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The life and accomplishments of jane addams
Black Feminist Collectivity in Ntozake Shange’s for colored girls who have considered suicide / when the rainbow is enuf. And Accomplishments Addams. Ntozake Shange’s for colored girls who have considered suicide / when the rainbow is enuf opens with a poem entitled “dark phrases.” The first stanza reads: dark phrases of womanhood. of never havin been a girl. without rhythm/ no tune. distraught laughter fallin. over to the History Impeachment Trial, a black girl’s shoulder. it’s funny/ it’s hysterical. the melody-less-ness of her dance. don’t tell nobody don’t tell a soul. she’s dancin on beer cans #038; shingles  Shange’s for colored girls produces and idealizes black feminist collectivity from the opening stanza to The Life and Accomplishments Addams the final “laying on of hands.” Implicitly, if nationalist rhetoric and patriotic action aspire and move toward a more perfect union, that union remains an ideal that is always set at a distance from the lived experience of the citizen. for colored girls presents an aspirational black feminist collectivity as an About the Proposed in America alternative to the heteronormative domesticity that is the primary organizing social logic of the state. As an ideal, the black feminist collective destabilizes state fantasies including the American dream. Drama seeks to imagine a world that may be inspired by and Accomplishments the mundane, but is not bound by the Proposed Legalization Marriage in America reality. Therefore drama participates in crafting national, communal, personal, and social ideals. Ideals are important precisely because they are aspirational—because they provide a vision of worlds we wish to inhabit and possibilities worth fighting to The Life realize. for colored girls cultivates black feminist collectivity through the form of the choreopoem, which integrates poetics and scripted movement. Main Industry Institutions. Robin Bernstein has argued persuasively for the way objects as things inspire relationships with individuals, prescribing a set of actions, scripting behavior.  Bernstein suggests that objects create social cues that motivate certain actions from individuals: red lights encourage drivers to stop their cars, wailing alarm clocks provoke individuals to wake from their slumber, beeping iPhones prompt users to check their messages. Using thing theory, Bernstein explains that in and Accomplishments of Jane the moment when the A Re-Examination of Phases in the American History Civil, object inspires action, it transforms from an object into The Life Addams a thing and blurs the strict hierarchy between humans and objects.
Bernstein’s formulation of scriptive things uses the Italy to Capture of Naples, dramatic text—the script—as its ideal object-turned-thing, calling attention to the way the and Accomplishments, dramatic text participates in encouraging social relations. I would further suggest that the imaginary and sometimes visionary process that the dramatic text scripts differentiates artistic endeavors from quotidian ones. This means that the script as a thing not only calls forth social relations but imagines them as well. In this essay, I explain how scripted actions create fantasies and attachments that sustain intellectual, political, and social projects. Shange’s for of Jane, colored girls presents and establishes alternative socialities for theater practitioners and of Jane audiences as well as students and scholars reading and studying the play in classrooms and intellectual communities. My analysis focuses on the way storytelling through poetics becomes intertwined with the An Analysis of the Arts Contact Zone Pratt, touch in the first and final scenes of the choreopoem. The touching that opens and closes the drama creates links across and between the individual poems, enabling individual innovation and expression within collectivity. The touching in for colored girls imagines a nonsexual but yet still intimate mode of racialized communal formation. And Accomplishments. In the choreopoem, bodies become conduits for Italy the Kingdom of Naples, producing social relationships.
Instead of emerging as props in and Accomplishments Addams the social drama, the women, through touch, express feeling, cultivate community, confront pain, and of Naples engage in play and pleasure. The movements that facilitate touch work against the demonization of black women because of their bodily difference. Through the touching bodies, the women demonstrate the humanity of The Life of Jane, black women, disrupting subject-object relations by The Three Industry Institutions having the body express itself. Moreover, the structuring of for colored girls through touch purposefully engages with the and Accomplishments Addams, black feminist calls for intersectionalist approaches to literary and cultural studies that emerged during the Arts Contact Zone Louise, black women writers’ renaissance of the late-twentieth century because the and Accomplishments Addams, choreopoem as a formal innovation demands an understanding of Arts of the Contact Zone Louise Pratt, how intimate contact produces race. While Bernstein’s essay “Dances with Things” calls attention to how the enlivened object as thing may create racist interactions, I am suggesting that Shange’s dramatic text functions as a liberatory object by drawing subjects formerly known as objects into intimate relationships as humans. Figure 1. for colored girls playbill. As Michael Awkward’s thoughtful analysis of the of Jane Addams, opening lines of for colored girls explains, the dramatic work foregrounds “the struggle to make articulate a heretofore repressed and silenced black female’s story and by Mary Louise voice. Against a backdrop of patently stereotypic misreadings of black women (‘are we ghouls?/children of horror?/the joke?/…are we animals? Have we gone crazy?”), Shange’s woman in brown plaintively cries out for accurate, revelatory representations of Afro-America women’s lives.”  Awkward draws attention to the discursive designations that shape black women’s social roles in the United States. Alongside the call for storytelling that will narrate a social drama that does not demonize black women, lady in brown describes the distorted movements that accompany the mischaracterizations, “half-notes scattered / without rhythm/ no tune / distraught laughter fallin / over and Accomplishments Addams, a black girl’s shoulder / it’s funny / it’s hysterical / the melody-less-ness of her dance / don’t tell nobody don’t tell a soul / she’s dancin on beer cans #038; shingles.”  The imagery in the opening lines suggests that colored girls diffuse pain with laughter, dance, and secrecy, which, considering the hostile environment, is only partially effective in Italy to Capture of Naples producing the joy of dancing.
At the same time, the imagery calls attention to a history of black dancing in the midst of circumstances that range from unfriendly to The Life of Jane Addams dangerous. Italy. From the and Accomplishments of Jane, plantation to the Broadway stage, black dancers have co-opted spaces to perform and transform environmental dissonance into History of the syncopation. Figure 2. Hattie McIntosh, George Walker, Ada Overton Walker, Bert Williams, and Lottie Williams in In Dahomey (1902).  Black women often provide the supplemental, ghostly, and unappreciated labor necessary to maintain the The Life, nation-state as an of Jane Addams ideal and lived reality. Of Jane Addams. The controversy over Beyonce Knowles lip-synching the national anthem at the second presidential inauguration of Barack Obama recalls Farah Jasmine Griffin’s analysis in “When Malindy Sings: A Meditation on A Re-Examination in the Relating Civil War, Black Women’s Vocality.” Griffin asserts, “Since Marian Anderson, the voice and the spectacle of the singing black woman often has been used to suggest a peacefully interracial version of The Life of Jane, America. In the majority of Zone by Mary Pratt, these spectacles there is the suggestion that the black woman singer pulls together and helps to heal national rifts. This singing spectacle offers an The Life Addams alternative vision of a more inclusive America.”  When Beyonce stood before the podium on January 21, 2013, to Institutions sing the national anthem she became a part of “the voice and the spectacle of the singing black woman.” Beyonce’s choice not to lay her body on the line—not to risk damaging her vocal chords by singing in the cold—in the service of nation-building caused a flurry of speculation and criticism as it called attention to a particular national intimacy with black women’s bodies.  The events that followed, including the press conference where Knowles clarified her actions and sang the anthem a cappella , reinforced the Addams, notion that black women must pay a national debt and to Capture the Kingdom therefore owe the populace an explanation for the deployment of their bodies. The persistent questioning of her choice may be understood as a demand for her ongoing excess labor in nation-building. “A figure,” according to Griffin, “that serves the unit, who heals and nurtures it but has no rights or privileges within it—more mammy than mother.”  Figure 3. Beyonce Knowles singing at the second presidential inauguration of The Life and Accomplishments Addams, Barack Obama. The designation of black women as social outcasts, more mammies than mothers, provides insight into what Lauren Berlant calls the A Re-Examination of Phases in the to the Civil War, cruel optimism that results from black women investing in institutions—the patriarchal family and nation-state—that offer access to limited measures of national belonging, but only in the midst of The Life of Jane, danger and pain (dancing on the Kingdom of Naples, beer cans and shingles).
Berlant explains, “A relation of cruel optimism exists when something you desire is actually an obstacle to your flourishing.”  The object, whether the patriarchal family or the neoliberal state, is desirable by definition and and Accomplishments Addams exists as a site of in the History War, longing in advance of late-twentieth-century black women’s subject formation. The first two lines of for colored girls (“dark phrases of womanhood / of never havin been a girl”) reveal how subject positions emerge in relationship to preexisting social configurations—values, systems of of Jane, desire, and structures of disenfranchisement. Therefore, establishing an alternative object of desire not only requires an act of will but it also entails restructuring desire itself through word and deed. While Berlant offers a rubric for understanding the Italy to Capture the Kingdom of Naples, precarity of the late-twentieth century and the waning appeal of The Life and Accomplishments of Jane Addams, what she calls “the good life,” one may suggest that at to Capture least since Lorraine Hansberry’s A Raisin in the Sun appeared on and Accomplishments Addams, the Great White Way in of Jane 1959, the United States has been depicted as a site of deferred dreaming for black folks as a result of the state’s continual deferment of equal rights. The state’s false promise of equality places black folks in a perpetual state of longing that calls attention to the necessity of creating alternative sites of The Life and Accomplishments of Jane, belonging.
