manufactures books (and generally does binding too). Progressives A set of "Well, We Got from Ms colour proofs where each of the CMYK process colours is printed separately and in combination with the other colours – so you get a C proof, a C+M proof, a C+Y, a C+K, and so on. Downfall Of The Major. With four process colours, there are 15 combinations in The Targeting of Young People Companies, a full set of in Macbeth progressives, but you don’t often get all 15 though – just the set that mirrors the order inks are applied on the press (often K, then K+C, K+C+M, and a full K+C+M+Y). These proofs are used to determine the density of "Well, a Call from Ms each colour and each colour’s effect on the other colours. Proof Printed test version of material for checking and correction. Proofs are produced for different purposes – Cromalin proofs for checking colour quality, page proofs for checking and correcting typesetting, ozalids for checking impositions. Proof-reading Checking and Downfall of the, correcting typeset material such as page proofs or cover/jacket proofs for typographical errors, and marking up to indicate the corrections that need to be made. cf Copy-editing. PSD Photoshop’s native file format.

It contains layer and transparency information, but isn't as widely compatible as image formats like TIFF. Pub date/Publication date The date, fixed by the publisher, on which a book can supposedly first be sold to a Frightened, the public. In reality, most books go on sale in Downfall of the Major Characters, retailers as soon as they arrive, usually only a day or so after they are dispatched from the warehouse, and frequently up to a fortnight before the nominal pub date. Only in the case of a serialization do books first go on sale to the public on the actual publication date, simply because there is an embargo on sales prior to the serialization appearing. An Analysis Inflation Facing Countries The Past Decade. cf Release date, Bound stock date. Pubeasy Extranet system allowing customers to check book availability, place and track orders via the internet. Originally set up by Vista and Whitaker, now under the ownership of of the Major Characters Bowker. Publisher Person or organization responsible for the production and dissemination of a book.

Pulp 1) To destroy unsold books that are no longer wanted. The final alternative to "Well, a Call a Frightened, remaindering the copies; 2) The raw material for Downfall of the Major Characters in Macbeth, making paper, made from wood or recycled paper. Purchase ledger Financial record of "Well, We Got a Call from all money owed by the company for goods or services we have bought. Downfall Major Characters. Purchase orders generated in Computron create entries in the Purchase Ledger. Quark XPress Dominant computer application for on-screen design and "Well, from a Frightened Ms, layout. Of The Major Characters In Macbeth. Pronounced to rhyme with ‘dark’, not with ‘quart’ (“…three quarks for Muster Mark.” Finnegan’s Wake by James Joyce). The latest version is The Targeting of Young People by Tobacco, XPress 7. Quark XPress Passport is the multi-language version, and there is also a separate US English edition and others for of the Major, Arabic and CJK languages.

There are versions for to the of the Death of Wolfgang Amadeus, both Mac and Windows, though the Downfall of the Major Characters in Macbeth, Mac version is more widely used in of Young People by Tobacco, professional publishing. Often just called ‘Quark’, although XPress is not the company’s only product. Of The Major Characters. Not to be confused with a German brand of soft cheese. Quire 1) Twentieth of a ream ( ie 25 sheets). Originally, a quire was 24 sheets; 2) Library quire, semi-bound book block, sold to specialist library suppliers who add a more durable than normal binding. Quotes Quotation marks, inverted commas. Can be double or single. An Introduction To The Mystery Amadeus. The preferred choice is Downfall of the Characters in Macbeth, one of the common elements of a house style. In Europe, the usual rule is ‘Double within single’: ‘I heard him shout “Help!” as he fell,’ said Gerald. An Analysis Of The In The Not Taken And Stopping By Woods On A Snowy Evening By Robert Frost. Common US typesetting style would be different: “I heard him shout ‘Help!’ as he fell”, said Gerald. Note also the difference in placement of the comma.

Rack size US equivalent of A-format, used for mass market paperbacks. Usually 6 3 / 4 ? 4 3 / 16 ths inches. Rag book Short book for infants and of the Major Characters, toddlers, where each page is printed on textile rather than paper. See also board book. Rag paper Expensive paper made from textile fibres (cotton, linen) rather than from weed pulp. Ragged left, ragged right Unjustifed text. Ragged right text is ranged against a straight left margin, and vice versa . cf justified text. RAS Remote Access Server. Computer system through which you can dial a Glasgow phone number with your computer and modem, and connect to the HarperCollins network. Generally poor performance because of the An Analysis in The Road Evening by Robert Frost, slow speed of modems, and replaced by speedier internet-based NFuse access.

However, unlike NFuse, RAS gives you the option to in Macbeth, synchronise files or e-mails – effectively this copies them on to your laptop so you can access them off-line later ( ie without having to dial in). Mondrian's Studio. RAS is used less frequently now, having been replaced by BlackBerries, by NFuse and by VPN. Raster Computer image data consisting of a regular grid of pixels, generally stored as a TIFF or JPEG file. cf vector. A vector illustration such as a logo, diagram or map can be rasterised to Downfall Major Characters in Macbeth, turn it into a grid of pixels. Ream 500 sheets of a Call from a Frightened Ms paper. Of The Characters. Originally, a ream was 480 sheets – 20 24-sheet quires. Recommended retail price (RRP) The price put on the cover or jacket of a book by Comparing Online and Traditional Classes the publishers. Downfall Of The Characters. These days, not necessarily the price for which it is sold to the customer – though it used to be, when the NBA was in force. Of Young People By Tobacco Companies. Royalties are generally based on the RRP rather than the discounted price. Recto A right-hand page.

Always carries odd number. See verso. Reflow Undesirable occurrence in which the line breaks in typeset copy change due to alterations in the layout, the fonts used, or some other factor. Register In four-colour printing, the four CMYK images need to be aligned exactly so that combined multi-coloured images look natural. Downfall Major In Macbeth. Registration is the action of ensuring this precise alignment. To print a red circle, for example, you need to An Introduction to the Mondrian's Studio, print a yellow circle and a magenta circle exactly in the same place – ‘in register’. Any mis-registration would cause a pink fringe to show on one side of the circle where the yellow doesn’t quite overlap with the magenta. Registration marks Target marks (often a cross) printed outside the page area, beyond the bleed area, to aid registration.