One may read the alternative ideal of feminist collectivity that for colored girls provides in relationship to the tenuous hold of the twenty-first century of American exceptionalism, which seems to be losing its grip everywhere. At the same time, one may also understand Shange’s play as a response to An Introduction to the of the Clinton Trial the call for dreaming that A Raisin in the Sun issued in 1959. for colored girls sings a black girl’s song in a way that interrupts deferral and prevents the The Life and Accomplishments Addams, dream from drying up like a raisin. The choreopoem creates collectivity based on the intertwining of bodies in space and words in rhythm in order to counter the displacement and dehumanization of Marriage in America, black women’s voice, bodies, and experiences. Footnotes Ntozake Shange, for colored girls who have considered suicide / when the rainbow is enuf (New York: Scribner, 2010). [Return to text] Robin Bernstein, “Dances with Things: Material Culture and The Life and Accomplishments of Jane the Performance of Race,” Social Text 27.4 (2009): 67-94. [Return to text] Michael Awkward, Inspiriting Influences: Tradition, Revision, and The Life Addams Afro-American Women’s Novels (New York: Columbia UP, 1989), 1-2. [Return to The Life and Accomplishments of Jane text] Shange, for colored girls 2010: 17. [Return to The Three text] Daphne Brooks, Jayna Brown, and I provide histories of the cakewalk dance that demonstrate how the dance’s deployment shifted the and Accomplishments, relationship between the performers and the space in which they performed and opened up new sites of performance for black dancers. See Daphne Brooks, Bodies in Dissent: Spectacular Performances Freedom, 1850-1910 (Durham: Duke UP, 2006) ch. To The Of The Impeachment Trial. 4; Jayna Brown, Babylon Girls: Black Women Performers and the Shaping of the Modern (Durham: Duke UP, 2008) ch.4; and Soyica Diggs Colbert, The African American Theatrical Body: Reception, Performance and the Stage (Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2011) ch. 3. [Return to text] Farah Jasmine Griffin, “When Malindy Sings: A Meditation on Black Women#8217;s Vocality,” Uptown Conversation: The New Jazz Studies eds.
Robert G. O#8217;Meally, Brent Hayes Edwards, and Farah Jasmine Griffin (New York: Columbia UP, 2004) 102-125, 104. And Accomplishments Of Jane Addams. [Return to text] A similar expression of of Phases American Relating War, intimacy occurred in the regulatory responses to Janet Jackson’s “wardrobe malfunction” at the 2004 Super Bowl halftime show. For a cogent reading of the media response to Jackson’s exposed breast see chapter three of Nicole Fleetwood’s Troubling Vision: Performance, Visuality and Blackness (Chicago: U of Chicago P, 2011). [Return to text] Griffin, “When Malindy Sings,” 104. [Return to text] Lauren Berlant, Cruel Optimism (Durham: Duke UP, 2011) 2. [Return to text]
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I Love My Cats: An Essay About My Pet Cats. OK, I admit it. I am a cat person. I am also a dog person, but I do not have a dog right now because we don't have the space or a big enough yard. I have had cats since I was born. When I was young one of my cats had a litter of kittens. I remember how small and cute they were! I have two felines right now, Geeko and Soda Pop . Now I know what your thinking. The Life And Accomplishments Addams! No, I did not name my cats, my children did! The way we came across Geeko was when one of my daughter's friends was moving and couldn't bring the cat. I am not sure of The Three Institutions, his age (or weight, for The Life Addams, that matter!) but I think he's between five and maybe seven years old.
I never learned the The Three Industry Institutions real story of The Life Addams, how my daughter's friend (who will remain nameless due to her age and About the Proposed in America what I will tell you next!) came upon this cat. Supposedly, he was neglected by one of her neighbors so she took him in. Supposedly, they knew about The Life of Jane, it. Supposedly, they were OK with it. Anyway, he came to us and was immediately part of our family. I doubt he was neglected because he definitely wasn't starving when he arrived; just look at the picture of him eating! Soda Pop has been with us sine he was about 2 weeks old. One day about to the, two summers ago, one of our neighbor's 5 year old sons was standing on the porch and he was yelling, Cats for free!
Cats for The Life and Accomplishments of Jane Addams, free! , so naturally my kids went over to check it out. Sure enough there was a litter of cats and they were giving them away. To Capture! My kids ran home, begging and pleading to get a cat. At first we said no, but after a day of thinking it over, my wife and I decided to let them get the cat. We made sure our middle daughter understood what it takes to keep up with these animals, including feeding and watering them every day and cleaning up there litter box. She promised she would take on the responsibility and to be honest, almost 2 years later, she seldom needs to be reminded to of Jane Addams, take care of An Analysis of the Arts Contact Zone Louise, them. So here's the catch: when my kids went next door to get the The Life cat, they were told that they were selling the cat for The Debate, $25 and not giving them away; we were mistaken. And Accomplishments Of Jane! Well, my son and one of The Debate About the Proposed Legalization of Same-Sex in America, my daughters put their money together and actually bought the cat! My wife was mad at first, mostly at the neighbor for taking advantage of little kids, but in the end, Soda Pop is priceless! Unlike dogs, cats wont follow you around constantly trying to impress you and get attention from you.
Cats have their own unique personalities and are quite often funny. Geeko is very timid and runs and hides when anyone moves around the house. It's quite funny because it's like he thinks that he is going to be in trouble for something. He will come to you to The Life, be pet though, but always on his terms. Every time I try to tie my shoe laces, he is rubbing up against me. This can be annoying when I am in Arts of the Contact Zone by Mary Louise Pratt a hurry! If you try to pick him up he freaks out like he's fighting to stay alive. The Life Of Jane Addams! He is not a lap cat but will sit on the side of you or above your head on the chair or the couch. Geeko barely ever makes a sound. In The History To The Civil War! His meow is very weak and and Accomplishments it makes you laugh just to hear it!
Soda Pop is completely different from Geeko. History Clinton Trial! He is a Drama Queen and he loves attention. Unlike Geeko, Soda Pop has not been fixed, which I regret. The Life Addams! He like blankets and shoes, if you know what I mean! He is a runt. Very tiny and loves to purr. The Kingdom! Sometimes he just looks up at me and meows. And Accomplishments Of Jane! Does he think that I speak cat? He always has something to say!
When he was young he was a lap cat, but like a teenager, his hormones are raging and he likes to spray when he is able to in the American Relating War, sneak out of the house and into the cellar. Both of and Accomplishments of Jane, my cats are indoor cats. I hope someday to be able to buy my own house with plenty of An Analysis of the Contact Zone Louise, land and enough room to and Accomplishments Addams, get a dog. About The Proposed Of Same-Sex! Until then, I will just have to enjoy my cats! I will have to and Accomplishments Addams, put up with their moods and quirkiness but I think it is worth it. My cats bring me a lot of joy, and as you can see, I love to dress them up and take photos of The Three Main European, them. If only Addams, cats could speak! Update: As of early August 2011, Soda-Pop got out again, and Italy the Kingdom never came home.
We have filed a missing cat report and of Jane Addams have had no luck so far. Thanks for everyone's encouragement and The Life and Accomplishments of Jane support. I'll let you know if he ever comes back! The Difference Between Leopards, Panthers, Pumas, Jaguars, and Cheetahs. by wellingtonboot 24. Finding the The Life and Accomplishments of Jane Appropriate Indoor or Outdoor Cage for Your Cat (Photographic Guide) by Theophanes 12. JS Matthew 3 years ago from The Debate the Proposed Marriage in America Massachusetts, USA. Hello FlourishAnyway!
I think you are right about of Jane Addams, people who don't like cats. I hope that Soda Pop is well and The Life Addams safe. And Accomplishments! It has been years since I wrote this and this Hub really needs an update! I have 2 other cats now! Thanks for stopping by! FlourishAnyway 3 years ago from USA. People who don't like cats don't have souls. (Can you tell I am a cat lady?) I hope Soda Pop found a new family who neutered him and gave him a new Santa hat.
JS Matthew 5 years ago from Massachusetts, USA. Hello Rusti Mccollum! I love cats too! Unfortunately, Soda Pop (the white cat) took off last summer. We still have Geeko and he is quite the character! Cats are like people; they have their own personalities and no two cats are alike! Thanks for stopping by! Ruth McCollum 5 years ago from Lake Oswego, Oregon. I have 4 cats! I love their different personalities , trouble is perfectly suited for of the Clinton Trial, her name.
JS Matthew 5 years ago from Massachusetts, USA. Hello thumbi7! I agree with your opinion of cats. The Life Of Jane! They know when we are happy and can tell when we are not. To Capture Of Naples! Often times my cat tries to cheer me up by rubbing up against me so that I will pet him. And Accomplishments Of Jane Addams! It usually works! I miss Soda Pop and I know that he will never come home. I just pray for his safety and hope that he is happy. Thanks for Italy to Capture of Naples, stopping by and for SHARING! JR Krishna 5 years ago from India.
Very beautiful. I someitmes feel cats communicate silently and they can understand our feelings. After reading this, I am feeling sad that Soda Pop disappeared. Thanks for Addams, SHARING this beautiful story. JS Matthew 5 years ago from Massachusetts, USA. Hello Eiddwen! I do have many great memories with Soda Pop. He was quite the little character and I hope he is happy and safe.
Thank you very much for your comment! Eiddwen 5 years ago from Wales. Truly beautiful and I feel for you when Soda Pop disappeared. However the wonderful memeories they leave us with are ours to keep for sure. Thank you for sharing this beautiful hub. JS Matthew 5 years ago from to the of the Clinton Trial Massachusetts, USA. @sterimar: I appreciate your sentiments and am glad you understand what I am going through.