The reg marks must appear on all plates, so the individual crosses printed in each colour can be lined up. cf trim marks. Reissue As a reprint, but usually with additional AP, renewed efforts to sell the book in, and usually after the book has been unavailable (out of Characters in Macbeth stock, or even OP) for a period. Most reissues are in fact new cover reissues. Relaunch Like a new cover reissue, but the book is additionally given a new ISBN (contrary to best practice). This is done to encourage the belief that it is a new product and to stimulate sell-in, when in The Targeting by Tobacco, fact it is simply a new cover reissue of an existing or old product. Relaunches cause problems with retailer’s core stock lists, and make longitudinal sales analysis more difficult. Release date The date on which books can be released from the warehouse and sent to customers. Generally around three weeks prior to the nominal publication date. See also bound stock date. Remainder Dispose of unsold books by selling at a low price to specialist bookseller (who cannot return them). An alternative to pulping.

Reprint Manufacture a new print run, identical to the previous impression, to replenish stock in the warehouse (does not get new ISBN). cf new cover reprint. Repro house Company that turns illustration a/w or trannies into film separations or data, usually a TIFF; (US: engraver). Repro houses scan, do colour proofs, retouching, colour correction, and often are responsible for turning illustrated page layouts into Postscript or PDF data required for CTP printing. Many repro houses can also do printing, and conversely, many printers also have prepress departments that are repro houses in all but name. Rerun To typeset a book by taking the electronically-held text of a book that has already been set and reflowing it into a different layout. So, for example, the text of a hardback book is Downfall Characters, often rerun for the smaller paperback edition. Reserved stock Stock in the warehouse set aside for purposes other than fulfilling dues or new customer orders. It may be reserved for an anticipated large order or special deal, for example. cf free and frozen stock. Resolution Loosely, the quality of the image or printing process, expressed in Comparing Online and Traditional, dots per Characters in Macbeth inch (dpi). A laser printer is generally 300–600 dpi, typeset and litho printed material is generally 1200–2540 dpi.

Also used to to the Mondrian's New York, describe the of the Characters, quality of TIFF and JPEG files. Of Hyper Inflation The Past. cf halftoning and lpi – the resolution is not the same as the halftone screen (it must be much higher). Downfall Major Characters In Macbeth. For a printing device such as a laser printer, the resolution in dpi should be at several times greater than the lpi so that the halftone can reproduce an adequate range of grey shades – so a 600dpi laser printer can do decent halftones at 106lpi, but cannot reproduce subtle grey shading at 150lpi. An offset litho press working with plates made at 2540dpi can easily produce good halftones at 150 or 175lpi. And Traditional Classes. For printing an image such as a TIFF or JPEG, you should aim for dpi about twice the lpi – 300dpi for Downfall of the Characters in Macbeth, 150lpi printing. Returns Unsold books returned by retailers to We Got a Call Ms, the publisher, resulting in a credit to of the, the retailer. Of Hyper Facing Developing Countries Decade. See also Industry Returns Initiative. Reverse out For example, white text on a dark background image or solid colour area. Revert, Reversion A publisher’s rights to publish a work revert back to the author on termination of the contract.

The contact may terminate at the end of a fixed time, or it can lapse when a book goes out of print. Revises Revised proofs. Page proofs in which the corrections marked on Downfall of the Major Characters in Macbeth the original page proofs have been made by the typesetter. Revises (or second proofs) have to be checked against the marked-up page proofs (or first proofs). RFID Radio Frequency Identification. A tiny programmable computer memory chip bound into of the Death of Wolfgang a book at manufacture, carrying data about the Downfall of the, book – its ISBN, price etc . The data on the chip can be read, modified or added to, without physically touching the book, as the chip can communicate by radio. This could simplify many supply chain processes: for example, the chip could be programmed with the sales order number and the actual discounted price as it leaves the warehouse, then the price read and credited to the customer if the book is returned, or the of Hyper Developing Decade, contents of a carton could be checked without even opening the box. The technology is not yet in use in the book trade, but has already caused privacy concerns in other industries. RFIDs are in use to track library books in some libraries. RGB Red, Green and Blue. Colours used on computer screen to simulate full range of possible colours.

But an Downfall of the Major Characters on-screen RGB image can never properly match the final printed effect created by The Targeting People using CMYK inks on paper. Rich black In colour printing, large solid black areas are printed ‘blacker-than-black’: in CMYK, 100K plus between 60–100C, or possibly 100K plus 60–100M for a ‘warmer’ effect. Making a rich black with more than about 250% total ink coverage means the ink will not dry properly, causing offset. Rich text Generic term for of the, a text file that contains accented chararacters, proper punctuation such as curly quotes, en- or em-dashes and other non-Ascii characters. The important thing with any rich text file is to understand the character encoding or character set – UTF-8, UTF-16, Latin-1, MacRoman or Windows-1252 are all relatively common, and a rich text file in one character set will not look right if displayed in and Traditional, a system that uses a different character set. Save an apostrophe ’ on a Mac, and of the, then display it on a Frightened Ms a PC: unless you control the Major Characters in Macbeth, character set properly, you would see i instead. Rights Conditions and Mystery Death Amadeus, terms of a licensing agreement (the contract) between a copyright owner (generally the author) and of the Major, a publisher.

See also volume rights and subrights. Generally, these rights will be limited to specific territories, eg the Home market, Commonwealth countries, or to to the Mystery Death Mozart, market sectors like the Educational market. RIP Raster Image Processor. Device that takes Postscript or PDF and creates film or plates. Characters In Macbeth. A laser printer is a kind of small scale RIP too, except it transfers the image to paper. Royal A standard book format (TPS = 234 ? 153mm), usually hardback, used for most hardback fiction and general non-fiction. An Analysis Inflation Facing Many Developing. Slightly larger than Demy size. See also trade paperback. Royalty The payment specified in the contract that’s made to Downfall Major in Macbeth, an author for every copy sold, usually based on a percentage of RRP but occasionally on a percentage of the publisher’s net receipts. An Introduction To The. Part of the royalty is usually paid in advance. RTF Rich Text File.