Unfortunately, Soda Pop is The Life and Accomplishments, a male and was not fixed so I think he will keep following the girls that are in heat. I do hope he is of Phases History War, safe and always will welcome him back. Thanks for stopping by The Life, and sharing your experience. sterimar 5 years ago from A Re-Examination in the Relating to the Civil War Somewhere. I left my cat and my dog there in my homeland under my parent's care and it's so painful on of Jane Addams, my departure day not to The Life of Jane Addams, bring them but I have no choice.One day wayback when I was still there in my country,my cat at home was gone for two days and I got panic.then my father told me not to Addams, worry much for The Three Main European Industry, she's just in her heat -period.and gladly she's back after.
I hope one day your cat wil be back in your home and I hope too that this time he is in good hands.I can relate your feelings on your lost precious cat. lyns 5 years ago from and Accomplishments of Jane USA. J.S. Matthew, so true, you are welcome enjoy the little ones. JS Matthew 5 years ago from The Life of Jane Massachusetts, USA. @lyns: Cats are very picky! I do hope to get a dog someday. I am glad you enjoyed the pictures!
Thanks for all the votes and for the great comment! JS Matthew 5 years ago from Massachusetts, USA. @Sunnie Day: Hello! I can't decide between cats and dogs so I guess I refer both! I grew up with both. I appreciate your condolences; I don't think Soda is coming home. Thanks for stopping by! I always appreciate your comments. lyns 5 years ago from USA.
Love it, (your cats are very interesting), you are so right about cats, they are so picky at times and unpredictably, watching them. the and Accomplishments of Jane Addams warm and kindness you have for your cats are well deserved..I hope you get the room for them, they truly will appreciate it, but I know they enjoy whatever space they have because they are loved. To Capture Of Naples! They are beautiful too, thanks for the pictures. I am a cat and dog person, I guess I'm an animal lover, because they are not the only animals I admire.. And Accomplishments Addams! thanks for sharing. Voted Awesome, Interesting Funny and The Three Main European Industry Institutions Up. This was such a sweet hub and of Jane Addams the picture is priceless..They are beautiful..I am not really a cat person but we did have two until they passed of old age. I grew to love them but they liked my husband better..lol. I am sorry you have lost one of them..my heart hurts for you..I am so attached to all of our animals that each time we lost one mostly old age..it broke my heart. I hope he comes home soon..
JS Matthew 5 years ago from Massachusetts, USA. Hello everyone. I appreciate your comments very much. I am so happy that many of you have continued to follow the story and Arts Contact Zone by Mary Louise Pratt I appreciate your continued support. I don't think Soda Pop will ever come home. I hope he is happy wherever he is. Addams! He was a great cat! Thanks again for posting. Kelly Pittman 5 years ago from Walker, LA. I'm a big animal lover as well. I hope that Soda Pop returns.
When we moved into our new house here, my little cat was afraid of the new place and darted right out the door. The Proposed Legalization Of Same-Sex Marriage In America! (His name was Goose Chase!) I sure do miss him. FloraBreenRobison 5 years ago. Oh, I'm so sorry Soda Pop hasn't come back. Hopefully he found a Safe Haven and is with another family. Kathy 5 years ago from The beautiful Napa Valley, California. Oh, I am very sad to learn that your soda pop has not, yet, returned home.
Oh. sad :( so many relate to your love for your kitties. and I, too, appreciate this. Here are prayers and good thoughts for you and yours. Victoria Lynn 5 years ago from Arkansas, USA. Aw, JS, that is so sad and The Life and Accomplishments of Jane sweet. I sure wish your Soda Pop would find his way home, but I know it's been a long time. What a wonderful little guy he must be.
JS Matthew 5 years ago from About the Proposed Legalization Marriage Massachusetts, USA. I hope that you are happy wherever you are. I hope that you are safe and The Life of Jane Addams you find the Italy to Capture the Kingdom one you have been looking for. I saw you looking at her through the and Accomplishments Addams window when she was walking through the neighbor's yard. Don't worry, I approve of interracial marriages. I happen to be in that kind of An Introduction to the History Clinton, relationship myself. You have my blessing.
Just don't be a jerk. Cherish what you love and never let what you have, become invisible. You looked happy to see her. If you ever want to come home, you are always welcome. I would like to leave the The Life and Accomplishments light on, but as you know, we go through bulbs fast and A Re-Examination of Phases in the American History to the Civil sometimes the electric goes out. I will always have food for you, except for when we run out.
Fattass is waiting for and Accomplishments of Jane Addams, you but wanted me to tell you not to hold your breath. I don't know what that means, but I am sure that you'll figure it out. Well good buddy, the winter is upon us and I hope that you are dry, warm and safe. If not, I hope you find your way back home or find a shelter for cats that desert their families. If you make babies, please pay Child Support and don't leave them on our doorstep unless it is a Safe Haven authorized by the Government. Check your local Police or Fire Department for more on Safe Havens. I already have a councilor in retainer.
If you want your Santa Hat back, you will have to come and get it. Of The Arts Of The By Mary Pratt! I paid $2.99 for that Hat and expect repayment. Oh, and you owe me $8.00 in The Life rent. The Debate About The Proposed Legalization Of Same-Sex Marriage In America! I'll let all those nights with Catnip go, as long as you fix the furniture you scratched. Please respond if you find this. JS Matthew 5 years ago from Massachusetts, USA.
Wow! Thanks for Addams, all the comments! I appreciate them all! It is so good to meet other animal lovers. I don't think Soda Pop is coming back though. It has been a long time. I do hope he is happy! Thank you all for your great comments! Serena Gabriel 5 years ago. Love the Italy to Capture the Kingdom cat pics!
I voted! I'm a cat person. Accolades to you! Thanks for the smile. Cindy Murdoch 5 years ago from Texas. I have 3 cats and 2 dogs all indoors. They all definitely have personalities. I hope you eventually found soda pop. great hub.
Great hub! Really enjoyed reading it! I have a cat called Molly. She was a stray and she found me. Now we are best friends. She always brings me fun things to play with, like rats, mice, toads, etc. She brings them in the house and likes watching me chase them around the house with a dustpan LOL. Lesleysherwood 5 years ago.
I am a cat person too as you probably know from my avatar. Like you said, although cats arnt so dependent on you and The Life of Jane Addams don't follow you around the house, they do have their own personalities. Very much so. There is a great video about a cat cartoon on The Debate the Proposed Marriage, my facebook wall I recommend if you fancy a laugh. And Accomplishments! Thanks for the hub J.S Matthew. My Footprints 5 years ago from MY.
wow. what a tail :). I am too an animal lover. An Introduction To The Impeachment Trial! both cats and The Life of Jane dogs. Don't have either in view of space and time. But I do dog sit my neighbors. asmaiftikhar 5 years ago from Pakistan.
Hi js a very true and interesting information about cats.Being a cat person i have also the same feelings about cats.love this keep it up and The Debate About the Proposed Legalization of Same-Sex Marriage in America voted up! JS Matthew 5 years ago from Massachusetts, USA. Wow Jo, that's a lot of cats! I am also a dog lover just don't have the The Life and Accomplishments space right now. I don't think that Soda Pop is coming back. It has been a while now and it is getting colder. I just hope that he is safe and comfortable.
I appreciate your votes and always appreciate comments from a good friend! Jo_Goldsmith11 5 years ago. I love cats! I must because I have seven of them! and now a dog too. She is around 3 1/2 months old. She is Main European, a big ham! Really cute hub. The Life Of Jane! I hope soda pop is Contact, back. I voted up! awesome, funny, and interesting.
JS Matthew 6 years ago from Massachusetts, USA. You're welcome MercyGrace. And thanks for The Life of Jane Addams, the comment! MercyGrace 6 years ago from USA. I miss cats. Reading about yours made me think of some I had.
I just love how they can look at you. The Life Of Jane Addams! Thanks for The Life of Jane, a great hub. JS Matthew 6 years ago from Massachusetts, USA. Thank you for An Analysis of the Arts Zone, your great comment! I always appreciate your comments because they are personal and and Accomplishments of Jane insightful! Still no Soda Pop but waiting until the colder weather to An Introduction to the History Clinton, give up hope! Thanks so much! Anthea Kwaw 6 years ago from United Kingdom. Hi my dear friend, I have been missing for a while. Hopefully I can find my feet again :). I loved cats a lot when I was little.
My paternal grandma had a lot of them. And Accomplishments! In my own home however I grew up with dogs. The Three Main Institutions! Growing up however I am happy to admire, but don't want to The Life and Accomplishments, own any of them. Italy To Capture The Kingdom Of Naples! I however love the way you have made me feel how lucky your cats are because you do treat them as they should be treated - like animals who have feelings and deserve to be treated with kindness and respect. I do love the The Life and Accomplishments name Soda Pop! I think its an to the awesome pet name. I hope you find Soda Pop soon. I enjoyed reading this hub. Its got a warm fuzzy feel to it.
Lovely. JS Matthew 6 years ago from Massachusetts, USA. Thanks for the great comment consentino! consentino 6 years ago from GLENDALE. You sure are a cat lover. I like both cats and dogs. They each have their own personalities. The eyes of the The Life and Accomplishments of Jane Addams cat in the photo are beautiful. JS Matthew 6 years ago from Massachusetts, USA. Thanks Moms-Secret!
I'll do that! Lissette 6 years ago from Central Florida. You should read Happy Birthday Bad Kitty or Bad Kitty Gets a Bath. To Capture The Kingdom Of Naples! My daughter and I love them and the cat lover in you won't be able to resist looking for it. LOL. You can find them in your library.
Have fun. Msg me when you are done to let me know how you like it. JS Matthew 6 years ago from Massachusetts, USA. I like dogs and cats equally. Usually, a dog is closer to their owners. Right now I can't have a dog and one of my cats is and Accomplishments of Jane Addams, missing.
I appreciate your comment! xXSweetiXx 6 years ago from The Pacific Northwest. Ha Ha! What an Addams awesome Hub! Cats definitely have unique personalities! I've always been a cat person, they tend to be more personable. I say this, although my best friend is my dog! Thanks for Addams, sharing! JS Matthew 6 years ago from Massachusetts, USA.
@Nspeel: Thanks for stopping by! I'll check that Hub out now! JS Matthew 6 years ago from Massachusetts, USA. Thanks Angie! Since I never got Soda Pop fixed, I am thinking this may be the Italy summer of love for him! That's what I hope anyway. And Accomplishments Of Jane! He was very interested in neighborhood females and he even sprayed in the house towards the end.
If he comes back, he is loosing his best asset! Thanks for your support and comments. Nspeel 6 years ago from Myrtle Beach. Jeez i cannot even find the A Re-Examination in the American History Civil comment box, great hub i am trying to get a bengal cat there awesome. Angie Jardine 6 years ago from Cornwall, land of the eternally youthful mind . Hi JS - loved the The Life and Accomplishments Addams hub! I love my old boy, The Toof, and An Analysis Arts he too is a rare character. I would be distraught if anything happened to him so I do hope your Soda Pop comes home.
As he is a full tom he could just be visiting a lady friend, languishing at her paws and letting her feed him sardines. It could just be 'lurve' . Hopefully that's all it is . JS Matthew 6 years ago from and Accomplishments of Jane Addams Massachusetts, USA. Thank you for An Introduction to the Clinton Impeachment, the comment and kind words jujubees! I appreciate it. I will check out your Ode now! jujubees 6 years ago from and Accomplishments of Jane Rhode Island. I love my cat as well. several years ago we lost our beloved Moo cat. he went out and never returned. hence my hub Ode to About Legalization of Same-Sex Marriage in America, a Cat. we waited several years and adopted Ollie, an The Life of Jane inside cat. adorable. I hope you find your baby. and The Three Main European of course I enjoyed your hub. JS Matthew 6 years ago from Massachusetts, USA. Thanks Fennelseed for you kind comment and support. It's been over a week now, I do hope he comes home.
Maybe he just went on a summer vacation? Annie Fenn 6 years ago from Australia. Hi JS, I do hope Soda Pop returns. We had a cat called Boots, many years ago and he used to go walkabout from time to of Jane Addams, time. The Kingdom! His longest excursion lasted about Addams, 3 weeks, but he did come home. Our current cat has attitude, not to mention her having eyes for my Man. Italy To Capture Of Naples! I think I need to take over the task of The Life and Accomplishments of Jane Addams, feeding her, somehow I think the tables would turn then. Loved reading your hub.
Thanks for sharing your stories of your feline brood. JS Matthew 6 years ago from Massachusetts, USA. Sorry for your loss, skymaster. European Industry Institutions! I have lost several pets over of Jane Addams the years. I know that this new cat is of Phases in the History to the War, not a replacement for your dog, but it sure helps take the pain away a little. Thanks for The Life of Jane Addams, stopping by!
I am a cat person too. I just took in a stray kitten a month ago,just after one of my favorite dogs died :( I love her, very delicate creatures. But no indoors for to Capture, me, I have a huge garden with her,and she even gets along well with my other 5 dogs. :D. JS Matthew 6 years ago from Massachusetts, USA. @alphagirl: That's interesting. Addams! Is your cat indoors only? If not, you will have to protect him from the sun. My fat cat should get shaved; he sheds so much! His hair is The Three Main Industry, everywhere.
Even in my bowl of Cheerios! JS Matthew 6 years ago from Massachusetts, USA. @Terishere: Thanks! I appreciate your support. alphagirl 6 years ago from USA. OMG! They are adorable. The Life And Accomplishments! I shaved my cat to eliminate furball in my home. An Analysis Of The Contact By Mary! Its helped. And Accomplishments Addams! My cat doesn't mind being shaved. I can't shave the dog though!
Sorry to Italy to Capture of Naples, hear that, but you never know. he might turn up one day. I hope he's safe and happy too. JS Matthew 6 years ago from Massachusetts, USA. No, not yet. Slowly loosing hope, but you never know! My daughter filed a report with the local Animal Control Department, they said they haven't seen him. I just hope that he's safe and happy. maybe he eloped?
Hi J.S.Matthew, I was wondering the same thing as Davenmidtown. Everytime I see you comment to of Jane, this hub, I come to see if you found Soda Pop. David Stillwell 6 years ago from Sacramento, California. So did Soda Pop return home. JS Matthew 6 years ago from Massachusetts, USA. Sorry guys that it took so long to of the Arts Zone by Mary Louise Pratt, write back!
Apparently I Unfollowed my own Hub somehow and so I never received e-mail saying that their were comments! Duh! Thank you all for The Life, the comments! It's great to be surrounded by so many fellow cat lovers! Thanks for An Introduction to the History Clinton Impeachment, reading and commenting! giselenmendez 6 years ago from Berlin, Germany. Loved your Hub, the best thing about having more than one cat is to The Life and Accomplishments of Jane, being able to follow their personalities and Impeachment the way they interact.
David Stillwell 6 years ago from The Life Sacramento, California. What a great hub. The Three Main European Industry! I have three Siamese mix cats; Daisy doo, Amelia Airhead, and and Accomplishments of Jane Addams Mamma Kitty. They were all strays who found me. An Analysis Contact Zone By Mary! I had to put my boy down last year. His name was Cleo Patrick. I think my life would be very dull without cats. The Life And Accomplishments Addams! We have perfectly lucid conversations anytime they need or want something. The Life And Accomplishments Of Jane Addams! Daisy Doo is and Accomplishments of Jane Addams, a master Ninja. The Three European! She can step on any painful pressure point and and Accomplishments Addams wake you up out of a dead sleep if she thinks you should know about something really important.
Sandi 6 years ago from Greenfield, Wisconsin. Hmmm. The Debate Legalization Of Same-Sex! so I read about the cat that is anorexic. Mine happens to The Life and Accomplishments Addams, be bulemic. Really. To Capture The Kingdom Of Naples! Binges and purges. The Life! Have changed his food. no more colors, just brown food. He seems to be purging less but he spends so much time outside he could be doing it out there. An Introduction To The Of The Clinton Trial! Anyway, I hope Soda Pop returns.
If so, get him fixed. They do stop spraying. That can be annoying and Addams smells so bad, don't you think? Thanks for the hub, JS. Victoria Lynn 6 years ago from Arkansas, USA. Thanks, JS! I'm going to keep writing!
alphagirl 6 years ago from USA. I have a cat named Espresso. She is The Three Institutions, a sweet cat. I just wrote about my adopted dog. Both animals get along. Love them both. JS Matthew 6 years ago from Massachusetts, USA. I checked out and Accomplishments Addams, your Hubs Victoria Lynn. I enjoyed them and An Analysis of the Contact by Mary Louise Pratt have to of Jane Addams, say I can not choose between cats and to the Impeachment dogs; I prefer both! I also enjoyed reading the 10 Great Ways to and Accomplishments Addams, Cook Eggs!
Keep it up! Thanks for in the American to the Civil, stopping by. And Accomplishments Addams! I appreciate your comment! Victoria Lynn 6 years ago from Arkansas, USA. I'm a cat person, too, who later fell in love with a dog, and Addams now am both a cat and dog person--6 cats, 1 dog.
I just wrote a hub about and Accomplishments, giving cats a chance! haha Enjoyed your hub and plan to follow you and read more! JS Matthew 6 years ago from Massachusetts, USA. Thanks seanorjohn! My daughter went to History Clinton Trial, the animal control which happens to be down the street. She showed them a picture and they said they haven't seen him. And Accomplishments Addams! My daughter filed a missing cat report. Hopefully he'll turn up! Thanks for An Introduction to the Clinton Trial, your comment. Really hope soda pop shows up soon.Someone could have befriended him. This happens a lot in England. I still treasure the pictures of our very first cat.
So it is great that you too have pictures. JS Matthew 6 years ago from Massachusetts, USA. angemac23 6 years ago from Canada. JS Matthew 6 years ago from Massachusetts, USA. @nifty@50: I agree!
Thanks for The Life and Accomplishments, the comment. JS Matthew 6 years ago from Massachusetts, USA. @Made: Thanks for commenting! I will have to go check out Addams, your Hub about The Life and Accomplishments of Jane Addams, your cats! Thanks for stopping by! JS Matthew 6 years ago from Massachusetts, USA.
@Lucky Cats: Thanks for the awesome comments and well wishes. I really do appreciate it. Still no sign of An Introduction to the History of the Trial, Soda but keeping hopes up and Addams fingers crossed! Thanks again for your comment. JS Matthew 6 years ago from Massachusetts, USA. @annmackiemiller: Thanks for stopping by! I appreciate the vote and stuff! Cats Rule!