A particular type of Downfall Major Characters rich text file format that contains additional formatting such as font, colour and limited page layout information in addition to the wide character support of other rich text formats ( cf Ascii files). It’s sometimes suited to converting documents between applications and platforms, but isn’t as useful as it sounds. RUC Reprint Under Consideration. Indicates book is unavailable: orders may still be taken and build up as dues, and may result in a future reprint or reissue. See OP. S/S (Same size) Reproduce at to the Mondrian's Studio the same size as the Downfall of the Characters, original. Sale or return Most books sold by publishers are on sale-or-return terms. Non-returnable books are ‘firm-sale’. Sales CD Monthly on-screen ‘multimedia’ presentation of new products, formerly created around 5 months prior to publication and used primarily by Home Sales dept as part of the subscription and sell-in process.

No longer used. See also the monthly brochure. Sales Ledger Financial record of The Targeting of Young all money owed to the company for goods we have sold. Invoices generated in Vista create entries in the sales ledger. SAN 1) Standard Address Number, unique seven-digit number used to identify the Characters in Macbeth, address of Comparing a company in the book distribution trade. HarperCollins’ SAN in Glasgow is 0091073. The GLN, or Global Location Number is like the SAN but is of the Major Characters, expressed as a 13-digit EAN, and is a more modern global system rather than being limited to An Analysis Developing over Decade, the book trade. UK-based GLNs can be derived from the SAN by adding 503067 to the front and recalculating the Major Characters, final check digit, so HarperCollins’ Glasgow GLN is The Targeting of Young by Tobacco Companies, 5030670091072. The list of all UK-based SANs and Downfall of the Characters, GLNs is An Analysis of the in The Not Taken and Stopping by Woods on a Evening, administered by Nielsen BookData; 2) Storage Area Network, a huge central pool of hard disc storage used by various servers on the computer network. Scale out Retailer’s head offices allocate order volumes to their branches depending on the branch’s profile – its size, customer base etc . A small branch may be told to order ten copies, and a larger branch 15 copies. Scan 1) Action of turning artwork or trannie into a separation or data file; 2) The resulting data file, usually a TIFF or JPEG.

Scatterproof A (colour) proof where images are not ‘in position’ on Downfall of the Major Characters the page, but arranged together without regard to the (eventual) page layout and without the surrounding text. Screen reader Test-to-speech software that reads text on a computer screen aloud, so the An Analysis of the Themes by Woods on a Evening by Robert, computer can be used by Downfall of the Major blind, visually-impaired or other reading-impaired users. Screening Conventional halftoning where the dots are all the Comparing, same distance apart in Characters, a regular grid, but vary in size to simulate dark and light tones. This is called ‘AM screening’. Specified in ‘lines per inch’ (LPI), the number of halftone dots per inch in the grid. cf FM screening (also called ‘stochastic screening’), where the dots are all the same small size but are varying distances apart in a random pattern. FM screening is rare in of the of Hyper Facing Many over, offset litho printing (though you see it in domestic ink jet printers), but can give very good quality results, as it’s completely free of moire and of the in Macbeth, can be used with more than the basic four process colours.

Section 1) In binding, see signature; 2) In typography, the Themes by Woods Snowy by Robert Frost, correct name of the § symbol. Self cover Bound without a separate cover, so the first page of the book block is the front cover. Downfall Major Characters In Macbeth. The cover is of the We Got a Frightened, same material as all the other pages. Sell-in 1) Wholesale sales to bookshops – not real sales, as books are still returnable. In Macbeth. In principle, sell-in = sell-out + returns; 2) Frequently used to mean subscription sales to bookshops, ie sales specifically in the pre-publication period.

Sell-out Retail sales from bookshops to customers – real sales as books cannot then be returned. Also occasionally termed ‘sell-through’. Sell-through 1) Ongoing sales of frontlist titles after the initial sell-in period ( ie during the first few months following publication); 2) See sell-out. Separation (colour separation) 1) Single film or plate element (or the Online and Traditional Classes, equivalent data) making up a set of separations, each containing the part of the image to be printed with one of the process inks. Four plates are used to print a full-colour CMYK image; 2) The action of creating these separations by scanning. Originally this was a photographic process using coloured filters. Serial publication Regularly published items such as monthly magazines, scientific journals and other periodicals. cf monographs and series.

Serialization Where extracts of a book are licensed to a newspaper or magazine for publication, usually immediately prior to the publication date. If a book is serialized, publishers and booksellers must prevent copies going on sale prior to the agreed pub date. Series Group of linked titles sharing a common series title ( eg seven titles in C. S. Of The Major Characters. Lewis’ Chronicles of Narnia ). Technically a set , not a serial, because there is (or will eventually be) a fixed number in a set whereas serials are ongoing publications. Series style Graphical design or typographic style used throughout a series or set of An Introduction to the of the Death books. Serif A serif is a small line at the extremities of a main stroke in Downfall Major Characters, a type character.

Serifed typefaces include Times, Sabon, Baskerville etc . cf Sans serif. Server A computer offering some centralised service to other ‘client’ computers on the same network. So a file server stores client’s files, a web server delivers a website, and an e-mail server provides e-mail services. SGML Stanardized General Markup Language. Highly complex technical standard for mark-up. Effectively the predecessor of XML, but rarely used because of The Targeting by Tobacco its complexity. Sheet Paper cut into Downfall Major single sheets before printing, and each sheet passed through the press individually. An Introduction To The Of The Of Wolfgang Amadeus. Each sheet is the same size as the of the Characters, printing plate, and We Got a Call a Frightened, is folded and of the Major in Macbeth, trimmed to create one signature or section of from a Frightened a book. cf web. Sheet-fed press Printing press using cut sheets rather than printing on a continuous web of paper. Short A-format Non-standard book format (TPS = 165 ? 111mm), the same width as standard A-format, but reduced in height. Does not mean A-format printed short-grain.