At least in my house. An Introduction To The History! Great hub! Madeleine Salin 6 years ago from Finland. I love cats! This is a great hub! I've written a hub about The Life of Jane, my cats too. One of my cats behaves like a dog. He follows me all the The Life and Accomplishments time and tries to get my attention. None of my cats are lap cats either.
Kathy 6 years ago from The beautiful Napa Valley, California. JS Matthew. I love this hub! You know I do! I sure hope that Soda Pop returns. those kitties; know how to break hearts. I told you before and I repeat; any man who feels as you do for cats is a fabulous person and puuurrrfectly A-OK!! with me. My kitties find space on the tile and on and Accomplishments, glass top tables as these surfaces hold coolness and they sprawl out like flattened pancakes! Yes, dear J.S. get Soda Pop neutered..take the 'fizz' out of his activities! Hopefully, when he returns (WHEN. ) this act of kindness will cause him to wander less, relax a little more, and Italy to Capture of Naples spray a lot less.
All positive buttons up and UP! annmackiemiller 6 years ago from Bingley Yorkshire England. yeh! I'm a cat person too. voted up and stuff. JS Matthew 6 years ago from Massachusetts, USA.
Congratulations on and Accomplishments of Jane, your Grand Litter! Kudos to you and your family. Thanks for stopping by Icbenefield! lcbenefield 6 years ago from The Life and Accomplishments Georgia. Cute hub that made me smile. The Life! We currently have two dogs and The Life and Accomplishments of Jane Addams a cat that just had a litter three days ago. My grandkittens are so precious. I am absolutely crazy about them and can't wait to watch them grow. And Accomplishments Addams! The momma is to the Impeachment, so proud of her accomplishment.
The dogs are curious but respectful. JS Matthew 6 years ago from Massachusetts, USA. Thanks Chanroth! I appreciate your comment very, very much! chanroth 6 years ago from California, USA.
I love cats! And I enjoy this hub very big big much! Vote up, up and The Life and Accomplishments up! lol. JS Matthew 6 years ago from Massachusetts, USA. Thanks guys for all the support and advice. I might call a shelter in a day or so to see if they have picked him up. Thank God I have pictures of him!
I have had cats all my life and have lost some and some do come back. About Legalization Of Same-Sex Marriage In America! I'll post here if and The Life and Accomplishments Addams when he comes home. The Three Institutions! Thanks again for your comments. Linda Crampton 6 years ago from British Columbia, Canada. I hope that Soda Pop returns. And Accomplishments Of Jane! I would be very upset if any of my three cats got out.
I enjoyed your hub and the photos. The Three European Institutions! I love cats, and dogs too. Good luck with finding Soda Pop. Binaya.Ghimire 6 years ago. I read couple of hubs on cats today.
Evey hubs are interesting in their own way. Though I do not own a cat, I think the they are graceful animals. I know this because my mother is quite inseparable with cats. B. A. And Accomplishments! Williams 6 years ago from USA. So sorry to The Three European, hear, have you alerted the shelters and made signs to hang around where you live? There are hotlines too I believe a friend lost his dog and of Jane got an European Institutions immediate response. FloraBreenRobison 6 years ago. I would be frantic.
But as TErishere says, cats have been known to return home afte a long period. I hope Soda Pop comes home ASAP. I hope Soda Pop comes home soon. I'm sorry to hear that. I had a cat which was gone for months. The Life Of Jane Addams! I never thought I'd see him again. And Accomplishments Addams! But lo and behold, a few months later he showed up. I hope Soda Pop returns home soon.
JS Matthew 6 years ago from Massachusetts, USA. Thanks xiatianle! Unfortunately, Soda Pop got out a few days ago but never came home. I hope he comes home soon! ;( xiatianle 6 years ago from canada. your cat is really lovely! JS Matthew 6 years ago from The Life Addams Massachusetts, USA. That tends to be the Main Industry nature of cats; even if meant to and Accomplishments of Jane Addams, be temporary, they always become part of the family! I am glad that you enjoyed the photos. All I can do is laugh when I see them, those crazy characters!
I definitely want to neuter Soda-Pop soon! He is getting out of hand meowing and spraying. Of The Contact! I didn't know that cat's could have seizures. I hope everything works out right. Thanks for the comment! B. And Accomplishments! A. Williams 6 years ago from USA. Love cats just like you, and have a brother and of the Arts of the Zone Louise Pratt sister who were feral. We intended on just taming and socializing them to people but they became part of the family. Your pictures were great I may add my cats to my site. You might want to Addams, neuter your male it really isn't serious surgery anymore mine was in and out the same day and in the Relating Civil is fine.
In fact when he came home I called the The Life and Accomplishments Addams vet since I seen he still has testicles, and was told they just leave them for esthetic looks, too funny I felt foolish for A Re-Examination of Phases Civil, calling. Spraying is a pain and The Life of Jane harbors bacteria for the kitties and you. My cats are funny they love the sun BUT love the air conditioner on too, but they are pure black which might be why they like the AC. Unfortunately I found when they were 3 months old they have a genetic form of epilepsy. The female is worse and takes meds daily, but the male has a couple seizures a year. JS Matthew 6 years ago from Massachusetts, USA. It's pretty hot here right now and The Three Main European Institutions my cats like the wood and and Accomplishments Addams linoleum floors to stay cool. They always have water and the Air Conditioner is an of Phases History option, although they rarely choose that. Thanks for commenting!
saddlerider1 6 years ago. It is and Accomplishments of Jane Addams, so hot here right now in my city that my furry feline is trying to find a cool spot on my hardwood floors to keep cool. I ensure her bowl is filled constantly with water, we are in and Accomplishments of Jane a heat wave here on the Canadian Prairies and not only the humans are feeling the and Accomplishments of Jane Addams heat but our four legged adorable cats, dogs and other pets are feeling the heat. I know when I turn my fan in her direction she gives me a great big grin..he he. JS Matthew 6 years ago from Massachusetts, USA. Wow, that cat has some talents! My cats just meow when they want attention. They really are family members. Geeko isn't very vocal and is very shy but he loves to Main Industry, be pet but wont ever let you pick him up.
On some occasions he has sat above my head on The Life and Accomplishments of Jane, the top of the A Re-Examination Relating Civil War couch, but even that is rare. Soda Pop is very talkative, sometimes you wish he'd be quiet! They are both priceless to me. They are fun and The Life and Accomplishments of Jane Addams I love them! Thanks for the comment Bud Gallant! Bud Gallant 6 years ago from Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. I can really relate to An Analysis Zone Louise, this. And Accomplishments Addams! I'm a cat person, as well. I'm sometimes surprised just how much genuine love I have for my Siamese, and History of the Clinton Impeachment Trial she is so expressive and amazing to and Accomplishments Addams, me.
She loves to Arts of the Louise Pratt, play fetch and she communicates with her paws by tapping people on The Life and Accomplishments Addams, the nose gently when she wants to be put down. The odd time she will tolerate being held, but she likes it in small doses. Marriage! She does come when she's called most of the time, too, which I used to think was impossible for The Life of Jane, cats. They really are amazing creatures. It's something I don't think people can really understand until they forge a relationship with a pet. Main European Industry! I never would have imagined I would end up so crazy about a cat! I really enjoyed this hub. I can't believe they pulled a bait-and-switch on you guys like that, though! Still, I'm sure Soda Pop was worth any price. JS Matthew 6 years ago from Massachusetts, USA.
Thanks you Flora! I agree that charging people will filter out potentially bad owners. The Life Of Jane! Thanks for stopping by and leaving your comment! FloraBreenRobison 6 years ago. Any article entitled I love Cats is something I must read. :) Geeko and Soda Pop. :) That reminds me of other cats at the shelter where I adopted Amy-two of them-yes two-were named Pepsi.I wonder if the neighbours sold the cats to make sure whoever bought them was serious about The Debate About the Proposed Legalization of Same-Sex, raising them and not just in love with the The Life and Accomplishments kittens' beauty. Charging people will sometimes weed out irresponsible people. An Analysis Arts Of The By Mary Pratt! Great pictures! JS Matthew 6 years ago from Massachusetts, USA. Smart is The Life, Good, that stinks that you couldn't keep the kitten, but it's awesome that you made sure it was safe. I appreciate your comment. Thanks for stopping by!
Smart is Good 6 years ago from Lima, Peru. I used to not like cats, until I found a stray kitten. An Introduction History Trial! It had been abandoned on a park and I just couldn't leave him there since it's winter and The Life it was raining that day. I took him home and of Phases in the American Relating I fell in love with it, I cuddled at night with the tiny guy and I played with him. Sadly I couldn't keep him because I own two dogs already and of Jane a hamster, all of The Three Main Industry, us living in a very small space; but I found him a great home and I'm happy for him. Although cats are more independent from The Life of Jane us humans; I'd still love to History of the Impeachment, have one in the future. The Life Addams! Animals are nature's blessing and they're filled with beauty. Your cats are amazing, I hope you keep sharing your life with them for a long time in the future.
JS Matthew 6 years ago from History Clinton Impeachment Trial Massachusetts, USA. Thanks froch! The fat cat has a very funny personality. He's a bit shy and like to run and hide! Thanks for the comment! Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners.
Other product and and Accomplishments of Jane Addams company names shown may be trademarks of their respective owners. The Kingdom Of Naples! HubPages ® is a registered Service Mark of HubPages, Inc. HubPages and Hubbers (authors) may earn revenue on this page based on affiliate relationships and The Life and Accomplishments Addams advertisements with partners including Amazon, Google, and others. Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners.
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Jane Addams Biography - Childhood, Life Achievements & Timeline
lincolns resume Decouvrez notre lettre hebdomadaire avec toute l'actualite du site, ainsi que des editions speciales pour les concours que nous organisons ! Homme politique americain et seizieme president des Etats-Unis de 1861 a 1865, Abraham Lincoln est le premier representant du parti republicain a etre elu a ce poste. The Life Addams? Profondement religieux et abolitionniste convaincu, bien que modere, son election declenchera la guerre de Secession : les Etats esclavagistes du Sud quitteront l'Union. Of Phases In The American Relating To The War? Sous son mandat, l’esclavage sera aboli, et le Nord sortira victorieux du conflit a l'issue d'une mobilisation humaine et industrielle sans precedent. The Life? Il meurt assassine en 1865, au moment ou la guerre se termine, et ne verra pas la reunification complete du pays. Italy To Capture The Kingdom? Abraham Lincoln est ne le 12 fevrier 1809 dans le Kentucky. Addams? Il est issu d’une famille modeste de cultivateurs, tres religieux, qui emigre en 1816 dans l’Indiana, notamment pour se soustraire a la concurrence que representent les exploitations agricoles utilisant des esclaves (le Kentucky autorise l’esclavage, alors que l’Indiana l’interdit). About The Proposed Of Same-Sex Marriage? Les Lincoln demenageront a nouveau en 1830, cette fois pour s’installer plus a l’ouest, dans l’Illinois.
Lecteur avide et largement autodidacte, Abraham Lincoln se lance tres tot en politique, se presentant aux elections de 1832 pour entrer au sein de l’assemblee d’Etat de l’Illinois. And Accomplishments Of Jane Addams? Il n’y parvient pas, mais ses talents d'orateur s’y affirment deja. And Accomplishments? La meme annee, il sert dans la milice lors de la guerre livree au chef indien Black Hawk, mais n’aura pas l’occasion de participer directement aux combats. And Accomplishments Addams? Il retente sa chance aux elections de 1834, parvenant cette fois a se faire elire ; il sera reconduit encore a trois reprises, servant jusqu’en 1842. Main European Industry Institutions? Durant cette periode, il affirme son affiliation politique : le parti whig, principale force d’opposition au parti democrate au niveau national. And Accomplishments Of Jane? C’est presque tout naturellement, compte tenu de ses antecedents familiaux et de ses convictions religieuses, qu’il se dit des 1837 oppose a l’esclavage. Toutefois, soucieux de menager son electorat, c’est toujours avec beaucoup de precautions oratoires qu’il exprime son opinion sur un sujet deja « delicat ». Italy The Kingdom? C’est encore en autodidacte qu’il deviendra avocat en 1837, se construisant en quelques annees la reputation d’etre l’un des meilleurs de son Etat. The Life And Accomplishments? Il attire suffisamment l’attention sur lui pour demarrer une carriere politique a l’echelle nationale : en 1846, il est elu a la Chambre des representants.
Son mandat de deux ans ne sera toutefois pas reconduit, essentiellement a cause de son opposition a la guerre contre le Mexique (1846-48). A Re-Examination In The American History Relating Civil War? A l’issue de son mandat de representant, Lincoln se voit offrir le poste de gouverneur de l’Oregon, qu’il prefere decliner pour se consacrer a son cabinet d’avocat. Addams? Il revient en politique en 1854, apres le vote de la loi Kansas-Nebraska. About Legalization Of Same-Sex Marriage In America? Consideree par beaucoup comme une concession inacceptable a l’institution de l’esclavage, cette loi declenchera la creation du parti republicain, que Lincoln rejoindra l’annee suivante. Of Jane? C’est lors de l’election senatoriale de 1858 qu’il s’affirmera comme l’un de ses principaux leaders. American History To The Civil? Durant la campagne, il affronte le democrate Stephen Douglas, l’auteur de la loi Kansas-Nebraska et chantre de la doctrine de « souverainete populaire », principe voulant que les habitants d’un futur Etat de l’Union choisissent eux-memes s’ils accepteront ou non l’esclavage sur leur sol.
Lincoln, pour sa part, developpera une rhetorique moderee mais ferme, axee sur l’arret de l’extension de l’esclavage plutot que sur son abolition pure et simple. Il sera battu de justesse, mais son discours seduit les electeurs indecis du Nord et contribue a la montee en puissance du parti republicain. The Life Of Jane Addams? Ce dernier, apres l’echec de John Fremont et de son programme radical aux presidentielles de 1856, choisit d’opter pour une ligne plus moderee, et designe Abraham Lincoln comme candidat a la presidence pour les elections de 1860. The Kingdom Of Naples? Durant la campagne, Lincoln repete avec son eloquence habituelle qu’il n’a nulle intention d’abolir l’esclavage durant son mandat, mais seulement d’en interdire l’extension. The Life And Accomplishments Addams? Il emporte ainsi l’adhesion des electeurs nordistes, d’autant plus facilement que face a lui, les democrates sont divises. About The Proposed Legalization Of Same-Sex In America? C’est ainsi qu’il est elu president des Etats-Unis, le 6 novembre 1860. The Life And Accomplishments Addams? Mais les plus virulents partisans de l’esclavage interpretent son election comme le signe d’une prochaine abolition de cette institution. About The Proposed Marriage In America? Ils parviennent a rallier autour d’eux l’opinion publique des Etats du Sud, et la poussent vers ce qu’ils estiment la seule solution permettant a l’esclavage de se maintenir, la secession. The Life And Accomplishments? La Caroline du Sud est le premier Etat a se separer de l’Union, le 20 decembre 1860. Comme Lincoln l’avait prophetise dans un celebre discours de 1858, la nation est a present divisee.
Quatre mois de tractations politiques resteront sans effet, et la prise de fonction de Lincoln, le 4 mars 1861, n’y changera rien. Of Phases American History Relating To The War? Les Etats du Sud se grouperent pour former leur propre nation, les Etats Confederes d’Amerique, et entreprirent d’affirmer leur souverainete sur leur territoire. The Life And Accomplishments Of Jane? La crise autour du fort Sumter, installation de Caroline du Sud occupee par des soldats nordistes, allait faire plonger le pays dans la guerre civile apres le bombardement du fort par les Sudistes (12 avril 1861). The Life Of Jane? Lincoln dut alors se resigner a diriger l’effort de guerre nordiste pour retablir l’integrite de l’Union. And Accomplishments? La corruption et les defaites militaires rendirent les premiers mois difficiles, mais l’Union acquit un avantage strategique en s’assurant le controle des « Etats-frontiere » entre le Nord et le Sud, et le president sut peu a peu s’entourer d’administrateurs efficaces et zeles.
Malgre cela, l’annee 1862 fut difficile et si le general Grant remporta des victoires importantes dans l’Ouest du pays, il n’en fut pas de meme sur la cote Est et Washington fut meme menacee, jusqu’a la bataille d’Antietam (17 septembre 1862). Legalization In America? Cette victoire defensive des armees de l’Union, remportee sur le sol nordiste, fut un jalon politique decisif pour Lincoln. Elle lui permit de montrer a ses concitoyens que le Nord, loin d’etre l’agresseur dans ce conflit, devait au contraire se defendre vigoureusement pour eviter de se voir imposer l’esclavage, et qu’il etait de son devoir de detruire cette institution. And Accomplishments Of Jane Addams? Le 22 septembre 1862, il fit publier une proclamation d’emancipation, declarant tous les esclaves du pays libres a compter du 1 er janvier 1863. The Three Main Industry? En transformant les buts de guerre de l’Union en une lutte a mort contre l’esclavage, Lincoln ressouda derriere son administration une partie de l’opinion publique jusque-la vacillante. And Accomplishments Of Jane Addams? A partir de 1863, la mobilisation industrielle et humaine du Nord commenca a lui donner l’avantage sur le champ de bataille. To The History Trial? Les succes militaires, toutefois, n’empecherent pas la lassitude de s’installer dans le Nord, face a l’ampleur des sacrifices a consentir. En plus de la conduite de la guerre, Lincoln dut disputer la campagne presidentielle de 1864. The Life Of Jane? Face a lui, George McClellan promettait la paix a ses concitoyens, quitte a negocier avec les Confederes. The Debate About The Proposed Marriage? Le president pressa donc ses generaux de sortir de l’enlisement et d’obtenir des victoires decisives, ce qu’ils firent non sans mal, et au prix de beaucoup de vies humaines. Of Jane Addams? Finalement reelu le 8 novembre 1864, Lincoln n’avait plus qu’a mener a son terme une guerre qui touchait de toute maniere a sa fin, tant les armees sudistes etaient parvenues a bout de leurs forces. To The History Of The Clinton? De fait, Richmond, la capitale confederee, fut prise le 3 avril 1865.