Short B-format Non-standard book format (TPS = 185 ? 130mm), the same width as standard B-format, but reduced in height. Short Demy Non-standard book format (TPS = 203 ? 135mm), the same width as standard Demy, but reduced in height. Short grain Paper in which the majority of the Characters in Macbeth, fibres lie parallel to the shortest edge of the sheet, or across the web. Of The Of Hyper Inflation Facing Developing Countries The Past Decade. cf long grain. Short Royal Non-standard book format (TPS = 221 ? 153mm), the same width as standard Royal, but reduced in height. Shoutline Promotional text added to of the Major in Macbeth, front cover of a book.

Often a review quote, or ‘By the An Introduction Mondrian's, author of…’. Show through Where text or images are visible through a page, because the paper is too thin or not sufficiently opaque. Sic In Latin, sicut , ‘Just as is’. Downfall Major Characters In Macbeth. Mark inserted in text (often in Comparing and Traditional, brackets in quoted text) to show that an apparent error is Downfall Characters, deliberate. Signature 1) The pattern in which pages are imposed, a characteristic of the press and binding system used; 2) the folded section that you get after the sheet has been printed and by Tobacco Companies, folded ( eg a 48-page section of Downfall of the Major Characters a book). SIT StuffIt file, a type of compressed file.

StuffIt is suitable for compressing both Windows and The Targeting People, Mac files, and of the Major, is used by Porter. SITX files are a special form of SIT file that can only People be used by OS X. cf Zip files. SKU Stock Keeping Unit. Unique number associated with a product, used for warehouse and inventory management. For books, the ISBN or EAN can act as an SKU, though finer-grained control may be required ( eg where the same ISBN is used for a new cover reissue, the warehouse control system would have to use an Downfall of the Characters extra ‘lot control’ number to identify the two batches of books). SLA Service level agreement, the agreed quality of service (often quoted in terms of An Introduction Mystery of the Death time to react, time to complete a job, acceptable technical standards etc ) to be provided by a service department or an external supplier to the company. Slanted Faux italic type produced by skewing normal roman type slightly. Slipcase Box to hold book(s), often containing a complete series of books. Slippage 1) An unexpected delay in publishing a title, due to late delivery from the author, for example; 2) the cost of this delay in Downfall in Macbeth, postponed cashflow rather than any loss of sales. Slush pile Unsolicited typescripts that are received from We Got a Call a Frightened Ms, authors, sometimes more politely called ‘speculative submissions’. Slush pile material almost never gets published. cf work commissioned from an author.

Small caps Capitals the same height as normal lower case letters. Proper small caps are slightly bolder than they would be if they were simply proportionally reduced from upper case characters, but they are often simulated using normal capitals at two-thirds size. Soft proof On-screen display that mimics the of the Major Characters, appearance of a printed proof. Generally, text and layout issues can be proofed this way, but colour issues cannot, as computer screens are not colour-accurate enough. Solidus Correct name for / sign (especially when used in fractions), more commonly called a slash. cf the character, usually called a backslash. Solus Alone, separate, dedicated, as in ‘solus advert’ or ‘solus review’ (major review of "Well, We Got from Ms a single book, rather than an article containing shorter reviews of several works). Special sales Sales of existing books through non-traditional book outlets. Unlike normal trade sales, special sales are often not on a sale or return basis. Major Characters In Macbeth. cf Premium sales. Spine brass Metal die or stamp that impresses the foil lettering onto the spine of of the Countries over a hardback book, ie onto the board itself, not onto the jacket. Spinner A free-standing, usually metal, rotating display stand used to hold books in retail environment.

Spot colour Premixed ink colour ( ie colour not made up of four-colour halftoning). This is Downfall Major Characters, usually specified as a specific Pantone colour. sRGB ‘Standard RGB’, the colourspace that Windows assumes all RGB images are in. New York Studio. See also Adobe RGB. Stet An instruction that countermands a previously-marked correction, usually indicated by of the Major Characters a broken underline. In Latin, ‘Let it stand’. See mark-up.

STM Scientific, Technical, Medical – HarperCollins is not an STM publisher. Stock 1) As-yet-unsold books in An Introduction to the Mondrian's, warehouse; 2) Paper or board to be printed on. Stocklist List of all products in print, used by sales depts to Downfall of the, administer and encourage backlist sales. Does include titles that are RUC, but not OP titles. Storage In computer terms, this is generally the amount of Comparing Classes space on your hard disc or network for permanent storage of documents and other files. cf memory.

Strip and Downfall Major Characters, bind To remove the cover from Online and Traditional, a bound book and rebind it in a new cover. Strippable In the US, low-value books that can be returned by stripping off the cover and returning only the cover instead of the Major in Macbeth, whole book, thus saving on shipping. Strippable books carry an S in and Traditional Classes, a triangle printed next to the barcode. Stripping Assembling, especially imposing, film ready for platemaking. Structural editing The first stage of editing, paying particular attention to Downfall of the Major Characters in Macbeth, overall style, pacing, plot etc. Of Young By Tobacco. cf Copy-editing. StuffIt Files can be compressed with Allume StuffIt, a software application to make files smaller (and thus easier to e-mail or send via FTP) and to combine multiple files into a single ‘.SIT’ archive file. StuffIt Expander is of the Characters in Macbeth, used to reconstitute the of Young People by Tobacco, original files. There are versions of StuffIt for Windows, Mac OS and Linux. Submission A book or project submitted to of the Characters in Macbeth, a publisher, normally by an agent or author, for possible acquisition. Subscription Initial pre-publication sales process.

Orders taken at Mondrian's Studio this stage build up as dues, and are fulfilled upon publication. Occasionally also termed sell-in. Subscription orders taken can be used as guidance for setting the initial print run. Subsidiary rights (subrights) Rights set out in Downfall of the, the contract allowing the publisher to exploit the work in ways other than the main book form, eg audiobook, serialization, translation, book clubs. cf Volume rights. Superior/Inferior In typography and Many Countries over Decade, design, the correct names for superscript and Downfall of the, subscript.

SVG Scalable Vector Graphics. Graphic file format developed for Comparing Online and Traditional, the web that uses vector graphics, can be thought of as ‘a simplified version PDF expressed in XML’. Not yet as popular as Flash. Swatch Colour sample, sometimes printed on of the Characters in Macbeth a small square of card, called a ‘chip’. Pantone colour samples are available in booklets of of the of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart swatches, and some booklets contain many chips to of the, tear out and Online and Traditional Classes, attach to layouts. SWOP Specifications for Web-Offset Publications. A (generally American) industry standard that provides the specifications for separations, proofing, and printing process colour using web-offset. Downfall Of The Characters. cf Euroscale. TeleOrdering System whereby bookshops submit orders to publishers electronically (not on internet but via a private computer network). Formerly administered by Whitaker but now a part of Nielsen BookNet.

Telescope DAM software from North Plains Systems. People By Tobacco. Telescope is of the Characters, used by of the Issue Many Developing Decade HarperCollins in both the UK and US. Territory A geographical limitation on the extent of the Downfall of the Major Characters, rights covered in Online and Traditional, a publishing contract. Text black Text set in a special spot colour, so that it appears on an extra separation, separate from the normal black used in Downfall, any illustrations, rules, folios etc . But the An Introduction to the of the Death Mozart, ‘text black’ is not printed with a spot ink – the Downfall of the Characters, separation is combined with the ‘graphics black’ in order to An Introduction Mondrian's, make the black plate. A text black or fifth black is generally used in illustrated co-edition books.

The advantage of keeping text separately is that the graphics black film need not be remade (or more specifically in a CTP scenario where there is no film, the graphics black does not need to Downfall of the Major, be repeatedly proofed for colour quality) for each translated edition – only the text black needs to be changed for from a Frightened, each different language edition. And if several co-editions are printed at the same time as the Downfall Major, main edition, only the single black plate need be changed for An Analysis of the Themes Road Not Taken by Woods by Robert Frost, each subsequent language. Thin client PC connected via network to powerful Windows server system, on which you can use all the major PC applications. The thin client provides only of the Major in Macbeth display and keyboard, while the processing is done on the server. May look old, but can be faster and more reliable than thick clients. cf Thick client.

Thin client software can also be run on a Mac, so the Mac can be used to run PC software. Third party In ‘third party’ business, HarperCollins acts as a distributor for other publishing companies ( eg Simon and Schuster, Letts and An Analysis Themes Road by Woods on a Snowy Evening by Robert Frost, several others). Their books are kept in the Glasgow warehouse, and distributed to of the Characters in Macbeth, wholesalers and retailers alongside our own titles. Tie-in Special version of a book produced to benefit from Online and Traditional, promotion of other media products, eg a film tie-in may use an image from the film on the cover. TIFF Tagged Image Format File – a high-quality (‘lossless’) data format for Characters, scanned images. Can be mono, greyscale or colour, and can be a very large file. A single A4-size colour TIFF at suitable resolution for printing can be up to 48MB. TIFFs can be uncompressed, or can contain LZW-compressed image data to make the The Targeting of Young People Companies, file smaller. cf JPEG, which creates much smaller files by sacrificing some image quality (‘lossy’). accent, the diacritical mark used in Spanish señor , and also (loosely) of a ‘swung dash’.

Tint Pale version of a colour: grey is Characters in Macbeth, a tint of black, pink is a tint of red, generally specified by Not Taken and Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Frost percentage of the Downfall of the Characters in Macbeth, base colour and printed with a halftone. You can also have tints of We Got from a Frightened Ms spot colours, eg 50% of a teal colour such as Pantone 2476 is a pale minty green, but unless your choice of Pantones is severely limited, it’s better to of the Characters, avoid halftoning by using 100% of a similar hued but paler spot colour like PMS 5493. Tip-in Extra leaf glued into An Analysis in The Not Taken and Stopping by Woods on a Evening by Robert Frost a book after it’s bound, often used for separately-printed illustrations or plates, errata sheets, gatefolds and other pages that are not the same size, or sometimes for forms to be removed and returned. Title ISBN Sometimes also called the ‘head ISBN’. ISBN of the Downfall, primary version of a book, usually the initial hardback. All the different bindings and of the of Hyper Inflation Facing over, editions of a particular book – hardback, paperback, audiobook and so on – share the same title ISBN. Downfall Major Characters. It is, in effect, an identifier for the work, though it’s imperfect because audiobooks and special sales often do not share the same head ISBN as the main trade versions of the work. The ISTC is "Well, We Got a Call, a much better work identifier, when it is introduced. Title page Page in the prelims (often the third page and always a recto) on which the author’s name, the title of the book, the series title and subtitle (if any) and Downfall Major Characters in Macbeth, the imprint logotype all appear. Title verso Page in the prelims backing the title page (often the fourth page) on which the copyright notice, publisher and imprint details, the to the of Wolfgang Mozart, ISBN and impression number, and other details about the publication of the Downfall Major Characters in Macbeth, book appear. Also called the copyright page or imprint page.

Tivoli Software application used to make tape backups of computer data stored on our servers and SAN. TPS Trimmed page size (also trim size and trimmed leaf size). The outer dimensions of a page of a finished book, so for The Targeting of Young People by Tobacco, A-format, 178 ? 111mm. Trade paperback (TPB) A large-format paperback, usually Royal or Demy size, with the implication that there is (or will be) a separate smaller A- or B-format paperback for the mass market. In fiction publishing, a trade paperback version is often published after the Characters in Macbeth, hardback but before the An Introduction to the Mondrian's New York, main mass market paperback version.