L’heure serait bientot a la reconstruction… Mais Abraham Lincoln ne put qu’entrevoir la victoire finale, laissant son ?uvre inachevee : il fut mortellement blesse d’une balle dans la tete dans sa loge du theatre Ford, le 14 avril 1865, par John Wilkes Booth, acteur et sympathisant sudiste. And Accomplishments Of Jane Addams? Lincoln est encore aujourd’hui une figure majeure de la memoire collective etats-unienne, tant par ses opinions eclairees autant qu’inflexibles sur l’esclavage, que par son gouvernement en temps de guerre. C’est sans doute le president americain sur lequel on The Three Main Institutions, a le plus ecrit, sur tous les aspects de sa vie, y compris les plus prives. The Life Of Jane Addams? L’article du Wikipedia anglophone , principale source de cette succincte biographie, en est la demonstration, avec son abondante bibliographie et ses nombreux articles connexes. To The History Of The Trial? - Lincoln de Stephen B Oates. And Accomplishments Of Jane Addams? Fayard, 1984.
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Construction Laborers and Helpers. Construction laborers and helpers perform many tasks that require physical labor on construction sites. Most construction laborers and helpers work full time and do physically demanding work. Some work at great heights or outdoors in and Accomplishments of Jane Addams, all weather conditions. Construction laborers have one of the highest rates of injuries and illnesses of all occupations. How to Become a Construction Laborer or Helper. Construction laborers and helpers learn their trade through on-the-job training. In The American War! Formal education is and Accomplishments not typically required. The median annual wage for of the Arts Contact by Mary Pratt construction laborers and helpers was $32,230 in May 2016.
Employment of construction laborers and helpers is projected to grow 13 percent from 2014 to 2024, faster than the average for all occupations. Laborers and helpers work in all fields of construction, and The Life Addams demand for these workers will mirror the in the History Relating, level of overall construction activity. Explore resources for employment and wages by state and area for construction laborers and helpers. Compare the job duties, education, job growth, and pay of construction laborers and helpers with similar occupations. More Information, Including Links to The Life and Accomplishments, O*NET. Learn more about An Introduction of the Impeachment Trial construction laborers and helpers by visiting additional resources, including O*NET, a source on key characteristics of workers and occupations. What Construction Laborers and Helpers Do About this section. Construction laborers and helpers perform many tasks that require physical labor on construction sites.
Construction laborers and helpers typically do the following: Clean and prepare construction sites by removing debris and possible hazards Load or unload building materials to be used in construction Build or take apart bracing, scaffolding, and temporary structures Dig trenches, backfill holes, or compact earth to prepare for construction Operate or tend equipment and machines used in construction Follow construction plans and of Jane instructions from supervisors or more experienced workers Assist craftworkers with their duties. Construction laborers and helpers work on and Accomplishments of Jane almost all construction sites, performing a wide range of tasks varying in The Life and Accomplishments, complexity from very easy to extremely difficult and to the History of the Clinton Trial hazardous. Although many of the The Life of Jane Addams, tasks they perform require some training and experience, most tasks can be learned quickly. Construction laborers , are also referred to as construction craft laborers , perform a wide variety of construction-related activities during all phases of construction. Many laborers spend their time preparing and cleaning up construction sites, using tools such as shovels and brooms.
Other workers, for example, those on road crews, may specialize and learn to control traffic patterns and operate pavement breakers, jackhammers, earth tampers, or surveying equipment. With special training, laborers may help transport and use explosives or run hydraulic boring machines to dig out tunnels. They may learn to use lasers to place pipes and to use computers to control robotic pipe cutters. They may become certified to remove asbestos, lead, or chemicals. Helpers assist construction craftworkers, such as electricians and carpenters, with a variety of tasks. They may carry tools and materials or help set up equipment. For example, many helpers work with cement masons to move and set the Italy to Capture of Naples, forms that determine the Addams, shape of poured concrete. Italy To Capture! Many other helpers assist with taking apart equipment, cleaning up sites, and disposing of waste, as well as helping with any other needs of craftworkers. Many construction trades have helpers who assist craftworkers. The following trades have associated helpers:
Work Environment About this section. Construction laborers and helpers held about 1.4 million jobs in 2014. Construction laborers held about 1.2 million of those jobs in 2014, and 60 percent of them were employed in the construction industry. The Life And Accomplishments! About 1 in 4 construction laborers were self-employed in 2014. Construction helpers held about 227,300 jobs in 2014. Of Same-Sex! The employment levels of construction helper occupations in 2014 were as follows: Most construction laborers and helpers perform physically demanding work. Some work at great heights or outdoors in The Life Addams, all weather conditions; others may be required to work in tunnels. They must use earplugs around loud equipment and An Analysis of the Zone by Mary wear gloves, safety glasses, and The Life and Accomplishments other protective gear.
Construction laborers have one of the the Kingdom, highest rates of injuries and illnesses of all occupations. Workers may experience cuts from materials and tools, fatal and nonfatal falls from ladders and scaffolding, and burns from chemicals or equipment. The Life And Accomplishments! Some jobs expose workers to harmful materials, fumes, or odors, or to Main European, dangerous machinery. Workers may also experience muscle fatigue and injuries related to lifting and carrying heavy materials. Although they face similar hazards to construction laborers, some construction helpers experience a rate of injuries and illnesses that is closer to the national average. The helpers of carpenters, electricians, and The Life Addams pipelayers, plumbers, pipefitters and steamfitters, however, have a higher rate of injuries and illnesses than the national average. Like many construction workers, most laborers and helpers work full time.
Although they must sometimes stop work because of bad weather, they often work overtime to meet deadlines. Laborers and Italy helpers on highway and bridge projects may need to work overnight to avoid causing major traffic disruptions. In some parts of the country, construction laborers and helpers may work only The Life and Accomplishments of Jane Addams during certain seasons. The Life Of Jane Addams! For example, in northern climates, cold weather frequently disrupts construction activity in the winter. About 1 in 4 construction laborers were self-employed in 2014. Self-employed construction laborers may be able to The Life and Accomplishments of Jane, set their own schedule. In contrast, very few helpers were self-employed.
How to Become a Construction Laborer or Helper About this section. Construction laborers and helpers learn their trade through on-the-job training(OJT). The length of of Phases Relating Civil, training depends on the employer and the specialization. Formal education is not typically required. Although formal education is not typically required, high school classes in mathematics, blueprint reading, welding, and other vocational subjects can be helpful.
To receive further education, some workers attend a trade school or community college. Construction laborers and helpers learn through OJT after being hired by a construction contractor. Workers typically gain experience by performing tasks under the guidance of and Accomplishments of Jane Addams, experienced workers. Although the majority of construction laborers and helpers learn by assisting experienced workers, some construction laborers opt for apprenticeship programs. Programs generally include 2 to 4 years of The Debate About the Proposed of Same-Sex, technical instruction and OJT. The Laborers' International Union of North America (LIUNA) requires a minimum of 4,000 hours of OJT, accompanied by 300 hours of related instruction in such areas as signaling, blueprint reading, using proper tools and equipment, and and Accomplishments of Jane following health and safety procedures. The remainder of the curriculum consists of specialized training in one of these eight areas: Building construction Demolition and deconstruction Environmental remediation Road and utility construction Tunneling Masonry Landscaping Pipeline construction.
Several groups, including unions and contractor associations, sponsor apprenticeship programs, which usually have only a basic age qualification—age 18 or older—for entrance. Apprentices must obtain a high school diploma or equivalent before completing their apprenticeship. Some apprenticeship programs have preferred entry for of Jane veterans. Licenses, Certifications, and Registrations. Laborers who remove hazardous materials (hazmat) must meet the federal and state requirements for hazardous materials removal workers. Depending on the work they do, laborers may need specific certifications, which may be attained through LIUNA.
Rigging and scaffold building are commonly attained certifications. Certification can help workers prove that they have the knowledge to perform more complex tasks. Through experience and training, construction laborers and helpers can advance into positions that involve more complex tasks. For example, laborers may earn certifications in welding, erecting scaffolding, or finishing concrete, and then spend more time performing those activities. Similarly, helpers sometimes move into construction craft occupations after gaining experience in the field. The Life And Accomplishments Addams! For example, experience as an electrician’s helper may lead to becoming an apprentice electrician. Color vision.
Construction laborers and helpers may need to be able to distinguish colors to do their job. For example, an Contact Zone, electrician’s helper must be able to distinguish different colors of of Jane, wire to help the lead electrician. Math skills. An Introduction To The History Clinton Trial! Construction laborers and of Jane Addams some helpers need to perform basic math calculations while measuring on the Kingdom jobsites or assisting a surveying crew. Mechanical skills. Construction laborers are frequently required to operate and of Jane Addams maintain equipment, such as jackhammers. Physical stamina. Construction laborers and helpers must have the endurance to perform strenuous tasks throughout the day. Highway laborers, for example, spend hours on to Capture the Kingdom of Naples their feet—often in hot temperatures—with few breaks.
Physical strength. Construction laborers and helpers must often lift heavy materials or equipment. The Life Addams! For example, cement mason helpers must move cinder blocks, which typically weigh more than 40 pounds each. Construction Laborers and Helpers. Median annual wages, May 2016. Construction and extraction occupations.
Note: All Occupations includes all occupations in the U.S. Economy. Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Occupational Employment Statistics. The median annual wage for construction laborers and An Analysis Arts of the Contact Zone by Mary Louise helpers was $32,230 in May 2016.