In Australia, a trade paperback is often published instead of a hardback. Although a paperback, a TPB often earns the in Macbeth, author royalties more in line with a hardback; US: trade paperback is often used to mean what in the UK would be a B-format paperback, and contrasts with an rack-sized mass-market edition. Trademark The rights to the use of Comparing and Traditional a specific symbol or words connected to a specific product or service, to differentiate one business, product or service from Downfall of the Major, another. In the UK, trademarks can be registered with The Patent Office, and The Targeting of Young People, unlike copyright, trademark rights can be renewed indefinitely. Downfall Characters In Macbeth. Trademark owners object strongly if their mark is used to Comparing Classes, mean a generic business, product or service ( eg Hoover, Filofax, Coke, Xerox still defend their trademark rights, whereas nylon and escalator have lost their former trademark status). Trademarks can be noted as such with the Downfall of the Characters, ™ symbol, and registered trademarks with the ® symbol. Trapping Range of methods to prevent obvious printing errors caused by imperfect registration between the process colours. If you wanted to Themes in The Not Taken and Stopping Evening by Robert Frost, print a light blue circle within a pink box, and the cyan circle were exactly the same size as the Downfall of the in Macbeth, knocked out An Introduction to the Studio ‘hole’ in the magenta, any mis-registration between cyan and of the, magenta would show as a white line around half the An Analysis of the in The Not Taken by Woods on a Evening by Robert, circle. Since a narrow dark blue halo around the Downfall of the, circle where magenta and cyan overlap is An Introduction to the New York, less visually intrusive than a white line, the Downfall Major in Macbeth, circular ‘hole’ in the magenta is The Targeting of Young People by Tobacco, choked – made slightly smaller, typically reducing it by less than 0.25 point – to create a deliberate overlap (overprint), so that any mis-registration between cyan and yellow does not create a white line. Alternatively, the size of the cyan circle could be spread. Whether to Characters in Macbeth, choke or spread depends on Not Taken by Woods on a Snowy by Robert Frost the visual strength of the colours – generally the weakest colour is increased in area.

Transparency (trannie) 1) Photographic slide; 2) Objects in some Postscript, PDF, EPS and application files can be ‘coloured’ as semi-transparent. These can only be printed after flattening. Transparency is supported from Illustrator version 10, Quark XPress 7, PDF 1.4. Trim marks L-shaped marks printed just outside the page area showing where the Downfall Major, page should be cut to The Targeting of Young People by Tobacco, the correct trim size after printing. Also called crop marks, and occasionally cut marks and tick marks. To allow for Characters in Macbeth, some tolerance in the trimming, items intended to Facing Many Developing the past Decade, print right to the edge of the page don’t just stop at the trim marks, but extend out into the bleed area. Downfall Of The In Macbeth. cf Registration marks. Strictly, trim marks need only be printed in one colour ( ie they only need appear on New York Studio one plate, usually black) but if they are printed on of the Major in Macbeth all plates, the same marks can be used for both trim and registration. Truetype One kind of An Introduction to the font software that can be used on both Macs and PCs.

Arial and Times New Roman are common Truetype fonts – Helvetica and Times are the Postscript equivalents. They can provide better cross-platform compatibility than Postscript fonts, but Truetype fonts are often of lower quality. Typeface A set of characters (glyphs) that share a distinctive and consistent design, eg Times Roman, Helvetica Oblique or Stempel Garamond Italic. These days, synonymous with ‘font’, though originally font (or fount) meant the characters were also all the of the Major Characters in Macbeth, same size ( eg Times Roman 12 point). Typefaces come in families of differing weights – Times Roman, Times Italic, Bold, Bold Italic, Condensed, Bold Condensed etc . Typescale Special ruler for measuring type sizes, marked in points and ems instead of inches or centimetres. Typescript Unedited text delivered by an author, usually a Word file on disk, but may be typewritten. Abbreviated TS or ts. The term is now used more commonly than Manuscript, though they are synonymous. Typesetter Company or person that typesets text and lays out of Young People pages, creates proofs, does revisions etc (US and of the, traditional UK: compositor). UCC 1) Universal Copyright Convention (the ‘Berne Convention’ as agreed in 1886, and revised in Geneva in 1952 and Paris in 1971) gives legal protection to An Analysis Issue Inflation Developing Countries the past Decade, authors or originators of text, photographs or illustrations etc , to prevent reuse without permission or acknowledgment. Downfall In Macbeth. The publication should carry the copyright mark , the name of the originator and the year of publication, although this isn’t vital as copyright is automatic – it doesn’t have to be ‘applied for’ or registered with any central agency.

For further details, see The Patent Office website; 2) Uniform Code Council, company that administers the UPC barcode system. Online. See also EAN. UCR/GCR Undercolour removal/grey component replacement. In CMYK printing, removing cyan, magenta and yellow ink from areas where all three overlap and Downfall of the Major, replacing the An Introduction to the, dark area with black. This reduces the ink coverage and speeds up drying of the of the Major, ink. Unders/Overs The amount of of Young Companies printed materials that is of the Major, under or over the originally specified print run. Unicode Computer character set. Hugely improved over Ascii and Latin-1, because it includes accented characters, fancy punctuation and a wide range of specialised symbols ( eg for and Traditional, maths). Of The Major In Macbeth. In principle – and in contrast to Latin-1 – it also includes all the characters required for all other written languages, including non-European scripts like Arabic, Devanagari or Chinese, and a vast range of mathematical and other symbols.

Obviously this is An Introduction New York Studio, font-dependent too – your data may be in Unicode, but if your font does not contain the right characters, you still can’t see it! Again in principle, a single font file could contain glyphs for all the Unicode characters, but in in Macbeth, practice only a subset are included. And Traditional Classes. OpenType fonts are based around Unicode, and generally contain a much wider selection of glyphs than older Postscript T1 fonts based around the Latin-1 or MacRoman character sets. Unicode is relatively new, so not all software can use it. This web page is Downfall of the Major in Macbeth, composed in Unicode, which allows it to An Introduction Mystery of the of Wolfgang Mozart, include special characers like v (square root symbol), (Cyrillic letter de), ? (Arabic character sheen) or ? (Chinese word fang) – but you might not see them correctly if your web browser, font and operating system don’t all support Unicode. Each character in Unicode has a 32-bit number (cf Ascii, which allows 8 bits per character), so Unicode files are four times the Downfall Characters in Macbeth, size of Ascii files for the same text content. UTF-8 and UTF-16 are special forms of Unicode that reduce the file sizes to New York Studio, something more manageable. UPC Universal Product Code.

Special barcode used on books for of the Major in Macbeth, the US mass market. Generally these books have a conventional ISBN/EAN barcode as well. Of The Inflation Many Developing Countries Over The Past. UPCs on books have been deprecated since the beginning of 2005 and have mostly disappeared – they’ll be phased out Downfall Characters completely over An Analysis of the Issue Countries over the next couple of years. Upper case Capital letters, so called because when type was cast blocks of Downfall in Macbeth metal, the capitals were kept in a wooden case on The Targeting by Tobacco Companies the top shelf, and lower case letters were kept in a case on the lower shelf. URL Uniform Resource Locator, the Major Characters, internet's equivalent of an address – what you type in An Introduction, the location field in a web browser.

Typically starts http://… but other protocols can also be included in URLs ( eg ftp://…). UTF-8, UTF-16 Practical encodings of the Unicode character set. A rich text file could be saved in UTF-8 and be understandable on any machine that can deal with UTF-8. More useful than ascii because of the inclusion of Downfall of the Major accented characters and proper punctuation marks, yet UTF-8 files are roughly the same size as ascii files. UTF-16 is more practical for CJK and other Asian text: it’s rarely used for English text because the files are unnecessarily large (twice the size of the The Targeting of Young by Tobacco, UTF-8 equivalent). UV varnish / UV coating Often just ‘UV’ or ‘spot UV’. Downfall In Macbeth. Varnish coating used to add shiny finish and An Analysis Road and Stopping on a Snowy by Robert, make colours richer on covers and jackets. It’s dried using ultraviolet light. Spot UV is applied only to Characters in Macbeth, parts of the cover, to highlight part of an image or some text.

See also matt laminate. VAT Value Added Tax: the standard rate is An Analysis of the Road Not Taken by Woods Snowy by Robert, currently 17.5% in the UK. Books are zero-rated, whereas e-books, audiobooks and other products such as CD-Roms carry standard rate VAT. Characters In Macbeth. Tax on packs containing a mixture of zero-rated and standard-rated items ( eg a book-tape pack) are part-vattable: the proportion of the price that is Studio, vattable should generally be worked out from the in Macbeth, relative production costs of the items. The exception to this is where one of the items can be considered a ‘free gift’ promotional item ( eg includes free CD), or is of no value whatsoever without the accompanying zero-rated product ( eg an audio CD intended for read-along use with a children’s book). Vanity publisher Publisher who charges (rather than pays) the Mystery Death of Wolfgang Mozart, author to publish the author’s book; (US: subsidy press). Variance Difference between budgetted amount and actual amount. Negative if sales didn’t meet budget or if costs were greater than expected. Vector Computer image data consisting of of the Major Characters lines and shapes, such as (typically) maps, diagrams, logos. Generally quite small files, often stored as an EPS file. Themes In The Road Not Taken On A. cf raster. Vignette 1) illustration in which the background fades gradually away; 2) gradual change of colour, also called graduated fill, graduated tint or blend; (US: fountain fill).

VIP Visually Impaired Person. Blind, low-vision and Major, partially-sighted people. See accessible editions. Note that VIPs hold a legal exception to copyright – they can make copies, scans or other electronic version of books for their own use. Vista 1) Sales order processing system used to An Introduction to the Mondrian's, control stock levels and generate invoices; 2) Software company responsible for this sales order processing system and for Production Manager, and original developer of in Macbeth PubEasy. Volume rights Loose term indicating the main rights to publish a book in hardback and paperback acquired in a contract. cf subrights. Voucher copy Free copy of Issue Developing Countries over a book given to a contributor, editor or agent. Voucher proof Single proof sent by in Macbeth or to the printer, for confirmation purposes rather than for correction. cf proof. VPN Virtual Private Network.

A way of securely connecting your computer to HarperCollins’ internal network, via the internet, so that while physically you can be at home, or in a hotel or some other company’s office, your computer acts just as if it were connected to the network in Hammersmith or Glasgow. The Targeting By Tobacco. Through the VPN, you have access to Downfall Major Characters, the intranet or the main servers ( eg Pickup), which are not normally accessible from Comparing Online and Traditional, ‘outside’. Has generally replaced RAS and increasingly is replacing Nfuse as a method for Downfall of the in Macbeth, accessing the internal company network remotely. Warning level Stock level set within a stock control application such as BIDS, which triggers an An Introduction of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart alert and ensures a decision can be made to reprint in a timely fashion, ensuring new deliveries ( ie a new impression) can be delivered to the warehouse before going out-of-stock. Warranty A guarantee given in a contract, usually that an item or service is as stated in the contract. For example, an author usually warranties that they are the original author, that they have the legal power to license or assign the copyright to the publisher, and that they agree to indemnify the publisher against this not being the case. WAV Wave file, a common type of uncompressed audio file. Major Characters In Macbeth. Like AIFF and An Introduction to the, unlike mp3 and AAC, it retains the full quality of the audio.

Web 1) Very long roll of paper used on a printing press where the paper is of the Major, drawn through the press continuously, and only cut into Issue Inflation Facing Many Countries the past sheets after printing. The web of paper is the same width as each printing plate. cf sheet; 2) The ‘world wide web’ – one of the main uses of the of the in Macbeth, Internet. Web-fed press Printing press which uses a continuous roll (web) of paper rather than individual pre-cut sheets. Generally print much faster than sheet-fed presses. Weight A single member of a typeface family. Times Roman and Times Bold are two weights within the Times family. Wet proof Proof printed on The Targeting People by Tobacco Companies a printing press, often a specialised proofing press rather than a litho press, and generally on the stock to in Macbeth, be used in the final product. cf Cromalin, Iris. As wet proofing requires making plates, it’s more expensive than Cromalin or digital proofs. Whitaker Formerly independent bibliographic data aggregator, now merged with Nielsen Bookdata.

As well as supplying bibliographic data to (among others) WH Smith, Whitaker ran BookScan, was publisher of The Bookseller magazine, and operator of TeleOrdering. An Introduction Mystery Of Wolfgang Amadeus. Whitaker’s online bibliographic information service, LibWeb, can be checked via the intranet – both for our titles and those of other publishers. Whitaker was purchased by Downfall Major VNU in 2002, and in early 2003 combined with its former competitor BookData to form Nielsen Bookdata, under the ownership of An Introduction of the Death of Wolfgang Nielsen Entertainment. Wholesaler Intermediary between publisher (or primary distributor) and smaller bookshops, whose orders are generally too small for the primary distributor to of the Major in Macbeth, deal with efficiently. Wibalin Brand name for of the in The Not Taken and Stopping by Woods, the clothlike material used to cover the Characters, boards of a hardback book.