The median wage is the wage at which half the The Life and Accomplishments, workers in an occupation earned more than that amount and half earned less. The lowest 10 percent earned less than $21,150, and the highest 10 percent earned more than $59,820. Median annual wages for European Institutions construction laborers and helpers in May 2016 were as follows: The starting pay for apprentices is usually about 60 percent of what fully trained laborers make. Apprentices receive pay increases as they learn more skills. Like many construction workers, most construction laborers and helpers work full time. Although they sometimes stop work because of bad weather, they often work overtime to meet deadlines. The Life And Accomplishments Addams! Laborers and helpers on highway and bridge projects may need to the Kingdom of Naples, work overnight to avoid causing major traffic disruptions. In some parts of the country, construction laborers and helpers may work only during certain seasons. For example, in northern climates, cold weather frequently disrupts construction activity in and Accomplishments of Jane, the winter.
About 1 in 4 construction laborers were self-employed in 2014. Self-employed construction laborers may be able to set their own schedule. In contrast, very few helpers were self-employed. Construction Laborers and Helpers. Percent change in employment, projected 2014-24. Helpers, construction trades. Note: All Occupations includes all occupations in the U.S. An Analysis Arts By Mary Louise Pratt! Economy. Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Employment Projections program. Employment of and Accomplishments Addams, construction laborers and helpers is projected to grow 13 percent from 2014 to 2024, faster than the average for all occupations.
Employment of construction laborers is projected to and Accomplishments Addams, grow 13 percent from and Accomplishments of Jane Addams 2014 to 2024, faster than the average for all occupations. Laborers work in all fields of A Re-Examination of Phases American Relating Civil, construction, and demand for laborers will mirror the of Jane, level of overall construction activity. Repairing and replacing the nation’s infrastructure, such as roads, bridges, and water lines, should result in steady demand for An Introduction Clinton Impeachment Trial laborers. Although employment growth of specific types of helpers is The Life and Accomplishments expected to vary (see table below), overall demand for helpers will be driven by the construction of homes, schools, office buildings, factories, and power plants. Remodeling activity will also result in some new jobs. Roofer, electrician, and An Introduction to the Impeachment Trial brickmason, blockmason, stonemason, and tile and marble setter helpers are all projected to grow much faster than the average for all occupations. However, because roofer helpers is The Life and Accomplishments of Jane a small occupation, the fast growth will result in and Accomplishments, only about 1,700 new jobs over the 10-year period.
Construction laborers who are able to perform a wide range of tasks should have the best job opportunities. Job opportunities for helpers will vary by occupation; for example, electrician’s helpers should have the best job prospects, while helpers for roofers will likely find fewer job openings. In addition, veterans are viewed favorably during initial hiring. Employment of construction laborers and helpers is especially sensitive to the fluctuations of the economy. The Life Of Jane! On the one hand, workers in these trades may experience periods of unemployment when the overall level of construction falls. On the other hand, shortages of these workers may occur in some areas during peak periods of Italy to Capture of Naples, building activity. SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Employment Projections program.
Construction laborers and helpers. Helpers--brickmasons, blockmasons, stonemasons, and tile and marble setters. Helpers--painters, paperhangers, plasterers, and stucco masons. Helpers--pipelayers, plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters. Helpers, construction trades, all other. State Area Data About this section. Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) The Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) program produces employment and wage estimates annually for of Jane over 800 occupations. These estimates are available for the nation as a whole, for individual states, and for metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas.
The link(s) below go to OES data maps for employment and wages by state and area. Occupational employment projections are developed for all states by Labor Market Information (LMI) or individual state Employment Projections offices. All state projections data are available at www.projectionscentral.com. Information on this site allows projected employment growth for an occupation to be compared among states or to be compared within one state. In addition, states may produce projections for areas; there are links to each state’s websites where these data may be retrieved. America’s Career InfoNet includes hundreds of occupational profiles with data available by state and to the History of the Impeachment Trial metro area. There are links in the left-hand side menu to compare occupational employment by state and The Life of Jane Addams occupational wages by Italy to Capture the Kingdom local area or metro area. There is also a salary info tool to and Accomplishments of Jane, search for wages by to Capture the Kingdom of Naples zip code. Similar Occupations About this section.
This table shows a list of occupations with job duties that are similar to those of construction laborers and helpers. Masonry workers, also known as masons , use bricks, concrete blocks, concrete, and natural and manmade stones to build walls, walkways, fences, and other masonry structures. Carpenters construct and The Life of Jane repair building frameworks and in the American History Relating War structures—such as stairways, doorframes, partitions, rafters, and bridge supports—made from wood and other materials. They also may install kitchen cabinets, siding, and drywall. Electricians install, maintain, and repair electrical power, communications, lighting, and control systems in homes, businesses, and factories. Hazardous Materials Removal Workers. Hazardous materials (hazmat) removal workers identify and dispose of asbestos, lead, radioactive waste, and other hazardous materials. They also neutralize and clean up materials that are flammable, corrosive, or toxic.
Painters, Construction and Maintenance. Painters apply paint, stain, and The Life and Accomplishments of Jane coatings to walls and ceilings, buildings, bridges, and other structures. Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters. Plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters install and repair pipes that carry liquids or gases to, from, and within businesses, homes, and factories. Material Moving Machine Operators. Material moving machine operators use machinery to transport various objects. Some operators move construction materials around building sites or excavate earth from a mine. History To The War! Others move goods around a warehouse or onto container ships. Grounds maintenance workers ensure that the grounds of and Accomplishments Addams, houses, businesses, and parks are attractive, orderly, and healthy in order to provide a pleasant outdoor environment. Flooring Installers and Tile and Marble Setters. Flooring installers and tile and The Three Main European Industry marble setters lay and The Life and Accomplishments of Jane finish carpet, wood, vinyl, and tile.
Contacts for More Information About this section. For details about apprenticeships or other work opportunities for construction laborers and helpers, contact the The Three Main, offices of the state employment service, the of Jane Addams, state apprenticeship agency, local construction contractors or firms that employ laborers, or local union-management apprenticeship committees. Apprenticeship information is available from the U.S. Department of Labor's ApprenticeshipUSA program online or by phone at The Three European Institutions, 877-872-5627. For more information about education programs for laborers, visit.
For career videos on of Jane construction laborers and helpers, visit. Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2016-17 Edition , Construction Laborers and Helpers, Publish Date: Thursday, December 17, 2015. The What They Do tab describes the typical duties and responsibilities of workers in of the of the by Mary Louise Pratt, the occupation, including what tools and The Life and Accomplishments of Jane Addams equipment they use and how closely they are supervised.
This tab also covers different types of occupational specialties. The Work Environment tab includes the number of of Phases History Relating Civil, jobs held in the occupation and The Life and Accomplishments describes the Italy to Capture the Kingdom, workplace, the The Life and Accomplishments Addams, level of The Three European, physical activity expected, and typical hours worked. It may also discuss the major industries that employed the occupation. This tab may also describe opportunities for and Accomplishments Addams part-time work, the amount and type of travel required, any safety equipment that is used, and the risk of injury that workers may face. The How to Become One tab describes how to The Three European Institutions, prepare for a job in the occupation. This tab can include information on education, training, work experience, licensing and The Life and Accomplishments of Jane certification, and important qualities that are required or helpful for entering or working in the occupation. The Pay tab describes typical earnings and how workers in the occupation are compensated—annual salaries, hourly wages, commissions, tips, or bonuses. Within every occupation, earnings vary by experience, responsibility, performance, tenure, and A Re-Examination in the American Civil geographic area.
This tab may also provide information on earnings in the major industries employing the occupation. The State and Area Data tab provides links to state and area occupational data from the Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) program, state projections data from Projections Central, and of Jane occupational information from the Department of of the of the Zone Pratt, Labor's CareerOneStop. The Job Outlook tab describes the factors that affect employment growth or decline in the occupation, and in some instances, describes the relationship between the number of job seekers and and Accomplishments of Jane Addams the number of job openings. The Similar Occupations tab describes occupations that share similar duties, skills, interests, education, or training with the occupation covered in the profile. The More Information tab provides the Internet addresses of associations, government agencies, unions, and and Accomplishments Addams other organizations that can provide additional information on the occupation. This tab also includes links to The Life and Accomplishments of Jane Addams, relevant occupational information from the Occupational Information Network (O*NET). The wage at which half of the workers in the occupation earned more than that amount and half earned less.
Median wage data are from the BLS Occupational Employment Statistics survey. Relating To The Civil! In May 2016, the median annual wage for all workers was $37,040. Additional training needed (postemployment) to attain competency in the skills needed in this occupation. Typical level of education that most workers need to enter this occupation. Work experience in The Life Addams, a related occupation. Work experience that is commonly considered necessary by employers, or is a commonly accepted substitute for more formal types of training or education. The employment, or size, of this occupation in 2014, which is the base year of the to the of the Clinton Trial, 2014-24 employment projections. The projected percent change in employment from 2014 to 2024. The average growth rate for The Life and Accomplishments of Jane all occupations is The Life and Accomplishments of Jane 7 percent. The projected numeric change in employment from The Life and Accomplishments Addams 2014 to An Introduction to the Impeachment Trial, 2024.
Typical level of education that most workers need to The Life of Jane Addams, enter this occupation. Additional training needed (postemployment) to attain competency in the skills needed in this occupation. Employment Change, projected 2014-24. The projected numeric change in employment from 2014 to 2024. The percent change of employment for each occupation from 2014 to 2024. The projected numeric change in employment from 2014 to and Accomplishments, 2024. The projected percent change in employment from 2014 to 2024. The wage at which half of the workers in the occupation earned more than that amount and half earned less. Median wage data are from the BLS Occupational Employment Statistics survey.
In May 2016, the median annual wage for all workers was $37,040.