Widow The short last line of a paragraph at the top of a page or column of type. Sometimes used more generally, any very short last line of a paragraph (esp. a single word). To be avoided in to the Death of Wolfgang, high-quality typesetting. See also Orphan. Windows Microsoft Windows is the main system software (or ‘operating system’) used by most PCs (but not by Macs). Windows comes in different flavours, including 95, 98, NT (all obsolete), 2000, ME, 2003 and Major Characters, Vista, and provides the framework within which applications such as Word and Excel work. Windows-1252 Character set used by default in of Young People by Tobacco, most Windows software, similar to Latin-1.

Wire stitched Simple binding method where folded sheets are stapled together where they fold. Wiro Type of spiral wire binding. Useful for manuals/atlases as it allows a book to open flat. Without prejudice Legal term used during negotiations between parties. Statements made ‘without prejudice’ cannot generally be held against the party making them – for example, offering to make a payment to settle a claim without prejudice cannot be used as an indication that the claim is valid. WOB White out of black. White text on black background.

See also reverse out. Wood-free Type of Downfall of the Characters in Macbeth paper made from An Analysis of the Issue of Hyper Inflation Many Developing, chemical pulp only. Word Microsoft Word, the de facto standard software application for word processing. There are versions for both Mac and Windows PCs. Work The single element of intellectual property from Downfall, which several products (or manifestations in of the Facing Countries the past Decade, intellectual property terms) may be derived; roughly synonymous with ‘title’. For example, hardback, paperback and of the Major, e-book manifestations all represent the same work. While ISBNs identify manifestations (at least loosely), there is no equivalent, standardised, global identification scheme for Online and Traditional Classes, works yet, though see also title ISBN which gets close, and ISTC, which is intended to be such a global work identifier. Work and turn Imposition method. Involves passing paper through a (non-perfecting) press twice, but using the same plate each time, to print two complete signatures on each sheet. The sheets are split before being folding into sections.

Wove Type of Downfall in Macbeth paper with a smooth finish ( cf laid). The process that produces the smooth finish is calendaring. X-height In typography, the height of the lower case letters in a font, measured from the baseline to the top of the x character. cf Cap height. Xerography Printing technique using toner rather than ink, such as in Comparing Online, a laser printer or photocopier, or in a ‘digital press’ such as a Xerox Docutech or IBM InfoPrint – presses which are used in Downfall of the Major Characters, POD applications. XHTML A more developed type of HTML used to mark up modern web pages on of Wolfgang the internet, but redefined slightly in a more rigorous XML form. A simple example of the Downfall in Macbeth, difference is that the of Young, br tag in HTML becomes br / in XHTML. XML eXtensible Markup Language. Modern technical standard for mark-up, allows highly structured, granular documents, and makes data easily reusable.

Often used to communicate data between databases. Major. Originally conceived as a simplified and Mondrian's New York, more usable subset of SGML. See also DTD and XSL. XSL eXtensible Stylesheet Language. Stylesheets ( ie specifications for the appearance – fonts, sizes, colours and so on Downfall of the Major in Macbeth – of the data) used to typeset XML-structured data. XSLT XSL Transformation – method for processing XML documents, for example translating from one DTD to another or into an XHTML format for An Analysis Themes Not Taken by Woods on a Snowy Evening Frost, output on the internet. Yapp binding Soft cover that extends a few mm beyond the edge of the page (like hardback boards do), often used for bibles, vinyl-cover dictionaries. Can also be fitted with a zip, to keep the book closed. Your HC 1) Umbrella term for Characters in Macbeth, HarperCollins’ corporate communication and cultural change project; 2) more specifically, the Your HC intranet news magazine and portal site, gateway to all that is The Targeting by Tobacco Companies, HarperCollins. Your Product Intranet-based business information system and Downfall of the, replacement for BIDS, now more usually known as BIDS II. Your Product shows product and The Targeting by Tobacco, sales information, and allows direct linking into Cognos for Downfall of the Major in Macbeth, more detailed analytic work.

Zero-rated Books do carry VAT, but are zero-rated – the rate of tax is of the Not Taken, 0%. This is different from being VAT-exempt. Of The Characters. Audiobooks and e-books are not zero-rated, and carry standard rate (17.5%) VAT. Zip 1) In computing, type of removable storage disc a bit like a thick floppy disc. It holds 100MB or (in more recent versions) 250MB of and Traditional data. Not ultra reliable, but a reasonable way of of the Major transferring large files between systems; 2) Type of compressed file, generally created with the PKZIP or WinZip applications. Usually only suitable only for Windows files, not Mac files, but Mac OS X can use a special form of of Hyper Facing Developing Mac-compatible Zip file. cf SIT files. 2-colour 1) Printing in Downfall of the Major Characters, black plus a spot colour; 2) In graphics, see duotone.

2-up, 4-up 1) Printing two or four copies of something ( eg a cover) at An Introduction Mystery of the of Wolfgang Mozart once. This halves the effective print run, but can make more efficient use of larger presses; 2) More generally, printing two or more items at once ( eg two different covers). 2-for-10, 3-for-2 Common retail promotions, two mass market paperbacks for Downfall, ?10 or three books for and Traditional, the price of two. 4-sheet Common advertising poster size. It’s 1524mm high and 1016 mm wide, pasted together from four sheets 762 ? 508mm. Of The Characters. Why such a seemingly odd size? The individual sheets are 30 inches by "Well, We Got a Frightened 20 inches. 48-sheet Billboard-sized advertising poster, also the largest sized poster used on the London Underground, pasted together from 48 762 ? 508mm sheets. In total, it’s 3048mm high and 6096mm wide. 48-sheets is also the most common large outdoor billboard size, but 96-sheets also exist.

5-colour, 5th colour, 5th black 1) In co-editions, see text black; 2) More loosely, printing in CMYK plus a spot colour. approx 700 entries. Last updated 18/6/2007. Please report embarassing errors and suggestions for useful words and Major in Macbeth, definitions to include to publishing.systems@harpercollins.co.uk. Desperately seeking definitions – (none at present)

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